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freshment. At last I approached to the bar, and ven. Jonly sufficiently inclined to ensure a good drainage, tured to ask for it. The master of the ceremonies, and of course supplies great facilities for the transit without speaking, placed a small basket of biscuits of goods. At present, Liverpool does by far the and a plate of cheese before us as we stood. We greatest amount of business; but, because New were amused, as well as disappointed; and, as we York has more home trade, there is with it seemed to be without choice, we partook of the greater show of mercantile activity and life. supply that was offered. We thought, at least, that This city is really worthy of the reputation she the little set-out had been for us; but while we were has for the frequency of the fires. There were six busy with it, two or three gentlemen came up, and, to my knowledge in ten days. They appear to without permission, or without seeking a separate arise partly from wood being the common fuel, knife or plate, claimed a share. We asked for a which is less safe than coal; and partly from flues glass of wine; a glass was literally supplied, and being carried through frame-buildings, which is the decanter restored to its place. When our repast very hazardous. Some, however, as with ourwas over, we still waited in the bar-room, and must selves, are intentional; persons of bad principle nave shown some of the awkwardness of strangers. and embarrassed circumsiances abuse the benefit of At length our host was conscious of this, and came insurance, and seek to save themselves by fire, with an apology for having forgotten to show us to a reckless of whom they destroy. sitting-room. We were then introduced to a hand- In the afternoon of the day, we were kindly some withdrawing-room, which was open to other waited on by Drs. Cox and Peters, and the Rev. residents at the hotel.
W. Patton. They came as a deputation from the While I give you this incident as illustrative of Third Presbytery, which was then in session. They nanners, you are not to suppose that the other ar. stated that they were instructed to invite us to atrangements of the house were on a level with this: tend its sittings, and to accept of accommodations they were excellent. But the case was, our appe- which had been made in Mr. Patton's family, in tite was out of time. The breakfast hour was past, expectation of our arrival. We accepted the in viand the dinner hour was not come; and the Ame- tations in the spirit in which they were given; and rican inn, while it provides bountifully for period were refreshed by intercourse with brethren whom ical hunger, has no compassion for a disorderly ap- we had known and esteemed in the Father Land. petite. There is one hour, one table, one meal, one summons; and if you are ready, you may fare very well; if you miss the opportunity, you must
LETTER II. digest the consequences as you can. It was interesting to see how readily the American, with his
MY DEAR FRIEND On the following day, accordlove of freedom, submitted to these restraints, while ing to the previous arrangement, we changed our John Bull insists on naming his own dinner, at his habitation, and did honor to the invitation of the own table, at his own time, and in his own' room. Presbytery. There were about thirty persons preHe has certainly more independence in his habits,
We were received by the Moderator, in the if not in his opinions, than his transatlantic bre name of the body, with affectionate respect. We thren.
were glad to observe their methods of business.
They are similar to those with which we are famiAfter disposing of our snack and our host. We naturally desired to see something of the we w around liar in our committee meetings. Several subjects We walked up the Broadway. It is every of ordinary interest.
were discussed and disposed of; but they were only way the principal street: its width is about that of Piccadilly, and its length about two miles and a license. His examination at this sitting was theo
In the afternoon a young man was on trial for his half. It meets the eye well. The straight line it logical
. He read a theme which discovered fair offers to the sight is relieved, in some measure by talent and true piety. It was pretty closely discussthe foliage of trees and the towers of churches, ed. I could see that the examiners We not quite while it conveys to the imagination a sense of mag- agreed among themselves. This circumstance gave nitude and importance beyond the reality. My first impressions from the objects were such as these. an unnatural perplexity to the subject, as well as to The haritations, from frequently having the Vene- the person examined. He obtained, however, the tian or ther shutters closed, as the readiest mode favorable suffrage of his brethren. of excluding the sun, affected me painfully, as service on the Sabbath after our arrival. I had
We had declined all application for ministerial though death had entered them. The ordinary signs
of health could not be so prevalent as with suffered so much in the voyage as to leave me un fit us; for I was continually saying to myself, How casion for hearing, which I foresaw it would be more
for it; and besides, I was anxious to improve an ocill'that man looks. The shops are not at all Eng- difficult to secure as our stay advanced. On the lish; they are Parisian; indeed, nowhere but in England can you meet with that'shop-front which morning of the day we attended at Laight-street is so indicative of wealth, or the security of pro- which 'Dr. Cox affectionately offered on our ac
church, and united in the thanksgiving and prayers perty, and of tact for catching the eye of the hasty passenger. The ladies, who were using the Broad-count. It was an affecting thing, after traversing way as a promenade, struck me as of less stature time to an act of worship, in a strange land, with
the great deep, to commit one's self for the first than ours. risian dresses ; and they had a mincing tread, which the people of God; and it was the more affecting was meant to be Parisian, but is certainly not so; it from the strong resemblance it has to what we most is affectation, and therefore disagreeable.
enjoy al home. The order of service, the singing, New-York' is the counterpart of Liverpool; they of the congregation, were as our own. It brought
the hymns, the tunes, the sermon, the devout aspect have grown remarkably together. At no very distant period, they both had some 5,000 inhabitants; one directly into a state of fellowship; it destroyed they have advanced almost thousand by thousand, the sense of distance, and disposed one feelingly to and are now nearly equal in population. In point say, of site, Liverpool has the advantage. It springs
“No more a stranger or a guest, boldly from the water, and, by its various elevation,
But like a child at home." presents more picture to the eye; while for water In the evening of the day we went to the opening conveyance, and the mere purposes of business, the of a free church. Of the nature of this class of advantage is with New-York.” It stands on a plane provision for the religious wants of the people, I
shall have occasion to speak in another connection resistance as well as they could.
told you that they were hardening themselves into It was to be opened by a protracted meeting, running through the week; and Mr. K., an active re
But I must offer a different picture to your atten. vivalist preacher, was to take the service. We had in New-York was one of great excitement. With
tion. You are aware that the time of our arrival reason to expect ibat, at such a time, he would try out indulging in political opinion, it may be underthe effect of the anxious seat. The exterior of the church was void of all taste; cided measures recently adopted by the Govern.
stood that this excitement was created by some debut it was large, and apparently well built. The ground floor was fitted up for schools: the superior sures, whether good or ill in their issue, had so
ment relative to the National Bank. Those meadoor was the area of the church; and although this shaken public credit, that two hundred and fifty was at an elevation of some twenty steps, there mercantile houses were prostrate in insolvency, and were above it two liers of galleries, and these run
their vibrations were felt in the remote parts of Euning along three sides of the place. It would accommodate 2000 persons; and I suppose 1500 might and it was proposed to make a matter of local and
rope. A municipal election was about to happen, be in it. The service was good; the sermon very limited interest the test of opinion on the policy of good. I had been led to think that I might hear the General Government. The polling for the city some statements which might be deemed extravagant; but there was in this exercise nothing of the elections is taken in the different wards, and it usukind. The preacher was evidently, pious and truly but without interruption to business. On this occa
ally occurs not only without danger to the peace, in earnest : his statements were plain and scriptural: his appeals were popular, appropriate, and di- sion, however, there was a riot in one of the wards. rect to the conscience and the
heart. The impres lost its temper; and when it could not succeed in ob
The losing party, with its other losses, as is usual, sion was strong and general on the people.
taining votes, set itself to breaking heads. Some When the sermon would have closed with us, I twenty persons were seriously hurt in the affray. observed that the preacher was giving his remarks A slight show of military power prevented farther a new direction; and I was speedily led to con- evil. If these things were to happen, I was not clude, that he was about to try the anxious seat.- sorry to see them, as they throw up national chaHe attempted to justify the measure, and then to racter; but the good citizens were greatly scandalchallenge the people to use it, as a means and ex-ized that such scenes should disgrace them as had pression of religious decision. The persons occu- never happened, they said, in the republic before. pying the two seats immediately before the pulpi: The Whigs, as the friends of the Bank strangely were requested to vacate them, that the anxious called themselves, although they had not the mamight use them. Then a pause occurred. Two or jority of votes, considered that they had gained the three females, by degrees, appeared on the end of victory; and they were resolved on a Whig celethe seat. The preacher, with some of the awk- bration. readily accepted a ticket of admission, wardness of disappointment upon him, renewed as it enlarged my field of observation. I must enhis address; and urged the young persons, and es- deavor to place it before you. The place of celepecially the young men, to decision, and to this bration was the Battery; and the manner was by a mode of expressing it. Another pause was made; collation and speeches.' The Battery stands on a but no young men came. Dr. L., the minister of slip of open ground at the end of the Broadway and he church, renewed the appeal; and employed buiting on the Hudson river. It is now dismantled ; tesis in different parts of it, as if waiting for signs of not being used for purposes of defence, but for those ompliance; and when he saw that no greater effect of recreation and amusement. When we arrived was likely to follow, he changed the terms of the many thousand persons were assembled within and invitation, and begged all those who wished to be without; and it was after delay, and with difficulty, prayed for to come forward. He then gave out a that we succeeded in making an entrance. suitable hymn; and while this was singing, the con- We ascended to the bulwarks, which are built in gregation began to disperse; and many serious per- a circle, and are usually a promenade, but which sons, as might be expected, went before the pulpit were now fitted up with a gallery of seats, and fillto join in the proposed act of prayer. It was by ed with spectators. We looked on a circular area this time nearly ten o'clock, and we left with the of large dimensions, which was also crowded with congregation.
people. Opposite us was the port by which we enThis, then, was the first occasion on which I saw tered, and over it some rooms which had been prothe anxious seat employed; and if employed, I can vided for the officers formerly on duty here. On hardly conceive of its being with less extravagance the roofing, parapets, and abutments, were flags, or more sagacity; but it was certainly a failure. wooden guns, and a rigged vessel surmounting Without deciding here on the abstract merits of painted waves. This dumb show was animated this measure, its adoption in this instance was assur- by a number of spectators, whose ambition could edly bad. The sermon had shed seriousness over be satisfied with nothing less than the highest point;: the congregation, and had produced tenderness on but their presence gave a ludicrous air to the whole, many; and had they been allowed to retire at a as there appeared to be men sitting in the ocean, suitable hour for reflection in their closets, one and upholding a vessel which should have held could not avoid hoping that the effect would have them. A balcony was prepared before the winbeen most happy. "As it was, I had deep regret.-dows of the rooms I have named, for the speakers; When it was felt, indeed, by the people, that the a band of music was beneath, to fill in the pauses; seat was to be used, there was a sensible excitement colors were displayed in all directions, and were produced, which the novice might commend, but floating gracefully over the many headed multiwhich the judicious would deprecate. I could per- tude. Immediately over us, and opposite the rosceive that a large portion of the people were excit- trum, was the national flag, with its dark blue field ed to see how others would act in this crisis, and and brilliant constellation of twenty-four stars; and were thus relieved from thinking of themselves; above it, that all the decorations might not be void while another portion, composed of such as had of reality, was a living eagle, placed on a perch been affected by the discourse, feared that they and fastened by the leg, as ihe emblem of liberty ! should be overcome by the alarming appeals usual At this moment there was a pause in the regular to such occasions, and by diverting their attention, engagements; but the good people were by, no stopping their ears, or a suppressed shuddering, means idle.' The Americans, who are quick to
dine, had finished their refreshments. Many were , On the whole, it was a meeting highly creditable evidently ready to attend to such addresses as might to those who composed it. I saw not a single perbe made; but many also, who sat down to eat, rose son intoxicated; nor did I hear afterward a single up to play. These were giving themselves to all squabble, or of a pocket spoiled of its contents. It manner of practical jokes. Hats and the remnants is remarkable, too, and indicative of a great sense of bread were flying about; ladders were made of of feminine propriety, that I saw not within or human shoulders to convey water, and glasses, and about the place a single female._It was feared that bread, from those in the area to those in the galle- the meeting might provoke the Tories to come and
while in the centre of the picture a far more create a disturbance; but they were satisfied with earnest group were surrounding and surmounting the mischief they had already done, and remained some barrels of beer, the contents of which they quiet at the West End of the lown. were exhausting with alarming speed.
The evening of this celebration day was spent at A cry was made for silence and attention. The Mr. T.'s. I wish it accorded with my plan to give music stopped; but the multitude seemed little dis- you a sketch of the party which we had the gratifiposed to listen. A carman, with his frock on, came cation of meeting. Suffice it to say, that though it to the balcony. The fellow-feeling which the more was composed of the friends of temperance, there noisy had with him disposed them to attention.- was no want of elegant refreshments; that though That class of persons in New-York is thriving and composed of religious persons, it was cheerful and respectable; and this man was one of the best of his refined; that though composed of the two sexes, class. He had the good sense to make a short there was no want of ease in the intercourse or vaspeech; and he uttered himself with plain sense, riety of the conversation; and that though composstout honesty, and especially with decision on the ed of Americans, there was no lack of good-breedWhig side of the question. Trade, and of course, ing or benevolent attentions. In fact, that it was carts and wagons, had a vital interest in it. When the reverse of every thing lately held up to ridiculę he finished, hurrahs rang round the bulwarks, and under the denomination of “domestic manners," ascended into the air; and that nothing might be and equal to any thing to be found, of its own grade, wanting to the scene, the man who had the care of in the parent country. the eagle twitched the string and made the bird flap its wings over the assembly. But heroics did not long suit them; they eagerly returned to gossip, or
LETTER III. to sport, or to the barrels in the centre of the court, which were still rising in popular favor,
MY DEAR FRIEND-I must now take you with me Another call was made, and one of their orators to Washington, without pausing to expatiate on the came forward. He had no doubt claims on them, Hudson, or Philadelphia, or Baltimore, in our way: from his zeal in the cause, but he could have little A more favorable opportunity will occur for a brief to oratory, or the people would have been more notice of them. sensible of it. He raised a stentorian voice; but in Among the advantages of our speedy passage vain. Those at the windows and beneath him gaz- was the redemption of time; and of the time so reed and shouted; but his words died in his own at- deemed I was anxious to make the best possible mosphere, and could not subdue the conflicting use. It appeared to us that no appropriation of sounds in the distance. This gave a new charac- spare time could be better than that of employing ter to the picture. Speech-making and sport, the it for a visit to the capital, and the Congress which grave and the gay, were so mixed and opposed, as was then sitting; since it would not be possible to to make the whole, to an eye like Hogarth's, ex- have a well-balanced opinion of the country we ceedingly amusing and comical; while the num- were visiting, in total ignorance of the character bers of the meeting, the beauty of the thronged am- and proceedings of the American Parliament. phitheatre, opening only into the bright blue hea- It iook us three days to overcome the distance. vens, saved it from the trivial, and made it inte The first two days we travelled by steamboat, or resting and delightful. I observed it for some time; rail-road, and very pleasantly. The last day was and then, as the more respectable portion of the mostly consumed in going from Baltimore to Washassembly' was moving off," I prepared to leave ington; we were nearly seven hours in going less with it.
than forty miles, and sometimes with six horses.I soon found myself moving with a body which The road, though the highway to the capital, was had become processional, walking in order, and exceedingly bad; in many parts it was several inchthree or four abreast. It was understood that the es deep in dust and sand, and in others it was clogcelebrated Daniel Webster was at a house in the ged with loose stones as big as our paving-stones. neighborhood, and the procession moved in that di- No excuse could be offered for this, except that rection into the Broadway. The people gathered they were constructing a rail-road, and so were about the residence and cheered him. He advanced disposed to consign it to premature ruin. to the window. He could not have been heard in a This was the first time of using their siage coach, speech, and therefore contented himself with bow- and it calls for notice. It is very like the single ing, and throwing out at the top of his voice a few bodied coach which you have seen in France. It short sentences as watchwords to the party. They is heavy and strong, to meet the condition of the received them with hurrahs, and passed on in or- roads. "It carries no outside passengers; but it has der. The procession must have been quite a mile three seats within, and each seat receives three per. in length.
To atone for the want of external accommoAs this was the first, so it was the largest assem- dation, it is open all round, from the elbow upwards, blage of this interesting people, which I witnessed and the roof takes the appearance of a canopy. If while in the States. There was less of dignity and you wish to be enclosed, there are sliding shutters, gravity about it than I had been led to expect from partially glazed, to the doors, and leather curtains so grave a people; and there was more of English for the other openings; a provision that may do animation, humor, and audible expression of opi- very well in the summer, but which must be far nion, than I looked for, and more, certainly, than is from comfortable in the really cold weather. When usual. It is, however, to be remembered, that this we took our seats the vehicle was not full: and as was not a deliberative, but a commemorative occa- the day was very hot, we hoped not to be crowded; sion; and there was no crisis directly before them but before we had cleared the skirts of the town, to point the speeches or to quicken the attention. I three men, rough and large, sought admittance, Myself and an elderly lady occupied the back seat, | long, which would, indeed, be fine, if it were susand the stoutest of the three directed his movements tained by a fine growth of timber, or fine lines of towards us. We retired into our corners, and left habitations. him what room we could in the middle. He showed We were quickly found out by Mr. Post, the excel. some desire for the outer seats; but this was not lent minister of the first Presbyterian church, and regarded, and he took his place. I soon saw that he insisted on our removing to his dwelling; urging he had the abominable habit of chewing the that it was against usage in America to allow cler"noisome weed,” and began to fear for myself and gymen to stay at an inn. We met his kindness with the good lady; and he as soon began to look about relurning confidence, and passed several days in him for relief. He looked on my side; I sat for his family-days to which my memory will always ward and looked very grave; he looked on the lady, revert with pleasure. and regarding her as the weaker sex, he put his Our first concern was to visit the Capitol, and head forward and spat across her face into the road. become acquainted with the Congress, and our Nobody, not even the lady, seemed surprised at this, friend was anxious to secure to us every advantage. though she must have been annoyed. Ii was so often The Chamber of Representatives is always regardrepeated as to induce her to change seats with him; ed as the chief object of sight. It is indeed highly and I fear it must be said that the annoyance was imposing. It is a very large room, with its roof susthe more readily renewed in the hope of such an tained by lwenty-four fine marble columns of grand issue.
dimensions. The President, or chairman, has a . On the whole, it was an unpleasant ride. The raised and canopied seat in the centre of the country was not interesting; and, what with the straight line, with more glitter about it than you heat of the day, the dust of the road, the crowded would find about the British throne; and the desks state of the coach, and our slow progress, we were and seats of the members diverge from it in radiTendered weary and unwell. We were glad to be ating lines. A gallery runs behind the pillars, set down at Gadsby's hotel, which is very large, has through the course of the half circle. The genegood accommodations, and would be all you could ral impression was not on the whole pleasing. Less desire, if somewhat cleaner.
than one-third of the place was occupied; and the In the morning I did not find myself much re-empty space and large proportions of ihe room give freshed by rest. The glass had dropped down from a diminutiveness and insignificance to the persons 80° 10 70°, and being chilly and feverish, I deter- present. mined to take a tepid bath, and was directed to an There was not much of interest in this house at establishment at the back of the hotel for that pur- the time. But I heard one speech that was certainly pose. It was certainly a poor affair for such a place long, and that was considered to be good. The as Washington. An old woman, with the occa- speaker rose from his desk; his speech lay written sional help of her daughter, was in attendance. before him; he delivered it, however, without much She showed me to a room. It was a mere closet, reference to the document, and with a strong voice with a wooden bath, a brick floor, and no fire-place; and energetic manner. But it was all a forced efand the passage was the waiting room, She began fort, and of necessity it was such. No one listened to supply it with water; but I saw she had no guide to him, and he seemed to expect no one to listen. It to the heat. I said, " I want it at 90 degrees." —"It was understood by both parties that he was using will do, sir," was her reply. Unsatisfied, I said, the house as a medium of speech to his constituents "Have you no thermometer ?”—“O no; it was across the Alleganies; and they seemed content to broke some time ago." "It is a strange thing,"Isaid, have it so. It is in this way that the floor is occu"to have a bath establishment and no thermome- pied here for two or more days together; and that ter!” “0," she cried, " I'se can tell, as is used to it the most important business of the state is post-It's blood heat-I know it's blood heat.” And so poned or neglected, while the house is afflicted with saying she left me. I tried it; it was 96° or 98°speeches which none will hear, and which are This was not all. Another gentleman came and meant to be pamphlets that, with few exceptions, ordered a bath. The cocks leaked; so that when none will read. the hot water was turned on his bath from the main The celebrated Colonel Crockett made an adpipe, it began to flow into mine, and I was in dan- vance on this vicious usage, and it would be a great ger of getting hotter than I wished. There was no relief if his proposal were acted on. It is said he bell; and my only remedy was in quitting it earlier rose and claimed the notice of the chair, and stated than I designed.
that he had many times tried to obtain the floor, but Washington is well placed on a fork of the Po- had been so unfortunate as not to succeed; that he tomac. The plan of the city is magnificent; it is was now leaving to visit his constituents; and as he laid down in right lines, answering to the cardinal could not then deliver his speech, he begged to know points of the compass, and these are intersected by whether he might publish it as a speech intended to diagonal lines to prevent a tiresome uniformity have been delivered in the Congress. People were of aspect. It is a city that is to be, however; and so uncandid, however, in the colonel's case, as to is never likely to become what was intended, as its think this was a mere trick; and that he wanted to distance from the sea, and other disadvantages, impress the public with a belief that he had sought deny it the benefits of commerce. While it is wait- an opportunity to make an important speech, ing to be something better, it appears less than it is. had not been able to find it, when in fact he had no It is computed to have a population of 30,000 per- such speech to deliver. sons; but from the width of the streets, with a com- The Senate Chamber is of far less size, and of parative meanness of the buildings, and from the no pretensions; but it is well adapted to its uses, and Scattered and unfinished state of every thing, you therefore gives the eye satisfaction. All the interwould think 10,000 the utmost amount. There is, est, too, at this time, was here. The larger house too, a want of timber about here, which gives a had agreed to sustain the President in his measures nakedness to the picture that does not please you, against the Bank; but in the Senate, some strong and leaves you in doubt whether it is a city shrink- resolutions had been adopted against them. The ing from its dimensions into riin, or ascending up- President sent down a protest on the subject, and wards to life and magnificence. The only build- the excitement was raised to the highest. The ocings of importance are the President's house and casion called up all their best speakers; and if they the Capitol; and these are connected by an avenue spoke with less preparation, they spoke under those some 120 feet wide, and about a mile and a half (present impulses which throw out a man's best
thoughts in his best manner. It was really a fine It was pleasing to find that a number of the memopportunity.
bers were formed into a Temperance Society; and Were it not that one is aware what confusion will that a smaller number were accustomed to meet arise among shrewd men, by the action of strong weekly for religious exercises. Many of the elder party prejudices and sudden excitation, it would members too, whose minds are certainly not under have been concluded that this deliberative body had a religious influence, have, since the days of Jeffervery small knowledge of the laws of debate. The son, come to a conclusion that religion is essential discussion soon turned from the principal subject to to the stability of their institutions. This is salua point of order, and strange to say, it was two days tary. in disposing of this point of order. The party op- Before leaving the Capitol, do you expect that I posed to the protest proposed some resolutions to should sketch it? It stands on a swell of land, the effect that the protest he not received, and for which is so abrupt on one side as to have the efreasons contained in the protest. Their object was fect of being artificial. The inclination should be to prevent the protest being entered on the records; made far less acute. The erection is of very large but their resolutions made it necessary. The other dimensions, approaching, though still very distant, party saw this error, and proposed, as an amend to our St. Paul's. It is composel of two wings and ment, that the word not be omitted, and for reasons a centre; and the centre is graced with steps, porcontained in the protest; so that which ever way tico, and dome. The columns of the portico are they dealt with it, they would do what the objecting too slender; and they are made to look more so, party wished to avoid-place the protest on the mi- from the oppressive flights of steps which lead to
them. The smaller domes and semicircular lights None of them could see their way out of this ! in the roof, are dissights which might readily be They contended that the protest was received, and avoided. It is, however, with these and other that it was not received; that no amendment could faults, a grand building, and every where in the be proposed which was a contradiction to the ori- distance, has a very striking effect. There is, in ginal proposition: they applied to the chair; they its principal front, a monument which was prepared applied from the chair to the senate; and from the in Italy. It is not only unworthy of Italy, but of senate back again to the chair; till they were more America. Were the names not on it, it would say than thrice confounded.
nothing; and, worse than all, it stands in a basin of The Senate is now unusually rich in distinguish- water. ed men. In this, and some following discussions, The President's house is the reverse of the Capiwe heard most of them: Clay, Webster, Calhoun, tol; and the two places might be supposed to indiClayton, Leigh, Ewing, Frelinghuysen, and For- cate the genius of the people. It has no pretensions; syth. I should like to give you a sketch of these but is a plain erection in the Grecian style; and, men, as they dwell in my memory, but opportunity in size and aspect, resembles greatly the modern fails me; and perhaps I might do them some injus- dwelling of our country gentleman. It is howtice if I attempted any thing more than general im- ever, not unsuitable to the claims of Washington, pression, from such slight opportunities of knowing and the other provisions made for the chief magisthem. Suffice it to say, Clay's strength is in popu- trate by the constitution. lar address; Webster's, in cool argument; Cal- Our kind friends had taken care to supply us houn's, in his imagination, and his weakness too; with many letters of introduction for Washington, Frelinghuysen's, in his truly Christian character; and among them was one for the President. if we Ewing's, in his stout honesty, notwithstanding his had intended, we had no occasion to use it. An inpad taste and false quotations; and Forsyth's, in timation was made by one of the household that the his vanity-certainly, in my eye, the very image of President would have pleasure in receiving a call self-complacency:
from us. It was of course accepted. It was in the On the whole, I was much gratified in becoming evening of the day; and Mr. Post was with us. acquainted with the Congress of this great empire. We were received with respect, but without formYet I must candidly admit, that it fell somewhat ality. The President is tall; full six feet in height. below my expectations. In its presence I was not He stoops now, and is evidently feeble. The therimpressed, as I think I should have been in the pre- mometer was at 72 deg., but he was near a strong sence of the men who signed the Declaration; and fire. He is sixty-eight years of age. He is soldiermy eye wandered over the assembly, anxiously like and gentlemanly in his carriage; his manners seeking ancther Washington, who, by his moral were courteous and simple, and put us immediately worth, menta! sagacity, and unquestionable patriot- at ease with him. He conversed freely; chiefly of ism, should, in a second crisis, become the confi- the older country, as interesting to us. He expressdence and salvation of his country; but it wander- ed pleasure at the growing intercourse between the ed in vain. Such a one might bave been there; the countries; at the arrival of ourselves as a deputation occasion might bring out many such; but I failed to in evidence of this; and at the prospect there was of receive such an impression. Nor do I think, on the continued peace. "He spoke of the Banking queswhole, that the representation is worthy of the peo- tion also without reserve. He thought there was a reple. It has less of a religious character than you semblance between the state of the moneyed interest would expect from so religious a people; and it has in America, and its state with us in 1825, and was also less of an independent character than should desirous of information. We conversed of it freely, belong to so thriving a people. But as matters stand, and for some time. Without judging his opinions, it is now only a sacrifice for the thriving man to be with which, as they are political, I have nothing to a member of Congress; while, to the needy man, it do in this communication, my impression was, that is a strong temptation. In this state of things, it is he held them with a strong conviction that they not wonderful that the less worthy person snould were right, and beneficial for the country. After labor hard to gain an election; or that, when it remaining about half an hour, we took our leave, gained, he should consider his own interests rather with very pleasant recollections of our interview. than those of his constituents. The good Ameri- Some days afterward we received an invitation cans must look to this, and not suffer themselves to to dine with the President. By this time the exbe absorbed in the farm and merchandise; lest, on citement on the Bank question had risen very high; an emergency, they should be surprised to find their and it was reported that his dwelling was guarded fine country, and all its fine prospects, in the hands by troops, from fear of assault on his person. Inof a lew ambitious and ill-principled' demagogues. I stead of which there was less of form than before.