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grace, you will cleave to him as your chief good; with authority to enjoin upon all the subjects an atihat you will give diligent attention to his word, and tendance upon the instructions of the public teachers worship, and ordinances; that you will seek the aforesaid, at stated times and seasons, if there be honor of his name, and the interests of his king- any on whose instructions they can conscientiously dom; and that henceforth, denying all ungodliness and conveniently attend :-Provided, notwithstandand every worldly lust, you will live soberly, and ing, that the several towns, parishes, precincts, and righteously, and godly in the world.
other bodies politic or religious societies, shall at all You do now cordially join yourself to this as a times have the exclusive right of electing their pubChurch of Christ, engaging to submit to its disci- lic teachers, and of contracting with them for their pline, so far as conformable to the rules of the gos- support and maintenance. And all moneys paid pel; and solemnly covenanting to strive, as far as by the subject to the support of public worship, and in you lies, for its gospel peace, edification, and pu- of the public teachers aforesaid, shall, if he require rity; and to walk with its members in all member- it, be uniformly applied to the support of the public like love, faithfulness, circumspection, meekness, teacher or teachers of his own religious sect or deand sobriety. Thus you covenant and promise. nomination, provided there be any on whose in
We then, the members of this Church of Christ, structions he attends; otherwise, it may be paid todo now receive you into our communion, and pro- wards the support of the teacher or teachers of mise to watch over you with Christian affection and the parish or precinct in which the said moneys are tenderness, ever treating you in love as a member raised. And every denomination of Christians, of the body of Christ, who is head over all things demeaning themselves peaceably, and as good subto the Church.
jects of the commonwealth, shall be equally under This we do, imploring the Great Shepherd of Is- | the protection of the law; and no subordination of rael, our Lord and Redeemer, that both we and you any one sect or denomination to another shall erer may have wisdom and grace to be faithful in his be established by law. covenant, and to glorify him with the holiness which becomes his house for ever.
AMENDMENT AS PROPOSED IN MASSACHUSETTS IN 1820.
As the happiness of a people, and the good order And now, beloved in the Lord, let it be deeply and preservation of civil government, essentially impressed upon your minds, that you have entered depend upon piety, religion, and morality; and as into new and solemn obligations. Henceforward, these cannot be generally diffused through a comyou can never be as you have been. The vows munity but by the public worship of God; and as which, in presence of God, angels, and men, you the public worship of God will be best promoted by have now assumed, will follow you through life to recognising the unalienable right of every man to the judgment-seat of Christ; and in whatever state render that worship in the mode most consistent your final destiny be fixed, they will for ever abide with the dictates of his own conscience; therefore, upon you. If you walk worthily of your profession, no person shall by law be compelled to join, or sup you will be to us an ornament and a delight; but if port, or be classed with, or associated to, any conotherwise, a shame, a grief of heart, and å vexation.gregation or religious society whatever; but every And if a wo be pronounced against him who of person now belonging to any religious society, fends one of Christ's little ones, wo, wo be to him whether incorporated or unincorporated, shall be who offends a whole church! But, beloved, be not considered a member thereof, until he shall have overwhelmed by these considerations; for we are separated himself therefrom, in the manner hereinpersuaded better things concerning you, and things after provided. And each and every society, or deihat accompany salvation, though we thus speak. nomination of Christians, in this state, shall have May the Lord guide you by his counsel; and, when and enjoy the same and equal power, rights, and the trials of this short warfare shall have been end- privileges, and shall have power and authority to ed, receive you and us to the church triumphant in raise money, for the support and maintenance of glory, where our love shall be for ever perfect, and religious teachers of their respective denominations, our joy for ever full!
and to build and repair houses of public worship, by a tax on the members by any such society only,
to be laid by a major vote of ihe legal voters asVI.
sembled at any society meeting, warned and held The Law on Religion.
according to law.
Provided nevertheless, that if any person shall
choose to separate himself from the society or deno As the happiness of the people, and the good or- mination to which he may belong, and shall leave a der and preservation of civil government, essen- written notice thereof with the clerk of such socitially depend upon piety, religion, and moralily; ety, he shall thereupon be no longer liable for any and as these cannot be generally diffused through future expenses which may be incurred by said soa community but by the institution of the public ciety: worship of God, and of public instructions in piety,
denomination of Christians demean religion, and morality :-therefore, to promote their ing themselves peaceably and as good citizens of happiness, and to secure the good order and
the commonwealth, shall equally under the pro
preservation of their government, the people of this tection of the law, and no subordination of any one commonwealth have a right to invest their legisla- sect or denomination to another shall ever be estature with power to authorize and require, and the blished by law. legislature shall, from time to time authorize and THE LAW AS IT IS IN MASSACHUSETTS, PASSED IN JUNA, require, the several towns, parishes, precincts, and
1833. other bodies politic, and religious societies, to make suitable provision, at their own expense, for the in- As the happiness of the people, and the good or. stitution of the public worship of God, and for the der, and preservation of civil government, essensupport and maintenance of public Protestant tially depend upon piety, religion, and morality; teachers of piety, religion, and morality, in all and as these cannot be generally diffused through a cases where such provision shall not be made vo community, but by the institution of the public worluntarily. And the people of this commonwealth ship of God, and of public instructions in piety, relihave also a right to, and do, invest their legislature gion, and morality; therefore, to promote their hapo
THE LAW AS IT WAS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
THL LAW IN VIRGINIA.
THE LAW IN NEW JERSEY AND GEORGIA.
piness and secure the good order and preservation
VII. of their government, the people of this commonwealth have a right to make suitable provision at
Welsh Settlements. their own expense for the institution of the public worship of God, and for the support and mainten
Ebensburgh, July 20, 1834. ance thereof. Provided, that all religious societies
REV. AND DEAR SIR-Agreeably to my promise, I shall, at all times, have the exclusive right of elect- shall endeavor to give you a brief sketch of the his ing their public teachers, and of contracting with tory of the society denominated Independents in this them for their support and maintenance, and, pro- place, In the years 1794, 1795, and 1796, a consivided also, that the obligations of no existing con. derable number of Welsh families emigrated from tract shall be hereby impaired.
Wales to this country. The Rev. Morgan J. Rhees, And all religious sects and denominations, de- an educated and respectable Baptist minister, was meaning themselves peaceably and as good citizens among the first of them. They came with the inof the commonwealth, shall be equally under the tention of forming a Welsh settlement in some conprotection of the law; and no subordination of any venient place, and Mr. Rhees, acting as their leader, sect or denomination to another shall ever be esta applied to Congress to grant a tract of land for this blished by law.
In this he did not succeed, and many other attempts to obtain a suitable spot were equally unsuccessful. It appeared as if Providence shut
and bolted every door against us, only the one on Be it therefore enacted, by the General Assembly, the top of the Allegany mountain. Mr. Khees form"That no man shall be compelled to frequent or ed forty or fifty of the Welsh people, who found a support any religious worship, place, or ministry temporary residence in and about Philadelphia, into whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, mo- a church; containing nearly an equal number of lested, or burdened in his body or goods, nor 'shall Baptists, Independents, and Calvinistic Methodists. otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions Mr. Rhees administered the Lord's Supper for the or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, first time, I think, in July, 1796. I still think that and by argument to maintain, their opinions in we enjoyed a very precious and refreshing season. matters of religion, and that the same shall in no Mr. Rees Lloyd, an Independent minister, adminiswise diminish, enlarge or affect their civil capa- In the fall
of that year, and the spring of 1797, 8
tered the Supper in the same church in August.cities."
Act for the establishing of Religious Freedom, number of families arrived at this place, and in passed in the Assembly of Virginia, a. D. 1786. April the Independent Church was formed, consist
ing of twenty-four members; of these, twelve had belonged to the Calvinistic Methodists. The Rev.
Rees Lloyd, who had been ordained in Wales, drew No person shall ever, within this colony, be de- up a confession of his faith, which agreed in subprived of the inestimable privilege of worshipping stance with the Assembly's Catechism; and a church Almighty God in a manner agreeable to the dic-covenant, consisting of ten particulars, all of which tates of his own conscience; nor, under any pre- were adopted by the church; and at that time they tence whatever, be compelled to attend any place of chose Mr. Lloyd to be their pastor, and your humworship contrary to his own faith and judgment; ble servant to be deacon. The church progressed nor shall any person within this colony ever be perhaps as might be expected, laboring for nany obliged to pay tithes, taxes, or any other rates, for years under many disadvantages, the country being the purpose of building or repairing any other new. The Lord's Supper was administered once church or churches, place or places of Worship, or every four weeks, except in some instances, when for the maintenance of any minister or ministry, wine could not be had. Once a fortnight, on a contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- / Wednesday, we met for devotional exercises and liberately and voluntarily engaged himself to per conversation on religious subjects, doctrinal and exform.
perimental. Mr. Lloyd preached generally twice
every Sabbath. Our toil and difficulties in the wilTHE LAW IN NEW YORK, CONNECTICUT, CAROLINA, AND derness were great. We were much scattered, and
had no roads; but we often found it good to draw
near to God, in attending to the means above menThe free exercise and enjoyment of religious pro- ten persons by letter, before the close of the year
tioned. By the best accounts we have, we received fession and worship, without diserimination or pre- 1801; and from that time till the close of 1809, we ference, shall, for ever hereafter, be allowed within this State to all mankind : Provided, that the liber-received by letter nineteen, and by examination ty of conscience thereby declared shall not be so
twenty-nine. It ought to be recorded with graticonstrued as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or jus- tude, that in the year 1804, the Lord in a very gra. tify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety
cious manner visited the settlement with a precious of this State.
revival. “The Lord did for us at this time great things; our mouth was filled with laughter, and our
tongue with singing." The greater part of the THE LAW OF PENNSYLVANIA, KENTUCKY, TENNESSEE,
number last mentioned, as received by examination, OHIO, INDIANA, AND ILLINOIS.
may be considered as the fruit of this revival; and
these, with few exceptions, have held on their way. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to In the year 1805, I was called by the church to speak worship Almighty God according to the dictates of publicly, by way of trial; and in June, 1806, was ortheir own consciences; and no man can, of right, dained by Mr. Lloyd, and called by the church to be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place officiate as co-pastor with him. Mr. William Tibof worship, or to maintain any ministry, against his bot, who had preached for many years in Wales, consent; that no human authority, can, in any case was ordained at the same time, and coming to live whatever, control or interfere with the rights of at the settlement, he was shortly after called by the conscience; and that no preference shall ever be church to be co-pastor with Mr. Lloyd and myself. given, by law, to any religious establishments or in the fall of 1817, Mr. Lloyd left us on the most modes of worship.
friendly terms, and went to serve a vacart churoh
composed chiefly of Welsh people, within twenty-casionally in need of some addition to their supplies, three miles of Cincinnati. He is yet living, but is such as fuel, flannels, hose, &c. A Benevolent Aso now superannualed. In January, 1822, Mr. Tib-sociation of Ladies explores the several wards of the bot's connection with the church was dissolved un-city, and furnishes what may be needed. Orphans der very unpleasant circumstances; and in 1827 he may be accommodated by the city, at the asylum died. He was an excellent preacher; I have no for the poor. But the ladies of the different relidoubt that his ministry had been owned and blessed gious denominations have formed themselves into in a special manner. In the summer of 1822, Mr. one benevolent association for the more complete Morris Jones arrived here from Wales. In the fol- supervision of this interesting class of sufferers.-lowing winter he was called by the church to exer- The society has obtained "incorporation," and obcise his gifts as a speaker; and in April, 1827, he tained adequate funds for their institution from priaccepted a unanimous call to serve them as co-pas- vate contributions. We have also for the improvetor with myself. In August, 1826, it pleased the ment of morals, besides the ordinary religious inLord to cause somewhat of a shaking among the dry Auence of the sanctuary, the Bible, and Tract, and bones; and in a few months about twenty persons Sunday-school Associations, which severally exwere admitted as members, whom we consider as plore every corner of the city. The Temperance the fruits of this excitement. We enjoyed at that Society, and a very large and influential "Society time some sweet and precious seasons. The church, of Young Men,” (under thirty years of age,) unite since Mr. Tibbot left us, has progressed with a good to promote the general interests of morality and degree of unanimity, and contains at this time up- knowledge. They publish a weekly paper called wards of two hundred members in full communion, “The Friend,”—have founded a public library,-and living within four or five miles of our meeting- and are extending branches through the neighborhouse. Our meetings, and our Sanday-schooling districts. The influence of all ihese associations (which commenced in 1819,) have been, and conti- is decided and manifest, but they are not so efficient nue to be, well attended. We hare been for some and complete as their evident advance gives proyears in a very lukewarm state, yet not without oc- mise that they will be. Our city is recent, composcasional additions. We can say with good John ed of individuals from all nations, who have not got Newton, that we are not what we ought to be, what rid of all those peculiarities and prejudices which we would be, or what we hope to be; yet I trust are partial impediments to combination and suffithat we are not what we once were; and that it is cient action. But associated action is daily improve by the grace of God we are what we are. We should ing; suppleness, mutual confidence, and success, are not forget the goodness of God, among many other redeeming previous desect. You are aware we have things, in giving us a convenient house in which to a double task to perform; to amend the obliquities worship him. It is a good strong building of brick, and perfect the characters of our settled population, forty feet square, with galleries on three sides. It and properly dispose of a host of emigrants, concost us about one thousand four hundred dollars; sisting of the more neglected population of Europe. ihe money was nearly all collected among us, with- In the statistical table furnished above, we have out any serious difficulty, and paid according to con- not found ourselves at liberty, or inclined to make tract.
any alterations, as the information was furnished by Hoping that you and your Rev. colleague may the several denominations, and is, we believe, subreturn to your families and charges very much ani- stantially correct, with the exception of No. 13, mated, that your visit may be a great blessing to which, although believed by the reporter, we are both countries, and that you may be very useful till confident is overdrawn, as is the estimate of their death,
force through the nation at large. We might add, I remain, with Christian affection, that in the circle contemplated by this report, are GEORGE ROBERTS, seated the Theological Schools of the Associated Re
formed Church, and the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Church of the United States, both of REMARKS.—The Common Schools are numerous which have received considerable donations from and sufficient; all the voluntary provision of the the vicinity. instructers and the neighborhood. Classical educa
LUTHER STALSEY. tion is also supplied to all who choose to pay the
A. L. CAMPBELL. price of tuition, by teachers who depend on their reputation and skill for support. It is rarely found
VIII. that any citizen (unless from Europe) is unable to read or write; the freedom of the press, the elec- History of the Free Churches in the City of tive franchise, the absence of monopolies and all re
New York. straints upon industry and ascent, together with the
TO REV. ANDREW REED, LONDON. diffusion of moral influence from the different religious societies, are found to produce excitement
New York, February 1, 1835. enough to secure a practical and universal edu- Rev. AND DEAR SIR-Our mutual friend, Rev. cation.
William Patton, having communicated to me your Objects, benevolent and moral, are found to be at- desire to receive information concerning the Free tained by voluntary exertion. We have one asylum Churches in this city, I will very cheerfully give for the poor, which is provided by the city. But as you such facts in my possession as may be interesta result of the popular nature of our political or- ing and useful to you or others on this subject. It ganization, and the general diffusion of knowledge, would have given much pleasure to any of the a spirit of independence is generated among the brethren, conversant with the facts, to have commupoor, which makes them averse to their being with- nicated them to you when you were in this city, if drawn from the mass of citizens. Our public pau- they had enjoyed the opportunity: And as other pers are therefore few. Our churches, generally, persons have made similar inquiries, it may not be have a stated collection, at the season of administer- improper to publish this letter for their information ing the “ Lord's Supper," which sum is applied to also. the occasional and partial needs of the poor of the In the month of May, 1830, two individuals (the congregations, by the pastor and other church offi- one a member of the Reformed Dutch, and the other cers. Our winters are long, and in this season, the of the Presbyterian Church) who had frequently females and children of the laboring families are oc- mourned together over the desolations of Zion, in:
vited a meeting of three or four Christian friends | doubts were expressed as to the ability of the perto deliberate upon the subject of commencing a new sons engaged in the enterprise to sustain it. At church. Rev. Joel Parker, then pastor of a Presby- length a commission was appointed to organize the terian Church in Rochester, New York, (being pro- church; and this solemnity, together with the ordividentially in the city,) was invited to attend the nation of two elders, took place on the 221 Septemmeeting. The brethren interchanged their feelings ber, 1830. The church consisted of sixteen memand opinions with respect to the state of religion in bers, seven male and nine female. the city; the almost total exclusion of the poor from The church had the communion on the first Sabthe Presbyterian and Dutch Churches; the great bath in each month, and received accessions on neglect of the careless and impenitent on the part every occasion; and the Sabbath school rapidly inof professing Christians; and the importance of creased. In order to ascertain the moral destitution more direct and faithful efforts for their conversion of this section of the city (the first ward, containing The result of this conference was a pledge on the at that time not less than nine churches of different part of the five individuals referred to, to take denominations,) various experiments were made.prompt measures for the commencement of a new One of them was the following: The Sabbath congregation; a guarantee of a sufficient sum to de- school teachers districted the whole ward, and visitfray the expenses of public worship; and an en- ed it for the purpose of ascertaining the number of gagement on the part of Mr. Parker to be the mi- young persons who did not attend any Sabbath nister, provided his own church and presbytery school. * In three weeks eighty-seven persons, who would consent to his removal.
were not attached to any other, were enrolled in our The church at Rochester, with a readiness and school. In these visitations, families and indiviunanimity worthy of all commendation, consented duals were invited to attend the meeting, and suitato the translation of their beloved pastor to a field ble places were sought out in which to hold neighof greater usefulness; and the new congregation in borhood prayer-meetings. The keepers of two groNew York conımenced its existence under his mi- ceries consented to have prayer-meetings held over nistry on the 27th June, 1830, in a room formerly their shops, and it was observed that thereafter they occupied as a lecture-room by Rev. John B. Ro- did not open them for the sale of liquors, as before, meyn, Thames-street.
on the Sabbath. It is worthy of remark here, that the church that On the 20th of February, 1831, owing to their had so disinterestedly given up their pastor, was place of worship being too small to accommodate blessed temporally and spiritually immediately af- all the persons who thronged to hear the word, the ter, thereby verifying the divine promise, “ He that congregation met in the Masonic Hall, in Broadwatereth, shall be watered also himself.” The con- way, at that time the largest and most central hall gregation made a successful effort to pay off a large in the city. Here it continued to assemble until the debt that had greatly troubled them, and one of the 9th October. After the commencement of public most powerful revivals of religion took place in that worship in this hall, it was usually filled. The Sabcongregation and city that has been known in this bath school was greatly increased, and several Bible country.
classes were formed. The minister, elders, teachers The congregation in Thames-street originally in the Bible classes and Sabbath school, and, in fact, consisted of only three families. The "upper room” every member of the church, considered it their where they assembled had been hastily fiited up to duty to labor personally and unitedly for the imme accommodate about 350 persons, at an expense not diate conversion of sinners. They believed it to be exceeding 125 dollars. A Sabbath school was com- sinful, and leading people to perdition, to tell them menced the first Lord's day, composed of five child to "wait God's time," or to tell them to "go home ren, and one of the projectors as superintendent.- and repent;" and therefore inculcated that God rePublic notice had been given by placards posted up quired sinners to repent now. The teachers in the in the streets, and advertisemenis in the newspa- Sabbath school felt that they could not continue to pers, of the new place of public worship. The con- teach unless some of their scholars were converted gregation at first was about forty persons, and gra- every Lord's day. The consequence was, converdually increased to nearly 400, filling the hall and sions took place continually, and the school and Bithe passages. There were two sessions of the Sab- ble classes were made truly the nursery of the bath schools every Lord's day, and three religious church. The hall being situated in one of the great services; Mr. Parker regularly delivering three thoroughfares of the city, many persons who stepped discourses every Sabbath, and a lecture on each in from curiosity were convicted and converted.Wednesday evening, besides attending a church Among others, a young man, who ran in to escape prayer-meeting once a week at a private dwelling- a shower, was hopefully converu'd the same evenhouse. About half the sermons were wholly extem- ing. poraneous. The Holy Spirit appeared to attend Real estate is extravagantly high in the lower ihe preached word from the beginning. A young part of the city, and the congregation did not poswoman was hopefully converted under the first ser- sess the means of purchasing lots and building a mon, and the number of persons awakened increas- house for public worship. Four substantial brick ed weekly.
stores, occupied by grocers, at the corner of Dey and Application was made to the American Home Washington-streets, forming an area of seventy feet Missionary Society to take this infant congregation by eighty, being offered at auction, it was ascertain. under its charge; but on account of the unpopulari-ed that the upper lofts could be converted into a ly of the undertaking, the Executive Committee chapel, while the first story could be let for enough thought it prudent to decline the overture. Appli- to cover the interest of the purchase money, and cation was next made to the First Presbytery of part of the expense of fitting up a place for public New York, to organize the church under the name worship. After seeking divine direction, the estate of the First Free Church of the city of New York. was purchased. Money was hired on a long term Great opposition was made in this ecclesiastical of years for a large part of the cost, and a bond and body. The name (Free Church) was objected to, mortgage given as security; a part of the balance and the necessity of a new church in the lower part was hired on the personal security of a few memof the city was denied. It was also said that a new bers of the church, while the expense of fitting up church and Sabbath school could not be built up the house was raised by subscription, chiefly among without subtracting the members and scholars from the congregation. The chambers were thrown into existing churches and Sabbath schools; and strong a hall, the walls were raised, and the place prepared to accommodate from 800 to 1,000 persons, being | weeks in succession it has been known to be crowdexactly of the same size as the church in Broome- ed every evening, during a protracted meeting, Mr. street, occupied by the congregation lately under the Finney preaching every evening. pastoral care of Rev. William Patton. The ex- Several of the young members of the two Free pense was about 7,000 dollars. The congregation Churches, seeing how remarkably God had prosvoted to have all the seats FREE, and consequently pered the efforts already made to convert sinners, dispensed with pew doors. Experience had shown and being desirous to be more useful than they could that the system of free churches, if judiciously plan- be in these churches, already so large, resolved to ned and properly sustained, was the means, under commence another Free Church. One of them, a God, of drawing in large numbers of persons who young mechanic, who had been converted in the are too often excluded from houses of public wor- First Free Church, stated, that “he felt it to be his ship, in consequence of the pews being owned or duty to do something for the cause of Christ ; that occupied by those who make no direct efforts to ac- it was seven months since he had professed religion, commodate persons in humble life, or those who and he had done but little; and that he was willing need to be urged to attend public worship.
to give of the Lord's money committed to him, one As it had been determined by the congregation thonsand dollars a year, for the promotion of the not to let the stores underneath the church to tenants Redeemer's kingdom in the city.”A similar spirit who trafficked in ardent spirits, the persons who had actuated his associates, and they gave according occupied them for several years were notified there was the Lord had prospered them.” After consuliof, when it was found that the stores could not be ation and prayer, the colonists assembled for public leased, with this condition, for so much, by several worship at the Masonic Hall, on the 9th December, hundred dollars per annum, as they otherwise could 1832. "Rev. D. C. Lansing, who had been invited have been. But the congregation adhering to their from Utica, New York, to take the pastoral charge, determination, a change of tenants took place.- preached on the occasion. The church, consisting Hard things were said at the time by many profes- of thirty-five members, was organized at the same sors of religion at this ultra procedure, but the time by a commission appointed by the third Preschurch had the gratification to receive into its com- bytery of New York. Dr. Lansing was installed munion, soon after, some individuals from the im- on the 10th February, 1833, and two of the young mediate neighborhood, who had recently renounced men were ordained elders, July 14. A lot of ground, the business of selling '“ distilled damnation" by the eligibly situated at the corner of Houston and Thomcask and quart. Two of them are now elders of son-streets, in the eighth ward, having been prohis church.
cured, a spacious, but neat house of public worship The new church having been completed, the con- was erected, at an expense of about 11,000 dollars. gregation assembled there on the 16th day of Octo- The congregation assembled in it December 29th, ber, 1831. It was crowded the first Sabbath. So 1833, being precisely one year from the formation many accessions were made to the church soon after of the church; and the vicinity has been found to a protracted meeting, which commenced immedi- be a great field of usefulness. ately after the church was opened for public wor- On the 5th January, 1834, a colony from the Seship, that it was deemed a duty to commence a second Church, consisting of thirty-five persons, comcond free church without delay. Accordingly, on menced a new congregation, called the FOURTH the 14th of February, 1832, three of the elders, to- FREE PRESBYTERIAN CHORCH. They first met in a gether with thirty-six other members, were organiz- hall at the corner of Hester-street and the Bowery, ed into a church, under the title of the SECOND under the ministry of Rev. Arthur Granger. On FREE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH of New York. They the 19th day of October, 1834 (Mr. Granger having met in Broadway Hall, about a mile from the Dey taken a dismission,) the Rev. Isaac Newton Sprague street church, until the following May. Rev. E. P. was installed pastor. The congregation hired the Barrows preached as stated supply during this old brewery in the fourth ward, at the corner of period, and his labors were blessed in the conver- Madison and Catharine-streets, where public worsion of many souls.
ship was commenced on the 9th day of November, Rev. Charles G. Finney having been invited to 1834. the city, by individuals belonging to the First and The congregation have recently purchased these Second
Free Churches, and the spacious Chatham- lots for the purpose of erecting a 'church, on the street Theatre having been procured, and fitted up plan of the First Free Church, and meantime a spafor a place of public worship, and for the religious cious hall has been hired at the corner of the Bowanniversaries, it was deemed best to relinquish the ery and Division-street, that will contain from 800 to plan for the present of a Third Free Church, and 1,000 persons, and the congregation will occupy it io invite the Second Free Church to occupy the old until their edifice shall be completed. theatre, now styled the Chatham-STREET CHAPEL.- Preparations are making by members of the Accordingly, on the 6th May, 1832, they assembled First and Third Free Churches, together with at the place, and Mr. Finney preached from these some individuals from the old churches, to form a words, “Who is on the Lord's side ?” The expense FIFth FREE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH in a convenient of fitting up the theatre for a house of God, and con- and central situation. One of the churches hereto verting ihe saloons into lecture and Sabbath school fore organized on the old system, has recently rerooms, was nearly 7,000 dollars; and about half of ceived a small colony from the Third Free Church, that sum was contributed by members of other and will be organized as the Sixth Free Church in churches, on condition that the chapel might be oc- the city. cupied by the public at the religious anniversaries. The First Free Church has admitted 753 memOn the 28th September, Mr. Finney was installed bers; 301 males and 452 females; 493 of whom pastor, by a commission appointed by the third Pres- united on profession of faith, and 260 on certifibytery (a branch of the first Presbyiery.) Sermon cates from other churches. The adult baptisms by Mr. Parker, from these words: “Except the have been 303, and 27 young men are preparing for Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build the ministry. Rev. Joel Parker's pastoral relation it; except the Lord keep the city, the watchman to this church terminated on the 27th day of Ocwaketh but in vain."
tober, 1833, by the unanimous consent of the church, It is supposed that the chapel will contain at least in obedience to the Saviour's injunction, “Freely 2,500 persons. The attendance has generally been ye have received, freely give;" and he embarked large, and frequently the house is filled. For three l for New Orleans, to take charge of the Second