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of the house began to tremble;" advancing age

From the Athenæunu admonished the " vicegerent” that she must by Memoirs of the Reign of King George III. By and by abdicate her spiritual kingdom, and leave

Horace WalPOLE. Now

first published from her lambs without a shepherd. To prepare them

the Original MSS., with Notes, by Sir Denis for this event, she announced that it was needful

le Marchant, Bart. Vols. III. and IV. Bentfor her to go away, that she might send the

ley. Comforter, and prepare for them a habitation in the New Jerusalem above; whence she would In our review of the first two volumes of these return, and whither they should go up with her, memoirs, we had occasion to notice the liule to stand on the sea of glass, with the hundred and attention that had been paid to the history of forty and four thousand, to reign forever and the reign of George III. previous to the comever! She charged them not to weep for her, as mencement of the American war, and to express those who had no hope ; that though she should a doubt whether the real nature of the political sleep, she should revive again ; for, I desire," said changes wrought between 1760 and 1776, had she, there may be no funeral at my departure, ever been fairly brought before the public. One no hearse, no coach, no pomp, no parade ; but the source, of difficulty is obvious-contemporaries blessing of them who loved me on earth, and are were as much perplexed by what passed around following me to the New Jerusalem in heaven."

them as we are ; and, to quote a single instance, These injunctions were strictly kept; she stole Walpole in the volumes before us gives the most away from life, unattended, unannounced, unwept. contradictory accounts of the relations between The disciples hid her body in the valley where she George III. and the Earl of Bute; in general had died; but, as in the case of the Jewish law-iosisting that the favorite guided all the secret giver, no man knoweth of her sepulchre, unto springs of royal policy, but ever and anon insinthis day.”

uating a suspicion that the supposed influence was This event happened in 1820. Fifteen years mere moonshine, and that Bute, so far from being afterwards, the writer of this article, in his travels a favorite, was, after his sudden retirement from through the country, visited for the last time the office, personally disliked by the sovereign. Inconhabitation of the prophetess. The scene was sistent as these views may appear, there are changed ; Jerusalem's glory had departed. Her abundant facts to justify both. Bute retained politsun had set behind a cloud.

ical influence after having quilted office, but he He was shown her late establishment, and did not owe this influence to continued personal among the rest the " sanctum sanctorum,” of which regard, for he ceased to be the king's favorite at mention has been made. It was a snug parlor, least as soon as he ceased to be the king's minisentered but by one door, viz., through the alcove ter. Lord Brougham asserts that George III. in rear of the chapel. On other sides it was sur- either discovered or had strong reason to suspect rounded by sleeping rooms, lighted by a sky-light, the disgraceful nature of the liaison between Bute ornamented by pictures of apostles and saints, and and the Princess Dowager of Wales, and that furnished with cushioned chairs, and a respectable this was the cause of his never seeking to recall theological library.

the earl, whom at his accession he had delighted Not an article in the room had been removed to honor. But though Bute was discarded, the from the day of her death. There were her policy which he and the Princess Dowager had dressing-case, compass, magnet, thimble, needles, imprinted on the king's mind when a boy was &c., besides a ponderous quarto Bible, well-implicitly followed, and hence statesmen were thumbed and marked, lying open on the table. persuaded that personal influence prevailed when But death had made fearful ravages among her only past counsels were followed. followers. A mere fragment remained to tell that

In ihe analogous case of the conduct of Louis this once had been Jerusalem; and that fragment XIV., during the years immediately succeeding consisted of the mere effigies of aged men and his minority, there is a superfluity of evidence women, whose bending forms and whitened locks that he knew and detested his mother's intrigues betokened them the lingering remnants of a with Cardinal Mazarin ; but that, believing the bygone age, waiting for the summons to depart, cardinal's line of policy identified with the asserand join their leader in the land of forgetfulness. tion of regal supremacy, he supported the minister The scenes around me brought painful reflections while he disliked the man. The parallel goes that here was the end of human aspirations, farther, for the words ascribed to Louis XIV. human genius, human hopes, unguided by the when he heard of the death of Mazarin, have a standard of revelation.

strange identity with those ascribed to George III. Who that shall contemplate Jemimah Wilkin- on receiving the resignation of Lord Bute. Still son in her genius, in her probity, in her constancy, many circumstances which occurred after Bute's in her perseverance and unwavering course, will ostensible abandonment of public life, want explanot regret that a mind so original and powerful, nation; he certainly possessed some secret which a heart naturally so sincere, an imagination so gave him power, and there is plausibility in the vivid and creative, by which she might have conjecture that this secret was the constitutional adorned the higher circles of life, shedding a glory tendency to insanity which the king is now known on her sex, should become the temple of a false to have exhibited in early youth. Nearly a cenfaith, and a prey to Religious FANATICISM?

tury has elapsed since the accession of George

III., and it is only now that circumstances become ScriptuRE NAMES.—The Sykes family “ were known which lead to the belief that his long reign always fond of Scripture names, on the side of should be severed from his personality, and divided both the fathers and mothers, Mr. Dixon. I think into the reigns of his mother and his wife. it was an aunt or a cousin, but I'm sure it was n't The third volume of Walpole's Memoirs introan uncle, on my side—the Dabckicks-who, hav- duces us to the history of Chatham's second ing four sons christened Matthew, Mark, Luke, administration, which Burke has immortalized by and John, called the fifth Acts."

the well-known description of its component parts,


for neither he nor anybody else could depict it as on his own table, and who were petrified at liis a totality. “Chatham,” said the orator, “ made most unparalleled effrontery and causeless want of an administration so chequered and speckled; he truth. When he sat down again, Conway asked put together a piece of joinery so crossly indented him softly, how he could affirm so gross a falseand whimsically dovetailed ; a cabinet so variously hood? He replied carelessly, 'I thought it would inlaid ; such a piece of diversified mosaic, such be better to say so ;' but before he sat down, he a tesselated pavement without cement; here a bit had poured forth a torrent of wit, parts, humor, of black stone and there a bit of white; patriots knowledge, absurdity, vanity, and fiction, heightand courtiers ; king's friends and republicans; ened by all the graces of comedy, the happiness wbigs and tories ; ireacherous friends and open of allusion and quotation, and the buffoonery of enemies ; that it was, indeed, a very curious show, farce. To the purpose of the question he said not but utterly unsafe to touch and unsure to stand a syllable. It was a descant on the times, a picupon.” In truth, Chatham and George III. both ture of parties, of their leaders, of their hopes and aimed at the same end by different means; they defects. It was an encomium and a satire on wished to emancipate the crown and the country himself; and while he painted the pretensions of from the thraldom in which both were held by the birth, riches, connexions, favor, titles ; while he combinations of the great whig families, and affected to praise Lord Rockingham, and that Chatham hoped to succeed by getting together the faction, and yet insinuated that nothing but parts “ waiss and strays” of the several aristocratic like his own were qualified to preside; and while sections. The course which the king adopted he less covertly arraigned the wild incapacity of to attain the same end will come before us in Lord Chatham, he excited such murmurs of wonanother place. Chatham might have succeeded der, admiration, applause, laughter, pity, and if his health had allowed him to drill the recruits scorn, that nothing was so true as the sentence he had collected from such a diversity of quarters; with which he concluded, when speaking of govbut, as Burke justly observes, " when his face was ernment; he said it was become what he himself hid but for a moment, his whole system was on had often been called, a weathercock. Such was sea without chart or compass.” The best exem- the wit, abundance, and impropriety of this speech, plification of this confused state of affairs was the that for some days men could talk or inquire of strange exhibition of the rival luminary,'' Charles nothing else. • Did you hear Charles TownsTownshend, second only to Chatham in eloquence hend's champagne speech ?' was the universa) and ability, on the very important question of the question. For myself, I protest it was the most relations between the British cabinet and the East singular pleasure of the kind I ever tasted. The India Company. In consequence of the grave bacchanalian enthusiasm of Pindar flowed in torquestions which had arisen, Dyson moved for rents less rapid and less eloquent, and inspires less leave to bring in a bill for regulating the making delight, than Townshend's imagery, which conof dividends by the directors to the East India veyed meaning in every sentence. It was Garrick proprietors. The entire scene that followed is writing and acting extempore scenes of Congreve. without a parallel :

A light circumstance increased the mirth of the " It was on that day, and on that occasion, that audience. In the fervor of speaking, Townshend Charles Townshend displayed in a latitude beyond rubbed off the patch from his eye, which he had belief the amazing powers of his capacity, and the represented as grievously cut three days before ; no less amazing incongruities of his character. He no mark was discernible, but to the nearest spechad taken on himself, early in the day, the exam- tators a scratch so slight, that he might hare ination of the Company's conduct ; and in a very made, and perhaps had made, himself, with a pin. cool sensible speech on that occasion, and with a To me the entertainment of the day was complete. becoming consciousness of his own levity, had told He went 10 supper with us at Mr. Conway's, the house that he hoped he had atoned for the where, the flood of his gaiety not being exhausted, inconsideration of his past life by the care he had he kept the table in a roar till two in the morning, taken of that business. He had scarce uttered this by various sallies and pictures, the last of which speech, but, as if to atone for that (however false) was a scene in which he mimicked inimitably his atonement, he left the house and went home to own wise, and another great lady with whom he dinner, not concerning himself with Dyson's motion fancied himself in love, and both whose foibles and that was to follow. As that motion was, however, manner he counterfeited to the life. Mere lassiof a novel nature, it produced suspicion, objection tude closed his lips at last, not the want of wit and and difficulties. Conway being pressed, and not new ideas." caring to be the sole champion of an invidious Charles Townshend was a resolute supporter of measure, that was in reality not only in Towns- the right of the British Parliament to impose taxes hend's province, but which he had had a principal upon the American colonies, though member of a hand in framing, sent for him back to the house. cabinet in which the most important though not He returned about eight in the evening, half-drunk the most numerous section, including Chatham with champagne, and more intoxicated with spirits. himself, was pledged to the principle, that “ taxaHe rose to speak without giving himself time to tion without representation constituted tyranny ; learn, and without caring what had been in agita- his excuse for looking to the colonies was the tion, except that the motion had given an alarm. refusal of the country-gentlemen to allow a shilling The first thing he did, was to call God to witness in the pound to be added to the land-tax, and the that he had not been consulted on the motion,-a consequent necessity of supplying the deficiency in confession implying that he was not consulted on the revenue from some other source. Walpole a business in his own department; and the more deals out caustic sarcasın on the supporters and on marvellous, as the disgrace of which he seemed to the opponents of the tax; he satirizes the miniscomplain or boast of, was absolutely false. There ters, the Parliament, the English, and the Ameriwere sitting round him twelve persons who had cans, reserving for the latter his concluding reflecbeen in consultation with him that very morning, tions, which might find more than one application and with his assistance had drawn up the motion in the present day :

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" Authority nerer measures liberty downwards. | an officer sans tache, but not a minister sans tache. Rarely is liberty supposed to mean the indepen- Rigby said not one of the present cabinet should dence of those below us ; it is our own freedom be saved. Dowdeswell asked, “What! not one?' from the yoke of superiors. The peer dreads the * No.'- What! not Charles Townshend ?' king, the commoner the peer ; the Americans the Oh !' said Rigby, “that is different ; besides, he Parliament. Each American trader thought him- has been in opposition.' So has Conway,' said self a Brutus, a Hampden, while he wrestled with Dowdeswell ; he has voted twice against the the house of commons ; yet his poor negroes felt court, Townshend but once.' But,' said Rigby, that their master, Brutus, was a worse tyrant " Conway is Bute's man.' Pray,' said Dowdesthan Nero or Muley Ishmael. Had the Par- well, is not Charles Townshend Bute's ?' Ay, liament of England presumed by one godlike act but Conway is governed by his brother Hertford, io declare all the slaves in our colonies freemen, who is Bute's.' So is Charles Townshend by his not a patriot in America but would have clamored brother," who is Bute's.' But Lady Ailesbury against the violation of property, and protested is a Scotch woman. • So is Lady Dalkeith. 'I that to abolish the power of imposing chains From this dialogue the assembly fell to wrangle, was to impose them. O man! man! dare not to and broke up quarrelling. So high did the heats vaunt your virtue, while self-interest lurks in every go, that the Cavendishes ran about the town, pub

lishing the issue of the conference, and taxing the Lord Chatham's crazy cabinet seemed every Bedfords with treachery." instant on the point of dissolution from the want It appears probable that Chatham was weary of of cohesion in the materials, and his lordship's own his patchwork cabinet, and intended to construct a conduct greatly added to ihe perplexities of his new ministry with Charles Townshend as first lord colleagues ; he retired to his country-seat, and of the treasury, but that erratic genius died on the afterwards to Bath, where he refused to see any 4th of September, and was succeeded by Lord person, to transact any business, or to offer any North as chancellor of the exchequer. The minissuggestion for the guidance of public affairs. The ters were soon after strengthened by the accession nominal premier, the Duke of Grafton, in vain of the Bedfords ; but what they gained in votes sought for commands; the king, with the same they lost in talent, Conway having resigned to ill success, petitioned for advice ; the rest of the make room for the leaders of the new contingent. cabinet feared to move except at the bidding of the The administration thus formed, was neither remaster, and as the oracle was silent, the affairs of spected abroad nor obeyed at home. In spite of government were brought to a complete “ dead- the prestige which still adhered to Chaiham's lock." Grafton opened negotiations with the name, the French invaded Corsica, receiving Bedford and Rockingham parties, believing that almost with contempt the remonstrances of the the only chance of establishing a ministry must be English ambassador. A single anecdote recorded derived from a new combination of the great fami- by Walpole, will sufficiently show the inefficiency lies. A meeting to frame such a combination was of the government at home, even in the metroheld in October, (1767,) and it broke up in most polis :admired confusion. Walpole's sketch of the scene “ A dispute having arisen between the coalis amusing :

workers and the coalheavers, the latter of whom “ On the 20th, a meeting was held at the Duke were chiefly Irish—nay, some of them Whiteof Newcastle's, of Lord Rockingham, the Duke of boys, an act of Parliament had passed the last Richmond and Dowdeswell, with Newcastle him- year, subjecting the coalheavers to the jurisdiction self, on one part ; and of the Duke of Bedford, of the alderman of the ward ; an office had been Lord Weymouth, and Rigby on the other. The erected, and one Green, who kept an alehouse, had Duke of Bedford had powers from Grenville to act been constituted their agent. Houston, a man for him, but did not seem to like Lord Rocking-who wanted to supplant Green, had incensed the ham's taking on himself to name to places. On coalheavers against him, and they threatened his the latter asking what friends they wished to pre- destruction. Apprised of their design, he every fer, Rigby said, with his cavalier bluntness, night removed his wife and children out of his • Take the Court Calendar and give them one, two, house. One evening he received notice that the three thousand pounds a year.'

." Bedford observed coalheavers were coming to attack him. He had that they had said nothing on measures : Mr. nobody with him but a maid-servant and a sailor, Grenville would insist on the sovereignty of this who by accident was drinking in the house. Green country over America being asserted. Lord Rock- asked the sailor if he would assist him?

· Yes,' ingham replied, he would never allow it to be a answered the generous tar, I will defend any question whether he had given up this country : man in distress. At eight the rioters appeared, he never had. The duke insisted on a declaration. and fired on the house, lodging in one room above The Duke of Richmond said, “We may as well two hundred bullets ; and when their ammunition demand one from you, that you never will disturb was spent, they bought pewter pots, cut them to that country again. Neither would yield. How- pieces, and fired them as ball. At length with an ever, though they could not agree on measures, as axe they broke out the bottom of the door ; but the distribution of places was more the object of that breach the sailor defended singly; while their thoughts and of their meeting, they reverted Green and his maid kept up a constant fire, and to that topic. Lord Rockingham named Mr. Con- killed eighteen of the besiegers. Their powder way; Bedford started ; said, he had no notion of and ball being at last wasted, Green said he must Conway; had thought he was to return to the make his escape : - for you,' said he to the friendly military line. The Duke of Richmond said, it was true Mr. Conway did not desire a civil place : * George Lord Townshend. did not know whether he would be persuaded to + Lady Caroline Campbell, wife of General Conway. accept one ; but they were so bound to him for his hend. "These two ladies were daughters of two Johns

# Lady Caroline Campbell, wise of Charles Townsresignation, and thought him so able, they must Dukes of Argyll, and were widows of the Earls of Ailesinsist. The Duke of Bedford said, Conway was bury and Dalkeith.



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sailor, they will not hurt you.' Green, retiring ence, as if to display the recovery of his health from the back room of his house, got into a carpen- and understanding. To the Duke of Grafton and ter's yard, and was concealed in a saw pit, over the Bedfords he was awkward and cool ; embraced which the mob passed in their pursuit of him, Lord Granby and General Harvey, (a personal being told he was gone forwards. I should scarce military favorite of the king,) and was very civil have ventured this narrative, had not all the cir- to Lord Hertford and Mr. Conway. In the evencumstances been proved in a court of justice. Yet ing he returned to Hayes." how many reflections must the whole story create If Chatham's design was to offer himself as a in minds not conversant in a vast capital—free, un- mediator to the court, which is probable, he could governed, unpoliced, and indifferent to everything not have met with much encouragement, for he but its pleasures and factions! Who will believe soon after appeared, with not a little of his former that such a scene of outrage could happen in the vigor, as the great leader of the opposition. So residence of government?—that the siege lasted soon as parliament assembled he proposed that the nine hours, and that no guards were sent to the house of lords should investigate the circumstance relief of the besieged till five in the morning of the Middlesex election ; and though this was Who will believe that while such anarchy reigned rejected as obviously inconsistent with the priviat one end of the metropolis, it made so little im- leges of the lower house, those privileges were pression at the court end that it was scarce men- treated with very little respect either by Chatham tioned? Though in London myself, all I heard or those who supported him in the debate. was, that a man had been attacked in his house, The ministerial majority of the commons had to and had killed three of the rioters. Nor were the endure harsher treatment in their own house than circumstances attended to, till the trial of Green that above noticed :for murder, of which he was honorably acquitted, “ Burke on a former day had attacked the house divulged his, his maid's and the sailor's heroism. itself, and hinted that the majority was so guilty Yet did not the fury of the colliers cease, though that they did not dare to take notice of the insulis seven of them were taken and executed. Green offered to them, and the reproaches cast on them. was forced to conceal himself from their rage, but On the report he added, that he was conscious he his sister giving a supper to her friends for joy of had deserved to be sent to the Tower for what he her brother's safety, her house was attacked by had said ; but knew the house did not dare to send those assassins, their faces covered with black him thither. Sir George Saville adopted and used crape, who tore her into the street, and murdered the same language. Lord North took notice of it, her. Yet, perhaps, of all the circumstances of but said he supposed Sir George had spoken in this tragedy, not one was so singular from the dis- warmth. No,' replied Saville coolly, I spoke play of so great a mind as the indifference of the what has been my constant opinion ; I thought so sailor, who never owned himself, never claimed last night, I thought the same this morning. I honor or recompense for his generous gallantry. look on this house as sitting illegally after their As brave as the Cocles of fabulous Rome, his vir- illegal act [of voting Lutterell representative for tue was satisfied with defending a man oppressed; Middlesex.) They have betrayed their trust. I and he knew not that an Alexander deserved less will add no epithets,' continued he, because epifame than he, who seemed not to think that he thets only weaken : therefore I will not say they have deserved any.

betrayed their country corruptly, flagitiously, and In the October of 1768, Chathain resigned, lear- scandalously, but I do say they have betrayed their ing his former colleagues engaged in a disgrace-country; and I stand here to receive the punishful squabble with Wilkes, whom they could only ment for having said so.' Mr. Conway, sensible reach" by piercing the sides of the constitu- of the weight of such an attack from a man so tion.” In the midst of the confusion arising respectable, alarmed at the consequences that out of the Middlesex election, when Lutterel, would probably attend the punishment of him, and though left in a miserable minority by the elec- firm in his own irreproachable virtue, took up the tors, was declared the sitting member by the matter with temper, wisdom and art, and showed house of commons, Chatham suddenly appeared at the impropriety and indecency of such language ;

and by that address prevented Saville from repeat“ He was perfectly well, and had grown fat. ing the provocation, and soothed the house into The Duke of Grafton had just time to apprise the sober concern, before any reciprocal heat had been king of this mysterious visit. The king was very expressed against the offender: for though Serjeant gracious, and whispered him to come into the Glynn asserted that when the house had been in closet after the levee, which he did, and stayed the wrong, it was right to say so; and though there twenty minutes. Much silence was observed Charles Fox replied with much applauded fire, on what passed ; though by degrees it was affirmed moderation had made its impression, and a scene that the conversation was only general and indif- was avoided that might have had the most fatal ferent. Yet hints were dropped that the king, termination. Not only was Sir George Saville sounding Lord Chatham on the Middlesex election, composed and ready to provoke the whole wrath the opinion he gave was not favorable to his of the legislature, but had the ministers dared to majesty's wishes. The active part taken by Lord send him to the Tower, the Cavendishes, and the Shelburne, Beckford, and Calcraft, made this most virtuous and respectable of his friends, would greatly probable ; and his lordship's subsequent have started up, would have avowed his language conduct corroborated the idea. Still was Lord and would have demanded to share his imprisonChatham very desirous of recovering his power; ment. A dozen or twenty such confessors in the and it was not his style to be harsh in the closet. heart of a tumultuous capital would have been no It was remarked, too, that, not to embitter his indifferent spectacle : the great northern counties reception, he had come when Lord Temple was were devoted to them. Then, indeed, the moment detained at Stowe, by entertaining there several was serious! Fortunately there were none but of the foreign ministers. Lord Chatham lingered subordinate ministers in the house of common, not affectedly, in the outward roomn, after his audi- one of whom chose to cast so decisive a die. The

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house sat silent under its ignominy—a punishment accounted for, by the necessity of bleeding him well suited to its demerits : and the sword was four times on Friday. Certain it is that he expired not called in to decide a contest in which liberty on the Saturday between four and six in the evenand the constitution would probably have been the ing. His servants, in the first consusion, had victims. This was in effect the critical day; for dropped too much to leave it in the family's power though the struggle continued, and not without to suifle the truth; and though they endeavored to material convulsions, yet the apprehensions of color over the catastrophe by declaring the accident rougher commotions wore away. Losses, dissen- natural, the want of evidence and of the testimony sions, profiigacy, treachery, and folly dissipated of surgeons to color the tale given out, and which great part of the opposition, and began

they never took any public method of authenticat

ing, convinced everybody that he had fallen by his Ex illo fluere, ac retro sublapsa referri

own hand—whether on his sword, or by a razor, Spes Danaum!”

was uncertain." Among the many anomalies in this debate, we

To this narrative Walpole subsequently added may notice as the most extraordinary that the

the following note :best, and at the same time the most violent speech Burke came to me in extreme perturbation, and

“ Very few days after the accident Mr. Edmund delivered against the government was that of the Lord Chancellor, Camden. He of course ten

complained bitterly of the king, who, he said, had dered his resignation, but there was some delay Rockingham, he told me, was yet more affected at

forced Mr. Yorke to disgrace himself. Lord in accepting it, because the ministers were unable to find a successor.

Mr. Yorke's misfortune, and would, as soon as he At length, Mr. Yorke, after having twice refused, was induced, by the king's

could see Lord Hardwicke, make an account pubpersonal solicitations, to accept the office. The lic, in which the king's unjustifiable behavior sad result is thus related by Walpole :

should be exposed. I concluded from his agitation “* He had been with the king over night, (with- and Lord Rockingham of having given occasion to

that they wanted to disculpate Lord Hardwicke out the knowledge of the Duke of Grafton,) and Mr. Yorke's despair. They found it prudent, had again declined; but being pressed to reconsider, and returning in the morning, the king had however, to say no more on the subject. An asso overwhelmed him with flatteries, entreaties, tonishing and indecent circumstance that followed prayers, and at last with commands and threats, Hardwicke, whose reproaches had occasioned his

not very long after that tragedy was, that Lord of never giving his the post if not accepted now, brother's death, attached himself to the court, that the poor man sunk under the importunity though he had given a solemn promise to his against Lord Rockingham, and obtained bishop

ricks for another of his brothers !" brother, Lord Hardwicke and Lord Rockingham, that he would not yield. He betrayed, however, found, and the great seal was put in commission.

After this catastrophe, no chancellor could be none of the rapaciousness of the times, nor ex: The Duke of Grafton, long weary of the office of acted but one condition, the grant of which fixed his irresolution. The chancellor must of necessity premier, which kept him from his horses and his be a peer, or cannot sit in the house of lords. The mistresses, and only rewarded him for the loss of coronet was announced to Yorke; but he slighted

these favorite associates by setting him up as the it as of no consequence to his eldest son, who principal mark for the arrows of a vindictive oppowould, probably, succeed his uncle, Lord 'Hard- sition, followed the advice ironically given him by wicke, the latter having been long married, and Junius, and resigned his office. Lord North suchaving only two daughters. But Nr. Yorke 'him- ceeded to the office of premier, and formed the self had a second wife, a very beautiful woman, for its conduct in reference to America.

cabinet which must ever be gibbeted in history, and by her had another son. She, it is supposed, urged him to accept the chancery, as the king

Viewing these matters impartially, at the disoffered, or consented, that the new peerage should tance of nearly a century, we cannot blame the descend to her son, and not to the eldest. The king for having sought to emancipate the crown rest of his story was indeed melancholy, and his and the country from the domination of the great fate so rapid as to intercept the completion of his families, though we cannot approve the means elevation. He kissed the king's hand on the employed. George III. sought 10 exalt prerogaThursday: and from court drove to bis brother, he had, from the beginning of his reign, formed a

tive on the ruins of aristocratic power, and hence Lord Hardwicke's—the precise steps of the tragedy have never been ascertained. Lord Rockingham party for himself, which took the name of the was with the earl

. By some it was affirmed, that king's friends ;" for nearly twenty years Lord both the marquis and the earl received the unhappy by this party, of which, in truth, he was the

Bute bore the blame of all the intrigues conducted renegade with bitter reproaches. Others, whom I rather believe, maintained that the marquis left founder, but over which he scarcely, from the bethe house directly, and that Lord Hardwicke re

ginning, exercised any control. The king was fused to hear his brother's excuses, and retiring and he designedly led them farther astray by his

not sorry to see the opposition on a wrong scent, from the room, shut himself into another chamber, obdurately denying Mr. Yorke an audience. Ai manifestations of pretended personal regard to night it was whispered that the agitation of his lieved. The power behind the throne, greater

those of whom he was most anxious to be remind, working on a most sanguine habit of body, than the throne itself," against which it was the inflamed of late by excessive indulgence both in meats and wine, had occasioned the bursting of a

fashion with Lord Chatham and others to declaim, blood vessel ; and the attendance of surgeons was

was simply George III. in a closet with a back* For the Great Seal was never affixed to the patent of with his ministers in the council-chamber. It was

stairs, undoing all that he had pretended to do his barony, and the king had not the generosity to make this secret spirit of intrigue for the indulgence of atonement to his family by confirming the promise, for having forced the unhappy person to take a step that cost personal feelings, most frequently of personal anihim his life.

mosities, which prevented the king from ever at

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