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PSALM 1. Beatus vir, qui non abiit.


BLESSED is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the 144:15 ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners and hath not sat in the seat of the scornful.

26:4,5 32:2 40:5

37:4 63:7


2 But his delight is in the law 112:1 of the LORD: and in his law will 35,47,92 he exercise himself day and night. 46:4 52:9 3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the water-side: that will bring forth his fruit in due




35:5 83:13

5:5 36:12 104:35

4 His leaf also shall not wither and look, whatsoever he doeth, it shall prosper.

5 As for the ungodly, it is not so with them but they are like the chaff, which the wind scattereth away from the face of the earth.

6 Therefore the ungodly shall not be able to stand in the judgment neither the sinners in the congregation of the righteous.


6:8 7 But the LORD knoweth the way of the righteous and the way of the ungodly shall perish.

Am. P. B. in Sel. V. Int. Ist Sun. in Adv. Rom. All Saints', Days Martyrs; vv. 2, 3, AshWed. P. See p. x.

PSALMS, Heb. Tehillim, Praises. PSALTER, from the Gk. Psalterion meaning originally a harp.

PSALTER. (Pss. I., II.)




2 In his law doth he meditate day and night. Cont. Ps. "This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night" Josh. 1:8.

3 Lit. So is he like a tree planted by streams of water, which giveth (i. e. is always ready to give) its fruit in its season. "Blessed is the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green" Jer. 17:7, 8. "On either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations" Rev. 22:2.

4 Lit. And whose leaf also doth not fade, and all that he doeth, he maketh to prosper. "He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit" S. Jo. 15:5.

5 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away. "Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire" S. Mat. 3:12. "The hope of the ungodly is like dust that is blown away with the wind; like a thin froth that is driven away with the storm; like as the smoke which is dispersed here and there with a tempest "Wisd. 5:14.

6 Lit. Therefore the ungodly do not stand in the judg


7 Lit. And the way of the ungodly perisheth. "I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine" S Jo. 10:14. "If any man love God, the same is known of him " I Cor. 8:3. "The Lord knoweth them that are his " 2 Tim. 2. 19. See S. Mat. 7:23.

Ps. 1. "This and the second psalm are placed at the head of the Psalter because they present at once the two fundamental doctrines of the Hebrew Church,—the Judgment of God and His Messiah."-Köster. The truths of vv. 1-4 and the first half of v. 7 are reiterated in Pss. 3-7; and the truths of vv. 5, 6 and the second half of v. 7 are repeated in Pss. 9-14. The Psalter begins with a Beatitude, and concludes with a Hallelujah.

2 "The law of God is his delight,

That cloud by day, that fire by night,
Shall be his comfort in distress,
And guide him through life's wilderness."

J. Montgomery.




89:26,35 132:14



Quare fremuerunt gentes?

WHY do the heathen so furious

ly rage together: and why do the people imagine a vain thing?

2 The kings of the earth stand up, and the rulers take counsel together against the LORD, and against his Anointed :

3 Let us break their bonds asunder: and cast away their cords from us.

4 He that dwelleth in heaven shall laugh them to scorn: the Lord shall have them in derision.

5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath and vex them in his sore displeasure.

6 Yet have I set my King: upon my holy hill of Sion.

7 I will preach the law, where89:28 of the LORD hath said unto me : Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.


8 Desire of me, and I shall 22:27 give thee the heathen for thine 72:8 inheritance: and the utmost parts of the earth for thy possession.

9 Thou shalt bruise them with a rod of iron and break them in pieces like a potter's vessel.


Ps. II. Probably subsequent to the promise of the Messiah in 2 Sam. 7 (see v. 7), and may be associated with events in 2 Sam. 10. "It is related to the first, something in the same way as the blessing upon those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake' is to the opening Beatitude of the Sermon on the Mount. The ideal of righteousness realized in Christ, wakens the world's fiercest enmity against the Holy One. This dramatic Psalm, standing in the forefront of the collection, echoes with voices of rebellion


TRIUMPH OF CHRIST OVER THE FORCES OF EVIL. "Lord, thou art God, who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things? The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together" Acts 4:24-27.

The first of the great Messianic Psalms. (2, 45, 72, 110). I Lit. Why have the heathen raged tumultuously? and why do peoples meditate vanity? Cont. Ps. 1:2.

2 Lit. The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes have taken counsel together against the LORD, and against his Anointed. "The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee " S. Lu. 13:31.

The voice of Rebellion.

3 "They cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cæsar" S. Jo. 19:15. Quoted in part in Jer. 5:5.

View of the calm majesty of the Lord on His throne. 4 Lit. He who sitteth enthroned in the heavens laughs, the Lord hath them in derision.

5 Verse 12.

The voice of God confirming the rule of His Son. 6 Upon Zion, the hill of my holiness. "Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel" S. Jo. 1:49.

Christ Himself is revealed, and we hear His voice.

7 Lit. I will declare a decree! The LORD said unto me, &c. Verse 12. "David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?" S. Lu. 20:44. "He hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee" Acts 13:33. "Unto which of the angels saith he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?" Heb. 1:5. "Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee" Heb. 5:5.

God speaks to the Son.

9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. "And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers : even as I received of my Father" Rev. 2:27. "He shall reign for ever and ever Rev. 11:15. See Jer. 19:11; S. Lu. 20:18; Rev. 12:5; 19:15.

against Him who is to have the earth for His inheritance."Bp. Alexander. 2 Here is found one chief title of our Lord, viz:-Anointed (in Heb. Messiah, in Gk. Christ), and in v. 7 the other, viz:-Son. See S. Mat. 26:63; S. Jo. 1:49. 3 Their, i. e. God and His Christ. 5 Vex, lit. terrify, confound. Sore, i. e. heavy, severe. 7 "Thou art the everlasting Son of the Father."-Te Deum. The Gk. according to the best MSS. reads in Acts 13:33, "The first psalm,' the word psalm probably denoting in this case a group of as many psalms as were ordinarily used together in worship.




22:8 71:9


10 Be wise now, therefore, O ye kings be learned, ye that are judges of the earth.

II Serve the LORD in fear: and rejoice unto him with rever



12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and so ye perish from the right way; if his wrath be kindled, yea but a little." Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

Prop. Ps. Easter M. Am. P. B. vv. 7, 8, 10, II in Anth. Whitsun. Int. 4th Sun af. Epiph. Rom. Christmas, Circ., Good Fri., Days Martyrs; vv. 1, 7, Christmas, 1st Comm. P. Hy. 110.


Domine, quid multiplicati?

LORD, how are they increased that trouble me: many are they that rise against me.

27:6 28:6

3 But thou, O LORD, art my 31:6 defender: thou art my worship, and the lifter up of my head.


2 Many one there be that say of my soul: There is no help for him in his God.

2:6 4:3

4 I did call upon the LORD 6:9 43:3 with my voice: and he heard me


out of his holy hill.

5 I laid me down and slept, and rose up again: for the LORD sustained me.

6 I will not be afraid for ten thousands of the people: that

12 The Eng. Psalter reads,

10 Learned, K. J. instructed. (Yea, but a little.)

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