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From Jerrold's Magazine. of pounds to the dauntless preservers of the most THE PRICE OF A GARTER AND THE PRICE OF valuable lives our island rears.

People of England, why should you pay Louis A LIFE.

Philippe's garter expenses? What interest have Amid the chaos of printed rubbish, the piles of you in those solemn chapters, those gilded mumundigested evidence, the marshalled columns of meries in which this said garter is distributed to unapproachable statistics, which every prorogued the accident of accidents; the reward of rank, parliament patriotically prepares for the buttermen never the guerdon of merit; the trapping of mindand trunkmakers of its country, may be found less nobles, never the badge of glorious thinkers those records of our yearly national expenditure, or doers? Why should you give the fruits of toilthat gigantic family account-book, that dismal edi- some days and exhausting nights over to defray tion of “ that 's the way the money goes ;'' in fine, expenses which can never benefit you? Workthe long series of volumes called the “miscellane- men at the forge and at the loom-were one of ous estimates and civil contingencies." Chance, you to speak as Demosthenes spoke, to think as not choice, led us the other day to glance at the Socrates thought, to write as Shakspeare wroteitems noted last session. We were mechanically think you that for him would be reserved, to him running our eye along page after page, and col-would be offered, that order so highly prized by its umn after column, detailing the mass of matters donors ; that strip of ribbon for which hereditary upon which our taxation is expended, when sud legislators break their pledges ; and by means of denly we came upon the two following items which, corrupt and corrupting ministers distribute placed almost side by side, as though wooing their bribes? We know the man of mind would observation and criticism. And they shall have spurn the badge of the man of rank ; but so do not both. First, however, read them :

think the silly dukes, the mindless marquesses,

who, for the sake of that same order, wheel from The amount issued to pay rewards to the crews of the boats “Earl Grey,"

one bench to another in parliament; leap and Sparrow,

cringe, and bow and bend before a sneering minis“ Duke of

ter's will. People of England ! the Order of the York," and · Caroline," for saving

Garter is not for you, your champions, your the lives of the crew of the “ Shep

heroes. It is reserved for rank, for those who do herdess," wrecked on the Goodwin £ s. d.

what they like with their own, who would bring Sands,

53 0 0

their black footmen into your chamber of legislaFees paid to the officers of the Order of

ture, who launch the thunder of their sneers upon the Garter, upon the installation of

you the “ unwashed, swinish multitude." his Majesty the King of the French as Knight Companion,

But yet they graciously condescend to take your 439 3 4

money

for the defrayal of the puerile mummery of And now, English reader, do you not feel in their investiture. There is no vulgarity in hard clined, as we did, to start with indignant astonish- cash—that is an affront which can always be ment from your seat—10 fing away as a filthy pocketed. Here you see, for fees exacted upon thing, this parliamentary-sanctioned document—to one of the grave occasions in question-paid probprotest with every energy of your soul, against ably to some worthless flutterer of the court—for the system which sanctions such moral monstrosi- some such service as writing a name in a register, ties, which rates so high the consequence of an or holding a sword or a mace in a childish cereunmerited bauble, and which passes almost with, mony—the sum of £439. Not that the amount so to speak, a monetary sneer-a pounds-shillings- is of the slightest consequence ; but the principle and-pence scoff-over an exploit in which precious is. It is all-important. The people's money human life was adventured—by which precious paid for what the people have no interest in, for human life was saved.

what profits them not, for what concerns them not With no record of the fourteenth century have this is the principle, and to it we call attention. we to do ; with no musty account of the gaudy And now look to the other picture. Look to glories of an ancient tourney, of a Field of Cloth the infinitesimal sum paid for the inestimable serof Gold ; with no memento of the empty show of vice. Yet have we not interest in it-profit in itthe old pageantry of knight-errantry, with no concern in it? We are a seafaring people. Close antiquarian-saved morsel of the cost of that spirit by our greatest commercial river lies perhaps the of chivalry, sceptred by a two-handed sword, most dangerous and the most fatal shoal in the which revelled in the droit du seigneur, and amused world. Within its shifting sands thousands of itself with the extraction of Jewish teeth ; in fine, gallant ships lie buried ; they are the bottomless with no item, of the national expenses, paid in grave of hundreds of thousands of gallant hearts, the days when the curfew toll extinguished fire which met their fate as they bounded with gladand candle, and the thick-walled holds of robber ness to see the dear white cliffs again; or, with a nobles, blotted the desart of England ; with no sterner joy, beheld them fading across the water record of those Young England-loved ages have as all hopefully they ploughed their way towards we to deal, but with items of our own times—a southern world. expenses noted by a parliament we ourselves are And on the coast, by these sad Goodwin Sands, constitutionally feigned to have elected. Yes, it live a hardy race, whose lives are passed in saving is this age of utility, of humanity—this age made life—whose eyes are never off the tortuous chanthe glorious thing it is, hy the abounding, extend- nels and mazy world of sandbanks—and whose ing, ennobling spirit of commerce—this age which boats are never on the beach when a distressed appreciates the blessings of our sailors and our ship is on the reef. ships ; it is this country which toasts its wooden Let us not be met for a moment by the canting walls, sings about them, goes into raptures about cry of “ mercenary considerations ;" let us not be them, proclaims that it owes its all to them, which told that the Deal and Ramsgate boatmen have an Javishes its hundreds in presenting a glittering eye to salvage as well as to saving life. Well do trinket to a foreign monarch, and grudges its tens we know that were not one penny to be made of

the hazardous trip, a single sailor would never again to that long-drawn whistle almost as sharp drown amid the surf of the Goodwin Sands without and deafening as the shriek of escaping steam. It the lives of dozens being adventured if possible to is the gust driving through the half-struck rigging save him. But we grant in a moment that the of the beached boat, under whose lee we are Deal boatmen live principally by the profits they crouching: How it sings in the blocks, and seizes derive from their salvage expeditions to the Good- the untied ends of ropes, and blows them out as wins.

Will any man grudge it ?—“The laborer straight as wires. You can feel the stout staves is worthy of his hire ;" and if his life be risked of the lugger tremble upon the shingle as the full any time he labors, is he not worthy of a greater fury of the squall falls like a driving sheet of iron hire. This whole world labors in some shape or upon its broadside. But these sounds are only fitother for hire? Lawyers, parsons, doctors, fully heard; one continuous roar, dull, heavy, yet authors, all have their fees of one kind or another. ever and anon waxing awful in its deep diapason As a rule, the medical man does not step in to power, and again occasionally broken, by a raitling arrest disease and prolong life without being paid shaleing noise, makes up the prevailing music of for it; the minister does not expound the heaven- the storm. It is the thunder of the surf; now for ward duties of his flock without his due in tithe a moment it waxes comparatively faint; and you pigs. This is all as it ought to be. All must hear the sound as it were wandering along the live ; none can live without submitting in some beach, as the long extending ridges of foaming sort to that great law which keeps the social fabric water dash their bursting forms on shore, running, together—the law which rewards fairly services so to speak, along the line of coast, clothing it all performed duly.

with a dread barrier of frothing, tumbling water. The boatmen, then, who pass their lives in their The lull endures but for a moment; the ocean is galleys and luggers, battling with the stormy scas gathering strength for another onset; you almost of the channel ; ever on the look-out for distressed feel it coming; and then, crash! on rushes the vessels ; ever risking their lives to save those of mighty wave, towering and mounting, and curling others; it may be those of hapless foreigners—is as it approaches, and then pitching its whole there, can there be, any class of our maritime pop- weight of green and white water upon the beach, ulation more valuable; more worthy; not merely dashing up the sloping shingle in an avalanche of of that empty admiration which fills no belly and foam, white as creaming milk; swallowing the covers no back, but of those substantial marks of dull grey expanse of pebbles in its phosphorescent our national gratitude which would make their brightness; and then having exhausted its power homes more comfortable, their boats more sea- and its volume, rushing back in a broad torrent worthy, their wives and orphans something better down the beach, sweeping to sea tons of rattling, than mere paupers ; when the sea had swallowed, scraping shingle, to be thrown onward again by the as too often it does, those who had up to that hour succeeding wave. won the family bread; and won it by a life of Look forth—ha! that was a gust, a fearful one. toil, watching, and danger?

Is this rain ? No, no.

You feel it salt on your We grudge our taxation often ; but sure are we lips, smarting in your eyes; it is the spray caught that not a voice would be raised against the up by the tempest, and dashed ashore in blinding increased expense—were thousands, instead of showers. All is dark-dark; the broad belt of tens of pounds, to be voted by parliament to those surf shines before you with a cold brightness, bebrave fellows who from time to time, in the midst yond it all is dim and troubled, but here and there of dangers unknown by those who live on shore, you catch white blotches speckling the dark surdash to sea in the driving storm of a winter's face of the ocean. These are the combing waves night to save a drowning crew.

curling and breaking in the Downs. And markAh! ye gentlemen of England, whose notion you catch it at intervals, now tossed high, now of the English channel is founded upon the expe- disappearing in the sea--a light. It is the Gull rience of a two hours' run on a sunny summer's light-ship, tossing and struggling in the tempest, afternoon from Dover to Calais, how little do you but steady to her moorings, and guiding by her know of the same strait in the times of winter's warning lantern, running ships through the princiwrath. We have seen the channel in all its pal passage in the sands. phases; we have seen it in its fury, when the And now breaks out the moon.

Her light elements raved and roared about us; we have comes pale and fitfully through the jagged, torn seen an ill-fated ship dashed upon the dread Good- edges of driving clouds. You see the scud flying wins; we have seen the noble fellows of Deal rapidly athwart the sky-dim, grey, watery clouds plunge their boats through the boiling surf, and through the fast opening and closing fissures of dash out amid the wildest fury of the tempest; we which the moonlight comes half obscured down. have seen all this; we have seen from afar de- It shows you the white frothing sea, the broad spairing crews succored by their brave deliverers ; gleaming mass of foam which the rolling surf and we ask the reader to follow us in a brief shoots over the beach, and the array of heavy sketch of such a scene :

boats, drawn up beyond its influence on shore. The time is night; a wild winter's night; we Looking seawardly, we distinguish the bursting are standing on the shingly beach of Deal. Be- crests of long ridges of waves, and far off, where hind us extends a long dark mass, here and there the cloud on the horizon has lifted apparently an enlivened by a sparkling light; it is the line of ten- inch or two, you can observe the irregular, peaked, ements which extends along the sea-shore. The and jagged outline of the agitated sea. wind is blowing right in from the sea; a furious A group of sturdy seafaring men, muffled up in shrieking gale ; listen to it; screaming round roofs pea-jackets, and with their glazed hats stuck firmly and chimneys; swinging projecting signs, with a on their heads, are our companions; most of them dull wheezy creak; rustling and swaying wildly have long night-glasses to their eyes, and leaning the topmost branches of the groaning, bending across the gunwales of the boats, iheir scrutiny of trees. A fearful night it is in the channel. Hark the ocean hardly ceases for a moment—their talk

minute guns.

is little ; in broken sentences, and confined to the tossed landward like a feather; a cloud of sparkling noting of the shifting of the wind half a point, or spray is over her; the sea rushes and tumbles like an inquiry as to whether “ that schooner, her that a cataract! Is she ashore ? Not a bit of it. The carried away both topmasts off the Foreland, had surge roars up the beach. She is beyond it. Ha! passed the Gull afore sunset.” Now and then a again and again she has to buffet with a meeting woman, muffled in her shawl, steals down from the sea, plunged head-down into them, and then rising town to exchange a word with her husband, or all buoyantly, shaking her feathers, the crew baling brother, or father, and to hope to God he will not cheerfully, the sails already dripping, but bellying go to sea to-night. And then the shrinking crea- and struggling as though they would tear the stout ture departs, and the watch is renewed. Our masts up by the step. Hurrah ! fairly beyond the friends are Deal boatmen on the look-out.

surf, and tearing madly along, close to the wind; And now the moon is obscured again. A heavy not a gull, not a duck rides the sea more lightly? darkness settles down around; the gale which had shooting three-fourths of her keel out of the sea, lulled for a moment, bursts out again, and a tremen- plunging into it with a roaring leap as though she dous sea pours its water up to the keel of the boat flew to her yawning grave; in an instant again, where we are stationed.

feather-like, skimming the crest of the next surge, “ Hillo, there goes ! look out, mates!” avoiding its fury by a dexterous twist of the tiller;

A general movement and exclamation, as, far to the crew clinging sternly to the weather-rigging; sea, what seems a tiny speck of light, suddenly the steersman, with compressed lips and firm resoglimmers forth, and then shoots rapidly into the lute eyes, cool and fearless as though in his own air. A rocket !-watch again.-See, another ! distant home ashore, glancing warily from the There is a ship in distress! An instant, and after struggling canvass to the run of the fast-following a flash comes a smothered boom—there go her seas :—so does the gallant Deal lugger work her

Another signal yet. A bright-wild way, threading the mazes of the dangerous gleaming lurid light breaks forth, it shows a dark shoals, glancing by fields of foam which would enshapeless mass, tossing spars and riven sails and gulph her in a moment, coolly calculating her diswhite foam around-out in a moment.

tances and bearings, and fearlessly approaching the “A brig on the Knock—that last sea went over stranded ship. him and put out his blue light-now, then, my We need not fully follow up the narrative of lads look alive!"

scenes which every winter sees enacted among the It is the captain of the boat who speaks. The Goodwins; suffice it to say, that, in many ininstant which the portfire burned had enabled him stances, after braving a sea which—we speak adto ascertain-bearings, distances—all he wanted. visedly-not a seaman of any nation but our own In two hours, at most, he will be alongside. would dare to face, after working their way through

All is bustle-people pour down as if by magic the terrible channels of the Goodwins, our Deal from the town—the wives of the boatmen are all boatmen dash alongside the yielding ship, shelter tremblingly on the beach, bringing huge oil-cloth themselves as much as possible under her lee, drag wrappers and well-greased sea-boots. A dozen the despairing passengers and crew through the sailors are in the boat making all snug. A rag of foaming water to their own plunging, dancing a foresail and spanker, both close-reefed, are hoist- | boat, and bear them off safely and triumphantly ed; the furious wind strains and flaps the heavy ashore. wet canvass as though it were ladies' curl paper ; And the records of such exploits, as left in our the blocks rattle and the greased ropes cheep creak- national official accounts of rewards and payments ingly. A group has collected round the boat, rol- for national services, are such items as we have allers are beneath her keel; her crew, six or eight ready quoted. stout fellows, all oilskin and boots, are on board ; For idle court ceremony we disburse hundreds ; the skipper already mechanically grasping the tiller for life freely perilled and dauntlessly saved we with one hand, and, with the other arm twined give units. A man dresses himself like a jackround the staying of the mizenmast, steadying pudding, enacts the part of a solemn puppet in a himself, as he anxiously watches the proper mo- raree-show—is Gold Stick, or Silver Stick, or stick ment for the grand push across the surf. “An old of some sort or other—and for the mighty national seaman stands beside him, and they talk almost as service he receives hundreds of pounds! much by signs as by words to a third “ ancient Another leaves his home, his family, the safe mariner," close by on the beach.

dry ground, for a stormy sea, on a stormy nightTwice have the captain's lips moved to give the braving the most fearful sands and surf known to decisive order, and twice has he paused. At mariners—and saving the lives of helpless drownlength he sees his game. A huge sea has broken;ling men at the imminent risk of his own, and lo! half floating the boat, and scattering the group the national purse-strings are untied, and one golwhich stood beside it. The back water rushes den sovereign dealt bountifully out to him! into the sea, and there is a momentary lull.

In each of the five boats above cited there was a "Now then my hearties, clap on, out with her!" crew of probably eight men, say that the sailors of The words come on the ear like pistol shots. There the Shepherdess—we do not know her tonnageis a shout, and in a moment the warp of a kedge an- numbered a dozen, this would make in all fifty-two chor, lying far beyond the surf, is seized by the crew. lives adventured and saved. Government straightThe boatmen on shore clap shoulder manfully to way comes forward with the munificent amount of the starting boat. A steady drag on the warp, and fifty-three pounds! she moves along her rollers -a moment, and she is It costs the country £ 439 to put a silly gewgaw fairly in the water. “ Now, my mei, haul!- on Louis Philippe's leg. Never mind; we econothrough the surf with her while the lull holds." mize in another item of expenditure. We owe all The black mass heaves and pitches in the tumbling to our brave sailors, and we reckon their lives as spray-on-on, out to sea! Heavens! look there; worth just one pound apiece. -a curling sea bursts in thunder; the heavy boat is

536

TREATISE ON THE SKINSECESSION FROM THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.

see a

A Practical Treatise on Healthy Skin, fc. By | Well may Mr. Wilson ask, what will be the effect

Erasmus Wilson, F. R. S., &c. 1 vol. post if this drainage be obstructed? Well may every 8vo. Churchill.

man say that, of this wonderful covering which Very few of us indeed are at all aware of the ignorance and brutality even yet fetter, scourge nature of the covering of our own bodies. We and brand, we are wofully ignorant, and science

“soft smooth and pliant membrane, which cannot be better employed than in ascertaining its invests the whole of the external surface of the properties, and in teaching us how it may best be body, following all its prominences ;"but we preserved. The former has been for several years know not till the researches of science, which have the great object of Mr. Wilson's assiduous rereached only a few, inform us that the whole of searches ; the latter is the immediate object of his the interior of the body, all its cavities and bumps, present work. He has here methodized his own are invested with a similar, or rather the same discoveries and the discoveries of other physiolocovering. The skin passes as at the lips or eye- gists and anatomists, and given us a practical trealids, into mucous membrane, and one becomes the tise on the means of procuring and preserving a other, as it is wholly excluded from or exposed to healthy skin. When we remember that to this the free action of the atmosphere. By its surface end we erect and preserve dwellings and manufacin the interior and on the exterior are all the func- ture clothing-a large proportion of the labors of tions of nutrition and decay, of health and disease, the community having that for its object; it being of appetite and sensation carried on. Its changing in importance second only to supplying us with action, according to circumstances, in every cli- food (if, in the wonderful economy of nature, any mate and temperature, keeps the body at one one part can be said to be only secondary)—we nearly uniform heat. It is subject to many diseases. conclude, that we can scarcely overrate the value Life has been sustained by food imbibed at its ex- of such researches as those of Mr. Wilson, and the terior pores ; the disease which kills and the medi- practical lessons he has successfully deduced from cine which cures may both enter by the same open

them.- Jerrold's Magazine. ings. It conducts electricity, ihat mysterious, invisible and intangible agency, by which we are surrounded, and on the diffusion of which health is SECESSION OF OXFORD MEN FROM THE ESTABdependent, into or out of every part of the frame. Lished CHURCH.—The following list contains the It is at once the great enveloping and secretory names of those members of the University of Oxorgan of the whole body, and the immediate ford who have left the communion of the Church means, except as to color, by which we communi- of England and entered that of the Church of cate with the external world. It can become ac- Rome. University College-E. A. Tickell, Esq., cordingly the substitute for our least glorious, but M. A. ; Stowell, fellow (formerly scholar of Balnot the least useful organs, such as the kidneys, liol College.) Exeter College-Rev. F. Bowles, and is the means of conveying to us nearly all that M. A.; Thomas Harper King, Esq., M. A., felwe have ever learned of the glorious universe. low ; J. D. Dalgairns, Esq., M. A.; W. Lock

Its structure is not less wonderful than its uses. hart, Esq., B. A.; Rev. E. E. Estcourt, M. A. It is composed of two layers; one horing and in- Balliol College-Rev. W. G. Ward, M. A., felsensible, the other highly sensitive ; the latter low ; Rev. J. M. Capes, M. A.; Rev. G. Talbot, being the actual and universal organ of feeling, and M. A. Oriel College-Rev. J. H. Newman, B. the other varying in thickness as it covers an ex- D., fellow ; Albany J. Christie, M. A., fellow, posed or hidden part, its ever-attendant guard and (formerly scholar of Queen's College ;) Rev. F. protection. Each of these layers is of a different, R. Neve, M. A.; Rev. Brook Bridges, M. A.; though analogous structure ; and performs differ- Rev. Daniel Parsons, M. A. Magdalen College ent offices. Both are continually renewed, yet --Rev. Bernard Smith, M. A., fellow ; Rev. R. each preserves forever its own distinct properties. W. Sibthorpe, M. A., fellow. Brasenose ColThe sensitive skin is so full of perves and blood-lege-Rev. John Walker, M. A.; Rev. R. Stanvessels, of which the scarf-skin is divested, that it ton, M. A. Corpus Christi College-Rev. Thomas is scarcely possible to insert a needle in any part Meyrick, M. A., scholar. Christ Church- Rev. of the body without causing pain and a flow of W. W. Penny, M. A., student; Rev. Ambrose blood. Its surface is uneven, 10 increase its ex- St. John, M. A., student; C. R. Scott Murray, tent and multiply its power. Its papillæ, micro- Esq., B. A. M. P.; Walter Douglas, Esq., comscopic in size, by which the enlargement of the moner; Rev. W.F. Wingfield, M. A. St. John's surface is provided for, are each composed of a College-Johnson H. Grant, Esq., commoner. hair-like vessel and a minute nerve, several times Worcester College-Rev. C. Seager, M. A., bent upon themselves. In every part of it there are scholar. Pembroke College-Peter le Page Renperspiratory tubes, with attendant glands, termina- duf, commoner. In addition to the above, the ting on the surface in a pore. To give one striking name of the Rev. C. H. Collyns, M. A., student example of its extraordinary structure, we may of Christ Church, and late curate of the parish of mention that Mr. Wilson has counted 3528 of St. Mary, in this city, may be added. The revthese pores in a square inch on the palm of the erend gentleman resigned his studeniship on hand; and each tube, of which the pore is an Thursday last, and at the same time made it opening, being a quarter of an inch long, it fol- known to some of his personal friends that he was lows that, in a square inch of skin on the palm of gone over to the Romish Church. The Rev. Mr. the hand, there exists a length of tube equal to 882 Oakeley, it is confidently ruinored, has resigned inches, or 73 feet. In other parts of the body the his fellowship of Balliol College and his prebendal pores are not so numerous. "Taking 2800 as a stall at Lichfield, with the intention of shorily fair average for each square inch, and assuming joining the Romish Church. Mr. Oakeley was that the number of square inches of surface in a elected to his fellowship from Christ Church, in man of ordinary height is 2500, the number of 1827. The late Bishop Ryder presented Mr. pores will be 7,000,000 and the length of perspir- Oakeley with a prebendal stall in Lichfield Catheatory tube 1,750,000 inches, or nearly 28 miles." | dral.--Examiner.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 84.-20 DECEMBER, 1845.

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CONTENTS.

PAOB. Correspondence-Anglo-Saxondom, &c.,.

537 1. Possible Invasivn of England,

Fraser's Magazine,

539 2. National Defence,

Spectator,

546 3. Irish Treason,

547 4. The Premier's Gout,

547 5. Corn and Coro Laws,

549 6. Potatoes,

550 7. The Spanish Marriage,

Examiner,

550 8. The Bourbons,

551 9. Lady Hester Stanhope's Funeral,

National Intelligencer,

552 10. Thiers' Histories,

Quarterly Review,

553 11. Discontented Dukes,

Examiner,

579 12. Travelling in India,

Dublin University Magazine,

580 Poetry AND SCRAPS.-Glovers and Rovers, 538—Ministerial Differences, 547—Thomas

Moore on the Corn Laws, 548—Effect of Railways; Vestiges of Creation, 551-Bar-
rage of the Nile, 552—Discoveries in the Antarctić Regions, 578—Gambler's Petition ;
Death-bed Gift; Madrid, 579—Prayer for Missions, 584.

66

.

CORRESPONDENCE.

at the rapidly complicating course of our foreign

relations-we are disposed to retract some of the The President's Message has been received with confidence with which we attributed to the president all the favor we anticipated ;-so much so that we a needless embarrassment of our diplomacy with think the official paper might afford to cease talking England, in his inaugural address. about the “democratic party." It is indecorous for If it be admitted that England must not have Calithe organ of the President of the United States to fornia, and that at all events she shall not come south address itself to party feeling; and it is exceedingly of 49° in Oregon, there may have been a sufficient impolitic to do this, when there is a disposition on pressure upon the president to make his first declaraall sides to do justice to the administration. No tion almost necessary. We see now that the settleparty strength would be lost by the utmost cour- ment of the Oregon question has been pressed upon tesy and gentleness.

us by Great Britain--and that it may not have been It is the absolute duty of every officer of the gov- in our power to let the matter rest and ripen. It also ernment to act for the nation, and not merely as appears that the power of England is already so the leader of his own voters. And the journal strong upon the northern side of the Columbia, as which is understood to speak for the president, effectually to discourage American emigrants from would consult its dignity, and its own influence, by settling there. We do not yet place full confidence using always the moderate and cautious tone which in these late reports, but if true that the emigrants a sense of such responsibility should naturally in- are induced to turn into California, perhaps our naspire ; and by throwing off the belittling habits of tional position will not be the weaker. the electioneering partisan.

It appears, from the view of the ground which These remarks are made from no soreness on we have now obtained, far from certain that the our part, (for we have yet to see a party organized president has needlessly precipitated matters and on principles which would excite our zeal,) but he has shown so much prudence, united with his from a sincere wish for the success of the present vigor, that for our own part we feel that we have administration, which has shown qualities attract- done injustice by judging him from the tenor of ing to it the hopes of a large portion of the people some of the democratic papers, rather than from who were prejudiced against it.

his own actions. The preservation of peace is Considering the straightforwardness of the mess worthy of the utmost exertion, and we now hope sage upon subjects which have been disgustingly and trust that the president will not shrink from quibbled about before; the clearness with which manifesting the most earest desire to secure it. If our own claims are set forth, and the moderate tone he fail, he will be so much the stronger in the conwhich gives so much strength to them; and looking fidence of the people. LXXXIV.

34

LIVING AGE.

VOL. VII.

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