« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
'number of examples which the author has drawn from proper sources; and the Jury therefore have declared these works to be worthy of honorable mention.” - Rapport de l'Institut &c. p. 132.
ROCHEFOUCAULD (Le Duc de la).
Réflexions, ou Sentences et Maximes morales.
Paris, 1665, 12mo. This (says Brunet) is the first Edition ornamented with an Engraving by E. Picart, and accompanied by a preliminary discourse by Segrais, which in the later editions has been suppressed. The latest Edition mentioned by Brunet, is by Didot the Elder, 1815, with a Notice on Rochefoucault, by M. Suard.
“ One of those works,” says Voltaire " which mainly contributed to the formation of the National taste, and to give it nicety and conciseness, was the collection of Maxims of François de la Rochefoucault.”
Lord Chesterfield remarks of Rochefoucauld and La Bruyere (16th. Letter to his Son.) “I will recommend to your attentive perusal, now you are going into the world, two books which will let you as much into the characters of men, as books well can do. I mean 'Les Réflexions Morales de M. de la Rochefoucauld,' and 'Les Caractères de la Bruyère."
Considérations sur l'Art de la Guerre. Paris,
1821, 1 vol. 8vo. « This is the work of an experienced military commander, and an acute observer of events. General Rogniat does not confirc himself to the operations of his own corps; he has studied the causes of victory and defeat, in the general practice of the art of war. His works contain very complete views, observations delivered with great perspicuity, and able decisions, relative to all great military operations."--Revue Ency. vol. 10,
This critique is abridged from an article in the Revue, by Charles Dupin. He also gives an anecdote in the same critique which some of our readers may think interesting. Speaking of the General's work he adds ;-Rogniat makes some observations on the battle of Waterloo, which are not very flattering to Napoleon; it is probable that these observations had excited some degree of resentment in the breast of the ex-Emperor; an information, which I obtained in the following manner ;-During my last visit to London, I was presented with a manuscript by a Bookseller, which had been entrusted to him by the Countess of M—. who had just returned from St. Ilelena. Some hesitation was evinced as to its publication, in consequence of the sum asked for the manuscript, and I was desired to exainine it and decide its value. It was written in a very fine hand, and corrected here and there in pencil, apparently by Napoleon himself. It consisted of critical observations upon various remarkable works; among others I noticed the Concordats of De Pradt, and the Considérations, &c. of General Rogniat. The observations on the former work appeared to me very striking; those on the latter, as might naturally be expected, were not very flattering ; and their object was to demonstrate that the General had not properly estimated the public affairs which decided, during the Hundred Days, the fate of France. This manuscript, however, has never seen the light.
The French Chemists have for a considerable period, maintained the highest rank in the science of Chemistry. The “ Annales de Chimie” are, among publications of a similar kind, of the greatest celebrity: LAVOISIER, BERTHOLLETand FOURCROY rank among the most distinguished of its contributors. “ BERTHOLLET” say the Edinburgh Reviewers, “appeared at an early period, as the associate of LAVOISIER, and contributed to establish the modern system, by the zeal and ability with which he engaged in its defence.” CHAPTAL's work, “ La Chimie appliquée aux Arts" is in great request among Artists, and has obtained commendation from the French Institute.
In Natural History, the name of BUFFON stands pre-eminent. Cuvier and Count LackPÈDe follow next, both in interest and importance, in that popular branch of science. On the subject of Medicine, the celebrated Bichat and CLOQUET are two of the most learned writers of