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Rev. J. Abbott. Eliot Church. Meeting of sachusetts. Boston Schools. Primary School.
Merchants. Meeting of Ministers. Dorches- Grammar School. English High School. Latin
ter Farewell Service....

670 School. Support of Schools. Maine. Mid-

LETTER XXVII.

dle States, &c. Official Returns from the State

of New-York. Pennsylvania. Education in

Hartford. Thomas Hooker. Charter Oak.

the West. Ohio. Success of the System. To

Conference. Bible Meeting: Missionary Or- what ascribed......

716

dination. New Haven. Eli Whitney. Yale

College. Burial-ground. Cave of the Regi-

LETTER XL.

cides. Scenery. Fraternal Intercourse. 673 Subject continued. Female Academies. Ips-

LETTER XXVIII.

wich Female Seminary. Albany Female sca-

demy..

722

Passage to New-York. Meeting of Friends.

Valedictory Service. Address to the Delega-

LETTER XLI.

tion. Farewells. Passage Home. Sight of Slavery. The legal and actual condition of

Land. Remarkable Preservation. Arrival al the Slave. Internal Traffic....

724

Liverpool. Kindness of Friends. Home.... 676

LETTER XLII.

LETTER XXIX.

Subject continued. Colonization and Anti-

Revivals. Explanation of the term. Phi- Slavery Societies. Meeting of Convention in

losophy of the Subject. Expectation excited. reference to Abolition. States independent of

Circumstances favorable and Effort proportion- each other. District of Columbia. " Cheering

ate. Means employed. Preaching. Visita- indications. Duty of America towards the

tions. Special Prayer-meetings. Conferences. African and the Indian.....

727

Great Effects produced and accounted for. Re-

679

vival in the Presbytery of Geneva....

LETTER XLIII.

General Conclusions. Education. Morals.

LETTER XXX.

Religious Observances. Ministry. Necessities

Subject continued. Revivals open to ob- of the West, and means of relief. American

jection and abuse. Effect of New Measures. character inspires hope. Their versatility and

Protracted Meetings. Anxious Seat. Evils tact. Earnestness and power of self-devotion.

likely to arise. Instances adduced. Letter Female excellence. Superior advantages pos-

from Dr. Beecher....

684 sessed by America.....

729

LETTER XXXI.

LETTER XLIV.

Subject continued. Evils attendant on ap- Conclusion. Mutual duties of England and

proved Revivals. How qualified. Importance America. Union. Intercourse. Peace. Co-

of a wise Superintendence. Fruit of Revivals. operation.....

732

Whether to be expected and desired in our own

country. Special Circumstances demand Spe-

cial Means.....

688

LETTER XXXII.

NARRATIVE OF A VISIT TO CANADA

AND PENNSYLVANIA.

Religious Opinions. Recent Differences. Act

and Testimony. Review of the Subject...... 690

LETTER XXXIII.

LETTER I.

Religious Denominations. Presbyterians. From Burlington to St. John's. La Prairie.

Congregationalists. Unitarians. Progress of

St. Lawrence. Montreal. Quebec....... 736

Truth in Boston. The Standing Order. Half-

LETTER II.

way Covenant.....

693

From Montreal to Brockville. Kingston.

LETTER XXXIV.

Coburg. Emigrants. Toronto. Chippeway

Subject continued. Baptists. Methodists. Indians..

738

Episcopalians. Dutch Reformed. German

LETTER III.

Settlers. Romanism. Infidelity...... 696

Toronto. Chippeway Indians. New Settlers.. 739

LETTER XXXV.

REPORT RESPECTING CANADA

742

Religious Economy. Psalmody. Preaching.

Burial. Marriage. Government of the Church-

LETTER IV.

es. Pastoral Association. State Association... 699 Buffalo. Batavia. Geneva. Seneca Indians.

LETTER XXXVI.

Remarks on Christian Ministers, &c......... 748

Subject continued. Temporal Economy. Edi-

LETTER V.

fices. Tenure of Churches. Means of Sup-

Seneca Lake. Elmira. Athens. Rattlesnake.

port. Establishments. Voluntary Principle.. 702 Towanda. Orwell. Fourth of July ........ 749

LETTER XXXVII.

LETTER VI.

Religious Societies. Bible Society. Ame-

rican Board of Foreign Missions. Home Mis- Sabbath at Orweil. State of the People.

sionary Society. Education Society. Tract

First Settlers. Funeral Sermon. Biblc and

Society. Temperance Society....

707 Missionary Societies. Farms. Maple Sugar.

LETTER XXXVIII.

Meeting of Ministers at Wysox. State Pa-

tronage

751

Education. Collegiate Schools. Yale Col-

lege. Theological College. Andover. Manual

LETTER VII.

Labor Institution. Lane Seminary. List of

Tunkhannock. Early prayer-meeting. Val-

Colleges in the United States. Character of

ley of Wyoming.

Wilkesbarre. Danville,

the Ministry....

710 Northumberland." Dr. Priestley. Ebensburgh.

LETTER XXXIX.

Lewistown. Protracted Meeting. Welsh Co-

Subject continued. Common Schools. Mas- lony. Religious services...

754

A DISCOURSE OF NATURAL THEOLOGY.

+

A

MEMORIAL OF AN ONLY AND BELOVED

SISTER.

BY REV. ANDREW REED,

AUTHOR OF "NO FICTION; A NARRATIVE FOUNDED ON FACT."

Very pleasant hast thou been unto me!

David.
And yet once more I trust to have
Full sight of thee in heaven!

MILTON.

NEW-YORK:
THOMAS GEORGE, JR. 162 NASSAU STREET.

PREFACE.

When the subject of the following memoir was, the eye on the brilliancy of mental powers of unuremoved from all earthly intercourse, it became un- sual magnitude, he might suspect that his reader consciously the purpose of the writer, as soon as would be content to admire what he despaired to his mind could come to the employ, and before any imitate. But as there is nothing to captivate the of the lighter passages in the history should be lost, thoughts from the chief object, as there is nothing to bring together whatever might best illustrate her extraordinary but what is attainable, he would hope estimable character. Such a record seemed neces that the reader will readily feel, that what the desary to himself, since he could not allow any thing ceased became he may be; and that, if he is not, it valuable to fade from his memory connected with a will be, not his fate, but his fault. name so sacred to his thoughts; and it appeared The author was convinced, that in portraying desirable for his children, as he hoped it might sup- such a life, it would be utterly useless merely to py them in future time with a fine example of ex- make a chronological record of events and actions, cellence, and a strong relative motive to copy it into or even to do no more than faithfully describe the their lives and deportment.

leading features of character. He has been conIf it is asked why the original purpose is now cerned to subordinate dates and occurrences to their carried out into an act of publication, the author moral effect; to trace the influence of circumstances acknowledges that he has been influenced in coming on the passions and the judgment; to show, not only to this decision, generally, by the opinion of those what the individual became, but to mark, step by on whose opinion he can well rely; and especially step, the way in which she reached her spiritual by the hope that it might contribute to accomplish elevation. And this object was not to be effected more extensively the earnest and latest desire of his by a hasty sketch, or a few powerful strokes of the beloved relation. Without the most distant antici- pencil. Patient exertion was indispensable. There pation of the measure now adopted, it was parti- must be stroke upon stroke, line upon line, touch cularly her prayer, that her death might be made use- upon touch, to reach progressively the full expresful; and in fervently seeking to give the fullest sion of a character at once energetic and delicate effect to her devout wishes, he knew not of any In fulfilling his design, it was unavoidable that means better suited to the object, than placing un- allusion should be made to living names, and espeder the eye of others a correct delineation of her cially to the members of his family. He hopes, character

however, that though he has not written with the Let it be understood, however, that the history is eye of the public upon him, he has in no case exentirely, of a domestic class. The author has no ceeded the limits of propriety. He can sincerely splendid incidents, no improbable reverses, no ex- say he has always made such' reference with reluctraordinary circumstances to excite curiosity and tance, and never except where it appeared neceshold attention. The life he records, if interesting sary to put the subject of his memoir in interesting at all, must be so, not from its dissimilarity, but from and useful lights. Had he taken more liberty in this its resemblance to our own; the occurrences which way, the narrative would certainly have approached vary it are of that simple and sober kind, that they nearer to what he desired to render it. After this abound in our daily enjoyments, and are familiar statement, he is ready to believe every candid mind to our common existence. The same observation will justify his intentions, even if it should be should be applied to the character he would de- thought, in the fulness of the heart, more has been scribe. It is not intellectual so much as moral; and said than is meet. if intellectual, the mental endowments are only He now commits his little work to the hands of such as are ordinary and general, while they are those with whom he has found favor beyond his successfully directed to high and extraordinary highest expectations; anxiously breathing at the moral attainments.

footstool of Him who has all hearts in his disposal, If these explanations are given to prevent disap- the prayer of his relative—that He would render pointment, the writer does not state them as disad- her life and her death usefuleminently useful. Parvantages. They are rather, he conceives, favorable ticularly he commends it to the kindly notice of to his design. His memoir may not make so deep those who are of the same sex and similar age.an impression, but it may make a better one. Were Their character is soon formed: much depends on it his duty to record the most striking incidents, he how it is formed. Woman, like the snow from might well fear lest, in the excitation and develop-heaven, is the fairest thing we know when fair; ment of an intricate story, the lessons inseparable the toulest when debased and polluted. from it should be neglected. Were he about to fix

CHAPTER I.

have received from my sister's own conduct, vera INFANCY. 1793—1800.

entirely favorable to those I had derived from her

birth, and are connected with the second and third READER—Permit the writer to detain your atten- years of her life. About this time, our parents tion one moment. He is unwilling that your eye judged it necessary, for the preservation of our should pass to the ensuing narrative with the indif- health, to remove us from their habitation, which ference of a stranger, or the cold curiosity of a was in the confined neighborhood of Temple-bar, critic. He is about to introduce you, more or less, before the adoption of the recent improvements to a retired domestic circle, and especially to an ac- We were therefore placed at Highgate, under the quaintance with one of its members, with whom care of a nurse; who, like most of her class, was he is disposed to think you cannot have communion notable, industrious, and attentive to the outward without being made the wiser and the happier. In wants and comforts of her children; but who, with thus welcoming you as an inmate of his humble intervening fits of fondness, was really sharp-temfamily, and placing before you whatever in the pered; and who, whether kind or severe, was never character and life of a beloved relative, may con- prepared to exercise, what children most need, and tribute to gratify or to benefit, he affords a sincere in the end most desire, impartial justice. Her treatpledge of his friendship; and, in return, he anx- ment was never the fruit of reflection on the differiously solicits the exercise of a kindly sympathy ent characters and tempers of children; it sprang and reposing confidence. Perhaps you possessed a from the caprice of the moment, or from the settled treasure as dear to you as his, and have lost it; or preferences of a selfish attachment. perhaps you still hold such a one, and tremble at It happened, from whatever cause,

that
my

sister ihe idea of its removal; in either case the sympathy succeeded in gaining the partialities of this good he desires will already have existence. And though, woman; and, of course, I lost them. I was not long by a mere possibility, neither circumstance may in painfully ascertaining the extent of my loss. apply to you, the pleadings of our common human. We were constantly put in opposition to each other. ity will be, he would think, too powerful to with. She was the “good girl," and I was "the troublehold confidence where confidence is given, or to some, mischievous boy."' I was sometimes correctdisrespect those sufferings which sooner or latered on her account, when my heart told me I was not "all flesh is heir to.” In this assurance, then, he in fault; and she was caressed unduly, that I might will pour his words as into the ear of a friend, ex, feel more the bitterness of neglect. I was unipecting friendship for friendship, joy for joy, and formly made subservient to her; if she cried, I was tear for tear.

forced to amuse her; if she desired my toys, I was My dear sister was born on the 2d of June, 1793, obliged to surrender them; if any thing was to be and named Martha, after the late Mrs. Hamilton, enjoyed, she was to be first and chiefly consulted; of Brighton; a lady endeared to my mother by the till I was in danger of concluding, that in order to intimacies of a lengthened friendship, and who was make her happy, it was necessary to render me so happy in conciliating, general opinion, that her miserable. friends were accustomed to say, by a forced appli- To those who are interested in the education of cation of Scripture, she was obnoxious to that wo, children, it will at once appear that our moral diswhich is expressed against those who are followed positions were placed, at this early period, in a peby the voice of universal approbation.

rilous state of trial. I had hitherto considered my At this time I was somewhat more than five years sister as a part of my happiness, as an enlargement of age; and was well prepared to receive my new of myself; and my enjoyments, of whatever kind, relation with open arms of love. I had, about a had seldom yielded me their full amount of plcatwelvemonth previously, lost an infant brother, who sure, unless she was made, as she could, to particihad been so repeatedly talked of by my parents, in pate. But now the thoughtless conduct of our terms of tenderness and regret, that I felt as if I nurse awakened within me passions, of which I had had lost every thing in losing him. When, there not been conscious. I was disposed to look on my sore, "a little sister" was announced to me, I seem- sister's gratifications with jealousy, as they usually ed restored to a world of happiness; and I was robbed me of mine. Her interests and mine apmost earnest in begging to see and possess my un-peared, not only separate, but contrary. I felt undefined treasure.

easy in the society of her I loved abuve all human At length I was told that my prayer was granted beings; and to avoid rebukes, and sacrifices, and that I was to see my sister; an assurance capable humiliations, I was inclined, though reluctantly, to of producing such powerful emotions, as subsided avoid her. in an impression of the event which my memory Happily, my sister seemed more prepared to meet still retains, and will ever retain. The very attempt this little crisis in our infantile friendship than my. to record it, brings it to my mind with a vividness self. On a temper more vain, or more selfish, it and a force, which for many years I have not realiz- might undoubtedly have produced the most baneful ed. I am carried back to an apartment familiar to effects; but her affection supplied her already with a my days of childhood. I appear to see the door weapon to resist and subdue them. My previous oped, and the nurse enter with her tender charge fondness towards her, had sunk into her susceptible resting on her bosom. I follow her to her seat, heart; and as soon as she perceived that her pleaand take my place at her knees, impatient to behold sures were to be purchased at the price of my coman object of which I had I know not what concep- fort, she began to hesitate in demanding them.tions.' What sensations I felt, as the nurse prepar. Nothing the nurse could do to gratify her at my ed to unfold the delicate coverings in which it was expense, would secure her approbation, or infl'ence wrapped! With what a full heart of satisfaction I her to abandon her brother in sorrow and disgrace. first looked on its half hidden face! How I trem. She would often restore the toy which, at her own bled as I pressed the soft and unresisting flesh of its hasty request, had been too rudely spatched away; little arm!

she would take her little stool, and seat herself The earliest impressions which I remember to quietly by me when I was in distress, and refused 10

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