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46 Lit. Remember how fleeting I am! For what vanity

hast thou created all the sons of men !

47 Selah.

48 Verses 1, 3, 34, 38.
49 Verse 40.
50 Ps. 150.

47 Hell, lit. Sheol. See Ps. 6:5, n. 48 Truth, lit. faithfulness. 49 Rebuke, K. J. reproach. 50 Blasphemed, slandered; K. J. reproached. Praised, K. J. blessed.



"Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God." Is. XLIV. 6.

Seventeen psalms telling of God's care of His people, and the glorious reign of the Messiah. Here as in the First and Fifth Books the Name Jehovah occurs far more frequently than the Name Elohim. (See Book I. Introd.) The 90th psalm bears the name of Moses, and the 101st and 103rd the name of David. The other psalms in the book are probably from the Choir of Asaph. (See Ps. 50, note on Title). Of the familiar Psalter Canticles of the Church all but one are taken from this book.

71:2 91:2,9


2 Before the mountains were 27 brought forth, or ever the earth and the world were made: thou art God from everlasting, and world without end.



PSALM XC. Domine, refugium.

LORD, thou hast been our refuge from one generation to another.

38:3 76:7


3 Thou turnest man to destruction again thou sayest, Come again, ye children of men.

4 For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday: seeing that is past as a watch in the night.


6 In the morning it is green, 16 and groweth up: but in the evening it is cut down, dried up, and withered.

5 As soon as thou scatterest them they are even as a sleep: and fade away suddenly like the grass.

7 For we consume away in thy displeasure and are afraid at thy wrathful indignation.

8 Thou hast set our misdeeds before thee: and our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.

Ps. XC. Title; Prayer, see Pss. 17, 86, 102, 142, titles. "The man of God"; Deut. 33:1; Josh. 14:6; Ezra 3:2. I The opening word is Adonai. Refuge, K. J. dwelling place. 2 Hy. A. & M. 162. 4 A watch in the night, i. e. a period through which we sleep, knowing nothing. The night was divided into three watches. Lam. 2:19; Judg. 7:19; Ex. 14:24. 8 Light; in the Heb. the same word used by Moses in Gen. 1:14 of the heavenly bodies. It signifies here a revealing light.



A Prayer of Moses the man of God.
The Psalm of Eternity.


Contrast between God's unchangeableness, and man's transitoriness. vv. 1-6.


I The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms " Deut. 33:27.

2 Or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.

"O Lord, Thou art our home, to Whom we fly,
And so hast always been from age to age:
Before the hills did intercept the eye,
Or that the frame was up of earthly stage,
One God Thou wert and art, and still shall be;
The line of Time, it doth not measure Thee."

Lord Bacon. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made" S. Jo. 1:1-3. "Behold, God is great, and we know him not, neither can the number of his years be searched out" Job 36:26. "I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth: while as yet he had not made the earth, nor the highest part of the dust of the world" Prov. 8:23, 25, 26. 3 Lit. Thou turnest frail man to dust; ye children of men. "One generation another generation cometh" Eccles. 1:4.

and sayest, Return, passeth away, and

4 Lit. For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yester day when it is passing away, and as a watch in the night. "One day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day" 2 S. Pet. 3:8.

5 Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep in the morning they are like grass which groweth up. See i S. Pet. 1:24.


6 In the morning it flourisheth, and evening it is cut down, and withereth. of a woman is of few days, and full of forth like a flower, and is cut down: he ow, and continueth not" Job 14:1, 2. and all the goodliness thereof is as the the grass withereth, the flower fadeth: the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the 40:6, 7. The reason for this transitoriness: man's sin, and God's wrath. vv. 7-12.

groweth up; in the Man that is born trouble. He cometh fleeth also as a shad"All flesh is grass, flower of the field: because the spirit of people is grass " Is.

7 Lit. For we have been consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath have we been terrified. Verse 11.

8 "Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did; is not this the Christ?" S. Jo. 4:29. "He knoweth your inventions, and what ye think in your hearts, even them that sin, and would hide their sin. Therefore hath the Lord exactly searched out all your works, and he will put you all

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