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From the Quarterly Review. say that he has given us a new work. Whatever The Letters of Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of could wound anybody's feelings had been omitted ;
Chesterfield; including numerous Letters now in other words, a very large proportion of whatfirst priblished from the original MSS. Edited, ever could throw light on the secret history of parwith Notes, by Lord Mahon, in 4 vols., 8vo. ties and public men in Lord Chesterfield's timeLondon. 1845.
very many letters entirely-the most striking para
graphs of half the rest. The lacune are now Two scions of the old knightly house of Stan- filled up as far as was possible—and the whole hope were raised to the peerage of James I. The illustrated by notes, which we recommend to the elder (and only surviving) branch was advanced to study of all who may be tempted to undertake the earldom of Chesterfield by Charles I., in whose tasks of this description ; for they are brief and cause its zeal and sufferings were conspicuous. clear and wherever a judgment was called for, Two of its cadets earned early in the next century convey that of a sagacious mind in language as by great public services the separate earldoms of terse as the great kinsman himself could have Stanhope and Harrington; and in the former of employed. Lord Mahon has also collected and these junior lines the succession of remarkable arranged the various letters that had more recently abilities has ever since been uninterrupted—a cir-emerged in the Suffolk correspondence, the Marchcumstance perhaps unique. We believe, taking mont Papers, Coxe's ponderous compilations, and the blood together, not one race in Great Britain elsewhere. We are, however, we must confess, has produced within the last two hundred and fifty somewhat surprised that his diligence has not years so many persons of real and deserved emi- brought out more of absolute novelty in this way. nence; but still for the brilliant variety of his Mr. George Berkely, we know, had kept carefully talents and attainments, the general splendor of some specimens of Chesterfield's epistolary vein, his career, influence and fame, the fourth Earl of even of the boyish Cambridge time. The writer Chesterfield remains the facilè princeps of his attained extraordinary repute in his earliest manhouse and name. Either as statesman or diploma- hood, and he lived to the edge of eighty in the entist, or orator, he stood below no contemporary joyment of all but unrivalled admiration. With who never held the prime management of a great such social connexions and predilections, such party, and below but two of those who ruled the literary habits and facility, his correspondence empire. As the ornament and oracle of the world must have been vast—and even now we can have of fashion, the model of taste and wit, and all per- seen but a very insignificant fragment of it. Where sonal graces and accomplishments, his supremacy is it? Even in those comparatively careless days, was undisputed; but it is to his connexion with who could have burnt a letter of Lord Chesterthe literature and literary men of his age that he field's? We have no doubt that in the reposiowes mainly the permanence as well as the promi- tories of those who represent his various politica] nence of his celebrity. He survives among us, and fashionable associates, innumerable relics must and will survive, by reason of his connexion with still be lying disinterred. Lord Mahon tells us Pope, Gay, Atterbury, Arhuthnot, Swift, Vol- that he inquired in vain at Bretby ; but it was not taire, Johnson ; and (though we are far from there that we should have expected to find much undervaluing others of his writings) because his --Lord Chesterfield was the last man to keep letters on the education of his son are in point of copies of his own letters—we should greatly doubt style a finished and classical work, contain instruc- whether he ever wrote anything twice over in his tions for the conduct of life that will never be life. But we are not told of any researches in obsolete, and constitute some of our most curious places which we should have conjectured to be materials for estimating the moral tone of aristo- among the likeliest for discovery-at Castle cratic society during a long and important period Ashby, for instance, at Stanmer, at Clumber, or of English history.
Longleat, or Hagley. Among his closest connexThese famous letters were published the year ions was that with Mr. Waller, the last male repafter his death, and have since gone through many resentative of the poet, himself a man of exteneditions ; but it cannot be said that until now they sive acquirements, an elegant scholar, through life had received even a decent measure of editorial a student. Where are the Waller MSS.? Has care. Lord Mahon has (with a few trivial and Mr. Upcott no information of their fate? Then, proper omissions in the earlier part of the series) is there not reason to suppose that a very considreproduced them entire, and for the first time filled erable body of Chesterfield papers exist in the up names left in blauk, and explained hints and Castle of Dublin? The earl's brief vice-royalıy is allusions which the lapse of another generation on the whole the most honorable feature in his hiswould have condemned to hopeless obscurity. As tory. Some inedited letters or despatches of that the original editrix was actuated solely by motives date were quoted with effect a few years ago in of pecuniary interest, no addition to the text could the house of lords by the Marquis of Normanby ; be expected-she, we may be sure, printed every but though the noble editor's aliention was thus scrap that had been preserved. They are now, directed to the point, the result is nil. He states however incorporated with a more general corre- that his applications were received with the anticispondence which had been originally dealt with in pated courtesy both by Lord Normanby and hy the a widely different manner. Bishop Chenevix and present lord-lieutenant: but that in neither case Mr. Dayrolles were friends of Chesterfield, and were the desired documents placed at his disposal. men of character and honor. In whatever they Cosas de España :
:-we think it highly improbable communicated to the public they had a just regard that a trip to Dublin (within the last twelve for the claims both of the dead and the living: if months at all events) could have failed of its rethey erred at all, it was on the side of over-deli- ward. But as no man ever devoted himself to the cacy: accordingly, the mutilations were severe ; ladies with more zeal, or carried to the grave with and as respects this, the larger share of his mate- him the reputation of more triumphant success in rials, when we compare Lord Mahon's copy with the quest of their favor, nothing certainly strikes what we had had before, it is hardly too much to us as stranger in this case than that so few specimens should have yet come out of the earl's cor- | heresies; but we believe he in this matter allowed respondence with ihe fair sex. That he hardly himself to be mystified by the eternal malice of spent a morning between his 20th and his 50th Horace Walpole, who hated Chesterfield with a year without penning some effusion of gallantry- perfect hatred, as son, as partisan, as rival witnulla dies sine lineâ —we may assume as not less hated him as a substantive magnate, as far above certain than his regular observance of the toilette. the gossip of coats and crests as above accumulatThat letters of this class should not have been ing tea-pots and smelling-bottles-hated him even forthcoming at an earlier period, no one can be in his vices, not because they were vices, but besurprised :--but we can scarcely think the heirs, cause they were manlier vices than his own. We or even the heiresses of the beauties concerned, infer from Lord Mahon's preface that Mr. Evelyn would feel any hesitation in now producing the Shirley is in possession of various things hitherto evidence of their appreciation by that peerless inedited; and if among these be any more characKnight of the Garier. Did the adorable Lady ters equal to those of Pope, Bolingbroke, Pulteney, Fanny Shirley, for example--of his devotion to Chatham, Newcastle and Bute-or to that now for whom,
the first time printed of Arbuthnot—the public “In that eternal whisper which begun
would be very grateful for them. But at any rate
Chesterfield's miscellaneous works have long been Ten years ago, and never will be done,”
out of print; and his speeches, his political tracts, we have hardly any record but in this couplet of his essays on the follies and affectations of his day, Hanbury Williams, and one or two not always de- his songs and metrical jour d'esprit, all need and cent songs by Chesterfield himself—did she pre- are well entitled to revision and illustration of the serve none of her worshipper's epistles? Did Ma- same kind that Lord Mahon has now bestowed on dame de Monconseil destroy all but the evidently the gathered specimens of his Correspondence. * interrupted as well as mutilated series with which Prefixed to this collection is a sketch of the life it was left for Lord Mahon to connect her name? and character of Chesterfield, extracted nearly 17
We have no doubt the reception of these vol- batim from the third volume of Lord Mahon's Hisnimes will be such as to encourage further investi- tory of England, with some additional matter exgation not only in England and Ireland, but also planatory of his immediate task and objects. The in France, Italy, Germany, and Holland. No sketch is a very excellent one-concise yet comEnglishman of the time had more intimate connex- prehensive, and in a style highly graceful.
As a ions with foreign courts or with foreign literati. chapter in a history, a preface to a series of letters, He was as much at home in France as Bolingbroke or, we may venture to say, as an article in a Reor Horace Walpole—as familiar with Germany as view, nothing could be better. But if Lord Mahon Sir C. H. Williams; he knew Italy well; and had should, as we hope he will, undertake a general a more thorough acquaintance with Holland than edition of Chesterfield's works, we trust he will any other first-rate Englishman subsequent to Sir accompany it with a complete biography. Dr. William Temple. Equally admired by Voltaire Maty's is a wretched performance; it is true he and Frederick of Prussia, (who used to call him did not live to correct it finally for the press ; but L'homme d'Angleterre,) he contrived to keep quite at any rate he wrote so close on the time, and so clear of their feuds, and was cultivated and con- entirely under the directions of the earl's widow, fided in by both to the last. But indeed if no man that it was impossible for him, even had his abiliwas more feared and dreaded for satiric wit than ties been much greater than they were, to produce Chesterfield, and if, as we believe, no man ever a satisfactory life of Lord Chesterfield. He is evipaid dearer for the indulgence of that faculty in its dently in leading-strings where his pace is best, results to his political ambition, it must be allowed and then it is stiff and pompous to a most doctorial that no great wit ever passed through the world degree of absurdity. Wherever there was a point with so few social quarrels. We may be sure he practised diligently the precept so often inculcated * Of Chesterfield's lighter Essays, one of the best is that on on his son—" Be always ready to embrace any of the plain we read Their dress must not rise aluve plain
Two classes are thus neatly disposent of. man whom you don't feel entitled or disposed to
humble prose; any attempts beyond il amount at best 10 the knock down."
mock-hervic, and excite laughter. An ugly woman should hy We may also, we think, consider ourselves as
all means avoid any ornament that may draw eves upon her
which she will entertain so ill. But if she endeavors, by dint of having a claim on Lord Mahon for a fuller collec-dress, to cram her deformity down mankind, lhe insolence of the tion than has as yet appeared of his celebrated re- undertaking is resented ; and when a Gorgon curls her snakes to lation's miscellaneous works, both in prose and in 1 charm the pown, she would have no reason to complain of some
We know that some “ Dialogues of the called a third sex than a part of the fair one, should publicly reDead” remain in manuscript, and have heard them nounce all thoughts of their persons, and turn their minds an:
other way; they should endeavor to be honest good-humored highly commended by a most excellent judge. gentlemen! they may amuse themselves with field sports, and a They were, we suppose, inspired by his propensity cheerful glass ; and, if they could get into Parliament, I should, for quizzing his solemn friend Lyttleton, and with for my own pari, hare no objection to it. Should I be asked held from the press in tenderness to the respecta-cordingly. I answer that, in order to judge right, she me noe ble victim. Several light pieces of verse, com
believe her eyes, but her ears, and if they have not heard very
warm addresses and applications, she may depend upon it, it monly ascribed to his pen, are only to be found in
was the deformity, and not the severity of her countenance that magazines of his day, or in books of elegant ex- prevented them.
" There is another sort who may most properly he styled old tracts. Others inserted as his by Maty, or Maty's
These are exceedingly numerous: witness all the successor in the confidence of Lady Chesterfield, puhlic places. I have often observeil septuagenary great grandare now known not to be his ; though we can see mothers adorned, as they thought, with all the colors of the rainnot the least reason for supposing with Sir Eger- in the midst of their own silks. Nay, I have seen them proudly ton Brydges, (Collins Peerage, vol. iii.,) that the display withered necks, shrivelled and decayed like their mar earl himself ever claimed in any sort the parentage | had visited these forty years. The utmost indulgence I can alof a stanza that did not belong to him. Sir Eger- low here is extreme cleanliness, that they may not offend more ton, no doubt, disliked Lord Chesterfield for his senses than the sight; but for the dress, it must he contined to
the clergy and the tristibus."-Miscellaneous Works, vol. il., sneers at the bibliomania, to say nothing of worse
pp. 48, 49.
of real delicacy or difficulty, he either flounders that we think the editor of the “Suffolk Letters through a splash of unintelligible verbosity, or disproved it in the most conclusive manner more skips the whole matter with the lugubrious smirk than twenty years ago. But so difficult it is to of a German dancing-master. Not one of the ques- dislodge a fiction, however flagrant, which flatters tions that have in the sequel given rise to serious the ordinary mediocrity of our race, by representdebate is clearly propounded—far less have we an ing the acknowledged master in any department opinion on it, expressed with manly directness one of life to have been foiled in his own craft, when way or another. This is the led-chaplain style of practising it, as he supposed, with the utmost rememoir-less detestable only than that (now more finement of adroitness. That Chesterfield should in voque) of the valet de chambre. Unfortunately not have understood the interior of the court of it so happens that Lord Mahon's sketch, having George II.—that it should have been his fate to be been originally drawn up for the purposes of a gen- dismissed from that court in 1732, and to have reeral history, onits entirely what are now for the mained in ignorance of the cause of his dismissal, majority of readers the most interesting of the till forty years afterwards Horace Walpole cleared vered topics alluded to. We will instance the up the mystery by recalling and explaining a gautheory, gravely transmuted into solemn fact by cherie and a bêtise of Chesterfield's own-commitArchdeacon Coxe, that Chesterfield missed the fated when the earl was in the thirty-eighth year of vor of George II., because he sought it by courting his age, and in the meridian of his courtly skill and Lady Suffolk instead of the queen ; and the whole diplomatic celebrity—the heaviest of archdeacons story of his connexion with Dr. Johnson, the Bos- never chuckled over a more palpable mare's nest; wellian impression as to which is still so prevalent but how he came to imbed it in the stiff clay of his as to have inspired perhaps the most popular pic- own historic text without having taken the slightture in the Royal Academy's exhibition of May, est trouble to compare the charmingly precise and 1815. Lord Mahon is by talents and opportunities particular anecdote of a Horace Walpole with the better qualified than any other man in England to dates of about the most prominent events in Lord write a worthy life of Lord Chesterfield. It is Chesterfield's public career, is a specimen of inwanted: and we shall be extremely sorry for his competency for the study of affairs such as Clarsake and our own if he does not supply this blank. endon himself could hardly have prognosticated for We hear with pleasure that his lordship is again in a cathedral close. Lord Chesterfield and Mrs. office : for our experience is all in favor of Chester- Howard were intimately acquainted long before field's dictum," the men who go through most the lady attracted the notice of Queen Caroline or business have most leisure."
of George 11. Their friendship continued all Meanwhile, with his present preface before us, through the time when the lady's favor was at its there would be considerable imprudence in at- height; and it was during that very time that
empting another sketch of the earl's life on the Chesterfield occupied in succession all the distinscale suitable for this journal. We shall, there- guished offices in the family of George II. as fore, venture merely on a few sentences with refer- Prince of Wales. On the opening of his reign ence to one or two of the circumstances that seem Chesterfield—anno ætat. 32!-had the garter, and to be, even now, most commonly misapprehended became at once Lord Steward of the Household or misrepresented. And first, let us take Wal- and Ambassador to the Hague. Chesterfield pole's story about Lady Suffolk, and its adoption remained at the Hague four years, till 1732, by worthy Mr. Coxe. The archdeacon, in his Me- by which time it was well known to him, and to moirs of Sir Robert Walpole, says :
all Mrs. Howard's friends, that her influence had “Lord Chesterfield had requested the queen to waned to a shadow. Immediately on his return to speak to the king for some small favor; the queen England he joined the parties who had coalesced promised, but forgot it: a few days afterwards, for the overthrow of Sir R. Walpole. He enrecollecting her promise, she expressed regret at gaged forthwith in the literary warfare against the her forgetfulness, and added that she would cer- minister, in which his wit and sarcasm rendered tainly mention it that day. Chesterfield replied him most formidably efficient; and he was disthat her majesty need not give herself that trouble, missed from his place in the household the instant for Lady Suffolk had spoken to the king. The that he threw off' the mask, and took part in the queen made no reply: but on seeing the king, told parliamentary opposition to Walpole's great Excise him that she had long promised to mention a tri- Bill. He was dismissed on the second day after fling request to his majesty, but it was needless, that bill was withdrawn; and on the same grounds because Lord Chesterfield had just informed her as were dismissed at the same time from their that she had been anticipated by Lady Suffolk. places in the household, the Duke of Montrose, The king, who always preserved great decorum Lords Stair, Marchmont, and Burlington : nay, so with the queen, and was very unwilling to have it unbridled was Sir R. Walpole's resentment of that supposed that the favorite interfered, was extreme- opposition, that he at the same moment deprived ly displeased with both Lord Chesterfield and his Lord Clinton not only of his place in the housemistress ; the consequence was, that in a short hold, but of the lord-lieutenancy of Devonshire ; time Lady Suffolk went to Bath for her health, to and both the Duke of Bolton and Lord Cobham of return no more to court : Chesterfield was dis- their regiments in the army. This was the mysmissed from his office-and never heard the reason terious dismissal of April, 1732, which Horace till two years before his death; when he was in- Walpole expounded to Lord Chesterfield in 1771! formed by the late Earl of Orford (Hor. Walpole) As to Mrs. Howard, she became Countess of Sufthat his disgrace was owing to his having offended folk in 1731—from the hour when that event had the queen by paying court to Lady Suffolk.”—Vol. set her at ease in money matters, we see by her ii., p. 283. (Edit. 1816.)
letters that she was well disposed to retire from This story (embalmed of course in Walpole's court—but she did not leave it till 1735—three own Memoirs of George II., which Coxe had not years after that dismissal of Chesterfield, to which then seen) has since been repeated in we know not Archdeacon Coxe represents her ladyship’s retirehow many books and essays; and yet we must say ment as the ominous preliminary!
To conclude-Chesterfield's letters to the lady | his birth was great and illustrious ; there are some herself contain the clearest evidence that he all few such in the august Germanic body. This along completely understood the predominant influ- prince made him promise, that whenever he should ence of Queen Caroline.* And Lord Mahon has return to England, he would make him a visit in now, for the first time, printed a very curious frag- his principality. Accordingly, about two years ment on the character of Lady Suffolk by Chester- ago, he waited upop his serene highness; who, field, (vol. ii., p. 440,) which, if more proof were being apprised a little beforehand of his arrival, rewanted, distinctly proves the same thing.
solved to receive him with all possible marks of We have been much obliged to the notes of the honor and distinction. My friend was not a little editor of the “ Suffolk Papers.” He is, however, surprised to find himself conducted to the palace mistaken in saying, (vol. ii., p. 85,) that Chester- through a lane of soldiers resting their firelocks, field never appeared at the court of George II. and the drums beating a march. His highness, after the dismissal of April 13, 1732. Fourteen who observed his surprise, after the first compliyears, indeed, passed before he repeated the visit ments, spoke very gravely to him thus :which immediately followed the withdrawal of his "I do not wonder that you, who are well inwhite wand; nor is it difficult to account for this, formed of the narrowness both of my territories without any sort of reference to the supposed hos- and my fortune, should be astonished at the numtility of Queen Caroline—who died in 1737. For ber of my standing forces; but I must acquaint some years previous to the death of George I., you, that the present critical situation of my affairs Chesterfield had been the favorite among many would not allow me to remain defenceless, while suitors for the hand of his majesty's daughter by all my neighbors were arming around me. There the Duchess of Kendal— Melosina de Schullen- is not a prince near me that has not made an augburg, created in her own right Countess of Wal- mentation in his forces, some of four, some of singham, and considered, as long as her father eight, and some even of twelve men ; so that you lived, as likely to turn out one of the wealthiest must be sensible that it would have been consistheiresses in the kingdom. George I. opposed him- ent neither with my honor nor safety, not to have self to the young lady's inclinations in consequence increased mine. I have therefore augmented my of Chesterfield's notorious addiction to gambling. army up to forty effective men, from but eight-andShe took her own way, as ladies generally do, as twenty that they were before ; but in order not to soon as circumstances permitted. Chesterfield's overburden my subjects with taxes, nor oppress disinissal from court had followed, as we have seen, them by the quartering and insolence of my troops, almost immediately on his return from a four years' as well as to remove the least suspicion of my deresidence in Holland—and within a few months signing anything against their liberties, to tell you more Lady Walsingham became Lady Chester- the plain truth, my men are of wax, and exercise field. Chesterfield's house in Grosvenor Square by clock-work. You may easily perceive,' added was next door to the Duchess of Kendal's, and he, that if I were in any real danger, my forty froin this time he was domesticated with the mo- men of wax are just as good a security to me as if ther as well as the daughter. The ancient mis- they were of the best flesh and blood in Christentress suggested and stimulated legal measures re- dom: as for the dignity and show, they answer specting a will of George I., which George II. is those purposes full as well ; and in the mean time said to have suppressed and destroyed, and by they cost me so litile, that our dinner will be much which, as the duchess alleged, the late king had the better for it.' made a splendid provision for Lady Walsingham; “My friend respectfully signified to him his sin—and at last, rather than submit to a judicial ex- cere approbation of his wise and prudent measures, amination of the affair, George II, compromised and assures me that he had never in his life seen the suit by a payment of £20,000 to the Earl and finer bodies of men, better-sized, nor more warlike Countess of Chesterfield. These things were not countenances. likely to smooth the way for the ex-lord steward “ The ingenious contrivance of this wise and back to St. James'—they would be of themselves warlike potentate struck me immediately, as a hint sufficient to account for his continued exclusion. that might be greatly improved to the public adBut this was not all : for during both the later vantage. I have turned it every way in my years of Walpole, and under Walpole's immediate thoughts with the utmost care, and shall now presuccessors too, Chesterfield's wit was turned to no sent it to my readers, willing however to receive point more assiduously than that of ridiculing and any further lights and assistance from those who disparaging the precious electorate and all its con- are more skilled in military matters than I am.
German connexions and subsidies-Ger- “I therefore humbly propose, that, from and man powers and principalities—were his perpetual after the 25th day of March next, 1736, the presbutt; nay, the military, and martinet, and arıny- ent numerous and expensive army be totally distailor propensities of George II. were exposed by banded, the commission officers excepted ; and that this “ wit among lords” and “ lord among wits,” proper persons be authorized to contract with Mrs. as mercilessly as the innocent farming of George Salmon, for raising the same number of men in III. ever was by Peter Pindar. As his miscella- the best of wax. The said persons be likewise neous pieces, especially political, are now in few authorized to treat with that ingenious mechanic, hands, we are not unwilling to give a specimen of Myn Heer Von Pinchbeck, for the clock-work nehis vein in this way, in the heyday of his vigor, cessary for the said number of land forces. and we submit part of one paper in Fog's Journal, “ Infinite pains have been taken of late, but alas (the Continuation of Mist's,) January 17, 1736 :- in vain, to bring up our present army to the nicety
“My friend ****, having resided some time at and perfection of a waxen one ; it has proved ima very considerable court in Germany, had there possible to get such numbers of men, all of the contracted an intimacy with a German prince, same height, the same make, with their own hair. whose dominions and revenues were as small as timing exactly together the several motions of
their exercise, and, above all, with a certain mili"Suffolk Letters," vol. ii., p. 84.
tary fierceness that is not natural to British coun
* Soe e. 8
tenances : even some very considerable officers first rank, if happily turned to mechanics, have have been cashiered for wanting SOME OF THE PROP-employed their whole lives in the incatenation of ERTIES OF WAX.
fleas, or the curious sculpture of cherry-stones ; * By my scheme all these inconveniences will but none, that I have heard of, ever deviated into be entirely removed; the men will be all of the same an attempt at wit. Nay, due care is taken even in size, and, if thought necessary, of the same fea- the education of their princes, that they may be fit tures and complexion ; the requisite degree of for something, for they are always instructed in fierceness may be given them by the proper appli- some other trade besides that of government; so cation of whiskers, scars, and such like indications that, if their genius does not lead them to be able of courage, according to the taste of their respec- princes, it is ten to one but they are excellent turntive officers; and their exercise will, by the skill ers. and care of Myn Heer Von Pinchbeck, be in the In a graver sheet of the same paper, (January, highest German taste, and may possibly arrive at 1739,) after much laudation of Hanover, we are the one motion, that great desideratum in our dis- 10ld—cipline. The whole, thus ordered, must certainly " There cannot be a stronger instance of the adfurnish a more delightful spectacle than any hither- vantages arising to a country from a wise and a to exhibited, to such as are curious of reviews and frugal administration, than the great improvements inilitary exercitations. But give me leave to say of that electorate, under the successive governtoo, that an army thus constituted will be very far ment of his late and his present majesty. The from being without its terror, and will doubtless whole revenues of the electorate, at the time of his strike all the fear that is consistent with the liber- late majesty's accession to the throne of these ties of a free people.
realms, did not amount to more than £300,000 a “Our British monarchs in the Tower are never year; and yet soon afterwards the considerable beheld but with the profoundest respect and rever- purchases of Bremen and Verden were made for ence; and that bold and manly representation of above £500,000 sterling. Not long after this, the Henry VIII. never fails to raise the strongest im- number of troops in the electorate was raised much ages of one kind or another in its beholders. above what it was before thought able to maintain,
“My readers will observe, that I only propose a and has continued ever since upon that high estabreduction of the private men, for, upon many ac- lishment. Since his present majesty's accession to counts, I would by no means touch the commis- the electorate, notwithstanding that the expenses sions of the officers. As they are all in parliament, for the current service of the year equal, at least I might be suspected of political views, which I the revenue of Hanover, yet, by a prudent and fraprotest I have not. I would therefore desire that gal management, a million sterling at least has ihe present set of officers may keep the keys, to been laid out, over and above, in new acquisiwind up their several regimenis, troops, or compa- tions.” nies; and that a master-key to the whole army be Small wonder that Chesterfield gained nothing lodged in the hands of the general-in-chief for the by the downfall of Walpole, though no one had time being, or, in default of such, in the hands of labored for that downfall with more persevering the prime minister. I would further provide, that, energy both of voice and pen. Small wonder that in the disbanding the present army, an exact ac- even in the second of the succeeding cabinets he count should be taken of every soldier's right of found no place; it was more than sufficient that voting in elections ; and that ihe like number of his friends should be able to nominate him for votes, and for the same places, shall be reserved to another mission to the Hague, and for the lieutenevery regiment, troop, or company, of this new ancy of Ireland, which he was allowed to hold army; these votes to be given collectively by the with his embassy. He performed his Dutch busiofficers of the said regiment, troop, or company, in ness (as on the former occasion) with admirable as free and uninfluenced a manner as hath at any skill—and repaired to the seat of his viceroyalty on time been practised within these last twenty the rumor of invasion in the autumn of 1745—but years.
still without ever being admitted to the presence “ Moreover, I would provide, that Mann and of his sovereign. It was the consummate prudence, Day* shall, as at present, have the entire clothing firmness, and even now astonishing success of his of this new army; so scrupulous am I of distress- brief Irish administration-his success in keeping ing the administration."
Ireland perfectly tranquil all through the Jacobite Even the turning lathe at Kensington does not insurrection—nay, in producing and maintaining, escape. This is from No. 32 of a paper called at such a juncture, a more general appearance of “ Common Sense,” in 1737 :
good will towards the English government than “ The players who get their parts by heart, and has ever since, we believe, been exhibited there are to stimulate but for three hours, have a regard, during even so short a space as eight months toin choosing those parts, to the natural bent of their gether-it was this great service-especially as genius. Penkethman never acted Cato; nor Booth, contrasted with the offence of his anti-Carieret Scrub; and I would much rather be an excellent friends in threatening a sirike at the very crisis of shoemaker than a ridiculous and inept minister of the rebellion-it was this that finally subdued the state. I greatly admire our industrious neighbors, very excusable antipathy and jealousy of George the Germans, for many things; but for nothing 11.* The earl's gracious reception on his return more than their steady adherence to the voice of to London, and the familiarity of the subsequent Nature ; they indefatigably pursue the way she intercourse between him and the king, being narhas chalked out to them, and never deviate into rated fully by Dr. Maty, besides being embellishany irregularities of character. Thus many of the
* It would serm that the “ Memoirs of George II." had opened
the eyes of Mr. Coxe; for in his later publication on the Pelo * A firm of woollen-drapers in the Strand; the first of them ham minisiry, (vol. i., p. 346,) when he narrates these transacwas granılsather 10 Sir Horace Mann, the correspondent of Hor- tions, he does not recur to Horace Walpole's story about Lady ace Walpole-who, by the way, in the “ Memoirs of George Suffolk, but justly describes George II. as having. unul 1746, III.,”! just published (vol. iv., p. 19,) expressly calls Mann his "frustered a sirong resentment against Chesterfield for his former
virulent invectives againsi Hanoreriun predilections.