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LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS,

STANFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.

CONTENTS OF VOL. XLVI.

PAGE

(X.B. The Authors are alone responsible for the contents of their respective papers.)

ARTICLES.

PAGE

1.-Journey across the Vatna Jökull, in the Summer of 1875. By

W. L. WATTS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.-On Mr. H. M. Stanley's Exploration of the Victoria Nyanza. By

Lieut.-Colonel J. A. GRANT, C.B., C.8.I. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10

3.- Description of the Country and Natives of Port Moresby and

Neighbourhood, New Guinea. By OCTAVIUS C. STONE, F.R.G.S. 34

4.-Extracts from a Diary of a Tour in Khorassan, and Notes on the

Eastern Alburz Tract. By Captain the Hon. G. C. NAPIER ...

Notes on the Yomut Tribe. By Kazi SYUD AHMAD .. .. .. 142

Tables of Routes in the Eastern Alburz Tract.. .. .. .. .. 145

5.-Notes of a Journey from Hankow to Ta-li Fu. By the late

AUGUSTUS RAYMOND MARGARY, being Extracts from the

Author's Diary .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 172

6.-A Visit to the Valley of the Shueli, in Western Yunnan, February,

1875. By Ney Elias, Gold Medallist R.G.S. .. .. .. .. 198

7.-The North-American Boundary from the Lake of the Woods to the

Rocky Mountains. By Captain S. ANDERSON, R.E., Chief Astro-

nomer, North-American Boundary Commission .. .. .. .. 228

8.-The Valley of the Tibagy, Brazil. By Thomas P. BIGG-WITHER,

Assoc. Inst. C.E. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 263

9.-A Prince of Kashghar on the Geography of Eastern Turkistan. By

R. B. SHAW .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 277

10.—On the District of Akém in West Africa. By Captain J. S. HAY 299

11.-Notes of a Journey from the River St. Francisco to the River

Tocantins and to the City of Maranhão. By JAMES W.

WELLS, C.E. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 308

12.-Journey of Exploration from South to Western Australia, in 1875.

By ERNEST GILES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 328

13.-Geography of Perak and Salangore, and a brief Sketch of some of the

adjacent Malay States. By W. BARRINGTON D’ALMEIDA, F.R.G.S. 357

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.. Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .

j Victoria Nyanza .. .. .. .. ..

"/Routo along Western side ditto..

.North Frontier of Persia . ..

. South-West China .. .. ..

.. Sh

.. Shuell Valley .. .. .. .. ..

.. British North American Boundary ..

.. Valley of the Tibagy .. .. .. ..

.. Lastern Turkistan .. .. ..

.. Interior of Brazil .. .. .. ..

... Route acroNg West Australia

.. Rou

.. ..

.. Perak and Salangore. .. .. ..

.. Lake Chad and neighbouring Regions ..

. Part of Niger Delta .. .. .. ..
.White Nile below Lardo . ..
.. Ambris to Han Halvador and Congo ..
River Quanga .

.. .
. White Nile, from Lardo to Nyamyungo

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Boyal Geographical Society,

1876.

REPORT OF THE COUNCIL,

READ AT THE ANNIVERSARY MEETING ON THE 22nd May.

The Council beg to submit to the Fellows the following Report of the financial and general progress of the Society for the past year:

Members.—During the year ending April 30th 266 Ordinary Members have been elected, of whom 24 paid their Lifecompositions. In the previous year (1874-5) the numbers were 294; and in the year 1873-4, 342.

The losses by death have been 70, and by resignation and default of subscription 47, making the net increase 149. In 1874-5 the net increase was 202; in 1873-4, 177; and in 1872-3, 140. Two Honorary Corresponding Members have been elected during the year, and 5 lost by death. The total number of Ordinary Fellows on the List at the end of April was 3,125, of whom 695 were Life Members.

Finances.-As will be seen by the Balance-sheet given at the end of this Report, the total net income for the financial year (ending December 31st, 1875) has been 79341. 158. 10d, of which 64411. 11s. consisted of the subscriptions of Fellows. In the previous year (1874) these amounts were: 75111, 11s. 10d. and 64257. 1s. 6d. respectively; and in 1873, 67521. 43. 4d. and 56431. 19s. 6d.

The expenditure (exclusive of investments and balances) was 56831. 48. 10d. In the preceding year the amount was 69921. 78. 2d., a difference accounted for by the smaller total shown in the present balance-sheet as.expended on Expeditions, viz., 6211. 3s. 4d., as compared with 19551. 13s. 10d.* The ordinary expenses of administration, publications, Library, &c., as will be seen in comparing the present with the preceding balance-sheet, remain about the same, having been 50511. 11s. 6d. in 1875, and 50261. 38. 4d. in 1874.

The Finance Committee of the Council have, as usual, held their Monthly Meetings throughout the year, supervising the accounts of the Society. The annual Audit was held early in April, the Auditors being :-On the part of the Council, the Right Hon. Lord Cottesloe and Sir Charles Nicholson, Bart.; and on that of the Fellows, H. Jones Williams, Esq.f The Council take this opportunity of expressing their cordial thanks, in which they are sure the Fellows at large will concur, to these experienced gentlemen, who have, as in so many previous years, willingly given their time and abilities to this important task.

* This amount is exclusive of the expenditure on behalf of the Congo Expedition, which, being reimbursed by Mr. James Young, does not enter into this comparison of the actual expenditure of the Society.

+ General Sir George Balfour, M.P., one of the Auditors appointed on behalf of the Fellows, was unable to attend, owing to other pressing engagements.

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