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8 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? "Who also eat the flesh of my people " Míc. 3:3.
9 There were they in great fear: for God is in the generation of the righteous.
10 Lit. Ye may put to shame (if ye like) the counsel of the afflicted, for the LORD is his refuge.
II Lit. O that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! When the LORD bringeth back the captivity of his people, let Jacob exult, and Israel be glad. "And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob" Rom. 11:26.
VISION OF THE ASCENSION OF THE RIGHTEOUS. (XV.)
A Psalm of David.
Probably written at the time of the bringing up of the Ark. 2 Sam. 6.
The sight of God's face the blessing of the pure in heart. "The Catechism of Heaven.' "Jacob's ladder of Angels." CHRIST ALONE HATH ENTERED INTO THE HOLY PLACE, "WHO DID NO SIN, NEITHER WAS GUILE FOUND IN HIS MOUTH." 1 S. Pet. 2:22.
I Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? See Pss. 17:1-8; 24; 26; 101; 112; 128; Is. 33:15-17; Ezek. 18:7-9; Eph. 5:27.
2 He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart. See Rev. 21:27.
3 He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour. "Wherefore, putting away lying, speak every man
(6, 7) Pss. 10:7; 36:1; Prov. 1:16. 9 The verse (six) in Ps. 53 is different. 10 This verse is not found in Ps. 53. II "Captivity" cannot refer to the Babylonish Captivity. "In the Old Testament,captivity and imprisonment are frequently employed as images of general misery."-Thrupp. See Job
Ps. XV. "The Epistle of S. James is the New Testament expansion of, and comment upon, this psalm."Perowne. 1 Tabernacle; i. e. the Church on earth. Holy hill; i. e. the Heavenly Jerusalem.
4 He that setteth not by himself, but is lowly in his own eyes : and maketh much of them that fear the LORD.
5 He that sweareth unto his neighbour, and disappointeth him not: though it were to his own hindrance.
6 He that hath not given his money upon usury: nor taken reward against the innocent. 16:9 7 Whoso doeth these things: 5:23 shall never fall.
in his tongue, nor done evil to his neighbour and hath not slandered his neighbour.
Prop. Ps. Asc. M. Am. P. B. in Sel. V. Int. 3d Sun. af. Epiph. Liturgy of Malabar, Int. Rom., Easter Even., Michaelmas, All Saints, Days Martyrs. P. V.
PSALM XVI. Conserva me, Domine.
PRESERVE me, O God: for in 17:7 86:2 thee have I put my trust.
2 O my soul, thou hast said 73:24 unto the LORD: Thou art my God; my goods are nothing unto thee.
3 All my delight is upon the saints that are in the earth and upon such as excel in virtue.
44:21 4 But they that
106:20, another god shall have great
5 Their drink-offerings of blood will I not offer: neither make mention of their names within my lips.
73:25 6 The LORD himself is the 142:6 portion of mine inheritance, and
truth with his neighbour" Eph. 4:25. "And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God" Řev. 14:5.
4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD.
5 He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. 6 He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh "Do Lu. 6:35;
good, and lend, hoping for nothing again Jesus said, "It is more blessed to give than to receive Acts 20:35.
7 He that doeth these things shall never be moved. "We receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved" Heb. 12:28. "The righteous is an everlasting foundation" Prov. 10:25. "The root of the righteous shall not be moved" Prov. 12:3. Comp. 2 S. Pet. 1:10.
PSALMS OF THE HIGHEST TRIUMPH AND DEEPEST SUFFERINGS OF CHRIST THE KING OF ISRAEL. (XVI-XXI.)
A Golden Psalm of David.
The occasion of this psalm may be the circumstances recorded in 1 Sam. 26. Compare v. 19 of the chapter with vv. 4, 5, of the psalm.
God Himself the Portion of the Righteous. CHRIST PRAYS HERE AS IN THE WORDS, "O FATHER, GLORIFY THOU ME WITH THINE OWN SELF." S. Jo. 17:5.
I Lit. For in thee do I hide myself.
2 'Lit. I say unto the LORD, Thou art my Lord. I have no good beyond (or, beside) thee. "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights" S. Jas. 1:17.
3 Lit. (I say) to the saints who are in the earth, These are the excellent, in whom is all my delight. "Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee " S. Jo. 17:7.
4 Lit. Their sorrows shall be many who take (i. e. in exchange) another (god instead of the LORD). "Hath a nation changed their gods which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit' Jer. 2:11. See Jer. 7:18-20.
Christ here speaks as Priest.
5 Lit. And I will not take their names upon my lips, "Make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth" Ex. 23:13.
6 Thou maintainest my lot. Levi hath no part nor
4 Setteth not by; i. e. doth not esteem. 5 "Though it were to his own hindrance"; there are no words corresponding to these in the Heb. 6 Reward, lit. a bribe.
Ps. XVI. A Golden Psalm, Heb. Michtam; see Pss. 56-60, titles. 5 Offer, lit. pour out.
of my cup: thou shalt maintain my lot.
17:3 8 I will thank the LORD for 92:2 giving me warning: my reins also 107:11 chasten me in the night-season.
7 The lot is fallen unto me in a fair ground: yea, I have a goodly heritage.
15:7 9 I have set GOD always before me: for he is on my right hand, 121:5 therefore I shall not fall.
10 Wherefore my heart was glad, and my glory rejoiced: my flesh also shall rest in hope.
II For why? thou shalt not leave my soul in hell: neither shalt thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption.
12 Thou shalt show me the 21:4,6 path of life in thy presence is 36:8 the fulness of joy and at thy right hand there is pleasure for
Int. Easter. Ist Comm. Days Martyrs, Visit. Sick.; af. Pent. P. C. Hy. 95.
Rom., Easter Even, vv. 9, 10, 5th Sun. See p. x.
PSALM XVII. Exaudi, Domine.
HEAR the right, O LORD, con9:4 sider my complaint: and hearken unto my prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips.
2 Let my sentence come forth from thy presence: and let thine eyes look upon the thing that is equal.
Title, Prayer; see Pss. 86, 90, 102, 142, titles. Ps. 72:20. I Consider my complaint, K. J. attend unto my cry. Feigned lips, lit. lips of fraud.
inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance" Deut. 10:9. Cont. Ps. 11:7.
7 Lit. The lines have fallen unto me in pleasant places; yea, my heritage is beautiful to me (or, I have a fair heritage).
8 I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel. Lit. My reins also in the night-seasons have admonished
9-12 S. Peter on the Day of Pentecost said :-" David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: therefore did my heart and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.- The patriarch David-being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; he seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption" Acts 2:25-31. S. Paul said of David,-"Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corrup tion" Acts 13:35. "He, whom God raised again, saw no corruption" Acts 13:37.
9 Because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. 10 Lit. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory exulteth: my flesh also dwelleth in safety. "I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth and though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another" Job. 19:25-27. "Who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame Heb. 12:2.
II "What have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God" S. Mar. 1:24. "God is not the God of the dead, but of the living" S. Mat. 22:32. See Jonah 2:6.
12 "I am the way, the truth, and the life" S. Jo. 14:6. "Neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him "
A Prayer of David.
Supplication for protection, and final rest in God. Comp. Ps. 5.
THE VOICE OF CHRIST IN HIS CHURCH WHEN THE WICKED EXALT THEMSELVES.
2 Lit. Let thine eyes behold uprightness. "Lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased 99 S. Mat. 3:17.
8 Have admonished me,- to praise God. 9 GOD; Heb. Jehovah. See Introd. to Book I. Hy. 318. Hy. A. & M. 8. 10 Glory; i. e. soul, the noblest part of the being: flesh, i. e. the whole man. See Pss. 63:2; 73:25; 84:2; 1 Thess. 5:23. II In hell, lit. to Sheol; see Ps. 6:5, n. 11-12 Hy. A. & M. 125.