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whom Mr. Willis had made acquaintance in the I should again hold converse with him--fold him coupé of a diligence. No sooner was he at the living to my bosom. Pardon me! You will think soireé than he found himself on the balcony talking me mad!' I might well pardon her; for as she to a very quiet young lady," with whom he talked, a vague sense of familiarity with her voice, “ discoursed away for half-an-hour very unre- a memory, powerful, though indistinct, of having servedly,” before he discovered that a third per- before dwelt on those majestic features, an inson, a tall lady of very stately presence, and pulse of tearful passionateness to rush to her emwith the remains of remarkable beauty," was brace, wellnigh overpowered me. She turned to earnestly listening to their conversation, with her me again. "You are an artist ?' she said, enquirhand upon her side, in an attitude of repressed emo- ingly. •No; though intended for one, I believe, tion.' On this, the conversation languished ;" by nature.' "And you were born in the year and the other lady, his companion, rose, and took .?' 'I was! With a scream she added the his arm to walk through the rooms. But he had day of my birth, and, waiting an instant for my not escaped the notice of the elder lady.

assent, dropped to the floor, and clung convulsively ““ Later in the evening,” says he, my friend and weeping to my knees. Rodolph! Rodolph!' came in search of me to the supper room. • Mon she murmured faintly, as her long grey tresses fell ami!' he said,' a great honor has fallen out of the over her shoulders, and her head dropped insensisky for you. I am sent to bring you to the beau- ble upon her breast. Her cry had been heard, reste of the handsomest woman of Styria—Marga- and several persons entered the room. I rushed ret, Baroness R- whose château I pointed out out of doors. I had need to be in darkness and to you in the gold light of yesterday's sunset. She alone. wishes to know you~why, I cannot wholly divine “ It was an hour after midnight when I reën--for it is the first sign of ordinary feeling that tered my hotel. A chasseur stood sentry at the she has given in twenty years. But she seems door of 'my apartment with a letter in his hand. agitated, and sits alone in the countess' boudoir. He called me by name, gave me his missive, Allons-y!'. As we made our way through the and disappeared. "It was from the baroness, and crowd, he hastily sketched me an outline of the ran thus :lady's history ; At seventeen, taken from a con- "• You did not retire from me to sleep. This vent for a forced marriage with the baron whose letter will find you waking. And I must write, name she bears ; at eighteen a widow, and, for the for my heart and brain are overflowing. first time, in love—the subject of her passion a

« Shall I write to you as a stranger ?—you young artist of Vienna on his way to Italy. The whom I have strained so often to my bosom-you artist died at her château—they were to have been whom I have loved and still love with the utmost married-she has ever since worn weeds for him. idolatry of mortal passion--you who have once And the remainder you must imagine-for here we given me the soul that, like a gem long lost, is

The baroness leaned with her elbow upon found again, but in a newer casket! Mine still :a small table of or-moulu, and her position was so --for did we not swear to love forever! taken that I seated myself necessarily in a strong "• But I am taking counsel of my own heart light, while her features were in shadow. Still only. You may still be unconvinced. You may the light was sufficient to show me the expression think that a few singular coincidences have driven of her countenance. She was a woman apparently me mad. You may think that though born in the about forty-five, of noble physiognomy, and a same hour that my Rodolph died, possessing the peculiar fulness of the eyelids--something like to same voice, the same countenance, the same gifts which I thought I remembered to have seen in a though by irresistible consciousness I know you portrait of a young girl, many years before. The to be him—my lost lover returned in another body resemblance troubled me somewhat. “You will to life-you may still think the evidence incompardon me this freedom,' said the baroness, with plete—you may, perhaps, even now, be smiling in forced composure, ' when I tell you that-a friend pity at my delusion. Indulge me one moment. .-whom I have mourned twenty-five years—seems * « The Rodolph Isenberg whom I lost possessed present to me when you speak.' I was silent, a faculty of mind, which, if you are he, answers for I knew not what to say. The baroness shaded with the voice of an angel to my appeal. In that her eyes with her hand, and sat silent for a few soul resided, and wherever it be, must now reside moments, gazing at me. You are not like him in the singular power. a single feature,' she resumed,' yet the expression “[The reader must be content with my omisof your face, strangely, very strangely, is the sion of this fragment of the letter. It contained a

He was darker-slighter.' Of my age?' secret never before clothed in language-a secret I enquired, to break my own silence. For there that will die with me, unless betrayed by what inwas something in her voice which gave me the deed it may lead to-madness! As I saw it in sensation of a voice heard in a dream. 'O God! writing-defined accurately and inevitably in the that voice! that voice!' she exclaimed wildly, words of another-I felt as if the innermost chamburying her face in her hands, and giving way to ber of my soul was suddenly laid open to the day a passionate burst of tears. Rodolph, she re- -I abandoned doubt-I answered to the name by sumed, recovering herself with a strong effort, which she called me I believed in the previous Rodolph died with the promise on his lips that existence of which my whole life, no less than death should not'divide us. And I have seen him! these extraordinary circumstances, had furnished Not in dreams-not in reverie. Not at times me with repeated evidence. But to resume the when my fancy could delude me. I have seen letter.] him suddenly before me in the street-in Vienna “And now that we know each other again, -here-at home at noonday—for minutes to- now that I can call you by name, as in the past, gether, gazing on me. It is more in latter years and be sure that your inmost consciousness musi that I have been visited by him ; and a hope has reply-a new terror seizes me! Your soul comes latterly sprung into being in my heart-I know back, youthfully and newly clad, while mine, not how-that in person, palpable and breathing, I though of unfading freshness and youthfulness

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within, shows to your eye the same outer garment, All great questions have passed through this orgrown dull with mourning, and faded with the deal. Years were spent in debating the principle wear of time. Am I grown distasteful? Is it of the Test Acts, of Catholic Disabilities, and of with the sight only of this new body that you look Parliamentary Reform, and then, when this had upon me? "Rodolph !-spirit that was my devoted been established—when practice followed theoryand passionate admirer! soul that was sworn to me men were surprised at the easiness of the transition forever!-Am I—the same Margaret, refound and and the paucity of results. No great change was recognized-grown repulsive ? oO God! what a induced, no great social revolution initiated. Power bitter answer would this be to my prayers for your was not essentially disturbed in its balance ; little return to me!

was gained and little lost by anybody; and the ““I will trust in Him whose benign goodness main pillars of the state—the church, the crown, smiles upon fidelity in love. I will prepare a fitter and the peerage-stood immovable as ever. meeting for two who parted as lovers. You shall Almost the last great debatable question on the not see me again in the house of a stranger, and file is the Corn-laws, and this, too, is booked, and in a mourning attire. When this letter is written, speeding rapidly to its terminus. What then? I will depart at once for the scene of our love. I Will the farmer be ruined, and the rental of the hear my horses already in the court-yard, and soil sequestrated, and the English laborer luxuriate while you read this I am speeding swiftly home. on wheaten bread at Polish prices ? Nothing of all The bridal dress you were secretly shown the day this will follow. Mark-lane will be governed by before death came between us is still freshly kept. the quantity of home produce, not by Odessa or The room where we sat—the bowers by the stream Dantzic prices; nor will British husbandry, or -the walks where we projected our sweet prom- landlords' incomes be much more disturbed by the ise of a future—they shall all be made ready. importation of foreign corn than foreign cattle. They shall be as they were! And 1-0 Rodolph! But a great public good will have been effected by I shall be the same. My heart is not grown old, the removal of a stumbling-block to the nation's Rodolph! Believe

me, I am unchanged in soul ! peace and progress. Agriculture, for one thing, And I will strive to be—I will strive to look—God will be more assured of its future prospects and help me to look and beas of yore!”

unchangeable conditions ; the great principle of "• Farewell now! I leave horses and servants free-trade will have been practically carried out for to wait on you till I send to bring you to me. the guidance 'of a watchful and envious world ; Alas, for any delay! but we will pass this life and and, lastly, a source of domestic irritation, jealousy, all other time together. We have seen that a vow and heart-burning extinguished between the two of eternal union may be kept—that death cannot great branches of national industry. divide those who will to love forever! Farewell For our parts, we begin to be staggered, if not now!

MARGARET.'” alarmed, at the rapid march of justice and philo

sophical truth. Physically and politically, by railSuch are the pictures of European society which mads and reason, men are becoming homogeneous this Free Penciller has sketched. Of the truth of -of one mass and one mind. A Catholic unity of his descriptions of his own country and countrymen, spirit stalks abroad in seculars, if not spirituals, it is not for us to speak. We shall only mention, that, that threatens a revolution in occupations ; for in characterising them, he remarks that they are what will there be to write, debate, or harangue much more French than English in many of their concerning, if all great principles are settled, conqualities. “ They are,” says he, “in dressing, ceded, and acted upon ? No public meetings—no dancing, congregating, in chivalry to women, facil- clubs—no associations, rent, or subscriptions will ity of adaptation to new circumstances, elasticity of be needed. The patriot, agitator, leaguer, and recuperation from trouble,(a most delicious ex-would-be martyr-trade will be gone.

No more pression !) “ in complexion and figure, very“ cakes and ale” for any of them. We tremble at French !” Had the “ Dashes” been the work of the prospect of the world's righteousness, at the a native genius, we might have hinted, perhaps, coming canker of the peaceful earth. some slight occasional objections, pointed out a Seriously one cannot help being impressed by very few blunders, questioned, very diffidently, the the existing aspects of politics and parties. Not great modesty of some statements, and the truth an openly hostile banner can anywhere be seen unand accuracy of others. But, as the case stands, furled. By the concession of Corn-law repeal, we feel that we are bound to excuse much to a almost the last apple of political discord would be young “republican visiting a monarchical country abstracted; whig and tory distinctions must cease for the first time.”

in name as well as reality, and Lord John Russell and Sir Robert Peel become one and indivisible in

sentiment, if not in place.-Atlas, Nov. 1. FUSION OF POLITICS AND PARTIES. Public questions have two stages of progress

New UNIVERSITY MOVEMENT.-An influential their principle and practice. It is the first that is body of noblemen and gentlemen, among whom most scrutinized, the longest battled, and most re-are Lords Ashley, Sandon, and R. Grosvenor, luctantly admitted. When the equity of a measure Sir T. D. Acland, Bart.; Messrs Gladstone, has been conceded, its practical execution cannot Glynne, Vernon Smith, M. P., and others, are be long delayed. It has become a consideration of about to memorialize the authorities of Oxford and time only—of the best mode of removing vested Cambridge, suggesting additional departments to obstructions of allaying prejudices-compromis- the existing colleges, or the foundation of new ing invaded or menaced interests—and, as all have collegiate bodies, to provide increased facilities of been brought to concur in the justice of the end university education on a more economical scale sought, means are speedily devised for surmount- than has hitherto prevailed.- Church and State ing these initiative impediments.

Gazette.

From the Atlas.

cendancy, and of establishing its undisputed doininPROTESTANTISM IN IRELAND.

ion throughout all parts of Ireland. It is their firm

belief in the existence of such a design which, in It is difficult to decide whether the strength or spite of all their waywardness and folly, renders weakness of Protestantism in Ireland presents the the Orangemen deaf to the fair speeches of O'Conmost formidable obstacle to the establishment of nel when he attempts to persuade them that, as good government and religious equality. Although Protestants, they have nothing to fear from the disthe Protestants constitute but a small minority of solution of the Union. In their eyes the Repeal the Irish people, they derive from various sources agitation is only a deep-laid plan for the aggrana moral and social influence which, to a considera- dizement of the Catholic church, and the Peel polible extent, compensates for this numerical inferi- cy an invidious attempt to confer upon that church ority. The rank and wealth of Ireland are chiefly all the advantages which it anticipates from the reProtestant, and Protestantism finds its most earnest peal of the Union. It is in vain to point out to supporters among those classes of the community them that the most respectable portion of the Cathwhich give the tone to society and public opinion. olic church holds aloof from the Repeal movement, This has been the natural result of Protestant as- and that the professed design of the Peel policy is cendancy; for all who were ambitious of office or to strengthen the Protestant establishment by resocial consideration adhered to or embraced that moving Catholic discontent;—in both circumstances religious faith, without the profession of which they discern only a jesuitical attempt to blind them they could never hope to obtain the distinctions to the reality of those dangers which threaten their which the great majority of men chiefly prize. religious faith and liberties. They have convinced Thus, in the public offices, and in the higher pro- themselves that the Irish establishment is the exfessions, the Protestants occupy that portion which, ternal bulwark of Protestantism, against which all in a rightly-constituted state of affairs, the Catho- the craft and power of Catholicism are combined, lics would naturally have filled. But the chief and this conviction they have been able to commiistrength of Protestantism is to be found in the nicate to no small portion of the British people. courage, energy, and moral stamina of those who Their constant appeals to the Protestant feeling of are its most disinterested, as well as most zealous, England are founded upon, and owe their chief partisans. It is upon the sturdy yeomanry of Ul- success to, the fact that in Ireland the Protestants ster that, in the hour of danger or of conflict, the are a feeble minority, utterly unable to contend Protestant cause most chiefly depends for its secu- with the Catholic mass of the nation. rity and existence. The spirit manifested by the It is easy to deride such fears and opinions, but mass of Orangemen is little to be commended; but they exercise an extensive influence, and oppose a it is impossible not to admire the unshaken resolu- serious obstacle to the adoption of an enlightened tion with which they adhere to their ancient prin- Irish ecclesiastical policy. Nor can it be even fairciples, and the proud defiance with which they ly denied that, in Ireland, the relative positions of meet the hostility of their former friends, and the Catholics and Protestants are such as naturally to insidious advances of their old enemies. Inspired excite in the former, the hope, and in the latter, by the recollection of past triumphs, and still deem- the dread, of Catholic ascendancy. The Irish ing themselves invincible, Orangemen cannot dis- Catholic church possesses an extent of popular incover the justice or necessity of those concessions fuence, which, in ordinary circumstances, would which have become necessary for the peace and secure to it a preëminence unfavorable to the interprosperity of Ireland. Any attempt to remove the ests, not to say the security, of all other religious ecclesiastical anomalies of Ireland is sure to meet sects. It is doing no injustice to the more zealous with the fiercest opposition from Irish Protestants members of the Catholic priesthood to believe that,

an opposition rendered the more formidable that in supporting Repeal, they look forward to that it meets with a ready echo from a considerable por- ecclesiastical supremacy which, in one form or antion of the English people. The reörganization of other, is an object of eager ambition to every clerthe Orange confederacy under a more legal form is, ical corporation. In England and other countries, therefore, an event full of embarrassment for Sir R. Catholic as well as Protestant, the connexion bePeel, and of evil omen for the best interests of Ire- tween church and state, is of such a nature, as to land.

enable the latter to keep in check the constant tenBut while the strength of Irish Protestantism dency of the former to pursue its sectarian objects, impedes for the time the success of a liberal Irish even at the expense of the general interests. But policy, it is the inherent feebleness of that Protest in the exciting condition of Ireland, no such conantism which renders it so difficult to legislate for, nexion between the state and the Catholic church and govern, Ireland. In spite of all their vaunt can be established. No advantage which the state ings, Trish Protestants feel no real confidence in can offer to that church will induce it to endanger their own strength; but are continually haunted its spiritual independence, or its popular ascendancy. with the fear of a Catholic reaction and a Catholic In Ireland, therefore, the substitution of the Cathotriumph. They regard themselves as a garrison in lic church for the Protestant establishment, would an enerny's country, deeming every concession to call into existence that most formidable engine of Roman Catholics a breach made in the walls of priestly power—a state church, exercising an unthat fortress which alone protects them from the bounded spiritual influence over the mass of the vengeance of injured and implacable foes. It is people. With such a church, civil, still less relithis sense of insecurity, even more than the pride gious liberty, can scarcely exist. In anticipating of a long privileged class, or the bigotry of a reli- the establishment of such a church, Protestants gious sect, which combines Protestants of all ranks may stand excused if they tremble for their securiand of varying creeds in a phalanx of determined ty, neglected as they would then be by the state, hostility to any plan for the endowment and state and regarded with suspicion and dislike by the recognition of the Irish Catholic church. Nothing great majority of the people.* can convince them that that church does not entertain the settled design of regaining its ancient as-states here, make it more manageable ?—LIVING AGE.]

[* Would a division of Ireland into separate portions, like the

In such circumstances, the scheme of a general | honest friends, and ruin their own cause by persistendowment extended to all religious sects willing ing in claims which cannot stand the test of a fair to accept of it, seems to be the most safe and prac- and calm hearing. Protestantism in Ireland, while ticable course of ecclesiastical policy which can it remains an obstacle to the good government and now be adopted in Ireland. Such a scheme would improvement of that country, must be weak and establish substantial religious equality, while it insecure ; it is only by submitting to changes, which would afford to the state some security that the re- time has rendered inevitable, ihat it can acquire ligious instructors of the people would be men of real strength and stability. competent education, and placed in circumstances exempting them from the necessity of ministering

THE CORN AND THE CHAFF. to popular passions and prejudices. Under such a scheme, all sects regarding the state as their com- Great has been the outcry against the Times mon protector and benefactor, might be expected for piercing before its full time of nothingless the to exhibit less intolerance towards each other, and bubble portion of railway speculation. Let us then to prosecute their separate objects without that bit- examine dispassionately the bearings of the case, terness of animosity, which now so much interferes and separate, as far as we are able, the dross from with the peace and prosperity of Ireland. The the pure metal. Protestant establishment would, indeed, lose some- Some ten months ago money was superabundant thing of its dignity and preëminence, but it would in the market. Those who could get their two obtain, in return, greater security, and what it now to two and a half per cent. upon good security wants, the power of self-governinent. In the sub- considered themselves lucky. All at once it struck stantial advantages resulting from state recognition some clever man of business that, as the Great and endowment, the Catholic church would receive Western, the London and Birmingham, and the an ample compensation for the relinquishment of other good lines then formed were paying a large any hope of religious ascendancy, in which it may per centage, a new line would be a taking project. have hitherto indulged. So far as Protestant dis Accordingly, a company was formed, the prosenters are concerned, this plan of general endow-spectus issued, and the first twig from the old ment has been already tried in Ireland, and the re- flourishing branch made its appearance. The new sult of the experiment has been such as greatly to offshoot was seized upon with avidity, and as proencourage its extension and general application. ject after project came forth, floating capital was In respectability of attainment and character, the eagerly poured into the several companies' hands, Presbyterian clergy of Ulster yield to no reli- the lucky scripholders sold at premiums, and all gious body, established or unestablished, and in for awhile was healthy and promising. their hearty attachment to the state, even the mi- This state of things might have continued, and croscopic eye of sectarian bigotry cannot discover no harm would have arisen ; but men of easy virany mark of selfish meanness, or erastian subservi- tue and light consciences, seeing how things were ency. From them the state demands no services going, took advantage of the tide of public taste, in return for its favors, and by doing so, secures got up lines in all parts—no matter what the engithat which is above all price, the free support of neering difficulties-no matter what the line of enlightened men, whose position and principles country-till sober investment became infatuation. render them the natural allies of good order and People rushed to invest without even casually good government. There can be little doubt, that looking over the map of the line, and while the a free endowment would be equally beneficial in monied half of the people bought because they the case of Roman Catholics, or any other religious imagined they would eventually reap a golden harsect; and every consideration seems now to sug- vest, the other poorer half sold for the sake of the gest the wisdom and necessity of carrying out a premium; thus one portion of the community system so little objectionable in itself, and likely to raised a fictitious premium, which the other be productive of such important benefits.

pocketed. Even in this there was little to appreThis scheme of general endowment is, indeed, hend. Peter paid Paul, and one gained what the bitterly opposed by Irish ultra-Protestants, but their other lost : but infatuation now became a sort of opposition results from their ignorance of the real moral drunkenness. Look at it as we may, the position in which they are now placed. In conjunc- whole nation was gambling. There was a univertion with their English allies, they may think sal game being played where ties paid the stock themselves capable of doing much, but there is one exchange, as ties pay the dealer at vingt-ct-un. which they cannot accomplish–they cannot avert The dice-box was rattling in everybody's ears, the doom which public opinion has pronounced scrip was the theme of every man's conversation, against Irish Protestant ascendancy in any form and procuring shares the object of every man's and under any modification. Enlightened men, of pursuit. Still the men of “ easy virtue” kept all parties, now perceive, that the continuance pouring into the field of action, and a new evil thai ascendancy must render it impossible to gov-arose. Companies were formed, and, previous to ern Ireland, and this opinion is rapidly extending the allotments taking place, the market was what itself among the middle classes of the English peo- is technically called “ rigged”—that is, a broker ple. The anti-Maynooth agitation was fierce and was commissioned by the company to purchase, formidable, but it has died away, leaving little say 10,000 shares, at two or three pounds pretrace behind, and that little, anything but favorable mium. The public soon discerned this golden to the stability of the Irish establishment. Every bait, and then came the tug to procure letters of circumstance which brings the condition of that es- allotment. In such cases, when the shares had tablishment under public view is injurious to it, for thus obtained an unreal value—because excess of its claims are alike repugnant to good policy, and buyers alone make the genuine premium--the pubEnglish love of fair dealing. Irish Protestants lic procured very few shares, but in many cases possess a considerable hold upon English Protest- hardly any. The directors and the directors' ant feeling, and by appealing to it, may do much friends got them all, or nearly all, scrip became for their own security, but they will alienate their scarce in the market, the public bought, expecting a further rise ; but when the proper period arrived called, will do good instead of harm. The Bank the directors and their friends by ones and twos of England by raising iis discounts, and the Times crept into the market, sold their shares, depressed by its leading articles, have pierced the soufflée and their value, and those not in the secret found them- shown the frothiness of its material. We regard selves large losers by the transaction. We know genuine railway schemes as one of the great for a fact—and we are hesitating whether we features of the age. Railways projected in integought not to name the line—of a company whose rity, carefully carried through their several stages directors had the market “rigged” in the manner to Parliament, properly digested before competent we have described, and when they met at their committees, and formed with proper engineering board, agreed amongst themselves not to sell a skill, will be of incalculable benefit to the country. single share till the market should rise. Three of They will circulate money, give an impetus to the directors, however, regardless of their word trade in all its branches; and eventually, by estab and the moral obligation they were under, gave lishing quick cominunication, increase the intelliprivate orders to their brokers to sell to a very gence of the whole people. How necessary is it, considerable amount. Their brother directors then, to sift the corn from the chaff. To chase were left in the lurch, the shares, of course, fell, those lines founded in knavery or ignorance from the unlucky purchasers amongst the public lost the market, to make room for the bonâ fide and their money, and all because there was not honor well-conducted projects. To skim the scum from amongst thieves.

the surface, and leave the current pure which is to Another dishonest—nay, swindling-method of flow through the whole nation. This good we bemaking money has been adopted. The system lieve will result from the labors of the Times to put was simply this. The concoctors of the scheme down the spirit of sheer gambling which has been bought of the jobbers a large number of shares, abroad. and when the original shareholders came to sign Men of capital should now choose their lines and the deeds and procure scrip, excuses were made invest their money. Many shares may now he that the deeds were in the country, and would not bought at a small premium, or even at a discount, be up till a certain day. When the day came no which we have no doubt will rise greatly in a scrip was ready then. Thus those who had sold, month or two, when the sifting process has been having no scrip to deliver, were compelled to buy thoroughly adopted. There are several new lines it of the few in the secret at a large premium; also about to appear which merit every support, and at last, when the market was at a low ebb and we hope yet to see every good railway scheme from these facts peeping out, then, and then only, soberly and strenuously supported, while we trust was the scrip to be obtained. Thus fresh dis- every dishonest project will be scouted from the honesty still inflated the expanding bubble with all market forever.-Ailas, Nov. 1. its gaudy prismatic colors floating so buoyantly about. Dishonest transactions still accumulated.

A POTATO-FED PEOPLE. Many projects were started never intended to go to Parliament; and when the solicitors, the secre- A severe and widely-spread physical visitation taries, and the directors had all been properly threatens practically to illustrate an important taken care of, the shareholders would get back social principle. Enlightened political economists perhaps a portion of their money, more or less, have long inculcated the prospective utility of the according to the dimensions of the promoters' con- mass of every population maintaining a high stansciences. Another great evil, also, has been the dard in their wages, diet, clothing, and habitations. improper manner in which the letters of allotments Men ought never, if possible, to be driven up to have been issued. Men of capital and standing in their last resources ; they ought always to have the world who have requested shares, have found something to fall back upon—a reserved store to their applications unheeded, and perhaps the very meet the changes of the seasons, the casualties of clerks in their office have been successful through scarcity, health, and the fluctuations of trade and interest. We know of one case where men of employment. capital were neglected, and a bootmaker in a small The need of this forecast is likely to be afflicway of business received shares—that, too, when tively exemplified in the approaching winter by the they were at five pounds premium. Indeed, the disastrous calamity to which we have adverted. line in which this occurred has become a marked England with her wheat-fed community may find object for animadversion, in consequence of the im- resources in her superior riches and granaries, or proper method of allotting shares; and, strangely by taking corn out of bond, or importing it from enough, the direction is highly respectable, and abroad. But what is to become of poverty-stricken the line a most important one. Respecting this, and potato-fed Ireland ? Her famines have been however, we have yet facts to relate on another frequent and mostly dreadful—and why? Because occasion. All these evils and dishonest practices the national subsistence is based on one resource could not, however, long continue without pro--upon a single root; and if that fail there is no ducing a large amount of evil.

other substitute to which the people can resort. Dishonesty cannot, from the peculiar nature of With us it is different; if our staple sustenance is its dissevering tendency, continue long successful. inadequate, we may be aided from abroad ; but the Integrity in the moral world is what in science is potato-fed Irish, with wages to correspond, cannot termed the attraction of cohesion. Without its buy from the foreigner; or, if they could, potacementing properties no scheme can answer, no toes, unlike wheat, are too bulky a commodity to purpose succeed. And here, in a vast national be imported in large quantities on an emergency. undertaking, in which the interests of the whole How much safer a nation, then, when bread. meat, community are concerned, does trickery and char- and beer form the general diet of the laboring latanism form a conspicuous part, in which lie the classes. Then there is scope for retrenchment in very elements of destruction.

periods of failure. From wheat, the working-man Such being the case, we come to the gist of our may temporarily resort to inferior and cheaper arguments--that the late chicken panic, as it is food—10 barley, oats, rye, or vegetables. He has

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