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Into one place, and let dry land appear.
Nlime and mud. In this soft earth deep 299. If steep, with torrent rapture,] channels were easily worn by the I have seen a marginal reading with streaming water, 'till 'twas dry every
If steep, with torrent rapture, if through plain, i
Desert where but within the banks, the to be found in our author and all bounds set to the rivers, where they good poets. Richardson. now perpetually draw along after 307. The dry land, carth, &c.] them their moitt train. The rivers These are again the words of Geare imagin'd as persons of great nelis form'd into verse. Gen. I. 10, quality, the length of their robe 11. And God called the dry land earth, training after them;
and the gathering together of the waters where rivers now
called he feas: and God saw that it Stream, and perpetual draw their was good. And God said, Let the earth Stream, and perpetual draw their bring forth grass, the herb yielding feed, . humid train.
and the fruit-tree yielding fruit after You cannot read it otherwise than his kind, whale feed is in itself upon flowly, and so as to give your mind the earth. But when he comes to the a picture of the thing describd. descriptive part, be then opens a finer Many examples of the like kind are vein of poetry.
Desert and bare, unsightly, unadorn'd,
ftood the Imbattel'd in her field, and th' humble shrub, And bush with frizled hair implicit: last Rose as in dance the stately trees, and spread 324 Their branches hung with copious fruit, or gemm'd
Their .321. The smelling gourd,] A mere Dr. Bentley very justly reads here mistake of the printer: the author The swelling gourd: and to the reagave it The swelling gourd; as Pro- fons which he gives, may be added, pertius, IV. II. 43.
that Milton here assigns to each of the Cæruleus cucumis tumideque cucur- which suits with all of the same species:
other tribes or species, an epithet bita ventre.
but smelling, tho' it suits with some Those, that stifly maintain that smel- kinds of the gourd, does not suit with ling was Milton's word and interpret all the particulars of that tribe, as swels it the inelon, feem not to attend, that ling does. Pearce. The mistake was he had the word smelling two lines ealy of w for m: and Dr. Bentley's before, and would not have doubled emendation is certainly right; and to it fo toon again : and that he does the authority which he has brought not name here any particular plant, from Propertius we may add another but whole tribes and species; the from Virgil, Georg. IV. 121. vine, the gourd, the reed, the shrub, the bush, the tree. Gourds are as nu
tortusque per herbam
Cresceret in ventrem cucumis. merous a family, as most of the other, and include the melon within But we have not alter'd the text, as the general name; which tho it the common reading makes sense, smelis, it swells likewise. Binsley. tho' not such good sente as the other.
321, - the
Their blossoms: with high woods the hills were
crown'd, With tufts the valleys, and each fountain fide, With borders long the rivers: that earth now Seem'd like to Heav'n, a seat where Gods might dwell, Or wander with delight, and love to haunt 330 Her sacred shades: though God had yet not rain'd Upon the earth, and man to till the ground None was, but from the earth a dewy mist Went
and water'd all the ground, and each Plant of the field, which ere it was in th' earth 335 God made, and every herb, before it grew
On 321.the corny reed] The Dr. Bentley thinks it plain that Milhorny reed food upright among the ton gave it or gemm'd with blossoms ; undergrowths of nature, like a grove taking gemm'd for a participle as of spears or a battalion with its pikes hung is. But gemm'd may be a verb, aloft. Corneus (Latin) of or like as spread'is. And to gem their blos horn, Virg. Æn. III. 22.
Soms is an expression of the same Forte fuit juxta tumulus, quo cornea poetical cast with that in IV. 219. summo
blooming ambrosial fruit. Virgulta, et denfis haftilibus horrida 331. -though God had yet not myrtus. Hume.
rain'd&c.) This is not taken,
as the rest, from the first, but from 323
with frizled bair im- the second chapter of Genesis; buc plicit:) Hair, coma in Latin, the poet was iludious to weave in is used for leaves, twigs and branches, all that Moses had written of the and implicit fignifies intangled. The creation. Gen. II. 4, 5, 6. In the subject is low, and therefore he is day that the Lord God made the Earth forc d to raise the expression. and the Heavens, and every plant of
325. - or gemm'd the field before it was in the earth,
Their bl.Toms:) Pat forth their and every herb of the field before it blofloms, ot gemmart (Latin) to bud grow: for the Lord God bad not ca:fed
Hume. it to rain upon the earth, and there
On the green stem; God saw that it was good :
Again th' Almighty spake, Let there be lights
340 The day from night; and let them be for signs, For seasons, and for days, and circling years, And let them be for lights as I ordain Their office in the firmament of Heaven To give light on the earth ; and it was so.
345 And God made two great lights, great for their use To Man, the greater to have rule by day,
The was not a mon to till the ground: earth: and it was fo. We see, when but there went up a mijl from the he makes the divine Person speak, earth, and water'd the whole face of he still keeps close to Scripture ; but the ground.
afterwards he indulges a greater la338. So ev'n and morn recorded the titude of thought, and gives freer
third day.] Recorded, cele- scope to his imagination. brated, caus’d to be remember'd. 346. And God made two great This was done by the even and morn
lights,] The several glories ing chorus (ver. 275.) with evening of the Heavens make their appear. barps and matin (ver. 450.) What is ance on the fourth day. Addison. done by the voices and instruments The very words of Moses, And God is poetically ascrib’d to the time in made two great lights; not that they which they were employ'd. were greater than all other stars and
Richardson. planets, but are only greater lights 339. Again th' Almighty Spake, with reference to Man, and there
Let there be lights &c.] Gen. fore Milton judiciously adds, I. 14, 15. And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the Hea.
great for their use ven, do divide the day from the night;
To Man, the greater to have rule
by day, and let them be for signs, and for scafons, and for days, and years: And
The less by night altern; let them be for lights in the firmament that is alternate, a word added to of the Heaven, to give light upon the Moses his account, as in their vicif