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human merit before God, shall find, in his daily of this world, are, in their generation, wiser than conduct, proofs equally strong with those which the the children of light. The event, however, has its life of Pascal furnishes, of a sincere desire to mor- use in a different way. It tends to confirm our tify the deeds of the body, and to silence the impure confidence in the superior mind of Pascal, as one suggestions of carnal inclination.

of those lights that God has graciously vouchsafed Worn down, however, by rigid self-denial, and to his church, to inark out the path of truth, amidst painful devotion to study, the frame of Pascal be the mazes of error. And it exhibits, in a very ingan to exhibit serious symptoms of decline. The teresting manner, the reality of Pascal's religion, constitutional disease, which had shown itself in that discoveries so calculated to gratify a mind like earlier years, gained ground; and after five years his, and to call out the ambitious desire of giving of active exertion, his general health completely them to the world, should have appeared of little gave way, and be became, in several respects, a importance to him, compared win the general very great sufferer. One part of his affliction was course of pious meditations, in which his days and a severe, and almost unceasing pain in the teeth, nights were spent, and only worthy to occupy him so that he was unable to sleep, and was compelled seriously when it could be made to appear to him, to lie whole nights in thought, in order, if possible, however erroneously, that the publication might to divert his attention from ihe agcny that he en- subserve the interests of that religion which was, of dured.

all things, nearest to his heart. There is very little At this time, however, an incident occurred indeed of this practical elevation above the world. which must not be omitted, because it tends to ex- There are few who really feel it; and whenever it hibit, in a striking point of view, the originality is seen, it is worthy of reverence; for few proofs of and superiority of his mind. During one of his the realizing consciousness of another existence, wakeful and painful nights, some propositions re- and of a rational hope of happiness in it, are more specting the curve, called the Cycloid, * recurred to satisfactory and impressive than the calm and comhis recollection. He had, for a long time, given posure with which some superior minds loose their up all mathematical study; but the train of thought grasp upon those things of the present scene that to which these recollections led, interested him, and are naturally precious to them, and find their highbeguiled the pain under which he was suffering. He est delight in the promises of holiness and glory, allowed himself, therefore, to be led on by the beauty beyond this scene of death. As St. Paul says, Yea of the thoughts which occurred to him, and at length doublless, and I count all things but dung that I may pressed his examination of the subject to such import- win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine ant results, hat even now the discoveries which he own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which made that i.ight, are regarded among the greatest is through the faith of Christ

, the righteousness which efforts of the human mind. Yet so completely had of God by faith: that I may know him, and the his attention been turned away from such specula- power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his tions, and occupied with those religious contempla- sufferings, being made conformable unto his death ; if :ions, which, as relating to God and eternity, he by any means I may attain unto the resurrection of hought far more important, that he did not atiempt the dead. o comunit to paper ihese interesting and splendid In Pascal, turning aside from the career of fame discoveries, till speaking one day of them to the to which his acute and active mind almost involun Duke de Roannez, it was suggested to him that tarily led him, and neglecting those imposing disthey might be made useful in support of the cause coveries which spontaneously opened to the enerof ihe true religion, at that time persecuted in the gies of his genius, even in the very agonies of persons of the Jansenists; and he then consented to disease, to occupy himself with prayer and meditathe mode of publication which was subsequently tion on the Divine perfections, and with designs for adopted.

the moral and religious improvement of his fellowIn June, 1658, therefore, Pascal issued a paper, creatures, an instance of true magnanimity preunder the signature of Amos Dettonville, which is sents itself

, which nothing but the reality of the an anagram of the name of Louis de Montalte, the great subject of his hopes can at all explain. Skepsignature affixed to the Provincial Letters,

propos- iics may profess to smile at what they call the suing certa in questions for solution, respecting the pro- perstitions of weaker minds, and they may find perties of the Cycloid, and offering two rewards if ample food for unholy mirth in the errors and im the questions were solved, and the mode of solution becilities of many faithful Christians, but when were exhibited, by a given day, to certain judges they see the loftiest spirits of the age, men whose chosen for the purpose. The proposal gave rise to comprehensive grasp of intellect makes all their much discussion, and called forth much mathema- boasted philosophy, look mean and meagre, making tical talent. Only two persons, however, claimed light of all that the material world can offer to the prize, the Jesuit, Lallouere, and Dr. Wallis, the their notice, and eagerly holding forth the torch of Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford; but at revelation, to catch, as their worthiest prospect, a the expiry of the given time, they had not satisfied view of the realities of the eternal world, they are the judges that a proper solution of the questions compelled to admit that there is, at least, no small had been offered, and then immediately Pascal probability that the testimony of that book is true, printed his own treatise on the subject, which com- and that it is not folly to carry inquiry farther. pletely established his claim to the discovery of the

The most interesting and important of the proright method of solution.

ductions of this great mind, remains to be noticed. How far this mathematical discovery could aid has been seen, that the original tendencies of the cause of religion, is very questionable. Proba- Pascal's mind, aided by the habits of his early edu. bly the Duke de Roannez wished it to be in ferred, cation, bad peculiarly fitted him for patient and acthat the highest gifts of superior intellect are be- curate investigation into any subject that came bestowed by a kind providence upon the servants of fore him. He grappled with the difficulties of his God, as a mark of approbation, and a proof of the subject, and never

was satisfied till he had disconobler gifts of grace; but this is, to say the least of vered the truth. Subsequently, the decline of his it, a very questionable position, and one not borne health, and some other providential circumstances, out by fact; for generally speaking, the children followed up by the advice of his pious relatives

gave a decidedly religious bias to his mind, and • It is the curve, described by a nail upon the felly with all his native ardor and acumen, and patience of a wheel of a carriage in motion

and perseverance in inguiry, He applied himself to the study of the Scriptures, the writings of the fa-1 him in the detail of its different parts; and any then, and every book of importance on the subject, thought which it might be needful to work into the on which he could lay his hand. In this way, fol. general scheme, was committed to paper as arose, lowing up his reading, according to his usual me- and with a degree of accuracy or inaccuracy, acthol, with frequent and mature reflection on the cording to the state of his mind or body at the time, fuinis in question in all the variety of their bear- and the degree of artention that he was enabled 10 ings, he gradually became completely master of the give. Hence some of them were expressed in a subject of the Christian religion, of the evidence manner peculiarly short, imperfect, and eniginatifor its truth, the suitability of the remedy 10 the cal; while others were evidently labored, and made slale of man, the poverty and want of solidity in all out with care. the skeptical objections brought against it, and the But in the mysterious providence of God, this true meihod of confuting each. The abstract which work was not to be completed. The health of the he has given of the opinions of Montaigne and author rapidly declined, and at his death, nothing Epictetus, shows how diligent had been his re- was found of it but this mass of detached Thoughts, search into the opinions of other men, and how ad-written on separate pieces of paper, wh.ch were mirably fitted his mind was for unravelling their evidently the raw material, out of which he had sophistries, and exposing their errors.

purposed to erect the fabric that he had planned. Pascal, feeling no doubt master of his subject, It may be thought by some surprising, that after and conscious, in a degree, of the fitness of his several years of study, for the express purpose, nopowers for it; at all events, tracing in his own thing more connected was found among his writings; mind a clear road to conviction of the truth of the but the habit of his mind explains this. It had alChristian religion, determined to write a compre-ways been his custom to reflect much on the subhensive work on the subject. Like most of his jects on which he wrote, and completely to arrange subjects of thought, he revolved it repeatedly in his the matter in his mind before he embodied it on mind, and sometimes spoke of it. On one occasion, paper, in order that he might ascertain carefully he was requested to give in conversation, an outline ihe order in which the different parts should be disof his plan, before a number of his friends. He posed, so as to produce the effect which he desired; consented; and in an extempore discourse of from and having a memory so retentive, that as he used two to three hours, developed the plan of his work. to say, no thought which he had once strongly imHe pointed out the subject on which he purposed to pressed on his mind, ever escaped him, it appears treat; he gave a concise abridgment of the inode probable, that, confiding to the clear analytic view of reasoning, and a synoptical view of the order in which he had of his plan, he went on, using the inwhich the different branches of the subject were to tervals of rest from pain, to collect the specific be treated; and his friends, who were themselves thoughts, and looking to a period of greater freeas capable as most men of judging in such a case, dom from disease, to bring them forth according to declared, that they had never heard any thing more the general arrangement on which he had detera:lmirable, or more powerfully convincing. It is mined. That period, however, did not arrive; and recorded, that, from the hasty conversational view instead of a luminous and comprehensive defence which he then gave them of the work, they antici- of the whole Christian scheme, we have in his paied a splendid performance from that mind, the Thoughts, as published, only some imperfect atpowers of which they well knew, and whose assi- tempts, expressive of his inientions. These are, duity they knew to be such, that he never contented however, admirably calculated to suggest subjects himself with his first thoughts, but wrote and re- of interesting speculation to other minds, on many wrote, even eight or ten times, tracts, which any important poinis of the great question which he one but himself, would have thought excellent at had in view, and from their almost unrivalled exfirst.

cellence as far as they go, must ever give rise to For this work, Pascal had been preparing sereral sincere and deep regret, that their author left his years; but the circumstances which occurred, in work unfinished. connection with the supposed cure of his niece, As to the plan of the work, we are left entirely Mademoiselle Perier at Port Royal,* and which to conjecture, except so far as he unfolded it in the peculiarly directed his attention to the subject of conversation before mentioned; but of that abridged miracles, accelerated his efforts to accomplish it. statement, one of his friends who was present, has He gave himself entirely to the work; and for a given from memory the following account:whole year, previously to the general breaking up “ After having shown them what modes of proof of his health, he was occupied in collecting mate- produce the greatest impression on the minus o: rials, and noting down his thoughts for the purpose. men, and are most effectual as means of suasion. From that time, however, his life was an almost he undertook to show that the Christian relig: n unbroken continuance of suffering, during which, had marks of certainty as decided, and evide..ce in be was able to do little towards the furtherance of its favor as strong, as any of those things which his object. Worn down with pain, and oppressed are received in the world as unquestionable. by extreme languor, he could not occupy himself “ He began by a delineation of man, in which in lengthened meditation, and his utmost effort was, he omitted nothing which might tend to give him during the short intervals of relief from paia that a minute and comprehensive knowledge of himself, were granted him, to write down his thoughts on both within and without, even to the most secrei the first morsel of paper that came io hand; and at emotions of his soul. He then supposed the case times, when he could not hold the pen, he dictated of a man, who, having lived in that state of ignoto his servant.

rance in which men generally live, and in indifferIn this way Pascal accumulated materials for his ence to most things around him, but especially 10 work. The whole subject came repeatedly before those which concern himself, comes, at lengih, to

consider himself in the picture which he had pre* The facts of the case are very curious; and there is viously drawn, and to examine what he really is. no doubt that M. Pascal believed the truth of the mi. He is surprised with the discovery which he makes racolons cure; but to go into a ininute examination ihere of a multitude of things, on which he had of the circumstances, would far exceed the limits of never previously thought; and he cannot notice this memoir, and must be reserved for a more exten. withoui astonishment, all that Pascal's description sive work in contemplation, but which may perhaps causes him to feel of his greatness and his vileness. never be accomplished.

his power and his weakness, of the little light thal

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lingers with him, and the thick darkness which al-, is otherwise unknown. In fact, it would be his obmost entirely surrounds him, and of all those won-ject to point out man, as so accurately depicted in derful contrarieties which are found in his nature. This book, that he would appear in no respect differAfter this, however weak his intellectual powers ent from the character which he had previously may be, he can no longer remain in indifference; traced. and however insensible he may have been hitherto "But merely to teach man the truth of his misery, to such questions, he cannot but wish, after having would not be enough. Pascal proposed to shu w ascertained what he is, to know also whence he him, that in this same book also he might find his came, and what is to become of him.

consolation. He would out that it is said "Pascal having, as he supposed, thus awakened there, that the remedy of this evil is with God; that in him the disposition to seek for information on a we must go to him for strength; that he will have subject so important, proposed to direct his atten- compassion, and will send a deliverer who will make tion, first to the philosophers of this world; and a satisfaction for guilty man, and be his support in having unfolded io him all that the wisest philosc- weakness. phers of all the different sects have said on ihe sub- " After having set before his disciple a number ject of inan, to point out to him so many defects, of important remarks on the sacred book of this weaknesses, contradictions, and falsehoods, in all peculiar people, he proposed to show him that ibis that they have advanced, that it would not be diffi- was the only book which had spoken worthily of cult for the individual in question, 10 determine, the Supreme Being, and that had given the idea of that it is not in the schools of huinan philosophy an universal religion. He would point out what that he must seek for instruction.

should be the most evident marks of such a religion; "He then carries his disciple over the universe, which he would then apply to those which this book and through all the ages of its history, and points inculcated, and would direct his attention especially cut to him the variety of religions which have ob- to the fact, that these Scriptures make the essence tained in it; but he shows him, at the same, by of religion to consist in the love of God, which is strong and convincing reasons, that all these reli- a feature entirely peculiar to themselves, and disa gions are full of vanity and folly, of errors, extra- tinguishes them from all other religious writings in vagance and absurdity, so that here also he finds the world, the falsehood of which appears maninothing which can give him satisfaction.

festly detected by the want of this essential charac" Then Pascal directs his attention to the Jewish teristic. people, and points out a train of circumstances so “Hitherto, although Pascal might have led his extraordinary, that they easily rivet his attention. scholar so far onward towards a disposition for the And having called his attention to all the singulari- adoption of the Christian religion, he had said uoties of that nation, he fixes it especially on the one thing to convince him of the truth of the things book by which that people are guided, and which which he had discovered; he had only induced in comprehends at once their history, their law, and him the disposition to receive them with pleasure, their theology:

if he could be satisfied that it was his duty; he had " Scarcely has he opened this book, when he led him to wish with his whole heart, that these learns that ihe world is the work of God, and that things were substantial and well-founded truths, the same God has made man in his own image, and since he found in them so much that tended to give endowed him with all the powers of body and mind, him repose, and to clear up his serious and distressadapted to this state of being. Although he has ing doubts. And this, M. Pascal considered, is the not yet attained to a conviction of these truths, they state in which every reasonable man should be, who are a source of gratification to him; and reason has once seriously entered on that train of considealone is sufficient to discover to him more proba- rations that he wished to set before the mind of his bility in the supposition, that one God is the creator disciple; and that there is reason to believe, that a of men, and of all things in the universe, than in man in such a state of mind, would then easily admit all the wild inventions which tradition offers else- all the proofs which might be brought to confirm where to his notice. He soon perceives, however, the reality of those important truths of which he had that he is far from possessing all the advantages spoken. which belonged to man, when he first came from “Then in the way of proof, having shown genethe hands of his Maker. But his doubt in this rally that these truths were contained in a book, the matter is speedily cleared up; for on reading fur- genuineness and authenticity of which, could not ther, he ascertains, that after man had been created reasonably be doubted, he proposed to look minutely in a state of innocence, and gifted with many per- into the writings of Moses, in which these truths are fections, his first act was to rebel against his Maker, especially taught, and to show by an extensive series and to use his new created powers in offending of unquestionable proofs, that it was equally imposhim.

sible that Moses had left a written statement of un“Pascal proposed then to show him, that this truths, or that the people to whom he left them, crime being one of the most aggravated in all its could have been deceived as to the facts, even circumstances, it was punished, not only in the though Moses himself had been an impostor. first man, who, having fallen by that sinful act, · He would speak also of the miracles recorded sunk at once into misery, and weakness, and blind- there, and he would prove that it was not possible ness, and error, but also in all his descendants, in that ihey could not be true, not only by the autho. all time following, to whom he transmits, and will rity of the book that relates them, but by the many transmit, his own corrupt nature.

attendant circumstances which made them, in them “His plan was then to point out to him several selves, unquestionable. passages of this book, in which he must discover the “Then he would proceed to show, that the whole averment of this truth. He shows him that it never law of Moses was figurative; that all which hapspeaks of man but with reference to this state of pened to the Jews, was but a type of the realities weakness and disorder; that it is frequently said accomplished at the coming of Messiah ; and that there, that all flesh is corrupt; that men are become the veil which covered these types having been sensual, and that they have a bias to evil from their withdrawn, it had become easy now to perceive to birth. He shows him that this first fall is the ori- complete fulfilment of them, in those who had re. gin, not only of all that is otherwise incomprehen-ceived Jesus Christ as the promised teacher como sible in the nature of man, but also of many effects from God. which are external to him, and of which the cause “He then undertook to prove the truth of religion

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MEMOIR OF BLAISE PASCAL. sobe by prophecy; and, on this point, he spoke more fully cumulated with all their force and brilliancy, so as

than on some others. Having thought and exa- to exhibit one comprehensive and conclusive testifer

mined deeply on this subject, and having views mony to the truth.
which were quite original, he explained them with But though Pascal did not live to complete his
great accuracy, and set them forth with peculiar work, the fragments that he left behind him were
force and brilliancy.

too valuable to be lost. It was necessary that they
"And then having run through the books of the should be given as a posthumous work to the public.
Old Testament, and made many powerful observa- | His friends, therefore, who were aware of his de-
tions, calculated to serve as convincing proofs of sign to write such a work, were peculiarly careful
the truths of religion, he proposed to speak of the after his death, to collect every thing which he had
New Testament, and to draw from it the proofs written on the subject; and they found only the
which it afforded of the truth of the gospel. Thoughts which are published, with others yet more

"He began with Jesus Christ; and although he imperfect and obscure, written, as has been menhad already triumphantly proved his Messiahship tioned, on separate pieces of paper, and tied up in by prophecy, and by the types of the law which he several bundles, without any connection or arrangeshowed to have in him their perfect accomplish- ment whatever, but evidently being, in the greater ment, he adduced further proofs still, drawn from proportion of instances, the mere rough expression his person, his miracles, his doctrine, and the events of the thought as it first entered his mind. He had of his life.

been often heard to say, that the work would require "He then came down to the apostles; and in or- ten years of health to complete it; and he had only der to show the truth of that faith which they had been able to devote to it the short intervals of comso generally preached, he first established the notion parative ease, or rather of less acute suffering, which that they could not be accused of supporting a false he enjoyed during four or five years of a complicated system, but upon the supposition, either that they mortal disease. were deceivers, or were themselves deceived; and At first, from their confused and imperfect state, then in the second place, he showed that the one and it seemed almost impossible to give these papers the other of these suppositions were equally impos- publicity; but the demand for them, even as they sible.

were, was so impatient, that it became necessary to "Finally, he took a very comprehensive view of gratify it; and the labor of editing them was comthe evangelical history, making some admirable re-mitted to his leading confidential friends, the Due marks on the gospel itself-on the style and charac- de Roannez, and Messieurs Arnauld, Nicole, De ter of the evangelists-on the apostles and their Treville, Dubois, De la Chaise, and the elder Perier. writings-on the great number of

miracles on the And here a serious difficulty was to be encounsaints and martyrs of the early church, and on all tered on the threshold. In what form should these the various means by which the Christian religion fragments be given to the world? To print them had obtained a footing in the world: and althongh precisely in the state in which they were found, it was quite impracticable in such a discourse, to would be worse than useless. They would have treat such an extensive range of material at length, been a mass of mere confusion. To complete and with the minuteness, accuracy, and collective them as far as possible, by adding to the imperfect force which he purposed in his work, he said enough Thoughts, and enlightening the obscure, would have to exhibit most luminously, the conclusion to which produced a very interesting and useful work; but it he wished to come, that God only could have so would not have been the work of Pascal, even supconducted the issue of so many different agents and posing the editors able to enter fully into his origiinfluences, as that they should all concur in support- nal design. Both these methods, therefore, were ing the religion which he himself wished to esta- rejected, and a third plan was adopted, according blish among men."

to which they are now reprinted. The editors seThis is the short abstract which has been handed lected from a great number of Thoughts, those down of the plan of M. Pascal's work ; and short as which appeared the most perfect and intelligible; it is, it gives us some faint view of the comprehen- and these they printed as they found them, without siveness of his genius of the grasp that he had of addition or alteration, except that they arranged his subject, and of the irresistible mass of evidence them as nearly as might be in that order, which, m existence for the support of the Christian religion, according to the Syllabus that Mr. Pascal had if it could be thus brought to bear upon the question formerly given of his plan, they conceived would by the energies of one great mind adapted for the come nearest to his wishes. purpose. It must remain a matter of wonder to The first editions of the work were comparatively short-sighted mortals, why a work apparently so imperfect; but subsequently, many other valuable important, should not have been permitted to reach Thoughts were gleaned from the MSS. and in the its completion. Perhaps the explanation of this dif- later editions an accurate collation with the original ficulty may, in some measure, be obtained from one papers, has secured, as far as possible, the meaning of M. Pascal's Thoughts, in which he says, "So many of the author. The first edition was printed in men make themselves unworthy of God's clemency, 1669, and was surprisingly successful. Tillemont, that he is willing to leave them ignorant of those in speaking of it, says, “. It has even surpassed ali blessings for which they do not care to seek. It was that I expected from a mind which I considered the Dot right that he should appear in a mode unequi- greatest that had appeared in one century, I see vocally divine, so as to force conviction upon all only St. Augustine that can be compared with him." Then. Nor was it right that he should be so entirely And most unquestionably, however imperfect the concealed, as not to be recognized by those who work remains, or rather, though it falis entirely sincerely seek him. To such he wished to be known; short of being the efficient defence of the Christian and willing therefore to be discovered by those who religion which Pascal had contemplated ; yet even seek him with their whole heart, but hidden from now, this collection of scattered

Thoughts stands those who as heartily avoid him, he has so regulated forth to claim the meed of praise, as a work of unthe discovery of himself, that he has given evi- rivalled excellence. It bears the marks of the most dences which will be clear and satisfactory to those extraordinary genius. Il exhibits a master's hand who really seek him, but dark, and doubtful, and in touching the difficult questions of the evidences depressing to those who seek him not.” On this for our religion, and in probing the secrets of the huground probably it is, that the evidences for our man heart. It exhibits many points

of the argument religion which do exist, have never yet been ac- with great originality and force, and contains the

Number 17.

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germ of many new and valuable speculations. to lawful objects here, to which he was by nature Many of these thoughts, hastily and imperfectly ex- strongly disposed. His most ardent affections for pressed as they are, have been the native ore, out of any thing in this life, were given to his sister Jacwhich other students have drawn the most valuable queline; yet so effeciually had he, by Divine conand elaborate treatises on different points of the ex- templation, become elevated above the common tensive argument which he purposed to consider, * views which men take of separation by death, and

Put one of the finest features of the work, is, the so entirely was he absorbed in approbation of the mastery which his mighty mind had over the human will of God, that when her death was announced heart. Pascal had been a diligent student of his to him, an event which occurred about six months own heart; he knew its tendencies, its weaknesses, anterior to his own, he merely said, “May God its errors. He knew what were its natural re- give us grace to die as she died;" and thenceforth, sources for comfort, and he knew their vanity; and he never spoke of her, but to remark on the grace

. having gone down into the depths of this question with which God had blessed her during her life, for his own sake, he was able io deal with a resist- and the peculiar mercy of her death at that time less power with the children of sin and folly. He in the crisis of the afflictions and persecutions of could strip their excuses of all vain pretence. He the Port Royal establishments; concluding always could exhibit their lying vanities in all their poverty with the passage of Scripture, Blessed are the dead and comfortlessness; and he could set forth man in that die in the Lord.all the reality of his misery, as a dark and cheer- But this endeavor to break loose from all earthly less being, without hope or solace, except he find it attachments, did not arise in him, as it does in in the mercy of his God, and in the revealed record some stoical minds, from a proud sense of superiof his compassion.

ority, and a dominant feeling of satisfaction in It is this extensive knowledge of human nature himself. On the contrary, he powerfully felt his which constitutes the peculiar charm of the Pen- own defects-he was equally anxious that others sees. They who read it, feel that the writer gets should not form any attachment to him. On this within their guard; that he has, from experience, point he became so determined, and so conscienthe power of entering into the secret chamber of iiously strict, that his manner seriously grieved his their conscience, and of exhibiting to them the sister, Madame Perier, during his last illness, who many evils which would otherwise lie there unmo- complained of the evident coldness and reserve lested, but which, seen in the light in which he with which he received her tenderest and most as placed them, must be recognized as their own. The siduous attention to his infirmities. Madame Perier arguments of such a writer must have weight; and states, that this dryness and reserve were to her it is almost natural to feel, that he who has so very enigmatical, because she saw, notwithstandthorough a knowledge of the disease, may be fol-ing the coldness of his general manner, that whenlowed also in his recommendation of a remedy. ever an opportunity occurred in which he could

The close, however, of M. Pascal's life, demands serve her, he embraced it with all his original arour attention. His infirmities and sufferings rapidly dor; and she mentions, that the difficulty on her increased; and at length unfitted him for any exer- mind in this respect, was never cleared up till the tion whatever; but they had a most blessed effect day of his death, when he stated his views to a upon himself as the means of preparing him more friend, that it was highly criminal, for a human manifestly and entirely for a holier world. It was being, full of infirmities, to atiempt to occupy the evidently his wish to detach himself as much as affections of a heart which should be given to God possible from the present material scene; and, with only, and that it was robbing God of the most preThis view, he made it a matter of conscience to cious thing that this world afforded. check the indulgence of all his appetites and affec- Nor did Pascal's endeavor to rise superior to tions. His disease rendered it absolutely necessary earthly attachments, originate in hard-heartedness that his food should be very delicate, but he was al- or misanthropy. On the contrary, in proportion as ways anxious to take it without occupying his mind he separated himself from the ties of affection to with it, or remarking upon its flavor. All this he relatives, and well known individuals, his affecconsidered as savoring strongly of sensuality. He tions towards the poor and the afflicted of his felobjected therefore to the introduction of any kind low-creatures increased. And herein he obtained of sauces, even the juice of an orange into his food, an eminent degree of assimilation to the Divine and rigidly regulated the quantity which he thoughi mind. When a stone is thrown into the water, the he ought to take daily for his sustenance; and this ripple occasioned nearest to the centre of impulse, he would not exceed. He watched with an anxious is the largest; and as the circles widen and recede, jealousy over the still stronger passions, lest the it diminishes. This is an emblem of human affecslightest indulgence should be given to them, in tion. The nearer the relation of the object to ourhimself or others. His views of the necessity of selves, the warmer is our love; and as the objects purity in general conversation, were of the highest become remote, our love declines, till it is scarcely kind; and he would not even allow his sister to re- perceptible. Perfect love, the love of God, is the mark on the personal beauty of any one whom she same to all; and with him, nearness of relation, or had seen, lest in the minds of his servants, of young position makes no difference. All God's creatures people or himself, it should give rise to a ques are loved by him, with an affection proportioned to tionable thought.

their real worth: and the more fully we are assiM. Pascal felt it necessary, even to detach him- milated to the Divine Being, the more shall we reself still more from the present world, and to re- alize of this reigning principle of love; we shall strain within himself those excessive attachments love, not because we are loved, or because we re

ceive any thing again, or because, in the person of * A work of very superior talent on Prophecy has our relatives, we bestow our affection remotely on been lately sent forth by the Rev. John Davidson, of our own flesh; bnt we shall love souls for their own Oriel Coll. Oxon. of which the germ is to be found in sake, for their intrinsic value as the creatures of the following Thought of M. Pascal. “The prophe- God, and as sharers with us in the same necessities cies are composed of particular prophecies, and pro- and distresses. phecies relating to the Messiah; in order that the M. Pascal's regard for the necessities of the poor prophecies of Messiah might not be without collateral was so great, that he could not refuse to give alms, proof, and that the prophecies relating to particular even though he was compelled to take from the cases, might not be useless in the general system." supply necessary to relieve his own infirmities.

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