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9, 10 "Where water stood before, dry land appeared; and out of the Red sea a way without impediment; and out of the violent stream a green field: wherethrough all the people went that were defended with thy hand, seeing thy marvellous strange wonders" Wisd. 19:7, 8.

9 "All our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea" I Cor. 10:1, 2.

10 Verse 8.

It And the waters covered their enemies.

12 They sang his praise. See Ex. 15:1-18, 20, 21. Lust for flesh in the wilderness. Ex. 16; Num. 11:4, 33. VV. 13-15.

13 They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel. Verse 21.

14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness. "These things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted." I Cor. 10.6. Insurrection against leaders. Num. 16, 17. 16 They envied Moses also in the camp.

VV. 16-18.

Worship of golden calf. Ex. 32. VV. 19-23. 19 See Deut. 9:8, 12, 16.

20. Lit. And they bartered their glory for the likeness of an ox that eateth grass. "Hath a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit " Jer. 2:11. "And changed the glory of the uncorrupti God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator" Rom. 1:23, 25. 21 Verse 13.

· • .

9 As through a wilderness; i. e. as securely as he had hitherto led them through the wilderness which surrounded Egypt. See Ex. 13:20-22. "Didst safely lead the children of Israel thy people through the Red Sea, figuring thereby thy holy Baptism."-Baptismal Office. 10 Delivered, K. J. redeemed. 13 Abide, i. e. wait for. 15 Desire, K. J. request. 16 The saint; i, e. holy oné,so called on account of his priestly office. "Called of God, as was Aaron" Heb. 5:4

85:4 Saviour: who had done so great things in Egypt;

78:44 22 Wondrous works in the land 105:27 of Ham: and fearful things by the Red Sea.


24 Yea, they thought scorn of 78:32 that pleasant land: and gave no credence unto his word;

78:33 95:11

44:12 78:62

28:4 99:8

23 So he said he would have destroyed them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the gap: to turn away his wrathful indignation, lest he should destroy them.


25 But murmured in their tents: and hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD.

26 Then lift he up his hand against them to overthrow them in the wilderness;

27 To cast out their seed among the nations: and to scatter them in the lands.

28 They joined themselves unto Baal-peor and ate the offerings of the dead.

29 Thus they provoked him to anger with their own inventions: and the plague was great among them.

30 Then stood up Phinees, and prayed: and so the plague ceased.

31 And that was counted unto him for righteousness: among all posterities for evermore.

32 They angered him also at the waters of strife: so that he punished Moses for their sakes;

22 Verse 7.

23 "I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy you. the LORD hearkened unto 25 me Deut. 9:19. See Ex.


See Deut.



Rebellion on account of the report of the spies. Num. 13,

14. VV. 24-27.

24 Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word.

as not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness " 1 Cor. 10:5.

25 With many of them God



"The LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other Deut. 28:64. See Lev. 26:33; Ezek. 20:23.

vv. 28-31.

The worship of Baal-peor. Num. 25. 28 See 1 Cor. 8:4; 10:7, 18-21.

29 And the plague brake in upon them. Verses 38, 42. "Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand" I Cor. 10:8.

30 Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed.

"Then Phinehas rose; the plague was stay'd: He rose and gave th' atoning wound."-Keble. "Phinehas the son of Eleazar had zeal in the fear of the Lord, and stood up with good courage of heart when the people were turned back, and made reconciliation for Israel" Ecclus. 45:23. "There was a destruction of the multirude in the wilderness: but the wrath endured not long. . For then the blameless man made haste, and stood forth to defend them; and bringing the shield of his proper ministry, even prayer, and the propitiation of incense, set himself against the wrath, and so brought the calamity to an end, declaring that he was thy servant" Wisd. 18:20, 21.

31 "Therefore was there a covenant of peace made with him, that he should be the chief of the sanctuary and of his people, and that he and his posterity should have the dignity of the priesthood for ever" Ecclus. 45:24. See 1 Macc. 2:54; S. Jas. 2:20-26.


Rebellion at Meribah. Num. 20:2-13. VV. 32, 33.

32 Lit.They provoked him to anger also at the waters of Meribah, and it went ill with Moses for their sakes. See Deut. 1:37 32:48-52. /


23 Moses his chosen; a type of Christ. See Heb. 3:1-6. Gap, K. J. breach. Figure of a besieged city, the defenders rallying where the wa'l has been broken down. "Then lift he up his hand; " the declaration of an oath. See Deut. 32:40; Ezek. 20:15. 28 Baal is thus designated when worshipped with lascivious rites; see Hos. 9:10. Oferings, K. J. sacrifices. See Is. 8:19. Of the dead; i. e. the dead and death-giving gods of Moab. 29 Inventions, lit. doings, 31 It appears that the High Priesthood was confined to the line of Phinehas from his own time to the fall of Jerusalem, if we except the High Priesthood of Eli, the descendant of Ithamar, uncle of Phinehas."-Jennings and Lowe.'

39:1,2 78:41



38 Thus were they stained with 977 their own works: and went whoring with their own inventions.



33 Because they provoked his spirit: so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.

34 Neither destroyed they the heathen as the LORD commanded them;

35 But were mingled among the heathen and learned their works.


36 Insomuch that they worshipped their idols, which turned to their own decay: yea, they offered their sons and their daughters unto devils;

37 And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters: whom they offered unto the idols of Canaan ; and the land was defiled with blood.

39 Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people: insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance.

40 And he gave them over into the hand of the heathen: and they that hated them were lords over them.

41 Their enemies oppressed them and had them in subjection.


42 Many a time did he deliver them but they rebelled against him with their own inventions, and were brought down in their wickedness.

78:66,67 43 Nevertheless, when he sa

33 Lit. For they rebelled against his Spirit, and he spake unadvisedly with his lips.

"For to rash ire his lips they goad,
In bitterness of soul he spake."-Keble.

"Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of the rock?" Num. 20:10. See Is. 63:10. Disobedience in not destroying the idolaters. Ex. 23:3133; 34:12, 13. VV. 34738.

34 See Judg. 1:27-33,

35 See Judg. 3:5-7.

36 And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them. See Judg. 2: 12, 13, 17, 19; 3:7; 2 Kin, 16:3; Deut. 32:17: "The things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils " I Cor. 10:20

37 See Lev. 18:21

38 Verse 29. See Lev. 17:7.

God's terrible judgments and tender mercies. vv. 39-46. 39 See Judg. 2:14, 15.

41 Lit. And they were bowed down under their hand. 42 Verse 29. See Judg. 2:16-19.

43 Nevertheless he regarded their affliction, when he heard their cry. See Judg. 3:9, 15; 4:3, 23, 24; Neh. 9:28.

33 Unadvisedly, i. e. as though the power were his. 36, 37 Offered, K. J. sacrificed. 36 Devils, lit. lords i. e. false gods. 38 Stained, K. J. defiled. Inventions, lit. doings.

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