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To council in the city gates : anon
Gray-beaded men and grave, with warriors mir’d,
Afsemble, and harangues are heard, but soon
In factious opposition, till at last

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The vifion of marriages,

Οι μεν τε τε:ιδοες επιδεσμο: The Ight the speal torch, and SA 8:7474 bid invoke

Tauroit auo: Brav 47845 18 Hymen, then firt to marriage rites

T invok'd:

Afgarter cierxlena d'en at With feat and mufic all the teats 1069Tnez.

I resound.

'Olmos x 760110 caiu Is it not a moft beautiful and exae

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dos saet 3 sts, copy of Homer? ver.491, &c. Ιεχων τε:τεε;ιβε καθημερα, ο

G — Er ? uy psgaus t'eser,

TIR'' ister ελατιναιτε

Βανες αερσιποδη μετεκιασ

T

ate lixo 7o. Nuusas dasz jelser, deider ντολαμτομεαων,

Στησαμενοι ' εμαχίο μεχν Ηγιεον ανα ασυ σιλυς δ' υμε TOT4L010 Tap'oxbas. ruGopagar

Inarms the glitt'ring squadra ring Kreu PopXnsapes ESIP9, a do round, del 701017

Rush sudden ; hills of slaughter being Αυλοι, φορμιγεστε βοήν εχου

the ground, Here sacred pomp, and genial feaft Whole flocks and herds lie bleeding delight,

on the plains, And folemn dance, and hymenäal And, all amidt them, dead, the rite;

shepherd swains. Along the ftreet the new-made brides The bellowing oxen the bekega are led,

hear, With torches flaming, to the nup. They rise, take borse, approach ist tial bed:

meet the war; The youthful dancers in a circle They fight, they fall, beside de bound

silver flood, To the soft Aute, and cittern's fil- The waving filver seem 'd to bles ver found.

with blood. And in like manner the driving away the representation of the city be of the sheep and oxen from forage, fieg'd here in Milton, and the battel which thereupon enfues may be compared with the fol

Others to a city forong ng passage in Homer: ver. 527 Lay fiege, incamp'd ; E.

663

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Of middle age one rising, eminent
In wise deport; spake much of right and wrong,
Of justice, of religion, truth and

peace, ind judgment from above: him old and

young

Exa be reader will find to be a very great On seats of Atone, within the sacred nprovement upon that in Homer, place, er. 509&c.

The rev'rend elders nodded o'er Την ' ετέρην πολιν αμφι δυο

the case ;

Alternate, each th' attesting scepter Seατοι ατο λαων Τευχεσι λαμπoμένοι

took,

And rifing solemn, each his sentence Another part (a prospect differing spoke.

far) Glow'd with refulgent arms, and the description of the thield of horrid war.

Achilles is certainly one of the finest Two mighty hosts a leaguer'd town. pieces of poetry in the whole Iliad, embrace, sc.

and our author has plainly shown

his admiration and affection for it As the council in the one

by borrowing so many scenes and In other part chie scepter'd heralds images from it; but I think we may call

say that they do not like other coTo council in the city gates: anon pies fall short of the originals

, but Gray-headed men and grave, with generally exceed them, and rewarriors mix'd,

ceive this additional beauty, that Assemble, and harangues are heard, they are most of them made repre. Gr.

sentations of real histories and mat

ters of fact. seems to be of much more importance 661. To council in the city gates :) than that in the other, ver. 503&c. For there assemblies were anciently Kupuxes d aeg Adov sputuor, å held, and the judges used to fit, de gepolis

Gen. XXXIV. 20. Deut. XVÍ, 18. 'Etat' éri geSoloi nelois, iepw evi XXI. 19. Zech. VIII. 16. κυκλώ"

665. Of middle age one rifing;] Exnilegi de xnpurwo er zipo? Enoch said to be of middle

age,

be Xov meegowwyo

cause he was translated when he was TOLVIN &TRT niwov, apoenfes but 365 years old ; a middle age dieduralov

then. Gen. V. 23. Richardson. Th'appointed herálds still the noisy 668. And judgment from above :) bands,

It appears from holy Writ, that he And form a ring, with scepters in was not only a good man, and walked their hands.;

with God, Gen. V. 24. but that he VOL. II.

Ав

Exploded and had seis'd with violent hands, Had not a cloud descending fnatch'd him thence 670 Unseen amid the throng: fo violence Proceeded, and oppression, and sword-law Through all the plain, and refuge none was found. Adam was all in tears, and to his guide Lamenting turn’d full fad; O what are these, 673 Death's ministers, not men, who thus deal death Inhumanly to men, and multiply Ten thousandfold the fin of him who flew His brother : for of whom such massacre Make they but of their brethren, men of men? 680 But who was that juft man, whom had not Heaven

D Rescued, had in his righteousness been lost? To whom thus Michael. Thefe are the produk

Ö

remonftrated likewise against the pronounce the word Michael vil wickedness of mankind, and de- two or three syllables. nounc'd the heavy judgment of God 688. Such were these giants, upon them, Jude 14. Bebold the Lord

of high renown;] Gen.VI.4 cometh with ten thousands of his Saints, There were giants in the carb in the to execute judgment upon all &c: which days; and also after that, auber die the poet alludes to more plainly fons of God came in unto the daughters afterwards, ver. 704.

of men, and they bare children to thes

: that God would come

ébe fame became migbro men, sabia To judge them with his Saints. were of old, men of renown. Same 683. To wbom thus Michael. These word which we translate giants

, men

commentators understand by tebe are the product] The accent of large bulk and stature; others upon the word

produ& is to be varied conceive them to be no more than product or produd, according as you robbers and tyrants: Our author

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690

Of those ill mated marriages thou saw'st;
Where good with bad were match’d, who of themselves
Abhor to join; and by imprudence mix’d,

686 Produce prodigious births of body' or mind. uch were these giants, men of high renown; or in those days might only shall be admir'd, Ind valor and heroic virtue call'd; Co.overcome in battel, and subdue Jations, and bring home spoils with infinite Ian-flaughter, shall be held the highest pitch f human glory, and for glory done of triumph, to be Atil'd great conquerors, Patrons of mankind, Gods, and sons of Gods, Destroyers rightlier call’d and plagues of men. Thus fame shall be achiev'd, renown on earth, 0

And ncludes both interpretations, and adds (for this I take to be his sense) eaves the choice to the reader, pro- that it hall be held the big bejt pitch digious births of body or mind. of triumph for that glory obtain'd,

691. To overcomie in battel, &c.] to be pil'd great conquerors. So thac This character drawn more masterly though I approve of Dr. Bentley's in Parad. Reg. III. 71.

changing done into won, I cannot They err who count it glorious &c. agree to his altering of triumph to

Warburton.

Or triumph. Pearce.

This is one of the most difficult pas. 694 and for glory done sages. I am not satisfied with the Of triumph, to be fild great con- conjectures of either of these learned

querers,] Milton had said be. men, and see no other way of unfore that it shall be held the bigbeft derstanding it but this. To overcome, pitch of glory, to subdue nations and to fubdue, to spoil, shall be held the bring home iheir froils: and here he highest pitch of glory, and thall be

A a 2

dong

695

And what most merits fame in silence hid.

701

But he the sev'nth from thee, whom thou beheldit
The only righteous in a world perverse,
And therefore hated, therefore so beset
With foes for daring single to be just,
And atter odious truth, that God would come
To judge them with his Saints: -him the most High IT
Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds

done for glory of triumph, shall be auxiliary verb is brought close to do achiev'd for that end and purpose, principal, and that a thin monal to be fiild great conquerors &c.

lable, as in the line jut now referred 700. But be the sev’nth from thee, greeable. But to prove that the

to, the verse is very rude and di Jude 14. And Enoch also the feventb auxiliary verb may be employ'd po from Adam &c.

perly, I will produce an initaac i 707. Did, as thou saw's, receive,] rim'd verse, as strong as that of It is commonly apprehended from a Milton just mention'd, paslage in Mr. Pope's Essay on Cri

Then did the roaring waves their ticism, that all auxiliary verbs are

rage compose, mere expletives,

When the

great father of the fond While expletives their feeble aid arose.

Pitt's firf And do join.

I believe it will not be disputed

, be But this I believe Mr. Pope never that this line is as full, as fenero intended to advance. Milton has and majestic as if the auxiliary set used them in many places, where he had been left out, and the sto could have avoided it if he had had used compos'd instead of dist pleased. I will produce one,

pose. The expreflion is certainly more beautiful and more poetical

: Did, as thou saw'ft, receive and the reason of it is, that it com. Milton might have said

fions suspense, which raises the

tention ; or in other words, the Receiv'd, as thou hast seen, auxiliary verb gives notice of fear, But he thought the auxiliary verb thing itself appears, which is 20

thing coming, before the princepe added frength to the expression, as ther property of majesty, Mr. Dan indeed it does. I own where the den's authority might likewiles

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