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From the Critic. illustrate and prove the truth of our position. It Washington. By M. Guizot. Translated by Paul is necessary to distinguish between the intluence

exerted by the mother country and the progress Parnell, Esq. E. Painter.

of society in the colonies themselves. M. Guizot One of the most interesting spectacles which evidently does not make sufficient allowances for can engage the thoughts of social man is that of the latter. According to Robertson, whose hisnations or collective bodies emerging, like the tory of America, as it is one of the most interestancient Romans, from comparative obscurity and ing, is also one of the most correct, the colonies weakness to distinction and greatness, and as such were, during a long period and at different intervals, exerting a vast moral influence over the interests left much to themselves, whilst at others the gove of other states and the destinies of the world. ernment at home seemed more careful and jealous We have here what M. Guizot would style one of their own powers, and more willing to meddle of the grand facts of history combined with all the or to intersere with the colonies, and such was pleasing adventure of the novel. Next to this, most certainly the character of the British governand akin to it, is the rise to glory and immortality ment prior to the commencement of hostilities. of the distinguished patrint, whose character and In page 12 M. Guizot evidently contradicts career appear, and actually are, coëval and coëx- what he had already advanced as to the mutual istent with those of the land honored by being the influence and feeling reciprocated between the scene of his nativity, Biography thus becomes mother country and her dependencies, when he the most striking and the most entertaining part observes :of history, as well as that most easily understood. “ Besides this, it was no longer with the crown The comparison is at once pleasing and useful, alone, but with the crown and the mother country and in the present instance necessary.

united, that the colonies had now to do. Their The progress of the United States, like that of real sovereign was no longer the king, but the king most colonies, is closely identified with the history and the people of Great Britain, represented and of the mother country. It has been remarked by confounded in the Parliament; and the Parliament many distinguished Americans, as well as Eng- regarded nearly all the colonies with the same eye, lishmen, both at the time of the civil war and and held towards them the same language, that ihe subsequently, that America owes her freedom to kings which it had conquered had held not long the favorable opinion entertained of her claims at ago towards themselves." home both in and out of Parliament. This con- Speaking of the origin and moral character of tributed alike to form, regulate, and propel the the dispute, M. Guizot observesenthusiasm of her population for a cause in which, “In reality, it was a question of right and of to use the words of M. Guizot, they believed honor, not of property and material interest. The “resistance founded upon historical right and taxes were light, and imposed on the colonists no upon facts-upon the right of reason and upon suffering. But the colonists were men to whom philosophy.” In accordance with this is the whole the sufferings of the soul are the most bitter, and past history of the mother country and her depen- who only taste repose in the bosom of satisfied honor. dencies, and therefore M. Guizot justly observes, Of what are we treating, and of what are we in the paragraph after that last quoted :

disputing? Is it of the payment of a tax of three “ It is the honor of England to have deposited in pence per pound on tea, as too heavy? No: it is the cradle of her colonies the germ of their liberty. ihe right only which we dispute.” Such was, at the Nearly all, at their foundation, or soon after, re- commencement of the quarrel, the language of ceived charters which conferred on the colonists Washington himself, and the public feeling-a feelthe franchises of the mother country.

ing, in truth, as politic as it was moral, and which “And these charters were no vain snare, no dead evinces as much wisdom as virtue. The numerous letter, for they established or admitted powerful public unions which were formed at this period in institutions, which provoked the colonists to defend the colonies afford a spectacle useful to contemtheir liberties, and to control power whilst they plate; nnions local or general, accidental or permapartook of it: the voting of the subsidies, the elec- nent; chambers of burgesses or of representatives ; tion of the great public councils, trial by jury, the conventions, congresses, and cominiiiees. Men of right of assembling and acquainting themselves the most different dispositions there met together; with the affairs of the commonwealth.

some, full of respect and attachment to the mother “ Thus the history of these colonies was but the country—others, passionately prejudiced in favor practical and laborious development of the spirit of of that American country which was being born Îiberty, growing strong under the colors of the law under their own eyes, and by means of their own and the traditions of the country. We may call it hands; the one party afflicted and disquieted, the the history of England herself.”

other ardent and confident; but all governed and M. Guizot does not, however, at the commence- united by one and the same sentiment of dignity, ment of his work allude, as he should, to the dis- and the same resolution of resistance; allowing tinctive character of the emigrants, the majority freely the variety of their ideas and impressions to of whom were Whigs and Puritans. Cromwell clash, without producing any disagreement, deephimself, as it is well known, had fully prepared seated or durable ; but, on the contrary, feeling for a voyage across the Atlantic, in the days, if for each other a mutual respect in their reciprocal any such were numbered in his history, of his sin- liberties, and canvassing together the great busicerity and enthusiasın. Had the other party been ness of the country with those conscientious remore, or this less numerous, the revolution might gards, that spirit of management and justice have been nothing but an unsuccessful insurrection. which insure success, and make it to be least dearly It was thus that their religious creed, and the firm- purchased. In June, 1775, the first Congress, ness of their faith, and the fire of their religious assembled at Philadelphia, resolved to publish a emotions, proved an invaluable assistance to the solemn declaration to justify the assumption of success of their arms, and ultimately insured them arms. Two depnties, one from Virginia, the victory. The novels of Fenimore Cooper will other from Pennsylvania, Jefferson and Dickenson, formed part of the committee instructed to compose | haps deficient in the more brilliant powers, he far it. •I prepared (says Jefferson himself) a declar- excels in the moral, in which he stands alone in atory resolution. Mr. Dickenson thought it too his glory, the only modern adorning public life violent; he preserved the hope of reconciliation with all the moral splendor of young Greece and with the mother country, and was unwilling to Rome. Let us compare him with Nelson, Napohurt it by offensive words. He was a man so leon, or Byron, and he grows more riveted in our honest and so talented, that even those who did esteem and admiration at every step. Nelson had, not partake in his scruples had a great respect for indeed, a transparency of intention and straighthim. We begged him to take the resolution and forwardness of purpose; but this only served to to remodel it in such a manner as he could approve bring out and testify to his restless and aspiring of. He prepared a completely new edition, pre- spirit. Nelson had the most implicit faith in himserving only the four last paragraphs, and half of self, and greater daring, with sleepless vigor. the one preceding. We approved it, and reported Impossibilities were to him but difficulties, and it to the Congress, which adopted it; thus giving difficulties lost their monster aspect to his sana signal mark of its esteem for Mr. Dickenson, guine view. He believed it, with Hotspur, to beand its extreme desire not to proceed too quickly

“ an easy thing for any respectable portion of the assembly. The To pluck bright honor from the pale-faced moon.” submissiveness of the resolution was generally displeasing, and the pleasure that Mr. Dickenson War seemed to be his chief craving and reward. felt at seeing it adopted gained him a good many Not but that there was some real patriotism, as voices. After the vote, although all remark was his letter to Mr. Sucking, after the siege of Bastia out of order, he could not refrain from rising and proves, wherein he says, “Every man who had expressing his satisfaction, by concluding with any considerable share in the reduction got somethese words: “There is in this paper, Mr. Presi- thing; I only am without reward, and my money dent, but one word of which I disapprove ; that I find not repaid me; nothing but my anxious inword is Congress." Upon which Benjamin Har- terest to serve my country makes me bear up rison rose and said, “ For my part, Mr. President, against it; but I am sometimes ready to give all there is in this paper but one word of which I ap- up." But these words were contradicted by prove; that word is Congress." !"

oihers; such as—"I am now but a post-captain, The time was one most fortunate for the insurrec- but shall soon be on the top of the tree.” " I shall tionists. Lord North was at the head of the shortly have a Gazette of my own. “Pity! I administration. Great Britain had attained her shall soon be envied.” zenith of glory, and was thus an object of envy on Of Lord Byron, his friend and encomiast Moore the continent, and political science and liberal opin- says—“That sort of vanity which is almost insepaions had been diffused both at home and abroad, rable from genius, and which consists in an extreme engendering a proudly ambitious spirit that could sensitiveness on the subject of self, Lord Byron, I not endure to submit to mere hereditary rule and need not say, possessed in no ordinary degree.” precedent. Nothing was wanted but an unrelent. We need not refer to the character of Napoleon. ing and unyielding courage at home, and gradual How different, how superior, and how isolated in steps of courageous progress, with patience, ener- this respect is the character of Washington, of gy, and activity in the scene of the war. And whom M. Guizot saysthese were richly manifested by the crown and “He did nothing which he did not believe to the colonies; the former being as rash and precip- have reason and right to rely upon; so that those itate as the latter were prudent, united, and stead of his actions which had not a systematic character fast. But one thing more was requisite, without humiliating to his adversaries, had, nevertheless, a which, probably, all would have failed, and that moral character which commanded respect. wis a leader combining talent, and courage, and “There prevailed, moreover, the most profound principle, and unyielding perseverance. A num- conviction of his perfect disinterestedness. To ber of great men they had, both civil and military, this great intellectual luminary men willingly conalready honored by their fellow-citizens ; but these fided; this mighty force, which attracted all souls, were not sufficient. Amongst the chiefs there must and insured at the same time their interests, that still be a chief, and such was found in Washington. they should never be given up as a sacrifice, or as

“ He was young, still very young, and already instruments to personal and ainbitious views.” great hopes were entertained of him. Employed Like other eminent men, however, he was not as officer of militia, in some expeditions on the to be exempt from suspicion and slander. M. western frontier of Virginia, against the French Guizot says, speaking of the latter part of his presand the savages, he had amazed equally his supe- identship, “even his integrity was infamously atriors and his companions--the English governors tacked," and then notices the American press, and the American population. The first wrote to which has ever been distinguished for its scurrility. London, to recommend him to the favor of the " As regarded the attacks of the press, he king; the others assembled in the temples, to in- adopted this language : 'I did not believe-I voke the divine protection on their arms, and heard could not imagine until lately—that it was within with pride Samuel Davies, an eloquent preacher, the bounds of probability, hardly within those of exclaim, whilst he was extolling the courage of possibility, that while I was using my utmost the inhabitants of Virginia, “I must mention to exertions to establish a national character of our you one glorious example : that heroical young own, and wished, by steering a steady course, to man, Colonel Washington, who:n Providence has preserve this country from the horrors of a desopreserved in so signal a manner, doubtless, for lating war, that every act of my administration some important service that he is called to render would be tortured, and the grossest and most into his country.”

sidious representations of then be made, and that, Washington has superior claims to esteem over too, in such exaggerated and indecent terms as any of his contemporaries or descendants in fame. could scarcely be applied to a Nero, to a notorious Equal and superior in the sterner, though per- Idefaulter, or even to a common pick pocket. But

66

enough of this. I have already gone further in bers that France was interested in maintaining the the expression of my feelings than I intended.” equilibrium existing between the different powers

M. Guizot throughout the work takes the part of of America, M. Guizot did not, in my judgment, the colonists against England, though he is careful mean that France should endeavor to establish in to conceal any direct feeling of hostility towards the western hemisphere an equality of strength our country, for which he has professed such a warm between the various powers existing there— this predilection. Like his other works, we have here would be chimerical—but that France should deextensive knowledge combined with powers of ac- sire to see rights al ady existing treated with recorate generalization, but no indication of genius. spect. This is, notwithstanding all that has been His political, like his historical knowledge, is the said, a just and honorable policy, which abridges result, no doubt, of close and careful study; but in nothing the legitimate sphere of action of the his political principles, so far as they can be gath-American people. The Union is regarded by M. ered, appear to be traditional rather than philo- Guizot, as by every statesman imbued with a nasophical or moral, derived from that motley school tional spirit, as an ally, and not as an enemy." which sprung up in France after the Restoration. This language would not perhaps have any peo M. Guizot has given almost equal attention to the culiar significance, did it not so closely tally with claims of the biography and the history, the latter M. Guizot's remarkable speech on the subject of of which we have not space to analyze. It is the annexation of Texas-tható it behooves France pleasing to see ministers of state and public men (il lui appartient) to preserve the balance of power directing their energies to a sound and healthy in the western hemisphere; and this is what Mr. literature, especially connected, as it is in the pres-Gaillardet evidently means—" existing rights are ent instance, with their own experience, guidance, to be respected”—the “nationalities on her borand improvement. They may here learn, in the ders," i. e. Mexico, California, Canada, Oregon, closing words of our author :

Guatemala, are to be respected." “ Government, in all times and in all places, will be the grandest employment of the human faculties, and, consequently, that which requires the

We have all heard of wheat and other grain, inloftiest souls to undertake it. It is thus to the closed in the cerecloths of mummies of the time of honor as well as the advantage of society, that the Ptolemies, having preserved its vitality during they should be drawn out and yoked to the admin-three thousand years, and fructifying in our own istration of affairs. There are no institutions, no climate ; even yet more wonderful is the case of guarantees whic can supply their place.

the animalcule, which, living in water, if deprived “ And as for theni, let them remember that with of that element, dries to dust, and revives at a fuall men worthy of this destiny, every feeling of fa- ture period when water shall be supplied to it. tigue or sadness, legitimate though it may be, is still

The power of vitality, so wonderfully conspicua weakness. Their mission is to labor; their re- ous in the vegetable kingdom, which enables a seed compense is the success of their work, and this is to retain its vegetating power though dormant for only to be attained by toil. Often is it their lot to many years, has a remarkable analogy with the redie, pressed down by the weight of their task, vivification of some of the animalcules.

* The long before they can receive its recompense. Rotifer redivirus, or wheel animalcule, can live Washington did receive it. He deserved, and he only in water, and is commonly found in that tasted success and repose. Of all the great men which has remained stagnant for some time in the that have ever existed, he was at once the most gutters of houses. But it may be deprived of this virtuous and the most happy. The Almighty has Auid, and reduced to perfect dryness, so that all no higher favors to grant in this transitory world.”' the functions of life shall be completely suspended,

We have only to add that Mr. Parnell has per- yet without the destruction of the vital principle ; formed his office with fidelity and elegance, and for this atom of dust, after remaining for years in a this is the highest praise that can be awarded to dry state, may be revived in a few minuies by bea translator.

ing again supplied with water."'* Other animal

cnles exhibit the same phenomenon ; and the analViews OF THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT.-Mr.

ogy

is still further carried on by the fact well Gaillardet, the eminent editor of the Courrier des known to gardeners, that seeds which have been Etats Unis, is now in Europe, and the last number long kept, will vegetate more surely if soaked for of that paper contains an account of an interview some time in water before they are planted. between himself and M. Guizot at his country Every discovery, in whatever science, seems seat, near Passy. After speaking of M. Guizot in more and more clearly to point to simplicity of dethose terms which his distinguished capacity, ele- sign and unity of purpose in nature:- Where vated position, and pure character demand, Mr. the same course and method will accomplish a Gaillardet thus proceeds : “Our conversation similar end, a different one seems nerer to be turned, as you may easily suppose, on America, adopted. All the researches of modern physiand the questions now in agitation there. M. Guizot cal science, though they may place new objects and treats these subjects in a manner at once dignified, new substances within our view, tend to lessen. national, and liberal. His views he has already not enlarge, the list of elementary bodies ;-and all expressed at the Tribune. He respects the rights investigations into the organized parts of creation of the Americans, and recognizes their legitimate teach us to refer more and more to a few simple ambition. He profoundly sympathizes with this principles, modified, indeed, by the nature and regreat people, whom he regards as the missionaries quirements of each species, but all pointing to the of civilization, liberty, order, and industry in the same law, which appears to prevail throughout the new world ; but France must desire (doit desirer universe, that nothing shall be unnecessarily comque) the American Union, while carrying out her plicated. — Vegetable Physiology. high and vast mission, to respect the nationalities on her borders. When he declared in the Cham- * Roget, Anim. and Veget. Phys., vol. i., p. 62.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.--No. 82.–6 DECEMBER, 1845.

.

CONTENTS.

PAOB. 1. Mrs. Kirkland's Western Clearings,

New York Tribune,

441 2. Lord Chesterfield's Life and Letters,

Quarterly Review,

443 3. Willis' Dashes at Life,

Edinburgh Review,

455 4. Protestantism in Ireland,

Atlas,

460 5. Corn and Chaff-Railroads,

461 6. Large Conceits : Little Wars: River Plate,

463 7. Oregon-American Policy,

Britannia,

464 8. France and China,

464 9. Opera of Every-Day Life, .

Punch's Pocket Book,

466 10. More Annexation,

Britannia,

468 11. St. Giles and St. James, ch. 19,

Jerrold's Magazine,

469 12. A Plea for Study,

Geo. W. Bethune, D. D.,

473 13. Autobiography of Zschokke,

Critic,

482 14. Abd el Kader,

Examiner,

487 15. Mexico, California, Oregon,

Foreign Quarterly Review,

488 Poetry.—Lament of the Statues ; Railway Maniac, 467—Life's Work; Sunshine of Life;

Sonnet, 472–How shall I meet Thee? 481–The Fallen Leaves, 488.
SCRAPS.-Fusion of Politics and Parties ; New University Movement, 459—A Potato-Fed

People, 462—Pawning Money, 465–Prussian Heroine, 468–Fuller, 485—Signs of Free
Trade ; War in the Caucasus, 486.

.

Western Clearings; by Mrs. C. M. KIRKLAND, I in the small,) that it must he wholesome to observe how

author of "A New Home,” &c. (No. VII. what we love appears in those whom we do not admire. of Wiley and Putnam's Library of American The monkey and the magpie are imitators ; and when the Books.)

one makes a thousand superfluous bows and grimaces,

and the other hoards what can be of no possible use to In this volume will be found all the excellences him, we may, even in those, see a far off reflex of certain to which we are accustomed in this justly popular things prevalent among ourselves. Next in order come writer—a sweet and genial temper, able to sym- neck for a cravat, and the girl supply her ideal of a veil

little children ; and the boy will put a napkin about his pathise with whatever is simple and healthful, by pinning a pocket handkerchief to her bonnet, while we balanced by a quick sense of folly, pretension, or laugh at the self-deception; and fancy that roe value only morbid action in character ; admirable good sense, realities. But what affords us most amusement, is the ennobled by generous desires ; a cultivated taste, awkward attempt of the rustic, to copy the airs and graces and great comic power. When to these qualifi- which have caught his faney as he saw them exhibited in

town; or, still more naturally, those which have been dis. cations for observing men is added a familiar love played on purpose to dazzle him, during the stay of some of nature, with uncommon talents for description, mould of fashion” in the country. How exquisitely it must be confessed that the combination of claims funny are his efforts and their failure! How the true is rare.

And Mrs. Kirkland has yet one more, hugs himself in full belief that the gulf between himself that will not be less felt by the American reading

and the pseudo is impassable! Little dreams he that his

own ill-directed longings after the distingue in air or in public ; and this is that though she has received position seem to some more fortunate individual as far sufficient influence from the literature of the old from being accomplished as those of the rustic to himworld to refine and expand her powers. she be- self, while both, perhaps, owe more to the tailor and longs, both by her topics and the structure of her milliner, than to any more dignified source. mind, to the new. She has represented a particu- really melancholy, to one who loves his kind, to see how

The country imitates the town, most sadly; and it is lar period in our social existence with so much obstinately people will throw away real comforts and adsuccess, that her works, though slight in their vantages in the vain chase of what does not belong to fabric, and familiar in their tone, are likely to have solitude and freedom. The restraints necessary to city a permanent existence and enforce a permanent life are there compensated by many advantages resulting

from close contact with others; while in the country those interest. She is only a sketcher, but with so clear restraints are simply odious, curtailing the real advantages an eye and vigorous a touch as to afford just views of the position, yet entirely incapable of substituting those of the present and valuable suggestions for the which belong to the city. future. As a specimen of the reflective portion of

Real refinement is as possible in the one case as in the the book, take the following:

other. Would it were more heartily sought in both !

In the palmy days of alchemy, when the nature and ARISTOCRACY.— The great ones of the earth might learn powers of occult and intangible agents were deemed wormany a lesson from the little. What has a certain dig. ihy the study of princes, the ari of sealing hermetically nity on a comparatively large scale, is so simply laugha- i was an essential one ; since many a precious elixir woul ble when it is seen in miniature, (and unlike most other necessarily become unmanageable and useless, is allowed things, perhaps, its real features are better distinguished to wander in the comunca air. This art secins now to be

28

LXXXII.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. VII.

reservoirs.

The essay on

among the Josi, in spite of the anxious efforts of cunning, uncle of his'n, just come down from Ionia county, the projectors ; and at the present time a subtle essence, more town of Freemantle, village of Breadalbane-come away volatile than the elixir of life--more valuable than the up here to mill, (they ha'n't no mills yet, up there.) Uncle, philosopher's stone-an invisible and imponderable but this is Miss Wiggins, John Wiggins' wile, up yonder on most real agent, long bo:iled up for the enjoyment of a the hill, t’other side of the mash-you can see ihe house privileged few, has burst its bounds and become part of from here. She's come down to meetin'.” our daily atmosphere. Some mighty sages still contrive to retain within their own keeping important portions of

With regard to this same designation of His'n, this treasure ; but there are regions of the earth where it we have seen it remarked by a celebrated French is open to all, and, in the opinion of the exclusive, sadly writer as a beautiful trait of the women of Brittany desecrated by having become an oliject of pursuit to the that, in speaking of their husbands, they always vulgar. Where it is still under a degree of control, the seal of Hermes is variously represented. In Russia, the say he, or him, only, thinking it unnecessary to supreme will of the autocrat regulates the distribution of name him, as if the other party must know there the " airy good ;” in other parts of the continent, ancient could be no other man in the world to them. Just prescription has still the power to keep it within its due so affectionately says the German woman, “My

In France, its uses and advantages have leen Man, ,” in speaking of her husband ; and he, no publicly denied and repudiated ; yet it is said that prae- less,' “ My Woman,” in speaking of her. iically. everybody stands open-mouthed where it is known to be floating in the air, hoping to inhale as much as pos

“ Idle People” is one of the most sible without the odium of seeming to grasp at what has graceful in the book. The mode of making rebeen decided to be worthless. In England, we are told ligious marriages spoken of in “ Chances and that the precious fluid is still kept with great solicitude Changes," was new to us. in a dingy receptacle called Almack's, watched over by certain priestesses, who are self-consecrated to an attend

From the New York Evening Post. ance more onerous than that required for maintaining the Mrs. Kirkland has acquired a reputation by the Vestal fire, and who yet receive neither respect nor grati- vivacity and interest of her style, which gives all tude for their pains. Indeed, the fine spirit has become she writes a quick circulation over the whole counso much diffused in England that it reminds us of the riddle of Mother Goose

try. Her manner is as original and fresh as the A house-full, a hole-full,

people she describes. There is an exquisite good But can't catch a bowl-full.

humor, with dashes of a rare and pungent wit, in If such efforts in England amuse us, what shall we say life, that many of her most general descriptions

all she says. Her sketches, too, are so true to of the agonized pursuit everywhere observable in our own country? We have denounced the fascinating gas as poi- have been regarded as portraits of particular localisonous-we have staked our very existence upon exclud-ties and persons. Some of the Great Westerns, ing it from the land, yet it is the breath of our nostrils, we believe, have been offended by the freedom of the soul of our being—the one thing needful--for which her satire, but none have ever failed to laugh at we are willing to expend mind, body, and estate.

her fun. exclaim against its operations in other lands, but it is the

Yet as sprightly as her tales appear, purchaser decrying to others the treasure he would ap- they have running through the whole of them an propriate to himself. We take much credit to ourselves undercurrent of profounder meaning.--Her sympafor having renounced what all the rest of the world were thies are genial, and while detecting the faults, she pursuing, but our practice is like that of the toper who does full justice to the nobler qualities of the Weshad forsworn drink, yet afterward perceiving the contents of a brother sinner's bottle to be spilt, could not forbear

tern settlers.

From the Boston Courier. falling on his knees to drink the liquor from the frozen hoof-prints in the road ; or that other votary of indulgence,

We ever welcome with pleasure a book from who, having once had the courage to pass a tavern, after the pen of Mrs. Kirkland. Her books are genuine wards turned back that he might" treat resolution.” We books. They are the growth of her own mind, have satisfied our consciences by theory; we feel no com- and not manufactured by a book-making process, punction in making our practice just like that of the rest taking here a page, and there a paragraph, as of the world. This is true of the country generally ; but it is nowhere druggists compound medicines by pouring out of

She writes of what so strikingly evident as in these remote regions which the big bottles into little ones. noise of the great world reaches but at the rebound-as it she had seen, and her descriptions are fresh, vivid, were in faint echoes ; and these very echoes changed from and natural. They are not taken at second hand. their original, as Paddy asserts of those of the Lake of They are not descriptions of descriptions. Her Killarney. It would seem that our elixir vitæ-a strange style is natural and easy, her vein of humor origifascination, at least, increases as it recedes from the foun-nal, and she has a happy power of seizing and de

tain-head. The Russian noble may refuse to let his lineating peculiarities of human character. Her . daughter smile upon a suitor whose breast is not covered descriptions of Western life and manners have been with orders ; the German dignitary may insist on sixteen received with great favor, on both sides of the

admitted into a coterie not half as respectable or as elegant Atlantic, from their truth and freshness. They : as the one to which he belongs-all this is consistent are contributions to American literature, strictly so enough ; but we must laugh when we see the managers called ; not tame copies of foreign orginals. They of a city ball admit the daughters of wholesale merchants, are full of the flavor of the soil. while they exclude the families of merchants who sell at retail ; and still more when we come to the “new coun

The present work is a collection of tales, try," and observe that Mrs. Penniman, who takes in sew

sketches, and essays, marked by those excellences ing, utterly refuses to associate with her neighbor, Mrs. of matter and manner, which have given her so Clapp, because she goes out sewing by the day; and that honorable a place among our writers. The grave by the last election, signs all bis letters of friendship, respective tastes. our friend, Mr. Diggins, being raised a step in the world and the gay will here find matter suited to their

It will introduce the quiet "'D. Diggins, Sheriff.”

people of New England into a new world, very This is a specimen of the fun of a Western in- (pleasant to read about, but not so agreeable to partroduction. How happy it would make some of Jiake of. Mrs. Kirkland's is a healthful mind, us who are not, through a native love for gossip, with an excellent foundation of strong, good sense. forearmed with such particulars as to those to There is consequently nothing of extravagance, whom we are likely to be presented, if a similar exaggeration, bitterness, or injustice in her views full announcement was customary on “the sea- and pictures. She sees all that is good in Wesboard.” It would save such a world of question- tern life and manners, and is not so fastidious as to ing and beating about the bush.

be unable to forgive the annoyances which a sensi“Miss Wiggins, let me make you acquainted with an | tive spirit must cncounter there.

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