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A military vest of purple flow'd,
Livelier than Melibean, or the grain
Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old
In time of truce; Iris had dipt the woof;
His starry helm unbuckled show'd him prime 243
In manhood where youth ended; by his fide
As in a glift'ring zodiac hung the sword,
Satan’s dire dread, and in his hand the spear.
Adam bow'd low; he kingly from his state
Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd. 250
Adam, Heav'n's high behest no preface needs:

Suffi Angel on this occasion neither ap- Phænician name of a fish there taken pears in his proper Thape, nor in whose blood made the purple color. that familiar manner with which Georg. II. 506. Raphael the sociable Spirit entertained the father of mankind before

Sarrano indormiat oftro. Hast. the fall. His person, his post, and 244. Iris bad dipt tbe szefi behaviour are suitable to a Spirit of A moft poetical expreffion. He had the highest rank, and exquisitely de- said before, that it was livelier est fcribed in the following pallage. the Melibcean grain, or than that of

Addison. Sarra ; it exceli'd the most preciou 242. Livelier than Melibaan,] of herself had given the color

, the mai

purple: but now he says that bra a livelier color and richer dye than beautiful colors being in the rain any made at Melibæa, a city of

bow; nay Iris bad dips the very Thessaly, famous for a called oftrum, there caught and used in woof. He had before made use of dying the noblest purple.

a like expression in the Mask. The

attendent Spirit says, Quam plurima circum

But I must first put of Purpura Mæandro duplici Melibaa These my sky robes fpurn out of hi

cucurrit. Virg. Æn. V. 251. doof. Or the grain of Sarra, or the dye 248. — and in his band the fpean) of Tyre, named Serra of Ser, the The construction of chis, and the


Sufficient that thy pray’rs are heard, and Death,
Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress,
Defeated of his seisure many days
Giv'n thee of


wherein thou mayst repent, 255 And one bad act with many deeds well done Mayst cover: well may then thy Lord appeas’d Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious clame; But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not; to remove thee I am come, 260 And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou waft taken, fitter soil.


former part of the period is indeed The ground whence thou was taken, thus: By bis fide hung the sword, and fitter foil.] It is after the the spear in bis hand. The image manner of Homer, that the Angel then is, that as his sword hung loosely is here made to deliver the order he in his belt, he carried the spear neg. had receiv'd in the very words he ligently in his hand, as he advanc'd had receivd it. Homer's exactness toward Adam ; and perhaps this is is so great in this kind, that some. the picture intended to be given. times I know not whether it is not But the reader is at liberty to ima- rather a fault. He observes this megin the spear carried in the Angel's thod not only when orders are given hand in what attitude pleases him by a superior power, but also when beft, or several; for 'tis common messages are sent between equals. with the Ancients for the verb not Nay in the heat and hurry of a batto be applicable to all the members tel a man delivers a message word of the period. So here hung may for word as he received it: and be restrain'd to the sword only. There sometimes a thing is repeated so often is another like instance, IV. 509. that it becomes almost tedious. Jupines agrees to defire only. Mark- piter delivers a commission to a land on Statius's Sylv. I. I. 79. gives Dream, the Dream delivers it exseveral instances of this in the An- actly in the same words to Agamemcients. Richardson.

non, and Agamemnon repeats it a 261. And send thee from the garden third time to the council, tho' it be forth to till

a tautology of five or fix verses toVOL. U.



He added not, for Adam at the news Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen 26; Yet all had heard, with audible lament Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

O unexpected stroke, worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee, Paradise ? thus leave Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades, 27a Fit haunt of Gods ? where I had hope to spend, Quiet though sad, the respit of that day That must be mortal to us both.

O flowers, That never will in other climate grow,

My gether. But in the passage before fate of Man is determin'd, and Po us, here is all the beauty and fim- radise is loft. plicity of Homer, without any of 263. He added not, for Adam at the his faults. Here are only two lines news &c.] How naturally repeated out of one speech, and a and juftly does Milton here decorate third out of another; ver. 48. and the different effects of grief upan here again ver. 259.

our first parents! Mr. Addison bas

already remark'd upon the beauty But longer in this Paradise to dwell. and propriety of Eve's complain,

but I think there is an addicional And it is a decree pronounced fo- beauty to be observ'd when one con lemnly by the Almighty, and cer- fiders the fine contralt which thex tainly it would not have become the is betwixt that and Adam's forrow, Angel, who was sent to put it in which was filent and thoughtful

, 33 ex.cution, to deliver it in any other Eve's was loud and hafty, both c&7words than those of the Almighty. fistent with the diferere charadies And let me add, that it was the of the sexes, which Milton has 17

. more proper and necessary to repeat deed kept up with the words in this place, as the ca- thro' the whole poem. tastrophe of the poem depends so 268.0 unexpected froke, &c.] Eve's much upon them, and by them the complaint, upou hearing that the

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My early visitation, and my last
At ev'n, which I bred up with tender hand
From the first opening bud, and gave ye names,
Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank
Your tribes, and water from th'ambrosial fount?
Thee lastly, nuptial bow'r, by me adorn'd 280
With what to fight or smell was sweet, from thee
dow shall I part, and whither wander down
nto a lower world, to this obscure
And wild? how shall we breathe in other air
Less pure, accustom'd to immortal fruits ?

285 Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild.

Lament vas to be removed from the garden out of the author's copy, which he of Paradise, is wondefully beautiful: supplies thus, he sentiments are not only proper - how shall we breathe in air lejo o the subject, but have something

pure ? n them particularly foft and wo

What eat, accustom'd to immortal nanish. Addifon.

fruits ? 270.-native foil,] Natale folum, is the Latins say,

He asks, What do the fruits, now

to be parted with, fignify to her Nescio qua natale folum dulcedine

breathing in other air ? But this quertangit

tion does not include all the words Humanos animos.

neceffary for understanding the palParadise was the native place of Eve, fage: because those fruits were imput Adam was formed out of the mortal ones, therefore Eve questions duft of the ground, and was after- how she should be able to breathe in wards brought into Paradise. less pure air: To eat (for the future) 284. - how shall we breathe in fruits not immortal, and to have air other air

less pure too, were circumstances Lefs pure, accuftom'd to immortal which might well justify her folici

fruits?] Dr. Bentley thinks tous inquiry about her breathing in that some words were here dropt the lower world. Pearce.

Y 2

296. Con

Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign
What justly thou hast lost; nor set thy heart,
Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine ;
Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes

297 Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound; Where he abides, think there thy native soil.

Adam by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering, and his scatter'd spi'rits return'd, To Michael thus his humble words address’d. 29

Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or nam'd Of them the high’est, for such of shape may seem Prince above princes, gently haft thou told Thy message, which might else in telling wound, And in performing end us ; what besides 300 Of sorrow and dejection and despair Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring, Departure from this happy place, our sweet

Recens 296. Celestial, whether &c.] Adam's critics have observed in the fpeche speech abounds with thoughts, which of Priam and Hecuba to difin are equally moving, but of a more Hector from fighting with Ache masculine and elevated turn. No- in the twenty-second book of ex thing can be conceived more sub- Iliad, where the sentiments are es: lime and poetical than the following cellently adapted to the difieres passage in it,

characters of the father and mother This most afflicts me, that departing And this, says Mr. Pope, pes s

hence &C. Addison. in mind of a judicious ftroke : There is the same propriety in these characters of Adam and Eve

. We

Milton, with regard to the feverz speeches of Adam and Eve, as the the Angel is driving them both or

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