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Into one place, and let dry land appear.
Immediately the mountains huge appear 285
Emergent, and their broad bare backs upheave
Into the clouds, their tops ascend the sky:
So high as heav'd the tumid hills, fo low
Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep,
Capacious bed of waters: thither they 290
Hasted with glad precipitance, uprollid
As drops on dust conglobing from the dry;
Part rise in crystal wall, or ridge direct,
For haste; such flight the great command impress’d
On the swift floods : as armies at the call

Of trumpet (for of armies thou hast heard)
Troop to their standard, so the watry throng,
Wave rolling after wave, where way they found,

285. Immediately the mountains &c.) torrent rupture, as in ver. 419. We
We have the same elevation of have burfing with kindly rupture.
thought in the third day, when the But we may understand torrent rap-
mountains were brought forth, and ture in the same manner as glad pre-
the deep was made. We have also cipitance, ver. 291,
the rising of the whole vegetable 303. And on the washy oofe deep
world described in this day's work, channels wore ;
which is filled with all the graces Easy, ere God had bid the ground
that other poets have lavilh'd on be dry, &c.] The earth was
their description of the spring, and juft now emerg'd from the waters
leads the reader's imagination into a in which it had been wrapt; 'twas
theatre equally surprising and beau- therefore all one great walhy oose,
ciful. Addison.

Nlime and mud. In this soft earth deep 299. If steep, with torrent rapture,] channels were easily worn by the I have seen a marginal reading with streaming water, 'till 'twas dry every



If steep, with torrent rapture, if through plain, i
Soft-ebbing ; nor withstood them rock or hill, 300
But they, or under ground, or circuit wide
With serpent error wand'ring, found their way,
And on the washy oose deep channels wore;
Easy, ere God had bid the ground be dry,
All but within those banks, where rivers now 305
Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train.
The dry land, earth, and the great receptacle
Of congregated waters he call'd seas :
And saw that it was good, and said, Let th' earth
Put forth the verdant grass, herb yielding seed, 310
And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind,
Whose seed is in herself upon the earth.
He scarce had said, when the bare earth, till then

Desert where but within the banks, the to be found in our author and all bounds set to the rivers, where they good poets. Richardson. now perpetually draw along after 307. The dry land, carth, &c.] them their moitt train. The rivers These are again the words of Geare imagin'd as persons of great nelis form'd into verse. Gen. I. 10, quality, the length of their robe 11. And God called the dry land earth, training after them;

and the gathering together of the waters where rivers now

called he feas: and God saw that it Stream, and perpetual draw their was good. And God said, Let the earth Stream, and perpetual draw their bring forth grass, the herb yielding feed, . humid train.

and the fruit-tree yielding fruit after You cannot read it otherwise than his kind, whale feed is in itself upon flowly, and so as to give your mind the earth. But when he comes to the a picture of the thing describd. descriptive part, be then opens a finer Many examples of the like kind are vein of poetry.


321. The

corny reed

Desert and bare, unsightly, unadorn'd,
Brought forth the tender grass, whose verdure clad 315
Her universal face with pleasant green,
Then herbs of every leaf, that sudden flow'rd
Opening their various colors, and made

Her bosom smelling sweet: and these scarce blown,
Forth florish'd thick the cluftring vine, forth crept 320
The smelling gourd, up

ftood the Imbattel'd in her field, and th' humble shrub, And bush with frizled hair implicit: last Rose as in dance the stately trees, and spread 324 Their branches hung with copious fruit, or gemm'd

Their .321. The smelling gourd,] A mere Dr. Bentley very justly reads here mistake of the printer: the author The swelling gourd: and to the reagave it The swelling gourd; as Pro- fons which he gives, may be added, pertius, IV. II. 43.

that Milton here assigns to each of the Cæruleus cucumis tumideque cucur- which suits with all of the same species:

other tribes or species, an epithet bita ventre.

but smelling, tho' it suits with some Those, that stifly maintain that smel- kinds of the gourd, does not suit with ling was Milton's word and interpret all the particulars of that tribe, as swels it the inelon, feem not to attend, that ling does. Pearce. The mistake was he had the word smelling two lines ealy of w for m: and Dr. Bentley's before, and would not have doubled emendation is certainly right; and to it fo toon again : and that he does the authority which he has brought not name here any particular plant, from Propertius we may add another but whole tribes and species; the from Virgil, Georg. IV. 121. vine, the gourd, the reed, the shrub, the bush, the tree. Gourds are as nu

tortusque per herbam

Cresceret in ventrem cucumis. merous a family, as most of the other, and include the melon within But we have not alter'd the text, as the general name; which tho it the common reading makes sense, smelis, it swells likewise. Binsley. tho' not such good sente as the other.

321, - the

Their blossoms: with high woods the hills were

crown'd, With tufts the valleys, and each fountain fide, With borders long the rivers: that earth now Seem'd like to Heav'n, a seat where Gods might dwell, Or wander with delight, and love to haunt 330 Her sacred shades: though God had yet not rain'd Upon the earth, and man to till the ground None was, but from the earth a dewy mist Went


and water'd all the ground, and each Plant of the field, which ere it was in th' earth 335 God made, and every herb, before it grew

On 321.the corny reed] The Dr. Bentley thinks it plain that Milhorny reed food upright among the ton gave it or gemm'd with blossoms ; undergrowths of nature, like a grove taking gemm'd for a participle as of spears or a battalion with its pikes hung is. But gemm'd may be a verb, aloft. Corneus (Latin) of or like as spread'is. And to gem their blos horn, Virg. Æn. III. 22.

Soms is an expression of the same Forte fuit juxta tumulus, quo cornea poetical cast with that in IV. 219. summo


blooming ambrosial fruit. Virgulta, et denfis haftilibus horrida 331. -though God had yet not myrtus. Hume.

rain'd&c.) This is not taken,

as the rest, from the first, but from 323

with frizled bair im- the second chapter of Genesis; buc plicit:) Hair, coma in Latin, the poet was iludious to weave in is used for leaves, twigs and branches, all that Moses had written of the and implicit fignifies intangled. The creation. Gen. II. 4, 5, 6. In the subject is low, and therefore he is day that the Lord God made the Earth forc d to raise the expression. and the Heavens, and every plant of

325. - or gemm'd the field before it was in the earth,

Their bl.Toms:) Pat forth their and every herb of the field before it blofloms, ot gemmart (Latin) to bud grow: for the Lord God bad not ca:fed

Hume. it to rain upon the earth, and there

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On the green stem; God saw that it was good :
So ev'n and morn recorded the third day.

Again th' Almighty spake, Let there be lights
High in th' expanse of Heaven to divide

340 The day from night; and let them be for signs, For seasons, and for days, and circling years, And let them be for lights as I ordain Their office in the firmament of Heaven To give light on the earth ; and it was so.

345 And God made two great lights, great for their use To Man, the greater to have rule by day,

The was not a mon to till the ground: earth: and it was fo. We see, when but there went up a mijl from the he makes the divine Person speak, earth, and water'd the whole face of he still keeps close to Scripture ; but the ground.

afterwards he indulges a greater la338. So ev'n and morn recorded the titude of thought, and gives freer

third day.] Recorded, cele- scope to his imagination. brated, caus’d to be remember'd. 346. And God made two great This was done by the even and morn

lights,] The several glories ing chorus (ver. 275.) with evening of the Heavens make their appear. barps and matin (ver. 450.) What is ance on the fourth day. Addison. done by the voices and instruments The very words of Moses, And God is poetically ascrib’d to the time in made two great lights; not that they which they were employ'd. were greater than all other stars and

Richardson. planets, but are only greater lights 339. Again th' Almighty Spake, with reference to Man, and there

Let there be lights &c.] Gen. fore Milton judiciously adds, I. 14, 15. And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the Hea.

great for their use ven, do divide the day from the night;

To Man, the greater to have rule

by day, and let them be for signs, and for scafons, and for days, and years: And

The less by night altern; let them be for lights in the firmament that is alternate, a word added to of the Heaven, to give light upon the Moses his account, as in their vicif

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