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By suffering, and earn rest from labor won,

37: If so I may attain. So both ascend In the visions of God: It was a hill Of Paradise the highest, from whose top The hemisphere of earth in clearest ken Stretch'd out to th’amplest reach of prospect lay. 380 Not high’er that hill nor wider looking round,

Wheren 377. In the visions of God:] A of Paradise Loft, so doth the other Scripture expression. Ezek. VIII. 3. of Paradise Regain d. And the Spirit lift me up between the 387. -- from tbe deftiz'i uzi Earth and the Heaven, and brought Of Cambalu, &c.] He firf take me in the visions of God to Jerusalem. a view of Asia, and there of : And again, Ezek. XL. 2. In the vi- northern parts, the deffin'd zall is frons of God brought be me into the yet in being but design'd to be land of Israel, and set me upon a very (which is to be understood d'ai bigh mountain. And these may very the ref) of Cambalu, seat of Cs. properly be call'd the visions of God thaian Can, the principal City of not only for discovering things fu- Cathay, a province of Tartary, the ture, but likewise for the extensive ancient seat of the Chams, audio nals of the prospect, such as no hu- marchand by Oxus, the chief city of man eye could reach. For upon Zagathaian Tartary near the river the highest mountain the eye can Oxus, Temir's throne, the birth-plas command only a small part of the and royal residence of Tamerlane; hemisphere by reason of the round- and from the northern he paties to ness of the earth: but here a whole the eastern and southern parts of hemisphere lay stretch'd out to view Asia, to Paquin or Pekin of Sinca at once like a plain.

kings, the royal city of China, the 381. Not higher that hill &c.] country of the ancient Siaz men That hill was not higher, whereon tion’d by Ptolomy, and there ! the Devil set our Saviour (the fecond Agra and Labor two great cities in man 1 Cor. XV. 47. the last Adam the empire of the great Megal, docet ver. 45.) to show him all the king to the golden Chersonese, that is Madoms of the world, and the glory of lacca the most southern promontott them. Matth. IV. 8. The prospects of the East Indies, so called on a are well compared together, and the count of its riches to distinguich i first thought of the one might pro- from the other Chersoneses or peast 'bably be taken from the other : and fula's, or where the Persiar in Echo as the one makes part of the fubject tan fat, Ecbatana formerly the capital

Vhereon for different cause the Tempter set Dur second Adam in the wilderness, o show him all earth’s kingdoms and their glory. lis eye might there command wherever stood 385 ity of old or modern fame, the seat of mightiest empire, from the destin'd walls f Cambalu, seat of Cathaian Can,

And y of Perfia, or fince in Hifpaban, brought gold, to the realm of Congo,

capital city at present, or where a kingdom in the lower Ethiopia : Ruffian Kjar the Czar of Muf- on the wettern shore, as the others vy in Mosco, the metropolis of all were on the eastern, and Angola farifíia, or the Sultan in Bizance, the theft fouth, another kingdom south rand Signior in Constantinople of Congo; Or thence from Niger rmerly Byzantium, Turebestan born, flood, the river Niger that divides the Turks came from Turchestan Negroland into two parts, to Atlas province of Tartary; he reckons mount in the most western parts of ese to Asia, as they are adjoining, Africa, the kingdoms of Almansor, the id great part of their territories countries over which Almansor was : in Asia. He passes now into king, namely Fez and Sus, Marocco frica; nor could his eye not ken th' and Algiers, and Tremisen, all kingmpire of Negus, the Upper Ethiopia doms in Barbary. After Africa he i the land of the Abyssinians, fub- comes to Europe, On Europe thence, a to one sovran, itiled in their and where Rome was to sway the wn language Negus or king, and world: the less is said of Europe as y the Europeans Prefter John, to his it is so well known. In spirit perimojt port Ercoco, or Erquico on the haps he also saw, he could not see it ed Sea, the north east boundary otherwise as America was on the f the Abyssinian empire, and the opposit fide of the globe, rich Mexico is maritim kings, the lesser king- in North America the seat of Monoms on the sea coaft, Mombaza, tezume, who was fubdued by the nd Quiloa, and Melind, all near the Spanish general Cortes, and Cusco ne in Zanguebar, a great region Peru in South America, the richer

the Lower Ethiopia on the eastern seat of Atabalipa, the laft emperor is Indian sea, and subject to the subdued by the Spanish general PiPortuguese, and Safala though: Opbir, zarro, and yet un poil'd Guiana, anonother kingdom and city on the ther country of South America not ime fea mistaken by Purchas and then invaded and spoil'd, whose great thers for Ophir, whence Solomon city, namely Manhoa, Geryon's fons,

the

eye not ken

And Samarchand by Oxus, Temir's throne,
To Paquin of Sinæan kings, and thence

392
To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul
Down to the golden Chersonese, or where
The Persian in Ecbatan sat, or since
In Hispahan, or where the Russian Kfar
In Mosco, or the Sultan in Bizance,

393 Turchestan-born; nor could his Th' empire of Negus to his utmost port Ercoco, and the less maritim kings Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind, And Sofala thought Ophir, to the realm

Oi the Spaniards from Geryon an an- to the many frustrated voyage cient king of Spain, call El Dorado which had been made in fearoa or the golden city on account of its this golden country. If I remedie richness and extent. And thus he right, this was the famous place surveys the four different parts of Sir Walter Raleigh was to her the world, but it must be con brought such trealures from. Their fess'd, more with an oftentation of

but to nobler fight: learning, than with any additional Michael from Adam's eyes tk beauty to the poem. But Mr. Thyer remov'd,] These which folio is of opinion, that such little fallies are nobler fights, being not only of the Muse agreeably enough di- cities and kingdoms, but of the preversify the scene, and observes that cipal actions of men to the final coTaffo, whose Godfrey is no very fummation of things. And to pre imperfect model of a regular epic pare Adam for these fights the Angel poem, has in his fifteenth

Canto em- remov'd the film from his eyes, as Pa ployed thirty, or forty stanza's to- las remov'd the mists from Diomec's gether in a description of this sort, his eyes, Iliad. V. 127. which had no necessary connexion Axaur ni au tou at' 1962un with his general plan.

enos, si Del TWSY, 409.

and yet unspoild Opp'eu porwrx95 megy Sesl, el Guiana,] I suppose Milton alluded και ανδρα. .

Ye:

411.

406

of Congo, and Angola farthest south;
Or thence from Niger stood to Atlas mount
Che kingdoms of Almansor, Fez and Sus,
Marocco and Algiers, and Tremisen;
In Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway
Che world: in spi'rit perhaps he alfo saw
lich Mexico the seat of Montezume,
Ind Cusco in Peru, the richer seat
Of Atabalipa, and yet unspoil'd
Guiana, whose great city Geryon's fons

410 Call El Dorado: but to nobler sights Michael from Adam's eyes the film remov’d,

Which

Yet more, from mortal mifts I purge And as the fame Angel (Michael) thy eyes,

did also from those of Godfrey. And set to view the warring Deities. Tasso, Cant. 18.

St. 93.

Pope. And as Venus did likewise from those

Drizza pur gli occhi à riguardar

l'immenso of Æneas, Æn. II. 604.

Essercito immortal, ch' è in aria Aspice, namque omnem, quæ nunc

accolto : obducta tuenti

Ch' io dinanzi torrotti il nuuol Mortales hebetat visus tibi, et hu.

denso mida circum

Di voftra humanità, ch' intorno Caligat, nubem eripiam.

auuolto

Adombrando t’ appanna il mortal Now cast your eyes around; while senso, I diffolve

Si che vedrai gli ignudi spirti in The mifts and films that mortal eyes volto : involve,

E softener per breue spatio i rai Purge from your fight the dross, De l'angeliche forme anco potrai.

and make you see The shape of each avenging Deity.

Lift op thine eyes, and in the air

behold Dryden.

The

Which that false fruit that promis’d clearer fight Had bred; then purg'd with euphrasy and rue The visual nerve, for he had much to see ;

413 And from the well of life three drops instilld. So deep the pow'r of these ingredients pierc'd, E'en to the inmost seat of mental fight, That Adam now enforc'd to close his

eyes, Sunk down, and all his spi'rits became intranc'd; But him the gentle Angel by the hand

421 Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd. Adam, now ope thine eyes, and first behold

Th' ef. The sacred armies, how they mus- sleep on my face, and my face tesvardis tred be,

ground. And bebeld a band toucbeds, That cloud of flesh in which for which fet me upon my knees : or from times of old

Rev. I. 17. And when I saw kis, All mankind wrapped is, I take I fell at bis feet as dead; and be led from thee,

his right hand upon me, saying at And from thy fenses their thick

Fear not. mitt unfold,

414. — purg'd with eufbrag and That face to face thou mayst these rue] Cleared the organs of Spirits see,

his fight with rue and cupbraj And for a little space right-well eye-bright, so named of its clearing sustain

virtue. Hume. Their glorious light, and view Rue was used in exorcisms, and is those Angels plain. Fairfax. therefore called herb of grace. Sbake

spear, Richard II. A&t 3. Scene ;These passages the poet has imitated See too Hamlet, A& 4. Scene 7. and improv'd; as in what follows of 427. Nor finn'd the fin,] Sot Adam's finking down overpower'd, Exod. XXXII. 30. Vi have feed and then being rais'd again by the a great fin. : John V. 16. any hand gently by the Angel, he has man fee bis brorber for a fin. And copied

from Daniel X. 8, 6C, I saw the same manner of peaking has this great vifion, and there remained prevail'd among the best claffic a no frength in me I was in a deep thors as well as in Scripture. Per

me,

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