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Can he make deathless death? that were to make
Strange contradiction, which to God himself
Impossible is held, as argument
Of weakness, not of pow'r. Will he draw out,
For anger's sake, finite to infinite
In punish'd Man, to satisfy his rigor
Satisfy'd never ? that were to extend
His sentence beyond dust and nature's law,

805
By which all causes else according still
To the reception of their matter act,
Not to th’extent of their own sphere. But say
That death be not one stroke, as I suppos’d,

Beseyond what he thought imply'd in In quibbles Angel and Arch-Angel he words, thou shalt to dust return. join, See also ver. 748, 1085. where And God the Father turns a SchoolAdam speaks of being reduc'd to divine. Eust, as the final end of him. Pearce.

But it Mould be consider'd that this 806. By which all causes else &c.] sort of divinity was much more in All other agents act in proportion fashion in Milton's days; and no o the reception or capacity of the wonder that he was a little oftentaubject matter, and not to the utmost tious of showing his reading in this, xtent of their own power. An as well as in all other branches of llusion to another axiom of the learning. And for his creeping in chools: Omne efficiens agit secun- prose, which Mr. Dryden has like. um vires recipientis, non fuas. But wise obje&ted to our author in the his is not so bad as what Mr. Pope preface to his Juvenal, we are satisnas objected to our author, fied that he is thought to do so the

more only because of his writing in Milton's ftrong pinion now not blank verse: And if those two poets Heav'n can bound,

themselves (excellent as they are) Now ferpent-like, in profe he sweeps were stript and divested of their the ground;

sime, it would appear in several VOL. II.

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places

810

On my

ye bless

Bereaving sense, but endless misery
From this day onward, which I feel begun
Both in me, and without me, and so last
To perpetuity; Ay me, that fear
Comes thund'ring back with dreadful revolution

defenseless head; both Death and I 815
Am found eternal, and incorporate both,
Nor I on my part single, in me all
Posterity stands curs’d: Fair patrimony
That I must leave ye, Sons; O were I able
To waste it all myself, and leave ye none ! 820
So difinherited how would
Me now your curse! Ah, why should all mankind
For one man's fault thus guiltless be condemn’d,

If places of their works, that they have the dread of everlasting punishment little else to support them.

will ftill pursue him: he may per it 813. Ay me, that fear &c.] off for a time, but it will return sich This is somewhat like the famous dreadful revolution ; and let him afsoliloquy of Hamlet, Act III. fect what ferenity and gaiety he

pleases, will notwithstanding in the Ay, there's the rub &c.

midst of it all come thund ring back

on his defenseless head. Comes thundring back with dread. 815.

both Death and I ful revolution

Am found eternal,] This must be On' my deferjeless head; The the printer's blunder, though all thought is fine as it is natural. The editions patronize it. All languages finner may invent never so many agree, that when fingular and plural arguments in favor of the annihila. are so join'd, the latter must govern. tion and utter extinction of the soul; He gave it therefore, but after all his subterfuges and eva

both Death and I fions, the fear of a future state and Are found eternal. Bentley.

that fear

If guiltless ? But from me what can proceed, But all corrupt, both mind and will deprav’d, 825 Not to do only, but to will the same With me? how can they then acquitted stand n sight of God ? Him after all disputes orc'd I absolve: all my evasions vain, Ind reasonings, though through mazes, lead me still ut to my own conviction: first and last

831 In me, me only, as the source and spring Of all corruption, all the blame lights due; o might the wrath. Fond wish! couldst thou support Chat burden heavier than the earth to bear, Chan all the world much heavier, though divided Nith that bad Woman? Thus what thou desir'ft

835

And

renown.

me all

816. — and incorporate both, says, XIV. 4. Who can bring a clean odged both together in one mortal thing out of an unclean? ody, as St. Paul says, Rom. VII. 834. So might the wrath.) So is 4. Ob wretched man that I am, used in the sense of wishing, as in obo foall deliver me from the body of III. 34. bis death? Hume. 817. Nor I on my part single, in

So were I equal'd with them in Pofterity stands curs'd:] And this

835

heavier than the earth urse was the patrimony which he

to bear, vas to leave his fons. The author Than all the world much heavier,] ad in view 2 Esdr. VII. 48. O thou We quote this only that the reader Adam what haft thou done? for though may observe the beautiful turn of t was thou that finned, thou art not the words, heavier the first in one allen alone, but we all that come of line and the last in the other : and bee.

that much is well thrown in, and 825. But all corrupt,] For as Job raises the sense greatly; the burden

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Said he, with a To end me? 1 justice divinen But death come Mends not her 1

846. Tbrougb tbe fill nigbt,)

Wad after that it I. 605. The accent upon the word night immediately after the fall; for fo that this, we it is the Latin accent, and there is and Eve discoursing together, ver. Lately after the fall

Book X. PAR Е And what thou fear’st, alike destroys all hope

All things with Of refuge, and concludes thee miserable

Outstretch'd he Beyond all past example and future,

840

Curs'd his creati To Satan only like both crime and doom.

Of tardy execut O Conscience, into what abyss of fears

The day of his
And horrors hast thou driv'n me; out of which
I find no way, from deep to deeper plung'd!

Thus Adam to himself lamented loud 843
Through the still night, not now, as ere Man fell,
Wholesome and cool, and mild, but with black air
Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom,
Which to his evil conscience represented

O woods, O foun

All is not only heavier than the earth to But not by art or skill, of thing bear, it is heavier than all the world, futáre nay it is much beavier.

Can the plain troth revealed be 840. Beyond all past example and and told.

futúre,] As Adam is here There is no occafion then to read, speaking in great agonies of mind,

as some have proposid, he aggravates his own misery, and concludes it to be greater and worse Beyond all paft example', and fit than that of the fallen Angels or all

ture too, future men, as having in himself alone the source of misery for all

or as others, his pofterity, whereas both Angels Beyond all past example, and all in and Death w and Men had only their own to bear. future. Satan was only like him, as being the ring-leader, and this added very much to his remorse as we read in can hardly suppose this to be the sold to make the co a like instance in Fairfax's Taso, 341. Cant. 17. St. 88.

return'd

With other echo

borib, and lift'ning

bezpless pair Sain their lad discou

nous plaint, Tizace gather'd his a adhe next morning, a ta rose, ver. 329. man Death in their v

difcourse together tree, that the Al w speech from ver.

e eme other night

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854 – W by comes

But death comes not medles Philoctetes, 7

All things with double terror : on the ground 850
Outstretch'd he lay, on the cold ground, and oft
Curs'd his creation, death as oft accus'd
Of tardy execution, fince denounc'd
The day of his offense. Why comes not death,
Said he, with one thrice acceptable stroke

855
To end me ? shall truth fail to keep her word,
Justice divine not haften to be just ?
But death comes not at call, justice divine
Mends not her lowest pace for pray’rs or cries.
O woods, O fountains, hillocs, dales and bowers, 860
With other echo late I taught your shades

To

TOTE ;

By right, and lift'ning where the Ω θανατε, θανατε, πως αe κα. hapless pair

λεμενα Sat in their fad discourse, and va Ουτω κατ' ημαρ, ου δυνη μολις

rious plaint, Thence gather'd his own doom; 859. - ber flowest pace) Pede and the next morning, while the sun The most beautiful passages com

pena

claudo. Hor. Od. III. II. 32. in Aries rose, ver. 329.

he met Sin and Death in their way to earth ; for the beauties of this passage, we

monly want the fewest notes: and they discourse together, and it was after Sin and Death were arriv'd in are sure, the reader mut not only Paradise, that the Almighty made perceive them, but must really feel

them, if he has any feeling at all. that speech from ver. 616. to ver. 641. and after that the Angels are is more moving and pathetic.

Nothing in all the ancient tragedies order'd to make the changes in nature : so that this, we conceive, muft

860. O woods, I fountains, billocs,

dales and bowers, be some other night than that im

With other echo late I taught your mediately after the fall.

shades 854. W by comes not death, To answer, and resound far other

But death comes not at call,] 30 song ] Alluding to this part phocles' Philoctetes, 793.

of Adam's morning hymn, V. 202.

Witness

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