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3 Thou hast proved and visited 22:2 mine heart in the night-season; thou hast tried me, and shalt 24 find no wickedness in me: for am utterly purposed that my mouth shall not offend.




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18:36 5 O hold thou up my goings in 41:12 thy paths: that my footsteps slip

91:12 not.



4 Because of men's works that are done against the words of thy lips I have kept me from the ways of the destroyer.

6 I have called upon thee, O God, for thou shalt hear me: 18:5,6 incline thine ear to me, and



86:1 hearken unto my words.


7 Show thy marvellous lovingkindness, thou that art the 31:21 Saviour of them which put their 20:6 trust in thee: from such as resist thy right hand.


8 Keep me as the apple of an 36:7 57:1 61:4 63:8 eye: hide me under the shadow 911,4 of thy wings.


73:7 119:70


9 From the ungodly, that trouble me mine enemies compass me round about, to take away my soul.

10 They are inclosed in their own fat and their mouth speaketh proud things.

II They lie waiting in our way on every side turning their eyes down to the ground;



12 Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey and as it were a lion's whelp lurking in secret places.

3 Lit. Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me by night; thou hast tried me without finding anything (i. e. any dross). If I think evil, it doth not pass my mouth (or, my thinking doth not go beyond my mouth). Ps 15. "He knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold" Job 23:10.

4 Concerning the works of men, by the word of thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.

5 Lit. My steps held fast to thy paths, my footsteps have not tottered. "My foot hath held his steps, his way have I kept, and not declined " Job 23:11.

6 Lit. For thou answerest me. "I knew that thou hearest me always" S. Jo. 11:42. "This is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us" i S. Jo. 5:14. See Jer. 29:12.

7 Lit. From those that rise up against thy right hand. 8 Lit. Keep me as the little man, the daughter of the eye. "He kept him as the apple of his eye. As an eagle -fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings,-so the LORD alone did lead him" Deut. 32:10-12. "He that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye" Zech. 2:8. "A full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust " Ruth 2:12.

9 Lit. From the ungodly who would destroy me, from my deadly enemies who compass me about (or, from my enemies who eagerly compass me about). "Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take them" Sam. 23:26.

11 Lit. Our steps they have now surrounded; their eyes do they set to cast us down to the earth.

12 Lit. His likeness is a lion that is greedy to tear in pieces.

3 Tried, i. e. tested as in a refiner's fire. 5 Hy. A. & M. 282. 8 There is a climax of delicate tenderness in the language here. Keep me as the little image (reflected in the pupil), yea, as a daughter of the eye. Under, lit. in.

10:6 73:12


13 Up, LORD, disappoint him, and cast him down: deliver my soul from the ungodly, which is a sword of thine; 14 From the men of thy hand, O LORD, from the men, I say, and from the evil world: which have their portion in this life, whose bellies thou fillest with thy hid treasure.

5:7 11:8


16 But as for me, I will behold 3:18 thy presence in righteousness: 36:8 65:4 and when I awake up after thy likeness, I shall be satisfied with it.



15 They have children at their desire and leave the rest of their substance for their babes.


Diligam te, Domine.

3:3 5:12,13 7:1 11:1

I WILL love thee, O LORD, my strength. The LORD is my stony


19:15 rock, and my defence: my Sav28:1,8,9 iour, my God, and my might, in whom I will trust; my buckler, the horn also of my salvation, and my refuge.

89:9 144: 1,2

2 I will call upon the LORD, which is worthy to be praised: so shall I be safe from mine enemies. 3 The sorrows of death compassed me and the overflowings of ungodliness made me afraid.



Rom., vv. 2, 8, 10th Sun. af. Pent.; vv. 5-7, Sex.; 6th Sun. af. Pent.; v. 6, 22 af. Pent. Gk. 3d H. L. P. Hy. 96. See p. x.

4 The pains of hell came about me: the snares of death overtook me.

13 Lit. Arise, O LORD, go forth to meet him, cast him down: deliver my soul from the wicked by thy sword.

14 From men by thine hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life. "Him hath God exalted with his right hand " Acts 5:31. Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things S. Lu. 16:25.

15 Lit. They are sated with children. See Job. 21:7-15. 16 Lit. As for me, I shall behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied in the Awakening with thy likeness. "In my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold " Job 19:26,27. "Now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face" Cor. 13:12. "We all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory 2 Cor. 3:18.



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For the Chief Musician. (A Psalm) of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said.

(This psalm probably belongs to the period of 2 Sam. 7). THE SONG OF THE REDEEMED VICTORIOUS IN THE RISEN CHRIST.

I Verses 31, 47, "And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us, in the house of his servant David" S. Lu. 1:69. 2 "Whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord, shall be saved" Acts 2:21.

4 S. Peter says of Christ, "Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it" Acts 2:24.

16"It is not the image within us, but the shining in from without of God's image, (which is Christ), that will satisfy us at the Resurrection morning, the same image which the disciples beheld on the Mount of Transfiguration."-Dean Goulburn. See same word in the Heb. in Num. 12:8. The Gk. translation has,-" I shall be filled with the sight of thy glory."

Ps. XVIII. Title; servant of the LORD; see Ps. 36, title; Pss. 78:71; 89:3, 21; 132:10; 144:10; 2 Sam. 7:19-29. Comp. Rom. 1:1; S. Jas. 1:1; 2 S. Pet. 1:1; S. Jude 1:1; Rev. 1:1. This psalm, except its first sentence, forms the 22d chap. of 2 Sam. I "My rock' is a title much used by David, perhaps suggested by the fastnesses amid which he passed his hunted life, to express that not in them but in his God was his safety "-Dr. Pusey. Defence, might, refuge; K. J, fortress, rock (marg.), high tower. Buckler; a small shield. Horn, a natural symbol of power and honour. In the Liturgy of S. Chrysostom, the priest when he kisses the elements, repeats this verse secretly thrice. 3 "Sorrows" and also "pains" in the next verse are the same word in Heb., and literally signify "cords" or "bands," expressing a state of utter helplessness. 4 Hell, lit. Sheol; see Ps. 6:5, n.





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6 So shall he hear my voice 28:2 out of his holy temple: and my complaint shall come before him; it shall enter even into his ears. 7 The earth trembled and quaked: the very foundations also of the hills shook, and were removed, because he was wroth. 8 There went a smoke out in 973,4 his presence and a consuming 104:32 fire out of his mouth, so the




5 In the LORD



99: I

10 He rode upon the Cheru104:3 bim", and did fly: he came flying upon the wings of the wind.

II He made darkness his secret place his pavilion round about him with dark water, and thick clouds to cover him.

trouble I will call upon and complain unto my


coals were kindled at it.

9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down and it was dark under his feet.

12 At the brightness of his presence his clouds removed : hailstones and coals of fire.

13 The LORD also thundered out of heaven, and the Highest gave his thunder: hailstones and coals of fire.


14 He sent out his arrows, and 77:17,18 scattered them: he cast forth lightnings, and destroyed them.

15 The springs of waters were seen, and the foundations of the round world were discovered at

10 Cherubim; in English Psalter, cherubims.

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