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More wise, more watchful, stronger, if need were
Of outward strength; while shame, thou looking on,
Shame to be overcome or over-reach'd
Would utmost vigor raise, and rais'd unite.
Why shouldft not thou like sense within thee feel 315
When I am present, and thy trial choose
With me, best witness of thy virtue try'd?

So spake domestic Adam in his care
And matrimonial love; but Eve, who thought
Less attributed to her faith sincere,

320 Thus her reply with accent sweet renew'd.

If this be our condition, thus to dwell In narrow circuit straiten'd by a foe, Subtle or violent, we not indued Single with like defense, wherever met, 325 How are we happy, still in fear of harm? But harm precedes not fin: only our foe Tempting affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity: his foul esteem

Sticks thet seems to allude to what Adam Domestic in his care, may signify here

one who has a careful regard to the

good of his family; and all this nothing lovelier can be found speech of Adam's was intended for In woman, than to study houshold the security of his wife. Pearce. good,

320. Less attributed] That is, too And good works in her husband to little ; an elegant Latinism. promote.

Richardson

had said in ver. 232.

• K 4

330. Sticks

Sticks no dishonor on our front, but turns 330
Foul on himself; then wherefore shunn'd or fear’d
By us? who rather double honor gain
From his surmise prov'd false, find

peace within, Favor from Heav'n, our witness from th' event. And what is faith, love, virtue unaffay'd

335 Alone, without exterior help sustain'd? Let us not then suspect our happy state Left so imperfect by the Maker wise, As not secure to single or combin’d. Frail is our happiness, if this be fo,

340

And 330. Sticks no dishonor on our front,] 334. - our witness from th' event.) Here is such a jingle and turn of the The Spirit bearing witness with our words, as we sometimes meet with spirit, Rom. VIII. 16. in our author; He affronts us with bis foul esteem, but his foul esteem sticks

335. And what is faith, love, vir. no dishonor on our front : but our

tue unassay'd author alludes to the etymology of

Alone, without exterior help fala of the word affront: adfrontare, i. e.

tain'd?] What merit is there

in frontem fronti committere, as Skin

any

virtue till it has stood the ner says. And I find Shakespear test alone, and without other affif

tance ? using the word in its original fignification. Cymbeline, Adt. IV. Paulum sepultæ diftat inertiz Good my liege

Celata virtus. Hor. Od.IV.IX. 29. Your preparation can affront no less

Richardfon. Than what you hear of.

339. As not secure to fingle or come And afterwards, A& V.

bin’d.] As not to be secure There was a fourth man

to us single or together. That gave th' affront with them.

342. To whom thus Adam ferventi And in Hamlet, Act III.

reply'd. That he, as ’twere by accident, may O Woman,) What Eve had just here

now faid required fome reprimand Affront Ophelia.

from Adam, and it was necesiary to

describe

power:

And Eden were no Eden thus expos’d.

To whom thus Adam fervently reply'd. O Woman, best are all things as the will Of God ordain' them; his creating hand Nothing imperfect or deficient left

345 Of all that he created, much less Man, Or ought that might his happy state secure, Secure from outward force; within himself The danger lies, yet lies within his Against his will he can receive no harm.

350 But God left free the will, for what obeys

Reason, describe him as in some degree dif- our translation naturally leads ignopleas’d; but what extreme delicacy rant readers into, and must very well has our author shown in choosing know that run amongst the Greeks the word fervently to express it by? is a term of great respect. Indeed a term which tho'it implies fome throughout this whole conversation, emotion, yet carries nothing in its which the poet has in every respect idea inconfiftent with that subser- worked up to a faultless perfection, viency of the passions, which sub- there is the most exact observance of filted before the fall

. In the two fore- juftness and propriety of character. going speeches he had made Adam With what strength is the superior address himself to her in the affectio- excellency of man's understanding nate terms of Sole Eve, associate fole, here pointed out, and how nicely and Daughter of God and Man, im- does our author here sketch out the mortal Eve; but here with great defects peculiar in general to the judgment he changes those indearing female mind? and after all what words for these more authoritative, great art has he shown in making O Woman. I should think that Mil- Adam contrary to his better reason ton in this expression alluded to what grant his spouse's request, beautifully our Saviour said to the Virgin Mary, verifying what he had made our Woman what have I to do with thee, general ancestor a little before obwas not I satisfied, that he could not serve to the Angel : VIII. 546. &c. with his learning take these words

Thyer. in the vulgar mistaken sense, which

353. But

Sticks no dishonor on our front, but turns 330
Foul on himself; then wherefore shunn'd or fear'd
By us? who rather double honor gain
From his surmise prov'd false, find peace within,
Favor from Heav'n, our witness from th’ event.
And what is faith, love, virtue unaffay'd 335
Alone, without exterior help sustain’d?
Let us not then suspect our happy state
Left so imperfect by the Maker wise,
As not secure to single or combin’d.
Frail is our happiness, if this be so,

And

340

330. Sticks no dishonor on our front,] 334. -Our witness from tb'event.) Here is such a jingle and turn of the The Spirit bearing witness with our words, as we sometimes meet with spirit, Rom. VIII. 16. in our author; He affronts us with his faul esteem, but his foul esteem flicks

335. And what is faith, Love, vir. no dishonor on our front : but our

tue una lay'd author alludes to the etymology of

Alone, without exterior help falof the word affront : adfrontare, i.e. in any virtue till it has ftood the

tain'd?) What merit is there frontem fronti committere, as Skinner says. And I find Shakespear test alone, and without other afila

tance ? using the word in its original fignification. Cymbeline, A&. IV. Paulum sepultæ diftat inertiz Good my liege

Celata virtus. Hor. Od. IV. IX. 29. Your preparation can affront no less

Richardon. Than what you hear of.

339. As not secure to fingle or comAnd afterwards, A& V.

bin'd.] As not to be secure There was a fourth man

to us single or together. That gave th'affront with them.

342. To whom thus Adam feruently And in Hamlet, Act III.

reply'd. That he, as 'twere by accident, may O Woman,) Whr juft here

now said requirr Affront Ophelia.

from Adam,

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Of all that he created, much less V
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describe him as in some degree dis- og
pleas'd; but what extreme delicacy rze
has our author hown in choosing to
the word fervently to express it by?
a term which tho' it implies fome
emotion, yet carries nothing in its
idea inconsistent with that subíer.
viency of the passions, which fob
fifted before the fall. In the two face
going speeches he had made Acan
address himself to her in the affecio
nate terms of Sole Eve, asociate jet:
and Daughter of God and Mar,
mortal Eve; but here with gre
judgment he changes those indet
words for these more authoritate
O Woman. I should think that a
ton in this expression alluded the
our Saviour said in a l'i'gir

ree - in were

over Cound, scribed carrying Dandry in in Metam. .574, uit, fed adunca

*s again, and says here said to be like ys, but when soe fled 60 would have ravish'd Jilton's meaning is, that Pomona, not precisely at the fied Vertur

of her lil

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