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STATISTICAL RETURNS TAKEN BY THE DEPUTATION IN THE COURSE OF
EMALLER DENOMNATIONS, WHICH CANNOT BE DIVIDED AMONG THE DIFFERENT STATES, THE PROPORTIONS
NOT BEING KNOWN.
RELIGIOUS STATISTICS FOR THE WHOLE TWENTY-FOUR STATES.
• The Methodist Denomination do not divide their numbers in New England among the different States statistically, so that they are put in one number at the close of New York.
NATURAL THEOLOG Y,
THE NATURE OF THE EVIDENCE AND THE ADVANTAGES
OF THE STUDY.
HENRY LORD BROUGHAM, F. R. 8.,
AND MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FRANCE
THOMAS GEORGE, JR., 162 NASSAU STREET.
TO JOHN CHARLES EARL SPENCER. could be obtained was devoted to this object, and to
a careful revision of what had been written in a The composition of this Discourse was under season less auspicious for such speculations. taken in consequence of an observation which I I inscribe the fruits of those studies to you, not had often made, that scientific men were apt to re- merely as a token of ancient friendship—for that gard the study of Natural Religion as little connect you do not require; nor because I always have ed with philosophical pursuits. Many of the per- found you, whether in possession or in resistance sons to whom I allude, were men of religious habits of power, a fellow-laborer to maintain our common of thinking; others were free from any disposition principles, alike firm, faithful, disinterested-for towards skepticism, rather because they had not your known public character wants no testimony much discussed the subject, than because they had from me; nor yet because a work on such a subject formed fixed opinions upon it after inquiry. But needs the patronage of a great name—for it would the bulk of them relied little upon Natural Theolo- be affectation in me to pretend any such motive; gy, which they seemed to regard as a speculation but because you have devoted much of your time built rather on fancy than on argument; or, at any to such inquiries-are beyond most men sensible of rate, as a kind of knowledge quite different from their importance--concur generally in the opinions either physical or moral science. It therefore ap- which I profess to maintain-and had even formed peared to me desirable to define, more precisely the design of giving to the world your thoughts than had yet been done, the place and the claims of upon the subject, as I hope and trust you now will Natural Theology among the various branches of be moved to do all the more for the present address. human knowledge.
In this view, your authority will prove of great vaAbout the same time, our Society," as you may lue to the cause of truth, however supersuous the recollect, was strongly urged to publish an edition patronage of even your name might be to recomof Dr. Paley's popular work, with copious and mend the most important of all studies. scientific illustrations. We both favored this plan; Had our lamented friend Romilly lived, you are but some of our colleagues justly apprehended that aware that not even these considerations would the adoption of it might open the door to the intro- have made me address any one but him, with whom duction of religious controversy among us, against I had oftentimes speculated upon this ground. Both our fundamental principles; and the scheme was of us have been visited with the most severe afflic. abandoned. I regarded it, however, as expedient tions, of a far nearer and more lasting kind than to carry this plan into execution by individual ex- even his removal, and we are now left with few ertion; and our worthy and accomplished colleague, things to care for; yet, ever since the time I followSir C. Bell-whose admirable treatise on Animal ed him to the grave, 'I question if either of us has Mechanics pointed him out as the fellow-laborer I read, without meditating upon the irreparable loss should most desire-fortunately agreed to share the we and all men then sustained, the words of the work of the illustrations. In these we have made ancient philosopher best imbued with religious opia very considerable progress; and I now inscribe nions—"Proficiscar enim non ad eos solum viros de this publication, but particularly the Preliminary quibus ante dixi, sed etiam ad Catonem meum, quo Discourse, to you. It was, with the exception of nemo vir melior natus est, nemo pietate præstanthe Third Section of Part I., and the greater por- tior; cujus a me corpus crematum est, animus vero tion of the Notes, written at the end of 1830, in non'me deserens sed respectans, in ea profecto loca 1831, and the latter part of 1833, and a portion was discessit quo mihi ipsi cernebat esse veniendum ; added in the autumn of 1834. In those days I held quem ego meum casum fortiter ferre visus sum, the Great Seal of this kingdom; and it was impos- non quod æquo animo ferrem; sed me ipse consosible to finish the work while many cares of another labar, existimans, non longinquum inter nos digreskind pressed upon me.
But the first leisure that sum et discessum fore."* * For the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
* De Senect.