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FROM THE LIFE

AND CORRESPONDENCE

From Tait's Magazine. tailed account of our preparations for defence, beNELSON'S ATTACK ON COPENHAGEN.

cause no one can tell whether or not the convey

ance of the mail may be exposed to danger. Thus

OF NIE- much everybody is welcome to know, that yesterBUHR, THE HISTORIAN OF ROME.

day, already as many as a thousand men were After a residence of a year and a half in Scot- voluntarily enlisted in the service, the soldiers of land, Niebuhr returned to Denmark, in the begin- which are, at other times, obtained hy pressing. ning of November, 1799. In May, 1800, he was It seems odd that I should have to write to you appointed assessor at the Board of Trade for the of war and military preparations, and things in East India department, and secretary and chief general so strange to us. The approaching crisis inanager of the standing commission for the affairs makes it perhaps difficult, especially when one of Barbary. In the same month, and before com- talks much about it, to draw off the thoughts mencing the performance of his official duties, he from it; but it shall not so engross us as to prewas married to Amelia. In the autumn of the vent our speaking to you of that with which we same year, he was offered a chair in the university had better be occupied, than with topics which of Kiel, which he declined in the inean time. His excite only anxiety, bitterness, and hostile emoletters during the bombardment follow :

tions. We try to guard against this, and occupy

ourselves, as far as we can, as in the midst of To Madame Hensler.

peace. We are reading the Odyssey in the first Copenhagen, March 24, 1801. translation. 'Melia had almost entirely lost it You have probably learnt by the last post, the from her memory, since she read it when you were reports which are spread, of the approach of an both girls in the house of your parents. She English fleet towards us, which were brought by takes a hearty pleasure in Homer, so that she the captain of a vessel who had gone to the Sound, thinks nothing more charming; and you know and also from the island of Anholt. We were not how delightfully she shows her enjoyment. This willing to write to you of the reports, although recitation, therefore, gives me great gratification. they were too likely to be true ; and when they Before that, we read the Melanie of Laharpe. It amounted to a certainty, it was then too late. On is a beautiful performance; nor can you lay it Sunday night, however, an express was despatched aside without emotion. I consider it a rare masfrom Helsingor with intelligence that the fleet had ter-piece, of great simplicity. been seen near Gillelye, about three miles north- 'Melia is perfectly composed ; though the wowest of this place. There are some roads there, men here in general are in great distress. Schimwhere they had cast anchor; to-day people say melmann is full of firmness and courage, although that they have weighed anchor and crossed over. he is not blind to our danger. You must keep up

On Saturday evening, their negotiators, Drum- your spirits concerning us, yet without being too mond and Vansittart, left us after a conference, in secure, since a frightful misfortune might befall us. which a very unbecoming demand was refused How and wherefore this is possible, he knows full until the embargo should be taken off. An Eng-well, and so do I; but I must write nothing on lish frigate had come hither the preceding evening, that head. under a flag of truce, but set sail again the same As long as our line of defence holds out, no Saturday evening. The flag shows that they con- shots, and probably no shells, can reach us in the sider themselves at war with us, since they feel West-street; thus much for your comfort. that thcy are waging it against us.

We have not, however, displayed the least act of hostility to

Copenhagen, March 28, 1801. wards them; but it is probable that the hour of We received your letter yesterday, and must firing the first shot, and of irrevocable war, is very answer you immediately, since it calls for it with near. It seems more likely to me that blood will that anxious voice to which there is no being silent. flow to-day or to-morrow, than that a delay should You shall have intelligence from me by every post, take place, as many suppose. The wind is now and of everything which I hear and may speak favorable for the attempt of the English to force of. I have, this time, written in a letter attached a passage, in which they must succeed ; and as the to this and addressed 10 Moltke, all that relates to cannonade from Cronberg must be very audible our military condition ; do you read it. I write here in the city, we are often listening for the to-day to my father, and to Behrens ; communisound of it.

cate the intelligence still to B. One can speak Nelson's presence causes us, who expect from and write of nothing else ; and yet it becomes tirehim the same energy he has displayed elsewhere, some to be always saying the same thing. As for to think that our anchoring ground will be furi- | 'Melia, it is not to be thought of that she should ously attacked. Others give credit to a report already be able to resume her part in our corthat he is opposed to an expedition into the Baltic, respondence. and has said, that “ he did not choose to ensnare I wrote last time in some anxiety about our line himself in that mousetrap." People here are of defence, an anxiety which I must now lessen. as anxious to hear as ready to spread news. An It was grounded upon the fear that the piles and attack upon our line of defence, is, indeed, a fear- planks which enclose the great island-battery, ful eveni for the city. I hope, however, that we were only single, and might therefore be knocked shall support it. We should then earn fame, and down, which would cause the downfall of the whole awake the nation from its long slumber; undoubt- battery. I have since learnt that this is not the edly with such a loss as we should feel for a length case, but that they are so dove-tailed and rammed of time. That they should content themselves in, that we may be tolerably easy on that side. I with blockading, when the war is certain, remain- have also learnt that the people are pretty well ing satisfied with shutting us up, whilst we mean-protected by a very strong breastwork on the while were completing our preparations, is not at bastion, and that a furnace for casting red-hot shot all probable. The next few weeks, therefore, will is raised there-a fact that I was not certain of most likely decide our fate. I do not write a de- before. I was afraid also that the channel between the islands and the dockyard fortifications, was for me to go out, in order to collect farther intellideeper than I find it is. On that ground truly I gence. Yesterday, I had no end of running about take more courage : courage, that is, as to the to get a view from high houses, towers, &c.; then, result; for we have, and must have courage to twice I had the long distance to Schimmelmann's, resist, if we would not disgrace ourselves, even if and back to my office, where one is obliged to lay we should perish. Only may you in Holstein con- aside all thoughts of self. I was knocked up, like tinue safe! Our individual lives are so in a toler- any poor soldier. Since we expected an attack in able degree ; and composure on that head, which the night. I wished to remain there. But, alas! at other times would be downright insensibility, is Amelia could not keep herself from thence; and in time of war indispensably necessary. Should this has hurt her eyes. She entreats and caresses we survive the danger, it may harden us more than me until I give way, and then repent ; for what I ever to act somewhat like men.

foresaw followed. Your opinion of our allies is, on the whole, very On Sunday morning, the English admiral sent correct ; I have never expected otherwise. There- notice that he should have recourse to hostilities. fore it does not now depress me; and I thank Heaven for this foresight of the danger in its entire

Copenhagen, April 3, 1801. compass, (vour state of defencelessness being ex- The report of the bad success of our line of decepted.) The king of Sweden has appeared in a fence, has doubtless reached you, ere you get this very disadvantageous light in the conference with letter. It was on Wednesday afternoon, at about our respected Crown Prince. Sweden has prom- five o'clock, that the alarm was sounded, in conseised us her ships, but not before the 2d of À pril. quence of the movements of the English fleet. FifIt was well known that this would be too late. teen of them, Nelson's division, (though I do not The Schonen* side of the sound is unfortified, and pretend to entire accuracy, especially as to numtherefore the closing of the sound is iinpracticable. bers,) moved southwards, and took their station to We have also been hindered in our preparations the south of the right wing of our defensive line. by mistakes and accidents. Fearful as our situa- It had been asserted (and according to the mariLion is, good effects have already resulted from it. time charts it could not well be thought otherwise)

We are awakened from sleep; experience has that such an attempt of passing by our whole line convinced us of much, to which advice and counsel could not be made without encountering their could not make us attentive. No one shines more united fire. I do not understand how it was that than Schimmelmann. Resigned to the loss of his not a shot struck them; and the reason given is, great property in the colonies, willingly offering that they were beyond the range of our guns. Í the remainder, resolved not to expose us to a still fancied, therefore, that they must have passed begreater danger on the chances of a favorable tween the Saltholm ground and the Swedish coast ; issue, and for the mere parrying off of the danger but found, however, that this would not agree which hangs over us, he surrenders himself to the with the other accounts. By this time, it became suggestions of his heart, and thinks and speaks clear enough that they would not make the attack with a dignity and grace which rise from his upon our whole line, as was expected. Yet people soul and fortify it with peace and composure. Only built upon this, and consoled themselves with the one who observes him in a long conversation, can

assurance that our line, which was drawn out so know how to esteem and value him as he deserves. far in that direction, could instantaneously be filled

The English are still at Gillelye, where they up and strengthened ; and one man thought that land peaceably and purchase fresh provisions.

the shallowness of the bed of the sea would place Gun-boats are to be stationed in the intervals be- insuperable difficulties in the way of the enemy ; tween our block-ships; and it is asserted that it is and another (though of this I doubted) affirmed impossible to storm the island-batteries. The whole that the bastion, No. 5, and the others at the line of defence will be ready. The wind is west. Holme, would be able to keep them in check.

When, therefore, yesterday morning, about Copenhagen, March 31, 1801.

eleven o'clock, the firing cominenced with sudden I must announce to you (as the fact is undis- violence, (the only thing which could apprise us puted) that the English fleet is now stationed in a of what was impending,) we were affected, but hostile attitude before our harbor, where, favored still of good courage. We had imagined it would by a wind that suddenly sprang up from the be so much more terrible, and therefore believed north, they cast anchor about ten o'clock yester- not the attack to be so furious or so general as it day morning. At Cronberg, though the wind really was. I went to my office full of anxiety, allowed them to keep out of the reach of the guns in order to pack up the archives. On my way, of the fortress, a brisk cannonade was nevertheless and in my office, I heard all kinds of reports-of kept up as they passed. It began about seven two, three, and more English ships, which were o'clock and lasted till half-past nine. They have said to have run aground, and to be firing so furiattempted no farther hostilities against our works, ously, to prevent us from boarding them. Meanexcept detaching some frigates and a cutter, appa- while, the cannonading increased with redoubled rently to make soundings, which, however, rapidly rage, till, about half-past two, it became quite withdrew again, after some shots had been fired at faint, and only single shots were discharged. I them. Towards evening, they went through some now went out again to get intelligence. There evolutions, from which we expected an attack or was a dead stillness in the streets, and one could bombardment; nothing, however, came of it, and hear the hollow sounds of the single shots. Occaas yet all is quiet. During last night, they sent a sionally I heard an officer talking with a citizen few sloops to plunder near the fishing-village of of a shell which had fallen and exploded near him. Skogshoved, close by Seelust. They were, how- At the next corner, some people had crowded toever, hindered from effecting a landing by our gether to read a placard issued by the chief of the light infantry.

police, which contained instructions how to conI am too tired, and the time is too far advanced, duct themselves during a bombardment. I now * Schonen, a province of Sweden, east of the Sound.—T. I turned homewards, tolerably alarmed, and could

1

hear the single discharges which, without the pos- tached to our line. I forgot to mention the princisibility of a mistake, were caused by the throwing pal block-ship, the Dannebrog, commanded by of shells. Again I went out, and last of all to Captain Fisker. I cannot mention exactly their Schimmelmann, who had just been speaking to positions, as they succeeded one another in the one of the admiralty, and was full of deep anxiety. Flintrenne as far as the battery of the Three Presently came Herr Von S. with the intelligence Crowns. The Proevesteen lay before the interval that our block-ships on the right wing were between the battery No. 5 and the island of Amaknocked to pieces. I have never before been so ger; a battery upon this island should have supshocked. I returned home, and told Amelia only ported us, but could do nothing because of iis a part of the misfortune. I soon came back again, false position. The block-ships protected the and heard that a flag of truce had been sent from dock-yard from the near approach of the bomb-vesNelson's fleet, and was the cause of the incompre- sels; they were believed to be safe from the attack hensible cessation of the enemy's firing. I learnt, of a superior force, by the want of depth in the inmoreover, details of the fight which were in the tervening space, and they were told that they highest degree affecting. The whole city was in should be reinforced. But the English, from the a state of consternation and desertion.

first day of their arrival before the harbor, had April 4.—During the deficiency of information caused frigates and cutters to sail and take soundout of which a connected narrative of the battle ings in all directions, out of the range of our cancould be formed, and because our condition would nons; they had found ways which we had nerer interest you even more than occurrences of this explored, and marked thein out with buoys; and ever-memorable day, I intended yesterday to write we, who were obliged to confine our ill-manned to you, first of all, of that condition, and to collect feet, in its disarmed and defer.celess state, to mere more materials for the other to-day.

defensive measures, had no power to hinder them. You shall have the proper history of the fight, Thus had they (especially in the night after Nelas soon as I am sufficienily acquainted with it son's division had stationed itself south of the end lo-day probably I can send only some detached of our right wing,) found and marked passes features of it. We cannot deny it, we are entirely which no one suspected to exist ; for it had been beaten. Our line of defence is destroyed, and we taken for granted, from the earliest times, that the have everything at stake, without any apparent bed of the channel was here too shallow. Thus chance of winning anything, and without being it was they were able to attack the block-ships, able to cause the enemy any great harm, as long which, in their weak state, were not, as had been as he is satisfied with throwing shells at us, espe- expected, defended by the intervening space. cially at the docks and the feet laid up there; and They now found themselves terribly orerall this because we have been deceived in our pro- matched. The Proevesteen had sometimes five jected plan of defence! But if we are obliged to ships of the line opposed to her, and, among othlook with troubled anxiety on the danger, and ers, Nelson's own ship, of 98 guns. Besides this, with dissatisfaction on the authors of the failure, a 54-gun ship had laid itself across, and swept her so the very exemplary heroism which our people deck lengthways. The English ships succeeded displayed, cheers us. It gives us a melancholy each other by turns, and manauvred to and fro. pleasure, and full of love. It does not, indeed, Nevertheless, the fight continued from half-past console us for the state, nor so satisfy us as to de- ten till about half-past one o'clock, when we were ceive us concerning our situation ; but still it conquered, that is to say annihilated. binds us to our nation, and inakes us contented to The Proevesteen had a crew of between three suffer with it. Such a resistance was never seen and four hundred men: of these, only thirty have before. Nelson himself has confessed, that in all returned to shore. They fought for an hour and a the battles in which he has been present, he never half with only three guns, because all the rest saw anything that could be compared with it. had been rendered useless. The deck was beaten His loss must have been greater than at Aboukir. in; the planks were, as it were, flayed off their It is a battle that may be compared with Thermo- surface ; the steps were so entirely shot away, pylæ : but Thermopylæ opened Greece to devasta- that the officers let themselves up and down by tion!

ropes, to give their orders, from one part of the On our right wing lay a line of block-ships ; ship to another. There was a shower of shots that is, the hulks of old men-of-war which were in the most literal sense, especially on and around become unfit for service, but could be made use of this vessel. In more than one ship the crew are as batteries. These had been manned with sailors said to have fought at last without any one to give and volunteers, for working the guns. We were the word, and pressed forward to die at their guns. so deficient in sailors, that we had not been able to On board Captain Cofoed's ship only himself station our regular fleet there, which, if completely and another man remained unhurt, (not that he fitted out, would have left no doubt about the vic- relaxed more than those who fell.) It is said tory in a battle fought as this has been.

that he, finding himself with only eight men lest, The Proevesteen, Captain Lassen, of 90 guns, commanded them to cease firing: they, however, (but these block-ships can make use of only one begged of him, since they could still work one side of the vessel ;) the Vagrien, Captain Ries- gun, to be allowed to fire once more. As they brigh ; the Jytland, Captain Brand; the Infodsret- were firing it, six of them were struck down, and ten, Captain Thura ; the Siatland, whose captain's the compression of the air from a passing shot name I am not certain about ;-these five vessels struck him down insensible, but unhurt. Nelson's seem to have supported the attack of Nelson's ship was stationed over against them, and they whole divison, consisting of twelve ships of the had vowed that he should remember having foughi line and several 54-gun vessels, among which, against them. according to all appearance, the formidable Glat- It would make it quite impossible for me to ton, with its 68-pound carronades, was in the first write of our fate to my parents, if, as my inclinaline. Two gun-boats, a floating battery, and the tion leads me, I should go on to relate to you frigate St. Thomas, appear also to have been at- much more of the same tendency.

As soon as our line was silenced, the English | account of the great pressure at the office it was came in, and began throwing shells. This contin- delivered by the bearer at a place different from ued nearly two hours. Many of these fell in the usual. It would vex us greaily should it be lust, new docks without doing any harın; one of them partly on account of the authentic inforınation conexploded close by the Crown Prince.

iained therein, partly because it would show you Nelson now sent in a boat, bearing a flag of truce, how we felt at such an epoch, and because it was with a letter nearly of the following purport and addressed to your heart, just as you would yourform:

self have desired to have it. " To the Danish Government.

A prolonged armistice has since been granted "I have taken seven batteries, and shall be longer, even if an arrangement should not mean

till now, and may probably continue a few days obliged to burn them, if no arrangement takes while be entered into ; which, if it can be made place. But I wish to spare the effusion of human without exposing us to other dangers, is most deblood. “From the brave English, to their brethren condition since the battle of the 21 instani. You

sirable for us, when we calmly reflect upon our the brave Danes. “ Horatio Nelson."

will attribute this wish to no personal motives of

fear. As 'Melia is so wonderfully composed ; as An aid-de-camp of the Crown Prince was sent respect for our heroic dead accompanies and susto him to desire an explanation of this singular tains our every thought; as the whole nation sets letter; and an armistice was agreed upon. This such an example of courage and calm presence of was done upon Nelson's representations, though mind as could perhaps be hardly ever witnessed Parker alone can properly make proposals, having elsewhere ; and as danger is a consummate teachbeen sent for this purpose.

The armistice was er; so must you not think of fear. The danger, prolonged.

however, is serious, in which the fleet, the dockThe aspect of the city was terrible. Desolation buildings, the arsenal, indeed all the most imporeverywhere, and nothing but carts loaded with ef- tant structures of this city, (i. e. of the whole fects, which people were conveying to a place of kingdom,) are placed, in case the enemy should security. The stillness was like that of the grave: bombard us from the quarter where the action faces worn down with weeping ; everything, in was fought. This danger, I know, is not incapashort, that could complete the expression of the ble of being averted : we have hitherto, from still bleeding wounds of a defeat.

experience of their failure, learnt to think very I can scarcely give you an idea of the bringing meanly of the English bombshells ; and if we are in of the wounded and the dead, and the scenes of ready with means to extinguish them, then a lamentation around them. Amelia burst into a limit may be set, as at least we may hope, to the flood of tears when she heard the fate of the Proe- devastation even of men glutted to ihe full. The vesteen's crew, among the first intelligence we re-issue, however, may turn out against us; and ceived. Anguish again overpowered her when an where order and activity are required to protect unfounded report arrived that all thought of de- us, there I expect not so much from our people as fence was relinquished. She feared only a hasty, where it depends on Spartan-like courage. On dishonorable agreement.

this point we must not blind our eyes; nor yet The negotiation was proceeded with; concern- upon the condition of the remaining half of our ing which, I can only say thus much to you, that defensive line, which, from a narrowness of vision, even yesterday nothing was determined, though was not constructed upon the possibility of the Nelson came ashore. The armistice continues at right wing of it being destroyed; a fault which I least till the early part of to-morrow. At all have often in vain mentioned since last summer, events, we must be prepared for a bombardment. while we were yet at peace. Our good destiny The most alarming thing is that the battery of has just sent us a man whose authority is suffi“the Three Crowns” is no longer tenable; and ciently great to carry his purposes into execution ; the enemy will hardly expose his ships of the line and this day has certainly been made use of to as long as he can bombard the docks, our feet, and remedy the evil as far as may be. But is that suf

ficient? and, if not-then what slaughter will a Have no fears for ourselves in case of a bom- fresh attack occasion! and that without our being bardment. Our house lies remote ; and as for be- able to take our revenge. ing captured, in the proper sense of the term, it is Tuesday. The negotiation is still quite undeout of the question. Amelia's eye is but poorly cided. I dare not say anything more without to-day: in other respects she is well.

abusing confidence.

It is still possible a fresh attack may be warded

off: if not, it is still more fearful for us in the Copenhagen, April 6, 1801. city than the first was. You may be sure that As the letter which we expected without fail | Melia exerts herself to preserve presence of mind. has not arrived to-day, we assume, as your excuse, It is grief for our people, and for the wounds that you may have gone to B., for you certainly which threaten the state, that mortifies us; we are are deeply sensible what comforts letters from afraid of a violent attack upon the remainder of those whom we most love are in the anxious hours our defensive line, rather ihan a bombardment : of danger. I wrote to you amidst the fury of the would that they would content themselves with attack, and again in detail while melancholy and that! anxiety respecting the issue still hovered around I feel depressed, and am not in a mood to give us. A bombardment is sull very possible, and I you a more exact account of the fight. If things will write to you even when that is raging. Do are quiet you shall hear very shortly. not you, then, dear friend, be deficient on your Dearest friend, adieu! Shall we soon again part.

write in tranquillity ? Will not the times come We hope you got my letter of Saturday; but when these wounds are cicatrized, and we shall are not without some anxiety about it, because on employ ourselves once more in our own proper

the city.

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circle, in which alone we can be either happy or On Sunday, a division of fourteen sails, moved useful? This period will probably leave a deep off towards the sound. It was said their object impression on our whole existence.

was to take in water at Helsingoer, because that

which had hitherto been fetched from Hveen had Copenhagen, April 11, 1801. caused a dysentery. Others, however, conjecture My last letter was written under a depression of that they might be destined against Gotheburg. spirits which I would fain have concealed from you. It was announced yesterday from Helsingoer that It was, however, impossible ; and the circumstances three large English vessels, (probably hospital of our situation only contributed too much towards ships, that is, some that had been disabled in the producing it. We expected a bombardment in the engagement, which are generally used for that evening, which I withheld from you : we reckoned purpose,) have passed through the sound. only on the chance of a respite from the violent Several days before, the English had despatched wind that was unfavorable to the enemy. It ap- two frigates and a cutier towards the Baltic. peared that the negotiations must be broken off

. Yesterday, almost all the rest of their fleet took If this, and the general flight from the city towards their departure hence; and they are lying to-day our quarter and others that are less exposed, mor- near the height of Castrup. tified us, and filled us with grief for the fortune of We are still in complete uncertainty as to the the state ; so also the troubled and wild state of degree of influence which the present government the elements around us has helped much to make of Russia will have upon our peace.

Nelson was us full of anguish.

apprized of the death of the Emperor Paul. The My heart is heavy with that which I have to question now is, whether he will, nevertheless, say to you, or should have if we could converse turn his arms against Russia, (though, at present, together.

certainly the ice excludes the attempt,) or first of The English changed their mind quite unexpect- all against equivocating Sweden. At Carlscrona, edly. The armistice was renewed, and on the fol- however, he cannot, according to appearance, effect lowing day Nelson came ashore to the Crown anything. Prince. They agreed upon an armistice of greater Our officers assert that the enemy have burnt extent, which was finally limited to fourteen weeks. several of their own disabled ships ; more are said We are thereby enabled to provide for Norway, to have been thus burnt than they have captured which is suffering from want almost to starvation. from us. Their loss is reported to amount to 2000 We do not disarm; though the landwehr are dis- men, killed and wounded. They have received missed to their field-labors.

many shots below water-mark. They can tow The great loss of the enemy is proved, without none of our ships home with them : on that point question, by the terms of the agreement, which are our captains rejoice. During the fight Nelson not very advantageous to him. He is only enabled was furious at the opposition he encountered, and by it to sail away when he chooses, and as he can. paced up and down the deck, cursing and swearThey will hardly carry back all their ships. Par- ing at us. ker's son is said to have fallen. Nelson has lost It is affirmed as a fact, that three English ships three captains, (two of them fought with hiin at which were stationed near the Three Crown batAboukir,) and on board the Elephant, his own tery, were in such a state, one with another, at the ship, the captain, two lieutenants, and 117 men. time when Nelson offered the armistice and the Another English vessel is reported to have had firing was obliged 10 cease, that they must have 230 killed. Two English ships of the line struck, been lost, without any chance of delivery, had but could not be taken.

the contest been continued, and that two of them We have, therefore, I think, gained honor and had already struck their flags. Had the Three respect throughout Europe, as well as a stronger Crowns baitery been in such a state as it now is, bond of esteem and love for the whole king- and had the fight been prolonged against these batdom.

tered English ships, it is thought they would have I wish that the intelligence of the armistice been captured, and so the evening of the action could have followed close upon my last letter : for might still probably have turned out fine. Mag. your anxiety afflicts us. We were prepared for nanimity had nothing to do with Nelson's proposal every event. We might lose all that we had — for an armistice. It is very probable thai he had that is to be reckoned as nothing in such a danger begun the attack without instructions from his suof our father-land; and, indeed, the danger, as it perior in command. increased, raised us to higher degrees of courage. One of our lieutenants, only seventeen years old, Should, therefore, the danger return, be not too (I believe his name is Willemose,) has gained very anxious about us. We willingly remained where distinguished honor in the command of the floaiwe were ; and would, at no price, have sought for ing battery. He took his station over against our individual security.

Nelson, and with the greatest sang-froid constantFarewell! The time allows me to say no more. ly aimed his guns at the rudder of his ship. His Pray, write to us; you give us thereby so much battery was at last silenced; he brought it back, pleasure. Amelia's eye is but poorly.

however, in safety. It is already put into condi

tion, and given to him again. Yesterday, all the Copenhagen, April 14, 1801. officers belonging to the line of defence were inviThe armistice that has been concluded for Den- ted to the king's table : this young man excused mark restores us again to our accustomed relations himself from coming, preferring to remain at his during its continuance. Every event of impor. post with his battery. Nelson expressed a desire tance, however, shall still be made the occasion to see him, as he had particularly attracted his atof a letter extraordinary,

tention. You know the particulars of the armistice from I have seen Captain Lussen of the Proevesteen ; the newspapers.

* I now send and I have agreed, with the chamberlain, Bille, you some intelligence concerning the enemy, and and others, to dine in company with the officers. our own dear people.

I hope then still to learn many particulars of the

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