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state. For all are exposed to temptation; the only to redeem the time. She introduced herself into difference is between ihose who yield and those who the neighboring cottages; and soon made friends to resist. Martha was enabled to resist; and she found herself of the old and young. Many of the children that there is unspeakably more gratification in con- she undertook to instruct; and pressed on the atquest than in compliance.

tention of the parents, in an easy and familiar way, But the body will sometimes sink under a conflict the most important subjects of temporal and eternal for which the mind is adequate. The complicated interest. The sick of her own sex were objects of distress and depression of Martha's spirit, during especial sympathy; and to all, and everywhere, she several months, operating on a frame naturally de- sought to distribute tracts, a favorite mode with her licate, had brought her health once more into a ha- of endeavoring to do good. Much may be done by zardous state. Medical advice was again sought, these means at a very small expense: but Martha and again she was ordered into the country. At cheerfully consecrated to them her entire pocket her especial desire, she was to go to Cheshunt; money. and arrangements were made for her and her young An undue ardor in accomplishing an important friend of that place to reside together.

object will sometimes endanger it. Martha had so Our parents allowed no great domestic event to sedulously improved the advantages of her situation transpire without an extraordinary act of domestic as almost to exclude herself from her beloved reworship. As Martha's separation from her family tirement. She was not aware that by violent rewas likely to be permanent, it would have been suf- straints she might produce a revulsion of mind; ficient to authorize this service; but as their younger that society might be rendered most wearisome, and son was about to change his home for the business retirement become an object of unappeasable soliand temptation of the world, and as I was now look- citude. ing to a settlement in some part of the church of Circumstances, however, supplied the place of God, the situation of the family appeared eminenily experience. The season of the year advanced; her eventful; and it excited a proportionate degree of strength was considerably increased; and she felt parenial anxiety.

herself able to go a sufficient distance from home This anxiety and care they sought, by prayer and to re:race those quiet paths of which she had so supplication, 10 cast on Him who had so often shown pleasant a recollection. She thought that retirethat he cared for them. An evening was set apartment in this mode, as it was most inviting, so it for the solemn and delightful purpose. Doctor would be harmless. She had found that, in the preWinter, my mother's pastor, presided. He read sence of nature, she was “never less alone than and paraphrased the affecting passage which re- when most alone;" her minil had objects to dwell corus Jacob's departure from his father's house. upon; objects that could not injure it, and in which He presented a most earnest and appropriate prayer, it delighted. She listened therefore to the yearnacknowledging the mercies of the family, and par- ings of her spirit; and many a summer's evening ticularly noticing the circumstances of each of its she strolled away from human intercourse, to intermembers. The service, in its own nature, was inte- course more safe and refined. resting: and there was an unction upon our worship. In communing with objects that led to reflection, The heart seemed enlarged to pray, the lips to sing it was not possible that her reflections should al praise, and the thoughts to neditate. The feeling ways preserve the character she desired. They of one was the feeling of all; it was the communion would sometimes sink into gloom; sometimes start of saints, the communion of heaven. Our parents aside to interdicted things; but they were more wept from gratitude, anxiety, and love; and their commonly obedient to her will, and of a profitable children wept in sympathy with their sentiments. tendency. Those tears were among the happiest shed by mor- Martha looked on nature with an altered eye, tals! Martha and I frequently alluded to the pray- but there was nothing in her aspect to offend the ers and pleasures of that nigñt; it was marked by sight. Nature had heightened her gladness in her one of those monumental pillars erected and ascrib- most happy days, and now she soothed a spirit ed to the Divine goodness, in the way of our pil- struggling with its own weaknesses and the suffergrimage, which it did the heart good to look back ings of this mortal state. Her very pensiveness of upon.

mind, far from being an impediment, gave her a With the blessings of her family on her head, deeper relish for her charms. Her pent sensibilities Martha went to Cheshunt, and took up her propos- nowed strongly into this channel; the more they ed residence with her friend. They were now were indulged, the more they asked indulgence: alone, and had nothing to annoy their intercourse. till, in the idea of the exercise being safe and saluThe change was decidedly advantageous to my tary, it was likely to become excessive, and theresister. She was not in solitude either by day or fore hurtful. How difficult is it to say how far the night; and this assisted her greatly in controlling passions of the heart may go! How niuch more her thoughts. Her friend, too, was as judicious as difficult, when they have reached the admitted she was kind in her conduct. She diverted Mar- boundary, to say-Thus far, but no farther! tha's attention when it was sinking into herself; Martha must be forgiven, is occasionally she lost soothed her spirit beneath the occasional weight of all idea of ard, in the fulness of enjoyments nervous depression, and engaged her mind by a va- which were so congenial to her newly-awakened riety of nameless light and pleasing female occupa- tastes, and so calculated to raise her above worldly tions. In every thing she watched over her peace sorrow, or soften down its rough realities. The cup of mind, and conversed freely on those religious of joy had been too much alienated from her lips, topics which were most likely to promote it. These and she drank of it with proportionate eagerness attentions were medicinal. They worked insensi- Nature, in the glowing splendors of morning; na. bly, but daily and effectually. Martha, who could ture, in the solemn infinitude of night; nature, not underrate an expression of kindness, often spoke rocked by convulsive storms; nature, reposing on of them as in valuable to her at this period.

the bosom of silence; nature, shrouded in folded According to her ability, and beyond her ability, clouds; nature, smiling under the blessed light of Martha strove to make her daily walks, walks of heaven; nature, in all the freshness, bloom, and usefulness. She could not be happy in seeking her beauty of youth; nature, dishevelled, decrepit, and own benefit, unless it was connected with that of dying with age; nature, in all her endless varieties others. She reproached herself for having cooled of form, of color, and of aspect, was still familiar, in the works of' benevolence, and anxiously sought still delightful.

Martha at this period did not think of delineating

CHAPTER IX. aer feelings. It was enough for her to see, to feel, and to enjoy. She did not deceive herself into en

MENTAL IMPROVEMENT. 1812—14. joyment that she might record it, and record it that The wheel of Providence is constantly making she night cxhibit ii. It was enough that she was its revolutions, and throwing up the most unexpecthappy; and is in this respect she could think her- ed events. At the close of the year 1811, I accepted seli happier than many, she considered herself, not of a pastoral charge in London, and designed the superior person, but the more privileged. making a temporary residence with my parents.

The following lines, therefore, were written at a Martha could not allow herself to be oui of the later date; but as they are evidently recollections way. She forgot nature; contended that her health of pleasures very much associated with this time, fully admitted of her return; flew to the arms of they find their proper place in this chapter. As a her friends; joined in the solemnities of ordination; preface to these, and any other verses that may fol- and became an inhabitant with me of the same low in the progress of the narrative, I wish it to be dwelling. Thus the arrangement for her at Chesdistincily understood, that they are by no means in- hunt, which was considered permanent, was comtroduced to claim for the subject of this memoir paratively of slight continuance. "all sorts of talent.” Many lives have been so I remained with my sister in these circumstances written, as if, whatever excellence might be proved upwards of two years. Instead of passing through to belong to the individuals, all would be vain, un- this period week after week, or month after month, less it could be shown that they made verses; and I shall endeavor to give a miniature sketch of the such contemptible specimens have sometimes been whole under a few leading particulars, not scrubrought as evidence on this important particular, pling to carry an occasional remark into future life, that the eye can scarcely meet measured lines in if it will prevent the awkwardness of repetition. such connection without ridicule.

By this method I expect the reader will comnand In exposing myself to this danger, I have simply a clearer and more compressed view of my sister's to state, that nothing of the kind is brought forward occupations and progress. to prove that Martha had ialent of any order or de- Alter our mutual rejoicings at being thus brought gree. It is brought forward, and with reluctance, together, the first thing that occurred to us was, that to illustrate her moral character ; and if the intro- a fine opportunity was furnished for superintending duction of the pieces that appear were not thought Martha's mental improvement. I soon found that necessary to the development of moral tastes and the pupil had calculated upon this even more than pleasures, they would certainly have been omitted, her teacher, and I was prepared to enter on the father than risk a charge which in too many cases pleasing task with greater alacrity. No instructer has been justly preferred.

ever had a fairer field to cultivate. There were no

perversities of will, no vexations of temper, tv conOft to these wond'ring eyes hast thou reveald tend with; and her powers of mind, without being Such finish'd beauty, that, in rapture lost,

extraordinary, were good. The soil needed the My soul has seem'd inebriate with joy.

hand of cultivation, and it would reward it boun0, I have gazed upon the dewy morn,

tifully. Distilling fragrance from each 'shrub and flower, As in husbandry the ruling principle is to adapt All various, all harmonious, till I felt

the seed to the soil, so in education the great secret New life within !-Exulting, I have watch'd

is 10 accommodate the lessons to the dispositions and The golden radiance of the setting sun

capacities of the pupil. Education cannot be carTinging the meads with glory-striking deep

ried to a successful issue but as this principle is reInto the thickest shade, until my heart

cognized and respected. If two young persons, the Has glow'd beneath its beams. And I have watch'd one with a searching understanding but dormant The evening star rise slowly; trac'd its course,

invention, the other with a luxuriant imagination And felt as if I follow'd in its train.

but feeble judgment, are submitted to exactly the Nor yet unfrequent by the lake's cool brink same process of education, it is obvious that, whichI've sul sequester'd, pantiug for that peace

ever plan be adopted, it will, in one case, be rather Of which it seem'd the emblem. Nothing there

an injury than a boon. The elements of knowledge Incongruous seem'd: around, the waving trees

may be given to two, to twenty, or, such are our Reflected in the stream; the distant bells

mechanical improvements, to hundreds in class; Just heard at intervals; aud then the humn

but education, in the complete sense of the term-Of the lone heetle, or the plaintive note

that education which consists in forming right prinof some sad songstress, spoiled of her young.

ciples, just tastes, and benevolent dispositions--can In such a scene, so tranquil, so retired,

only be given by bringing the person taught into Scarce has the pulse of life appear'd to beat

immediate and familiar contact with a teacher who And e'en the clock ofttimes has been so still,

has a penetrating eye to seize on the points of naAs if it dare not vibrate. I have stood

tural character, and a steady hand to prune what Gazing on thee, sweet nature, till my soul

is excessive, and to nurse and strengthen what is Has been uplifted with devoutest love

feeble. And holy admiration. I have long'd

Into these simple views Martha was fully preFor other powers to celebrate the praise

pared to enter. She was just as ready to admit the Of that infinite Wisdom, perfect Love,

weak parts of her character, and most desirous of And pow'r omnipotent, which could devise,

adding to the means already used to fortify them. Create, and then maintain the wondrous whole!

The object, of course, was to exercise, expand, and Thou dost proclaim Fljs glory; yet art thou,

invigorate her mental powers, as distinguished In all thy beauty, but the passing shade

from the affections of the heart. To accomplish Of that bright world where He himself resides!

this, it did not appear desirable or necessary to bind Yet will I meditate upon thy charms

down her aitention to a dry and abstruse study With thee converse in all thy hidden grace,

which should answer this end only; it was rather Let me still see thy features, and direct

wished to keep the mind actively engaged on those My heart beyond thyself, the fairest type,

subjects which, apart from the discipline they To that celestial Eden, where my soul

brought with them, would be useful to her in future Shall range at large, and see the great Supreme !

life. The plan, therefore, was of the most simple character.


We began at the beginning. As an introduction, | Evidences; Gisborne's Duties of Men and Women; Martku read Watts's Improvement of the Mind, with some of the most valuable pieces of Witsius, twice over; and, as a text book for her future stu- Owen, Baxter, Waits, and Edwards. To these dies, she made herself familiar with the contents should be added, apart from the miscellaneous and arrangement of Millard's Cyclopædia, with books of the day, by some of which she was much slight variations. She then went through Murray's edified, Mosheim's Écclesiastic History, and many Grammar, for which an abridgment had already volumes of religious biography, a line of reading prepared her, not merely committing its rules to in which she found great pleasure.* memory, but understanding and applying them. It is not to be concluded that Martha always With the grammar we united geography; the out- brought to these pursuits the same temper of mind. line was supplied by Turner and Goldsmith, the Sometimes, with an unexplored library before her, detail by Pinkerton.

she would be tempted in her eagerness to drink When these were made easy, she proceeded to down all knowledge at once, to run promiscuously history, and read Prideaux's Connection of Sacred from book 10 book, without acquainting herself and Profane History; Rollin's Ancient History; se- with any one of them. It was then necessary to lections from The Ancient Universal History on the remind her that a superficial acquaintance with Jewish, Grecian, and Roman Empires; accompa- books is not knowledge; that there is no path to nied with an abridgment of Spence's Polymetis, knowledge but that of patient industry. Frequentand the occasional use of Bryant's Mythology. ly I repeated to her the maxim of Locke—that to On modern history she studied Goldsmith's abridg- learn much we must learn a little at a time, and ment of the History of England, with large selec- learn it well; and as often the maxim of Lord tions from Rapin; Adolphus's History of the Reign Burleigh-that to do any thing well, we must do of George IIf.; Custance's Constitution of Eng- one thing at a time. land; Robertson's History of Charles the Fifth; Occasionally, this ardor would subside into disRussell's Modern Europe; with references to the couragement. The new world opened to her sight Modern Universal History, and some historical ar- was so spacious and unwieldy that she should never ticles in the Eneyclopædia.

be able to traverse it-so much was to be done, it With history we soon associated patural philoso- was in vain to attempt any thing; and she was phy. On this subject she studied Adams's Lectures, sometimes in danger, from the conviction that she Rowning's Natural Philosophy, Parke's Chymical had too much to do, of really doing nothing. GeCatechism, and some articles in the Encyclopædia. nerally, one kind word from her teacher would disTo natural philosophy we attached natural history, sipate this depression; and her mind was fortified and made use of an abridgment of Buffon in three against its return by making her sensible of her volumes, with Durham's Physico and Astro-Theo- progress, and by assurances that, however small it logy.

may at first appear, it would be effectual if continuTo these succeeded philosophy, properly so ed ; that the world before her, like the material called. The authors studied were, Enfield's Histo-one we inhabit, was to be compassed by resolute ry of Philosophy; Locke on the Understanding; perseverance, in adding one poor short step to anoReid's Essays; Siewart's Philosophy of the Hu- ther; and that those who had explored the most of man Mind; Watts's Logic, &c.

it were at least as remarkable for their irrepressiIn directing Martha's course of self-instruction, it ble activity as for their native genius. was not designed to bring down her sensibilities lo It mighi sometimes occur that Martha's attention the present tone of her mind, but to raise her mind would linger so long on a work which filled her to a decided pre-eminence over her feelings; and imagination and interested her feelings, as to conwhile her thoughts, her judgment, and her memory sume the time allotted to some drier study; but it were kept in exercise with evident advantage, there admitted of an easy remedy. There was a tacit did not appear to be danger in cultivating those acknowledgment between us of Martha's deficientastes which feed on whatever is beautiful or su- cies, and of the adaptation of her present pursuits blime in the works of man and of God. If, in the to overcome them; and an exchange of looks was act of cultivation, those tastes should be strength- always sufficient to correct the irregularity. Her ened, they would also be corrected, and would be expression was that of gentle affection, and seemed come more safe by being more discriminative. I to say, “ Yes, brother, I thank you, I have been fear, indeed, I must not say that inclination gave foolish, but I will avoid it in future." no additional weight to this argument; for I could These, however, were only exceptions from a genenot willingly see her excluded from a world of rich ral rule. Martha, on the whole, gave herself to these and pure enjoyment. The effort was not to expel pursuits with an energy which surprised and deher from her paradise, but to extract the sting of lighted me; and which would have afforded greater that serpent which made it hazardous to dwell there. surprise, had I then known how powerful an exercise

Connected, therefore, with the course already spe- of self-denial it involved. Her diligence was even cified, Martha read Burke on the Sublime, Alison greater than I was aware. Since her papers have on Taste, Kaim's Elements, and Blair's Lectures, fallen into my hands, I have met with several united with the unexceptionable productions of abridgments of books she perused beyond what I some of our best poets, the essays of the Spectator, knew to exist, and which evince as much skill in Rambler, and Idler, and a select few of that very the selections as industry in the performance. small class of prose fictions which have a tendency, They are now sad memorials of a hand that slumin the most attractive manner, to expose the falla-bers in dust. cies of passion, to brace the mind to firmness and Altogether, these exercises were highly beneficial. perseverance, and to acquaint us with the ensnarements and unhappiness of a most alluring world. * Martha's course of reading is here traced, because

It cannot be supposed that in these pursuits reli- the writer knows the youthful and inquiring eye will gion was forgotten. When Martha had made her-pass over it with gratification ; but, at the same time, self mistress of those religious treatises named in a he does not wish it to be considered altogether unesformer chapter, she continued her studies through ceptionable. Some books may not stand where he this period by reading successively, but perhaps not should now place them. Some works that are not exactly in the following order: Paley's Natural named would be introduced; and a few of those Theology, and Moral and Political Philosophy; which are named require to be read with caution, and Butler's Analogy; Beattie on Truth; Gregory's praised with qualification.

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They occupied her thoughts and fed her under management of the household put entirely into her standing. They refined her tastes, and gave her hands. This arrangement was made very much confidence in her own judgment. They raised the at my solicitation, as I was unwilling that her attone of her conversation, and spread abroad the tention should be engrossed by mental pursuits, and concealed excellences of her character. They very desirous that she should be trained to the exmultiplied her sources of gratification, and taught ercise of those domestic virtues, which are indisher to partake of them without injury-with abun- pensable to the excellence of female character.dant advantage. Her profiting, which appeared to Hitherto her thoughts had not been occupied in this all, became, in some degree, sensible to herself .- direction; I had sometimes concluded that she was She always referred to these studies as, considering indifferent to the “study of household good;" and all the circumstances, fraught with singular and it was with some anxiety, that I paused to observe indefinite importance.

how she would occupy an untried situation. Lest it should be supposed that Martha necessa- It was with proportionate satisfaction I saw her rily gave all her time to these attainments, I subjoin enter on the proposed duties with the greatest readia table for the allotment of her hours at this period, ness of mind. Her attention, I found, had been which I have found in her memoranda. It will lately brought to the subject of domestic economy, show how much may be done by a regular appro- as a study of high importance to young females, by priation of a comparatively small portion of time some admirable observations from the pen of Mrs. io our object, and that Martha was conscientiously More; and now that the subject was fairly under concerned to have all her time rightly occupied. — her notice, her good sense at once suggested what It of course applies only to the time spent at home- was due to it, and what due to herself. She was we shall have occasion to see how it was devoted moreover influenced, as I afterwards learned by the when abroad :

resolution she had formed of keeping herself fully

employed. A change of engagement was necessary Rise at six, when my health allows.

to accomplish this purpose, as the mind cannot

dwell continuously and always on the same object. Read till family prayer.

Having accepted of her new duties, Martha did Breakfast, eight o'clock.

not choose to meet them with petty expedients, planRetire for private devotion.

less bustle, and culpable ignorance. She had 100 Read a hymn and Scriptures in order. Go to market.

much spirit to give occasion to those who were to Attend to domestic concerns, and work till twelve. command; and too much conscience to permit her

obey her orders, for questioning her competency to Read till one. Work till two.

self to be a party in transactions, while her igno

rance prevented her deciding on their equity or inDress-Dinner-Read till four.

justice. She determined to acquaint herself with Tea. Read and work till eight.

whatever it was proper for her to know. She there

fore thankfully received the lessons of experience Devotion.

which a kind parent could supply; carefully minuSapper. Family prayer.

ted any valuable hints which she could otherwise

obtain; and as carefully read over a few select Work and converse till retire."

treatises on the subject, which might enlarge or I find, in the same connection, the following no confirm her information. tices; and as they are congenial with the subject of Martha's first concern was, to lay down a plan of this chapter I introduce them :

expenditure adapted to her means, that she might “ Dr. Hartley advises his sister to seek cheerful- not be embarrassed in the appropriation of her Dess in constant employinent. Let me remember this. money. To accomplish this, she entered into cal

" In the company of my superiors let me be ge- culations of the average expenses for the week, nerally silent, and ready to receive instruction, that month, and quarter, taking care to keep within the I may be able to impart knowledge to my equals.

line of possibility. She knew, therefore, how the "Is my mind inactive ? Let me read the lives of expenses of a week would affect those of the

year; eminent young persons—mark their attainments in and was not liable to be surprised, at the end of a piety and knowledge-Blush !--And let not another considerable period, into arrears for which she had day of my life pass away without having done failed to provide. something towards the cultivation of my under

Martha soon found that arithmetic is the handstanding. -Am I disposed to be vain of a little maid of economy, and resolved to improve herself knowledge? Let me go to the same school, and in this neglected branch of female education. Her there learn that I know nothing, and that in propor- daily duties insensibly assisted her in effecting this tion as I know any thing as I'ought to know it, 1 resolution. She kept a correct journal of her curshall be humble.”

rent expenses, preserved in order her bills of charges, and was prompt and punctual in settling with her

tradesmen, that they might never be tempted to CHAPTER X.

seek illegitimate profits. She took much pains to

acquaint herself with the real value of things; and DOMESTIC CHARACTER. 1812–13.

as a great means of realizing the object, she geneThe proper sphere of woman is so strongly deli- rally made her own purchases. It was a practice Deated by a Divine finger, that it must be apparent with her, not of option, but of uniform obligation, to every eye which is not wilfully blind. Those to satisfy herself of the quality and quantity of arxho question or deny it start aside from their orbit, ticles delivered before they were used; that what and by their irregularities give and receive a disas- was an affair of business might never become one troas influence ; while those who contentedly move of frequent and unwholesome suspicion. in the circle assigned them, not only fulfil the plea- It was soon ascertained by Martha that comfort sure of their Creator, but, in silence and without is not proportioned to expense; and, indeed, that observation, like the moon in heaven, are shedding often no two things are farther apart. Here then around them a refreshing sympathy that shall glad- was room for skill and taste to operate; and so sucdeo many a heart, and a gentle light that shall guide cessfully were they employed, that I believe few and confirm many a hesitating footstep.

young persons, with an equal cost, could have preMartha, on her return home, bad the domestic pared a table of such pleasing and simple combina

tions, or could have given to a family habitation, and happiness. There must be a perseverance that more the air of comfort.

will steadily travel to this result, and a patience that The detail of domestic service was made easy by will endure the numerous petty interruptions to its being reduced to order. Every thing had its place; progression. every event had its time; and each servanı had her Exalted motive is equally necessary to these durespective duties. Hurry was avoided by avoiding ties. In the retirement of home there is nothing delay; confusion was prevented by observing rule. to feed vanity, and but little aliment for selfishness. Something was always done, and with so little in- The theatre is too small for display, and the spectaconvenience that one wondered when it was accom- tors are too homely to afford excitation. There is plished.

much to be done that is not seen; and a thousand Martha endeavored to support her authority with little provocations to be borne without sympathy, as her servants by reason and justice. She knew what they are too trifling to be repeated. If every thing could be done, and how it was to be effected. She moves well, it is perhaps without observation; if did not, therefore, make impracticable demands; any thing tails, it is sure to be discovered: as a and she was aware when to praise and when to watch may go correctly the whole day unnoticed, blame. She never allowed herself to be governed but should it stop for five minutes it will certainly in her conduct towards them by humor or caprice. be detected. It is evident, that a person who meets They could calculate on her approval or disappro such engagements as these, with no higher motives bation before it was expressed. It was never in ihan vanity and self-love, will disregard and despise their power to say, “My mistress is out of humor, them. She will neither be happy nor bestow hapand do what I will, I cannot please her;" a decla- piness. She may, by necessity, remain in the centre ration which, if made with truth, will sap the basis of her family, but her mind will be “not at home." of all authority.

She will be sighing and vaporing for some other If Martha, at this early age, scrupled to assert pursuits, either worldly or religious, in which she her authority in all its naked strictness, she more can do something that shall be applauded, and can than supplied the deficiency by her steady concilia-receive her applause from a larger circle of adting kindness. With her servants she was not fa- mirers. miliar, she was not distant, but uniformly discover- If Martha's spirits were ever in danger of yielded, without effort, a concern in their welfare. She ing to the discouragements of her domestic employ, read to them; she conversed with them; she assist- she was supplied with an effectual remedy in her ed them in getting up any articles of apparel; she benerolence. She was not thinking of herselt, but noticed any slight indisposition with sympathy; of others; and if occasionally her strength was and gave many spontaneous proofs, such as a kind exhausted, her mind chafed, and care was creeping heart will often suggest, of her regard to their com- over her countenance, she would instantly become fort. Her interest in their welfare inspired them herself again, under the cordial conviction that she with a desire to please her; and the desire to please was promoting the confort of those dearest to her. made even drudgery a lightsome burthen. She Their acknowledgment was an ample reward for taught them to love her, and this taught them to her largest exertions. How often have I seen her love their duty.

features brightened with heartfelt joy, on receiving In her utmost frugality there was not a particle the caress of the father, the kind word of the moof niggardliness. Her economy was exercised ther, the approving glance of the brother, which on things rather than pessons; and she would go as expressed gratification in her attentions ! far as fidelity to her trust would allow, in subduing We are often more impressed by the manner of ill-will and unthankfulness. She never grudged doing a thing than by the act itself; and after all what was necessary, because she never permitted that has been stated, it was rather by Martha's what was superfluous. Everything was done manner than her services that her family were de“without envyings and without ostentation.” She lighted. She did not "Jo her best," and ihen care. took a share cheerfully in entertaining visiters to lessly wait for its effect. She did not spread her table, the family; and her whole manner, rather than any and then depress its attendants with a saddened as. set words, expressed "a kindly welcome,” which pect and ill-humored complaint. She considered put the heart at rest in her society.

The hour of meals as the hour of recreation; and Every important attainment is made progress- she was anxious to connect with it higher gratifiively. It is scarcely necessary, therefore, to re- cation than the animal palate can partake. She mark, that Martha did not make herself mistress looked to it as a season of pleasure, and she there. of her arrangements by any sudden effort, or that fore met it with smiles. There was an interest and she had in her progress to contend with numerous earnesiness in her manner, which gave a charm to difficulties. Domestic comfort, more than any thing the simplest food and the slightest attention. Nabesides, springs from the happy organization of a ture had not, perhaps, given her that quick observsurprising multitude of small parts. In a machine ation of trifling circumstances, on which so much of so many and such minute divisions, something of domestic urbanity and confort depend; but be. will get wrong, and will threaten to interrupt the nevolence more than supplied the deficiency; for movement of the whole. Martha was made fully love has a superior sight to sagacity. Her affecsensible of this; and observed upon it, with a truth tionate eye would run in a moment over the weilwhich the best read in human nature will confirm, known features of her family, and catch as quickly "That a number of small vexations always occur- their several expressions. An unerring sympathy ring, are more trying to the temper and resolution would prompt her deportment. It would tell her than one serious calamity.”

when to speak, when to be silent. It suggested In harmony with this just remark, I cannot avoid what attentions would be acceptable, and what op uttering a conviction, that those females who shun pressive. It would dwell on her countenance with and dislike the duties of domestie life, as below most fascinating power; and would not fail to bring them, would really find, on candid inquiry, that its object under its genial influence. Few, very they are far above them ; that they have not a mind few knew so well how to heighten jov, or diminish strong enough, or motives pure enough, to discharge grief; or have had such benevolent pleasure in rethem. The detail must be seen; but if it is exclu- ducing their knowledge to practice. It was difficult, șively seen, it will appear trivial, perhaps revoli- if not impossible, to remain sad in her presence. ing; there must be mind enough to comprehend the The thought of her, in the mind of the family, was total, and to perceive how it bears on human life, identified with cheerfulness; and I have often

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