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have a good night's rest. Blessed Spirit, deign to time calm and fair, how ready am I to indulge in prepare my heart for the morrow: javor us with visionary schemes; and then I require something such a view of the Saviour's glories as shall over- to awaké me. When shall I learn to live, and think, whelm us with love and gratitude! May self be and speak as a Christian! I do not quite despair subdued at the foot of the cross to rise no more; of this, because God has promised to complete his there may our souls find a settled peace! May work; but I tear, lest I should be still slow to learn. templations lose their power, while we are enabled I find in myself too great a desire to justify to praise the Lord, and go forward !
my conduct when any little fault is pointed out to It is time to prepare for the solemnities of me. Let me not only aim in future to discover my the morrow; to dismiss worldly thoughts, and con- weak side, but when discovered, to set a double template my approaching duties. First, I am to in- watch on it. struct the children; let me seek to have my mind Jan. 1814. When languor of body and mind come deeply impressed with the value of their suuls; let together, they increase each other. O for faith to me pray iervently for wisdom to communicate in pray for the removal of these dark clouds, and then struction with cheerfulness, atfection, and simpliciiy, for patience to wait the Lord's time for an answer! remembering that my utmost efforts can avail no- If I could but feel as I wish under afflicthing without the divine blessing. Next, I am to tions, then--but ah, I do not! O for faith to confide hear the word of God; and since I stand in so much in Jehovah! need of instruction, let me endeavor to hear with We have just received a letter which says, greater attention and prayerfulness. But this is not that yesterday there was a little alteration for the all; I am about to attend that ordinance which, better in our dear friend. This is a cause for lively above all others, has a tendency to subdue the pow- gratitude. Whatever Jehovah sends to his people ertul corruptions of my nature. Blessed Spirit, inust be for the best, therefore it should quell every condescend to prepare me, by thy special influence, tumult of our minds to know “It is the Lord.” for these important solemnities.
With him too all things are possible. He can Saturday morning. The Sabbath will shortly be speedily restore health when he has taken it away. bere; how ought I to prepare for it? By fervent But I am afraid our hopes have not much foundaprayer, holy ineditation, and leaving nothing un- tion in this instance. O for proper feelings under done of a worldly nature that would molest me. Is this trial, and for wisdom so to conduct myself, as this, then, how I ought to prepare for the day of to mitigate in some small measure the acute sufferrest? Alas, how little I meditate ! and when I at- ings of - Help me, Lord, to banish from my tempt it, what disinclination I sometimes feel! O spirit whatever is trivial, and combine all my symfor repentance when I consider the past, and deep pathies with his spirituality for the future. Amen.
How hard it is to possess all that sympathy How distressing to hear of the beauties and solicitude for those we love, which is desirable, of Jesus with eyes almost closed to them, and a and yet to be careful for nothing. Great have been heart, in a great measure, indifferent to his excel the anxieties of the past week; but it is gone, and lences! My fears at present rise high; but I know probably the circumstances of the next may almost Jehovah is gracious and full of compassion. May obliterate them from my recollection. we at all times practically believe it.
In the same manner the anxieties of time will What cause have we as a church for soon close, and be succeeded by the unalterable thankfulness! Let me be careful that I am not sa- joys or sorrows of eternity! Why, then, am I disfisfied with belonging to a prosperous body, without couraged with a few difficulties? Why this deep being myself in a flourishing condition.
concern for present happiness, and comparative inO that I had but a right view of the cha. sensibility to the future? racter of Jehovah! I have been distressed all this I feel that trials are hardly worth the name, day for the want of it.
when we have those with us who bear the heaviest In what a variety of ways may our com- half. fort be destroyed; and when the mind is upcom
How anxious we should be for a sense of fortable from outward circumstances, it is frequent. the divine forgiveness while in health, that when ly unfitted for devotion, and thus spiritual troubles we are called to suffer and die, we may not have enter. What should we do at such times without the consolations of religion to seek. the assurance that Jehovah constantly watches over A simple and active dependance on the Saviour us, and is never at a loss to accomplish our deliver- is the great object of Christian experience. May ance?
my trials be sanctified to this end, and then I shall When Jehovah does not see fit to fulfil glory in tribulation. our wishes, how thankful we o'ght to be for any How delightful it must be to contemplate the perdegree of acquiescence in his will.
fections of Jehovah, and to have the heart filled This morning I enjoyed much in prayer, with his love! . To be for ever exploring the mysbut alas ! I soon found that spiritual pride had crept teries of Providence and redemption. Let me acin. How transporting it is to think of being for custom myself to these employments now. ever free from sin! O that I may not fall short of If we commenced the journey of life with that happiness!
opposite feelings to those which are commonly exQuite in a low mood this morning. I was cited, how much disappointment should we escape ! thinking that I should always be the subject of sor- It is in vain that we anticipate an Eden in the wil. row. I took up a book, and in that I read an ac- derness! count of a singular turn of Providence for an indi- - I have deeply to lament my want of solemvidual, in raising her from sorrow to joy. Tois nity in the service of God. There is great dulger just suited my imagination, and I fell into a sleep, of resembling the children of Israel, who thought and dreamed of uninterrupted happiness. How lightly of the manna, because it fell in such abund. great is my folly in both these instances. Why do ance. I think so much of present things which are all un- I was much struck to-day with the life of Hannicertain, and so little of those which endure for ever? bal. How affectirg it would be to trace the decline Nothing can ease a sorrowful heart like confidence and fall of empires, did we not know that there is in Jehovah.
one which cannot be shaken, and that it is in suborHow necessary does affliction seem to my dination to this kingdom that every other is giving real welfare. If things appear to be for a short way.
O for such vigorcus, constant, and glowing culcation of right principles, and how desirable it love to the Redeemer, as shall put our doubts com is that parents should concur in this great work. pletely to light!
7. This day has passed as most of my days have We should not be contented with looking at recently done, without doing any thing worth reourselves; let us attentively examine the condition lating. It is proper, however, to distinguish beof others. Who is there I can cheer by my sym- tween inability and disinclination. It is painful pathy, uphold by my charity, strengthen by my as- when Providence excludes us from activity, but it sistance, or relieve by my prayers? O for the Spi- is only sinful when we exclude ourselves. When rit of Christ to rest upon me! My dear * * still Providence interposes, it may probably be to preproinises fairly, but I want to see more decision of pare us eventually for greater good. Let me not, character. Our servants attend the means of grace, iherefore, give way to discouraging thoughts, but but I want them to feel more interested in their pri- endeavor to improve my afflictions so as to be the vileges. The dear children committed to my care better for them; and while I am limited to a narrow are not so serious as I wish them to be. Let me sphere of exertion, let me be doubly careful to seize aim to bless silently by my prayers, and wherever those trifling opportunities of glorifying God, which I can, let me second those prayers by my exer- I may once have overlooked. tions.
8. A lady and gentleman came to tea; they were When the love of Jesus fills the heart, there strangers to me, but from every one we may learn is nothing too hard to be endured. May this holy something. In one of these persons, I saw a patprinciple pervade my bosom! then I shall not only tern of deep humility and deadness to the world. be ready to make great sacrifices occasionally, but The other reminded me, that by nature we are be continually sacrificing my own will and desires. without God.
The love of Jesus affects me little; but my 11. How necessary it is to fulfil the duties of mind is continually harassed with the idea of eter- each day as they occur. Dal punishment. O that God would prevent me 12. Walked io Enfield. Saw some dear little from indulging hard thoughts of himself.
ones at school. Could not help thinking of the syHow thankful we ought to be, that the pre- perior advantages of private education in early sent state supplies such a mixture of pain and plea- life. How surprising it is, that mothers can so sure. Were it always painful, life would soon be easily banish their offspring, rather than enjoy the useless and insupporiable; were it always pleasant, felicity of teaching them with their own hands. we should consider death rather as an enemy than 14. Less time than usual for reading. The older a friend. It is every thing to feel that the sorrows I grow, the more anxiety I feel for mental improveand uncertainties of the present state are overruled ment; but I must beware of impatience even here. to fix our affections on the delightful realities of the We have just established a working school in next.
connection with our Sabbath day instructions. What May I never sink below an humble reliance dispositions of mind should I labor after in this un. on the Saviour, nor be ever tempted to raise above dertaking ? it!
An intense desire to promote the glory of JehoOct. 1817. As I was walking along the road in- vah. dulging in revery, I was suddenly affected by the Tenderest pity for souls. distress of a paralytic. A brutal man was amusing A deep sense of my infinite obligations to Al. himself with her awkwardness. Poor thing, her mighty love, for making me a partaker of the blesssufferings roused me to a sense of my own mercies. ings of redemption.
30. The illness of my friend confines me to the A lively feeling of my entire dependance on the house. O it is a luxury to be permitted in any way divine blessing: to contribute to the comfort of others.
A fervent spirit of prayer. Nov. Nature has lost her verdure, but the hus- Great watchfulness, and an affecting sense of the banaman does not sit down in despair. On the con- infinite value of an immortal spirit. trary, he redoubles his exertions. Surely his exam- Behold the sea and the dry land; the mountains ple deserves my imitation.
filled with treasures, and the valleys covered with 3. The morning of this day was very wet and the richest produce. The stars twinkling in the gloomy. I had no idea of its turning out fine. firmament, and the moon walking in all her quiet About two, however, the clouds were dispersed, the radiance. Behold too the meridian sun, riding in sun shone out in all his glory, and it was a most de- all his glorious majesty, imparting life, and light, lightful evening. From this let me learn not to and heat to the whole creation; and when thou hast despair. However dark and gloomy the morning beheld, and admired, and extolled these works of of life, yet the evening may be serene, peaceful, an Almighty hand, remember they are nothing, aband happy
solutely nothing, to one immortal spirit! 4. This morning I awoke praying against selfish- Turn from the contemplation of nature to Cal. Dess. O that this may not only be my sleeping, but vary, and while thou beholdest the dying agonies my waking prayer! I walked out in the morning, of the Redeemer-while thou hearest his groansbát had occasion to regret that it was not a walk of while thou art catching that expiring exclamation, usesalness. How desirable it is to pass each day "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me, worthy of an immortal being.
learn, if thou canst, the value of one soul! 5. Attended the Missionary Prayer Meeting. Let me inquire, in the next place, what encouThere was not that deep feeling for the poor heathen ragements I have. which I wished to have witnessed; still, however, God has commanded the use of means. there was enough to reprove me.
God has blessed these means. 6. I have been pleased to-day with reading a short God has given me a spirit of prayer. tale, entitled “The Gowrness," not only because it God has promised to answer prayer. corresponded with my own views of education, but God has repeatedly said, that nothing done from because it supplied me with some valuable hints. love to him shall lose its reward. The more I see of children, the more I feel the This is a period when our efforts to promote the great importance of early cultivation. How ne- Redeemer's cause are likely to be attended with pecessary is the formation of good habits with the in- 1 culiar success.
"In a sweet spot which Wisdom chose,
"Nor did the rose unconscious blooin,
“As months rolled on, the spring appear'd,
"Offspring most dear (she fondly said,) Part of myself! beneath my shade, Safe shalt thou rise, whilst bappy Í, Transported with maternal joy, "Shall see thy litile buds appear,
Unfold and bloom in beauty here. 'What though the Lily, or Jonquil, 'Or Hyacinth no longer fill The space around me- All shall be Abundantly made up in thee. What though my present charms decay, * And passing strangers no more say 'Of me, 'Sweet Power!' yet thori shalt raise 'Thy blooming head, and gain the praise; "And this reverberaied pleasure "Shall be to me a world of treasure. 'Cheerful I part with former merit, "That it my darling may inherit. 'Haste then the hours which bid thee bloom, 'And fill the zephyrs with perfume!'
" Thus had the Rose-tree scarcely spoken,
" Jndge ye who know a mother's cares
"What hast thou done?-dear offspring! say, 'So early to be snatch'd away!
What! gone for ever seen no more! 'For ever I thy loss deplore. 'Ye dews descend, with tears supply "My now for ever tearful eye;
Or rather come some northern blast, Dislodge my yielding roots in haste. "Whirlwinds arise-my branches tear,
And to some distant regions bear
“As thus the arguish'd Rose-tree cry'd,
"Cease, beauteous flow'r these useless cries, And let my lessons make thee wise. Art thou not mine? Did not my hand Transplant thee from the barren sand 'Where once a mean unsightly plant, 'Expos'd to injury and want, Unknown, and unadmir'd, I found, And brought thee to this fertile ground; With studious art improv'd thy form, 'Secur'd thee from the inclcment storm, 'And through the seasons of the year,
Made thee my unabating care ? 'Hast thou not blest thy happy lot, 'In such an owner-such a spot ? 'But now because thy shoot I've taken, 'Thy best of friends must be forsaken. 'Know flow'r belov'd, e'en this affliction 'Shall prove to thee a benediction : 'Had I'not the young plant remov'd, '(So fondly by thy heart belov'd) of me thy heart would scarce have thought, With gra itude no more be fraught: '-Yea-chy own beauty be at stake 'Surrender'd for thv offspring's sake. 'Nor think, that, hidden from thine eyes, The infant plant neglected lies-'No-I've another garden where 'In richer soil and purer air 'It's now transplanted, there to shine, "In beauties fairer far ihan thine.
"Nor shalt thou always be apart From the dear darling of thy heart 'For 'lis my purpose thee to bear 'In future iime, and plant thee there, · Where thy now absent off-set grows, . And blossoms a CELESTIAL Rose. Be patient, then, till that set hour shall come, 'When thou and thine shall in new beauties bloom 'No more its absence shalt thou then deplore, * Together grow, and ne'er be parted more.' " These words to silence hush'd the plaintivo
Rose, With deeper blushes redd’ning now she glows, Submissive bow'd her unrepining head, Again her wonted, grateful fragrance shedCry'd, 'Tho'i hast laken only what's thine own, “Therefore, thy will, my Lord, not mine, le done.'n
AND OTHER SUBJECTS.
BY BLAISE PASCAL.
A NEW TRANSLATION, AND
A MEMOIR OF HIS LIFE.
BY THE REV. EDWARD CRAIG, A. M. OXON.
NEMBER OF THE WERNERIAN SOCIETY.
THOMAS GEORGE, JR. 162 NASSAU STREET.
The original manuscripts of Mons. Pascal's and the other is little more than a reprint of it, a Thoughts are deposited in the Royal Library of little modernized in the style of expression, togeParis. They were in the library of the Abbey of ther with a few additional l'houghts. Many of the Si. Germain des Pres, but havir been saved from passages in both these, are so very ill rendered, as the fire in the year 1794, which consumed that io convey no definite meaning whalever. building, they were deposited where they now lie. A fresh and a complete translation of the whole They are arranged in one large folio volume; and of the published Thoughts besame desirable, that there is with them a copy, made at the time of Pascal inight be really known in this country to the printing the first edition of the work, most probably English reader, according to his real merits. As by M. Guerrier, a Benedictine monk, wbich very far as the moral and religious Thoughts extended, materially assists the reading of the original; but this has been now aliempted. even with this aid, the difficulty is not smail. To translate Thoughis so inaccurately and im
When the MM. de Port Royal published their perfectly expressed as many of these are, and to edition in 1670, they adopted an arrangement of the give a close and literal rendering that would, at the Thoughts into chapters, which was still very im- same time, convey the sense, which, in the original, perfect; and according to this arrangement, many is really in some instances enigmatical and ques other editions were published both in France and tionable, was a task of serious difficulty. The Holland. In the year 1776, Condorcet published translator does not profess to have accomplished an edition with notes, which, though better in the this. If he has done something towards the ultiarrangement, was only a selection of about half mate aulainment of such a faithful version of this the original Thoughıs, such, in fact, as might an- valuable book, he will feel thankful. And in the swer his nefarious purpose of blunting the edge of mean time, he will readily avail himself of the cri. Pascal's masterly arguments against infidelity; and I tical remarks of those who may differ from him, as by corrupting the text, and exposing it lo ridicule to his conception of the author's idea in any place, in his comments, bringing his authority as a writer with a view to reconsider the passage, in case the on the side of truth, into coutempt. With this work should ever reach another edition. He has view, he appended to his edition a series of notes, certainly not satisfied himself. of the prołanity and wickedness of which, there The first three chapters of the original work can now be but one opinion. Some of these notes have been left out, as not being connected immewere Voltaire's; but two years afterwards, Voltaire diately with its general object. And the translator published an edition of his own, with additional does not hesitate to avow, that he has withheld a nutes by himself, equally objectionable. In these few passages, which occur occasionally, on the subeditions, many of the Thoughts are mutilated and ject of the peculiar tenets of the Romish Church ; altered from the original text, to suit the particular because he did not feel warranted, by the mere purpose of these infidel writers, and almost all of wish to record faithfully in a translation, all the them, on which any remark is made, are attacked sentiments of an author, to circulate whai he beby their keen and biting sarcasm.
lieves to be dangerous error, and which, from the Up to this period, therefore, no complete edition strength and accuracy of other statements among of the Pensees had appeared; but in the year 1779, which it was found, might lead some weak minds an edition of the whole works of Pascal was seni astray. Had the task of original publication deforth, edited by M. Bossut. He had no occasion to volved on him, he would have felt differently: for leave out those passages, which the earlier editors it is right that every man should have a fair opporwithheld from fear of the Jesuits; and he had no tunity of giving his opinions to the world. Bui in wish to follow the dishonorable example of the iwo making a translation for the benefit of a subsequent infidel philosophers. He printed, therefore, every age, it is perfectly equitable to select that which thing which he could find, adding a number of common consent has stamped with its approbation, Thoughts from the Histoire de Literature, of the and to leave out the few remains of prejudice and Pere Desmolets, and collating the whole with the unscriptural opinion, which might borrow, from the original papers. He adopted, in some measure, the sanction of such a name, an influence that they order which Condorcet had chosen, but not without ought not to have. some improvements. Since then, two small edi- Finally, the translator does not hesitate to say, tions of the Thoughts, with a few additional glean- that the intervals of time, which ihe duties of an ings, were issued by M. Renouard, in the years active pastoral charge allowed him to give to this 1803 and 1812; and in the year 1819, a very com- work, and to the meditations which its pages sugplete edition of the whole works was printed at gested, have been among the happiest and most Paris, the editor of which professes to have availed gratifying portions of his life; and, that if this verhimself of every advantage which the labors of sion, though imperfect, shall afford even a modehis predecessors set before him. From the text of rate share of such gratification to those readers who this last edition, the present translation is made. are shut out from the pages of the original, or shall
The translator is only aware of two English lead others to seek for that pleasure in the original translations of the Thoughts being in existence. text, he will have realized an ample reward. Neither of these is complete. They are both made from copies of the work, earlier than the edition of GREAT KING STREET, EDINBURGH, Bossnt.“ One of them is a very antiquated version ; l
Ist June, 1825.