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sense entertained for the good will manifested by said tribes to the citizens and Government of the United States, as evinced in the preceding cession or relinquishment, the undersigned agrees, on behalf of the United States, to cause said tribes to be furnished with presents to the amount of five hundred and fifty dollars, in goods, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged.
In testimony whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, the day and year first above written.
Ese-tah-ken-bah, or the sleepy eyes, his x mark,
Tah-sau-ga, or the cane, his x mark,
Wahkon-Tunkah, or the big thunder, his x mark,
Tah-chunk-pee-sappah, or the black tomahawk, his x mark, L. s.
Marc-pee-wee-chas-tah, or chiefs of the clouds, his x mark, L. s.
Patah-eu-hah, or he that holds the five, his x mark.
J. McClure, Lt. 1st Inf.
J. N. Nicollet,
S. M. Plummer, Lt. 1st Inf.
Scott Campbell, U. S. Interpt'r.
[CONCLUDED FEBRUARY 11, 1837-ratified FEBRUARY 18, 1837.] Articles of a treaty, concluded in the city of Washington on the eleventh day of February, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven, between John T. Douglass, commissioner on the part of the United States, and Chee-chaw-kose, Ash-kum, Wee-saw or Louison, Muck-kose, and Qui-qui-to, chiefs of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians.
ART. 1. The chiefs and head men above named do, for themselves and their respective bands, sanction and give their assent
to the provisions of the treaties concluded between A. C. Pepper, commissioner on the part of the United States, and certain chiefs and young men of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians, on the 5th day of August, and 23d day of September, 1836, in which were ceded to the United States certain lands in the State of Indiana, in which the chiefs and head men above named have an interest, the same having been reserved for them and their bands, respectively, in the treaties of October 26th and 27th, 1832. And the chiefs, and head men above named, for themselves and their bands, do hereby cede to the United States all their interest in said lands, and agree to remove to a country that may be provided for them by the President of the United States, southwest of the Missouri river, within two years from the ratification of this treaty.
ART. 2. The United States agree that the several sums for the payment of which provision is made in the treaties of August and September, 1836, referred to in the preceding article, shall be paid to the respective chiefs and bands, for whose benefit the lands, ceded by the said treaties, were reserved.
ART. 3. The United States further agree to convey by patent to the Potawattamies of Indiana, a tract of country on the Osage river, southwest of the Missouri river, sufficient in extent, and adapted to their habits, and wants; remove them to the same, furnish them with one year's subsistence after their arrival there, and pay the expenses of this treaty, and of the delegation now in this city.
ART. 4. It is further stipulated, that the United States will purchase the "five sections in the prairie, near Rock village," reserved for Qui-qui-to, in the second article of the treaty of October, 1832, for the sum of $4,000; to be paid to said chief at such times and places as the president of the United States may think proper.
ART. 5. This treaty to be obligatory upon the contracting parties, when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
In witness whereof, the contracting parties have hereunto set their hands and seals, the day and year above written.
John T. Douglass, Commissioner,
CHOCTAWS AND CHICKASAWS.
[CONCLUDED JANUARY 17, 1837—RATIFIED MARCH 24, 1837.]
Articles of convention and agreement made on the seventeenth day of January, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, between the undersigned chiefs and commissioners, duly appointed and empowered by the Choctaw tribe of Red People, and John McLish, Petman Colbert, James Brown, and James Perry, delegates of the Chickasaw tribe of Indians, duly authorized by the chiefs and head men of said people for that purpose, subject to the approval of the President and Senate of the United States.
ART. 1. It is agreed by the Choctaws that the Chickasaws shall have the privilege of forming a district within the limits of their country, to be held on the same terms that the Choctaws now hold it, except the right of disposing of it, which is held in common with the Choctaws and Chickasaws, to be called the Chickasaw district of the Choctaw nation, to have an equal representation in their General Council, and to be placed on an equal footing in every other respect with any of the other districts of said nation, except a voice in the management of the consideration which is given for these rights and privileges; and the Chickasaw people to be entitled to all the rights and privileges of Choctaws, with the exception of participating in the Choctaw annuities, and the consideration to be paid for these rights and privileges, and to be subject to the same laws to which the Choctaws are; but the Chickasaws reserve to themselves the sole right and privilege of controlling and managing the residue of their funds, as far as is consistent with the late treaty between the said people and the Government of the United States, and of making such regulations and electing such officers for that purpose as they may think proper. ART. 2. The Chickasaw district shall be bounded as follows, viz: beginning on the north bank of Red river, at the mouth of Island bayou, about eight or ten miles below the mouth of False Wachitta, thence running north along the main channel of said bayou to its source; thence along the dividing ridge between the Wachitta and Low Blue rivers, to the road leading from fort Gibson to fort Wachitta; thence along said road, to the line dividing Mushalatubbee and Pushmatahaw districts; thence, eastwardly, along said district line, to the source of Brushy creek; thence, down said creek, to where it flows into the Canadian river, ten or twelve miles above the mouth of the south fork of the Canadian; thence, west, along the main Canadian river, to its source, if in the limits of the United States, or to those limits; and thence, due south, to Red river, and down Red river to the beginning.
ART. 3. The Chickasaws agree to pay the Choctaws, as a consideration for these rights and privileges, the sum of five hundred
and thirty thousand dollars; thirty thousand of which shall be paid at the time, and in the manner, that the Choctaw annuity of 1837 is paid; and the remaining five hundred thousand dollars to be invested in some safe and secure stocks, under the direction of the Government of the United States, redeemable within a period of not less than twenty years; and the Government of the United States shall cause the interest arising therefrom to be paid annually to the Choctaws, in the following manner: twenty thousand dollars of which to be paid, as the present Choctaw annuity is paid, for four years, and the residue to be subject to the control of the General Council of the Choctaws; and, after the expiration of the four years, the whole of said interest to be subject to the entire control of the said council.
ART. 4. To provide for the future adjustment of all complaints or dissatisfactions which may arise to interrupt the peace and harmony which have so long and so happily existed between the Choctaws and Chickasaws, it is hereby agreed by the parties that all questions relative to the construction of this agreement shall be referred to the Choctaw agent, to be by him decided; reserving, however, to either party, should it feel itself aggrieved thereby, the right of appealing to the President of the United States, whose decision shall be final and binding. But, as considerable time might elapse before the decision of the President could be had, in the mean time, the decision of the said agent shall be binding.
ART. 5. It is hereby declared to be the intention of the parties hereto, that equal rights and privileges shall pertain to both Choctaws and Chickasaws to settle in whatever district they may think proper, and to be eligible to all the different offices of the Choctaw nation, and to vote on the same terms in whatever district they may settle, except that the Choctaws are not to vote in any wise for officers in relation to the residue of the Chickasaw fund.
In testimony whereof, the parties hereto have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, at Doaksville, near fort Towson, in the Choctaw country, on the day and year first above written.
In the presence of
Wm. Armstrong, Acting Sup't. Western Territory,
Josiah S. Doak,
Vincent B. Tims,
Daniel McCurtain, U. S. Intepreter,
P. J. Humphreys,
J. T. Sprague, Lieut. U. S. Marine Corps.
Thomas Lafloor, his x mark, Chief of Oaklafalaya district,