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ART. 2. In consideration of the foregoing cessions, the United States agree to pay to the said Indians, the nett proceeds of the sale thereof, after deducting the cost of survey and sale, and the contingent expenses attending the treaty. The lands shall be surveyed and offered for sale in the usual manner, at the land office in Detroit, as soon as practicable, after the ratification of this treaty. A special account shall be kept at the treasury, of the amount of the sales of the said lands, and after deducting therefrom the sums hereafter stipulated, to be advanced by the United States, ten thousand dollars shall be retained by the treasury, and shall be paid to the said Indians in annuities of one thousand dollars a year for ten years; and the residue of the fund shall be vested by the Secretary of the Treasury in the purchase of some State stock, the interest of which shall be annually paid to the said Indians like other annuities: Provided, That if at any time hereafter, the said Indians shall desire to have the said stock sold, and the proceeds paid over to them, the same may be done, if the President and Senate consent thereto.
ART. 3. The United States will advance to said Indians on the ratification of this treaty, to be deducted from the avails of these lands, the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars, and also goods to the value of four thousand dollars, to be purchased in New York, and delivered in bulk, at their expense, to the proper chiefs at Detroit, or at such point on lake St. Clair, as the chiefs may request: together with the expenses of the treaty, the journeys of the Indians to and from Washington, and their subsistence and other expenses at the seat of government.
ART. 4. The United States will furnish the said Indians, eight thousand three hundred and twenty acres, or thirteen sections of land, west of the Mississippi, or northwest of St. Anthony's falls, to be located by an agent or officer of the Government, and the evidence of such location shall be delivered to the chiefs.
In testimony whereof, the said Henry R. Schoolcraft, commissioner as aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs of the said bands of Chippewas, have hereunto set their hands, at Washington, the seat of Government, the day and year above expressed.
Henry R. Schoolcraft,
Esh-ton-o-quot, or clear sky, his x mark,
Kee-way-gee-zhig, or returning sky, his x mark.
In presence of
Samuel Humes Porter, Secre
tary, Stevens T. Mason, Governor of Michigan,
John Holliday, Interpreter,
[CONCLUDED AUGUST 5, 1836—RATIFIED FEBRUARY 18, 1837.] Articles of a treaty, made and concluded at a camp near Yellow river, in the State of Indiana, between Abel C. Pepper, commissioner on the part of the United States, and Pe-pin-a-waw, Notaw-kah, and Mac-kah-tah-mo-ah, chiefs and head men of the Patawattamie tribe of Indians, and their bands, on the fifth day of August, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-six.
ART. 1. The above named chiefs and headmen and their bands hereby cede to the United States, twenty-two sections of land, reserved for them by the second article of the treaty between the United States and the Potawattamie tribe of Indians on Tippecanoe river, on the twenty-sixth day of October, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-six [two.]
ART. 2. In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United States stipulate to pay to the above named chiefs and head men and their bands, the sum of fourteen thousand and eighty dollars in specie, after the ratification of this treaty, and on or before the first day of May, next ensuing the date hereof.
ART. 3. The above named chiefs and head men and their bands agree to remove to the country west of the Mississippi river, provided for the Potawattamie nation by the United States, within two years.
ART. 4. At the request of the above named band, it is stipulated that, after the ratification of this treaty, the United States shall appoint a commissioner, who shall be authorized to pay such debts of the said band as may be proved to his satisfaction to be just, to be deducted from the amount stipulated in the second article of this treaty.
ART. 5. The United States stipulate to provide for the payment of the necessary expenses attending the making and concluding this treaty.
ART. 6. This treaty, after the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding upon both parties.
In testimony whereof, the said Abel C. Pepper, commissioner as aforesaid, and the said chiefs, and headmen, and their bands, have hereunto set their hands, this fifth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six.
A. C. Pepper,
Mack-kah-tah-mo-may, his x
Wi-aw-koos-say, his x mark,
[CONCLUDED SEPTEMBER 3, 1836-RATIFIED FEBRUARY 15, 1837.]
Articles of agreement, made and concluded at Cedar Point, on Fox river, near Green bay, in the territory of Wisconsin, this third day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, between Henry Dodge, governor of said territory of Wisconsin, commissioner on the part of the United States, on the one part, and the chiefs and head men of the Menomonie nation of Indians, of the other part.
ART. 1. The said Menomonie nation agree to cede to the United States, all of that tract or district of country included within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at the mouth of Wolf river, and running up and along the same, to a point on the north branch of said river where it crosses the extreme north or rear line of the five hundred thousand acre tract, heretofore granted to the New York Indians; thence following the line last mentioned in a northeastwardly direction three miles; thence in a northwardly course, to the upper forks of the Menomonie river, at a point to intersect the boundary line between the Menomonie and Chippewa nation of Indians; thence following the said boundary line last mentioned in an eastwardly direction, as defined and established by the treaty of the Little Bute des Mort, in 1827, to the Smooth rock or Shoskin-aubie river; thence down the said river to where it empties into Green bay, between the Little and Great bay de Noquet; thence up and along the west side of Green bay, (and including
all the islands therein not heretofore ceded,) to the mouth of Fox river; thence up and along the said Fox river, and along the west side of Winnebago lake, (including the islands therein,) to the mouth of Fox river, where it empties into said lake; thence up and along said Fox river to the place of beginning; (saving and reserving out of the district of country above ceded and described, all that part of the five hundred thousand acre tract, granted by the treaties between the Menomonies and the United States, made on the eighth day of February, A. D. 1831, and on the twentyseventh day of October, A. D. 1832, which may be situated within the boundaries hereinbefore described,) the quantity of land contained in the tract hereby ceded, being estimated at about four millions of acres.
And the said Menomonie nation do further agree to cede and relinquish to the United States, all that tract or district of country lying upon the Wisconsin river in said territory, and included within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at a point upon said Wisconsin river two miles above the grant or privilege heretofore granted by said nation and the United States to Amable Grignon; thence running up and along said river forty-eight miles in a direct line, and being three miles in width on each side of said river; this tract to contain eight townships, or one hundred and eighty-four thousand three hundred and twenty acres of land.
ART. 2. In consideration of the cession of the aforesaid tract of land, the United States agree to pay to the said Menomonie nation, at the lower end of the Wah-ne-kun-nah lake, in their own country, the sum of twenty-three thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars per annum, for the term of twenty years.
The United States further agree to pay and deliver to the said Indians, each and every year during the said term of twenty years, the following articles: Three thousand dollars worth of provisions; two thousand pounds of tobacco; thirty barrels of salt; also the sum of five hundred dollars per year during the same term, for the purchase of farming utensils, cattle, or implements of husbandry, to be expended under the direction of the superintendent or agent. Also, to appoint and pay two blacksmiths, to be located at such places as may be designated by the said superintendent or agent; to erect (and supply with the necessary quantity of iron, steel, and tools,) two blacksmith shops, during the same term.
The United States shall also pay the just debts of the said Menomonie Indians, agreeably to the schedule hereunto annexed, amounting to the sum of ninety-nine thousand seven hundred and ten dollars and fifty cents.
The sum of one thousand dollars per annum, having been included by the commissioner in his proposition for the purchase of the above land, (which sum was to be applied to the education of the Indian youth,) and the said Indians having declared that they were not desirous of applying that sum to the aforesaid purpose;
and that they wished to give that amount to their friend and relation Robert Grignon, for valuable services rendered by him to their nation; therefore the United States do agree to pay to the said Robert Grignon, the sum of one thousand dollars each year, during the said term of twenty years.
And whereas, the said Indians are desirous of making some provision and allowance to their relatives and friends of mixed blood, the United States do further agree to pay the sum of eighty thousand dollars, to be divided among all such persons of mixed blood as the chiefs shall hereafter designate; said sum to be apportioned and divided under the direction of a commissioner to be appointed by the President.
ART. 3. The said Menomonie nation do agree to release the United States from all such provisions of the treaty of 1831 and 1832, aforesaid, as requires the payment of farmers, blacksmiths, millers, etc. They likewise relinquish all their right under said treaty, to appropriation for education, and to all improvements made or to be made upon their reservation on Fox river and Winnebago lake; together with the cattle, farming utensils, or other articles, furnished or to be furnished to them under said treaty.
ART. 4. The above annuities shall be paid yearly and every year, during the said term, in the month of June or July, or as soon thereafter as the amount shall be received; and the said Menomonie nation do agree to remove from the country ceded, within one year after the ratification of this treaty.
This treaty shall be binding and obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
Done at Cedar Point, in said territory of Wisconsin, this third day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, and in the year of the Independence of the United States the sixty-first.