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doing so, the thunder began-first distant rum- stantly, therefore, was I in the water. I had not bling; but soon loud claps and pouring rain. They unrolled my mattress, &c.; as I was so wet, I put my palanquin under some trees, and left the hoped to keep it a little dry for me when I changed torch close to me, to prevent its going out. The my dress at the much longed-for little bungalow; Sowar got off his horse, and sat under it, and my and the bottom of my palanquin being only rapoor bearers, in their light clothing, got all around tanned, was of course no protection from the me, to get as much shelter as they could from the water. palanquin. I thought of my mother and all at At ten o'clock, A. M., we reached the Marcanhome, how little they guessed the situation I was da, and about a mile on the other side I saw the in; and poor F- too, I knew would be nearly bungalow. But such a river !-the others were frantic. You feel so lonely with only natives nothing to it. It was so much wider and so rapid. around you !

I was really frightened. I must always have great At last daylight came, and the rain nearly ceased. faith in the power of my tears. I could not help I tried to encourage the bearers to go on ; but they it, I did begin to cry. I was tired ont quite, and only told me the river was too high to attempt not feeling strength enough left, nor courage either, crossing it, and at last I said, “ Come and look, to tell them to attempi the crossing. I sat there and I will walk. You can carry the empty palan- without speaking, with the lears rolling down my quin."

face. It was about one hundred yards to the river, The poor bearers had certainly never seen a which I found not so wide as the first, but I was white lady cry before! They all seized my palansure it was deeper, from the smooth way in which quin, collecting all the men that were on the bank the water was running. The bearers were ashamed to help them, and putting it on their heads, instead at seeing me standing in my thin shoes on the of their shoulders, they shouted out, “ Victory, muddy bank, and the rain still coming down; so victory over the Marcanda," and in we went. The they at last began to exert themselves.

water was in my palanquin the whole time. The Å beggar was found close by, who, in the hope bearers kept their heads above; but we were of some unlucky traveller, had constructed a raft, washed down a long way. At last, to my great consisting of a hurdle, with four light earthen jars, relief, I was placed on dry land again, and my placed one at each corner, with the mouth down- poor bearers went back to bring my boxes over. wards.

They were almost exhausted, and I was glad to They took the mattress and pillows out of my find a small bottle of brandy, F- had put in for palanquin, and rolled them up; then they put it on me, had not been left behind with my eatables. this frail raft, and by means of ropes they took it Don't be shocked at my taking such a thing with across, four of the men swimming alongside, and me, Sybel ; dûk travellers always do ; in cases of holding it up.

sudden illness, or one of your bearers being bitten The moment it was put on, it sank about a quar- by a snake, it is most necessary; so I told all the ter of a yard in the water, raft and all, but at last it men with me they must take a little English mediwas landed, and the raft came back for unhappy cine, and after a few scruples they all did, with me. By this time I was nearly wet through, for I the exception of the Sowars, who, being Mussulhad only a shawl wrapped round me over my white men, would not of course touch it. dressing-gown. There was no use in delay, so This revived them, and I reached the bungalow; declining the offer of being carried down the steep it was occupied, and at first I felt glad that I should bank, I held their hands firmly, and leaning all my get a little tea without the trouble of making it. weight on them, I jumped lightly on the raft; I was completely tired. “Oh, thought she, if her mother knew it,

I found one gentleman had taken all the accom

modation; his breakfast was prepared in a small Deeply, deeply, her heart would rue it.”

room he vacated for me; he sent, and had it all How glad I felt that I was not very heavy; for carried away! So feeling I really was in want of even my weight sent it under water, and I was something after all my fatigues, I was obliged to obliged, in order to balance myself, to kneel on it, look for my own tea and sugar from my palanquin. 80 I was thoroughly wet through. At the other Alas! that I had never given them a thought beside I seated myself in my palanquin. There was fore! The tin canister had opened, and the sugar a bungalow, I knew, about seven miles off and I had disappeared, and the tea was swimming about hoped to reach it soon ; but fancy my dismay at quite unfit for use. I still flattered myself the seeing that the whole country was a sheet of gentleman might have the civility to offer me a water!

part of his breakfast; but not a thought of the kind The bearers said, “There will be five miles entered his head, and I was too English to put of this ; the inundation has reached it, and it is all myself under the obligation to him by asking for low land ; then comes the Marcanda river, where, any. With some difficulty I extricated myself perhaps, we shall have to wait twenty-four hours, from my wet clothing, which refreshed me a little, for it is the largest of all the rivers here." and again I started. What specimens I have given

How I did long for that bungalow, and what I you of our countrymen in India! I must say I would have given for a little tea! I sat shivering, was truly unfortunate. and I had been long enough in India to know that Here I had fresh bearers--the eight that brought shivering there in July was anything but what me to the bungalow had been with me from five it ought to be.

o'clock the evening before till eleven that dayFive weary miles of water we had to go through. eighteen hours; the Sowars had been rather lonWhen I saw the knee joint of my bearers above ger, and really scarcely a complaint had escaped the water, I was satisfied; but I saw it but rarely. ihem. They had gone through a great deal of Constantly it was waist deep, and constantly they fatigue, and had they chosen to put me down, and stumbled with me; and from the poor creatures run away, I was quite at their mercy. They being tired and cold, they could not hold my palan-might have robbed me of anything they liked, for quin as high as they should have done, and con- even had they been discovered, I should not, in all probability, have recognized them ; but they F-'s, and was too much horrified at thinking have a sort of inherent respect for a white face : what I had gone through to mind, and out came ladies constantly travel alone, and I never heard the fowl in his fingers, and the bread likewise, and of any one losing the smallest article. They then he gave me a fork, carefully holding it by the seemed very well pleased with my reward, and prongs! began telling me their names, that I might ask for I was almost too much tired to eat, and I found them if I came that way again.

something to drink would be more acceptable at After leaving the bungalow, and its courteous first. I could not fancy wine, which Harry had tenant, I was very thankful to find the road better. also sent, and as I did not like to mount the eleI had one more river to cross, on a raft similar to phant at that time of night, feeling too much tired the one I had before ; but it was near a village, to bear the shaking of the animal, I told them I and better constructed, and they were able to get would remain in my palanquin, and sent on a some blankets to keep me dry. "I went on all day, Sowar to announce my approach. and about midnight again we came to another river. It was three o'clock in the morning when I They put my palanquin on their heads, and took reached Harry's house, and very thankful I was me over in it. I was brave after the Marcanda, to do so, and to get at last a cup of tea. and uttered not a syllable of fear.

My ill fortune did not desert me when I contine In an hour after that, I heard a great shouting, ued my journey, the rains having become general and a number of torches were seen through the over the country, and I was twelve hours beyond trees; some Sowars galloped up to inquire if it the usual time; but I met with no serious discomwas my palanquin, and I found Harry had sent an fort, and at last reached Delhi-finding poor Felephant to meet me, in case the water had ex- frightened out of his wits nearly. He had sent tended in this direction. The poor letter-carrier the carriage to bring me in the last twenty miles, had reached safely, and my note had been deliv- which helped me greatly, though the roads were ered.

such as no English coachman would have cared to Last, not least, under the circumstances, even drive over. when an elephant was concerned, was a box with I had never such an expedition before or since, a cold fowl and some bread, and as I had eaten and I most sincerely trust I shall never be obliged nothing since my hasty luncheon on Thursday, to make another journey during the month of July, and it was then Saturday morning, I really was in that very luxurious country! very glad to see it. The servant with the box did And now, my dear Sybel, I am afraid you are not know what it contained. He was a Hindoo; sadly tired of me, and this is the last safe day for and it is as much against their prejudices to touch the over-land letters. Pray write and tell me what a fowl, as it is against those of a Mussulman to you think of me as a heroine ! and believe me ever touch a pig. However, he had been a servant of yours affectionately,

M. R. G.



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Night wraps the realm where Jesus woke,

No guiding star the magi see, And heavy hangs oppression's yoke

Where first the Gospel said " be free." And where the harps of angels bore

High message to the shepherd-throng, “Good will and peace” are heard no more

To murmur Bethlehem's vales along. Swarth India, with her idol-train,

Bends low by Ganges' worshipped tide, Or drowns the suttee's shrink of pain

With thundering gong and pagan pride. On Persia's hills the Sophi grope ;

Dark Burmah greets salvation's ray ; Even jealous China's door of hope

Unbars to give the Gospel way. Old Ocean, with his isles, awakes,

Cold Greenland feels unwonted flame, And humble Afric wondering takes

On her sad lips a Saviour's name. Their steps the forest-children stay,

Bound to oblivion's voiceless shore, And lift their red brows to the day,

Which from the opening skies doth pour.
Then aid with prayer that holy light

Which from eternal death can save,
And bid Christ's heralds speed their flight,
Ere millions find a hopeless grave.

Lord, I confess this morning I remembered my breakfast but forgot my prayers. And as I have returned no praise, so thou mightst justly have afforded me no protection. Yet thou hast carefully kept me to the middle of this day, entrusted me with a new debt before I have paid the old score. It is now noon, too late for a morning, too soon for an evening sacrifice. My corrupt heart prompts me to put off my prayers till night, but I know it too well, or rather too ill, to trust it. I fear if till night I defer them, at night I shall forget them. Be pleased therefore now to accept them. Lord, let not a few hours the later make a breach ; especially seeing (be it spoken pot to excuse my negligence but to implore thy pardon) a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday. I promise hereafter by thy assistance to bring forth fruit in due season. See how I am ashamed the sun should shine on me, who now newly start in the race of my devotions, when he like a giant hath run more than half his course in the heavens.- Fuller.

Lord, this day casually I am fallen into a bad company, and know not how I came hither, or how to get hence. Sure I am, not my improvidence hath run me, but thy providence hath led me into this danger. I was not wandering in any base by-path, but walking in the highway of my vocation ; wherefore, Lord, thou that calledst me hither, keep me here. Stop their mouths that they speak no blasphemy, or stop my ears that I hear none; or open my mouth soberly to reprove what I hear. Give me to guard myself, but, Lord, guard my guarding of my. self. Let not the smoke of their badness put out my eyes, but the shining of my innocency lighten theirs. Let me give physic to them, and noi take infection from them. Yea, make me the better for their bad. ness. Then shall their bad company be to me like the dirt of oysters, whose mud hath soap in it, and doth rather scour than defile.-Fuller.


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PAOR. Correspondence-France-Oregon and the President,

585 1. Memoir of Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, .

Norfolk News,

587 2. Gregarious Avari


591 3. Best Time for Undoing the Corn Law,

591 4. Il Libro di Ferro,

592 5. A Land for New Religions,

593 6. London in a New Dress,

593 7. California,


594 8. European Correspondence,

National Intelligencer,

595 9. Iron Manufacture—The Hot Blast,

North British Review,

601 10. Durch Anna, .

Chambers' Journal,

611 11. Physiology of Genius,

615 12. The Duke of Normandy; a Romance of Real Life,

617 13. Jewish Emancipation,

Athenæum, .

621 14. Crusade against the Brahmins,


622 15. Life and Correspondence of Major General Brock, Crilic,

623 16. Talleyrand's Retractation,

Ami de la Religion,

625 17. Reforination in Germany, .


625 18. Punch's Tribute to O'Connell,


626 19. The Lost Child,

St. Louis Gazette,

627 Poetry.-The Advent of Truth ; Evening Chime, 590—A Meditation, 598—Nil Desper

andum ; Tell me All, 599—The Coming of Christ : The First Grief, 600—The Old

Year, 610— The Lumbermen, 628.
SCRAPS.—Great Events from Trifling Causes ; Potato Disease, 599–To the Humane;

First Man of the Day; Saxon Revenge ; Iron Market, 610-Athenian Railway, 614–
Plague of Grasshoppers ; Maps in Relief ; Transit of Travellers; Mandarin and English
Lady; Judge Story ; South American Bamboo, 616—Junius ; Newspaper at St. Helena,
620—Anti-Slavery Mission to Morocco, 621.-Execution without Trial, 624-Union of
Atlantic and Pacific, 627.



times, by the ready hostility of the public mind in

France, but has been saved by the skilful and saThis is a question which has given us much un- gacious policy of the French king. It is the opineasiness. Look at the circumstances under which ion of Europe, that he looks to this alliance as a she interfered with the annexation of Texas, and main security for the permanence of his dynasty. we can hardly suppose that what she did then was England and France have jointly made war upon without some strong motive. She took part with Madagascar. England, her old enemy, who is still most bitterly 6. An apparent desire to quarrel with Mexicohated by the French people ; the life and soul of which has often been shown since the bombardthe confederacy which marched twice to Paris and ment of San Juan de Ulloa—and which has espedictated terms to France. She took part against cially broken out in the conduct of the late French the United States, her“ ancient ally," with whom minister. France has no representative there. it has been her policy to cherish friendship, as a Now there was a rumor several years ago, of a growing counterpoise to the maritime power of plan for placing one of the sons of Louis Philippe Great Britain. The French government well upon the throne of Mexico. If we suppose this to knew how keenly we should feel this change, and have been founded in fact, and that the intention is it also knew how bitterly it would be assailed at still persevered in, it may serve to explain the home. What object can there be so important to whole affair. the government of Louis Philippe, as to make up But would England favor such a design on the for the unpopularity of its course? This we must part of France? She might concur in all points try to discover. Let us note a few facts.

of the French policy which are intended to fend of 1. As a safety-valve for the military ardor of war in Europe. She does so in Africa, where she France, it has been thought worth while to keep promotes the French pursuit of Abd el Kader, up the war in Africa ; and this war, although dis- even into the territory of her old customer, horocastrous and unprofitable, has always been popular. co. England might wish well to Fray in this

2. A great eagerness for colonization has sprung Mexican matter, as affording a counteroise to our up of late years, as has been sufficiently, shown in growing ascendancy. With a Frend government the isles of the Pacific, and in Madagascar—and on the south, and Canada on the rth, the great which at one time was like to anticipate England Republic would be well hemmed, even if it were in the settlement of New Zealand.

not entirely excluded from the pacific, which might 3. The marriage of one of the king's sons with be a part of their future a princess of Brazil, and the interference in concert This would indeed be with England, in the River Plate, taking forcible shadowed forth by the so-thing worthy of being possession of the fleet of Buenos Ayres.

assigned by M. Guizot

object of French in4. An emulation of the British trade with China. terference in Ameri

' of this phrase. He


and it is difficult to find 5. A cultivation of the most cordial alliance any other explanamaintain the balance between with England. This has been endangered several | not have meant


6 balance of power,





England and the United States. As the French | surer path to greater glory, by changing us from newspapers said, he ought rather to wish for the jealous rivals to cordial friends. She would then, diminution of British power. But this was with as the friend of mankind, have the blessings of the out the supposition of any interest of French ag- Lord of Hosts upon her. grandizement.

In the management of affairs so much compliThe steady and rapid growth of this republic, cated as our foreign relations are, let us give to our exerts more and more influence upon Europe, and own government a confiding and hearty support. it may be thought worth while to make a vigorous Let the president feel that if he will continue to be and combined effort to secure quiet at home, by moderate in tone, and to show an earnest desire for effectually curbing the antagonistic principle—and peace, he will be sustained by the whole people if this may be more easily done with twenty millions war should be inevitable. Even with the greatest of people, than with the seventy millions which we union among ourselves, the crisis is sufficiently difshall be in the year 1890.

ficult for him. Our position will enable us to command the com- Some of us have blamed him for declining arbimerce of Asia ; 'and some more effectual competi-tration. But if there be any foundation for the tion may be intended that can be made by lodg- suspicions to which we have here given vent, it ments in the outposts, the islands of the Pacific. may be difficult to find an arbitrator upon whose

A war for the acquisition of Mexico would be impartiality we could depend. popular with much of France. Their liking to us, For our own part, we breathe freely since we is only hatred of England. They would like to have been satisfied on the two important points : show how much better they could fight us than The quarrel is not of our seeking, and the right England has done. They are ambitious of the ex- is on our side. If we can maintain this position, tension of their territory_eager for commerce- we shall cheerfully submit to any trials and danemulous of British colonization ;-—and we cannot gers which may come upon us, and never doubt depend upon the Republicans or the Bonapartists, the result. in opposition to the attractions of such a contest. The first step would be the only difficulty. If the French government could hold its own against the We have read the Oregon negotiation and think first outbreak of anti-Anglican indignation, there Mr. Buchanan's part of it admirable. It develops would be little difficulty in reconciling all parties in the point which gave us the greatest difficulty, and France to the continuance of the contest. The which, in our opinion, operates most against the French papers, speaking of Algeria, say that fif- American claim in the minds of those who do not teen years is not long in the foundation of an em- go beyond the surface, beyond the priina facie case. pire : that a century may elapse before French Thus it has appeared : We claim the whole coast dominion is quietly acquiesced in by the Arabs. up to the Russian possessions, deriving our right. And so a war in America would be more popular, in part, and for the north part entirely, from Spain. the longer it lasted.

Great Britain says in answer,

6 Your claims are With France on the south we should have a greater than Spain made, for she, by the Nootka *contínual war of smuggling going on-and very Sound convention, agreed to a joint ownership. many other occasions of contention would arise to Our rights are so clear, and were then so clear, turn our jealousy and animosity away from Eng- that we should have made war against Spain, had land, who would then feel much more secure of she not recognized them, which she did, and we her position at the head of nations. We cannot have ever since held possession." but think it would be a stroke of English policy This is the strong point, to the popular reader, worthy of the Fiend himself, thus to set her two that is, to almost everybody in the United States great rivals at work, to worry and weaken both. and Great Britain. But it now appears to be enIt ought to be impossible for such a policy of their tirely without foundation. What Great Britain government to be supported by a people to whom threatened war about, was, not that Spain had hy spbech, literature, habits and religion, we are so usurped territory, but that she had confiscated much assimilated. But it would encounter little British property: just as France and England have opposition from the religious mass, which is fanati- threatened Mexico for the same reason. Mexico cal on the subject of slavery ;-or from the capital- has sometimes endeavored to prevent foreigners ists, who are disgusted with our repudiation. from settling in her territory for the purpose of

Mexico, with one million of white inhabitants, trade, and she has, by the governments, to which and seven millions of Indians, negroes, and mulat- they belonged, been obliged to give up her intendoes, will not be considered entitled to any more tion, and the traders have remained and traded , Porrance from England and France, on the score but this would not be a sufficient foundation for a O žvilization, than has been shown by them to the claim to joint sovereignty on the part of such gorArab; and East Indians. In many points of view ernments. i1 inay

be thought a disadvantage to us to extend If we are right, the British negotiator misrepour boundaries—but we have been so comfortable resents the Nootká Sound convention, and builds while “duelling among our own people,” that we his argument upon the misrepresentation, so that ought to suwit to many inconveniences, rather even if the Nootka Sound convention were still in than encounter the intrusion of quarrelsome stran-existence, instead of having been put an end to by fors and rivals. As lessening this danger, we are the war which Spain afterwards waged against glad of the annexa tion of Texas; we should rejoice England, no pretension to territory could be mainin the purchase of l 'alifornia ; we should vote for tained from it. The American claim to the counthe incorporation of Mexico.

try watered by the Columbia, as founded upon disAlthough we have thi's dwelt upon the induce-covery, exploration, purchase of Louisiana and setments which the govern.

ments of England and tlement, is clearly shown. We have the best France may have to a wa." with us, we do not reason to be satisfied with both our admirable secthink they are sufficiently we ohty to counterpoise retaries of state ; and with the caution, as well as the arguments for peace which will weigh with firmness of the president, in the management of a England ;—and we hope that sh o may take the difficulty which has been thrust upon him.

The poor

REMINISCENCES OF THE LATE ELIZABETH fry. I the benefit of her fellow-creatures.

found in her an unfailing friend, and numerous in“ The Friend,” a London journal, introduces a deed were the instances in which cases of distress sketch of Mrs. Fry from the Norfolk News. were first personally examined by her, and after

“Of her it may truly be said, that whilst her wards effectually relieved. She was eyes to the witness is in heaven,' and her record upon blind, and feet to the lame, and the cause which she high,' it is also inscribed, in living characters of knew not, she searched out. veneration and love, on the hearts of thousands of Deeply impressed with a sense of the incomparvaried station, name, and country, to whom, able value of that grace, of which she was herself through subinission to the effectual operation of the so large a partaker, she found it to be her indisgrace of God, she was made a ministering spirit; pensable duty to declare to others what God had comforting the mourners, warning the careless, in- done for her soul, and to invite her fellow-men to, structing the ignorant, and, in strains of heavenly come, taste, and see for themselves, how good the invitation, beseeching all to come and partake of Lord' is. The sweetness and liveliness of her the waters of life. Being led by the power and communications, the clearness and force of her love of Him who came to seek and to save that Christian doctrine, and the singular softness, powwhich was lost,' she yielded her spirit to commis- er, and melody of her voice, can never be forgotten erate the multiplied forms of human woe ; not by those who have heard her, whether in public or shrinking even from willing sympathy with that private. awful gloom that envelopes the soul of the de- She was often engaged in gospel missions, to sponding sinner, trembling on the verge of the other parts of England, and, subsequently, to a fathomless gulf; and she was made the blessed large extent, in Scotland, Ireland, and on the coninstrument of directing many of these, to that Al- tinent of Europe; in the course of which, as well mighty Saviour, whose hand of mercy was still as at other times, she found abundant opportuniextended to pluck these brands from the burning. ties of putting forth her energies in the subordinate, May the influence of that divine compassion which yet highly important character of a Christian phiwas so eminently infused into the heart of this de- lanthropist. She visited hospitals, prisons, and luvoted servant of Christ, animate many who sur-natic asylums, and often addressed the inmates of vive, to go and do likewise." »

these and other institutions, in a manner which Elizabeth Fry was the third daughter of the late was most remarkably adapted to the state of her John Gourney of Earlham Hall, near Norwich. hearers. Well did she know, in dependence on When a child, she was remarkable for the strength divine influence, how to find her way to the heart of het affections, and the vivacity of her mind, and and understanding of the child at school, the sufearly learned the lesson of enhancing the pleasure ferer on a sick bed, the corrupt and hardened crimiand happiness, and soothing the cares and sorrows nal, and even the wild and wandering maniac; and of all around her. As she grew up, philanthropy thousands, both in her native land and in foreign became a marked and settled feature in her charac- countries, have risen up around her, and “called ter, and she took great delight in forming and su- her blessed in the name of the Lord." perintending a school on her father's premises, for The leading object, however, of her benevolent poor children. The effect which her gentle au- exertions, was the melioration of prisons. Her thority and kind instructions produced, in these ob- long and persevering attention to this object, which jects of her care, was indicative of that remarkable continued to be dear to her until her end came, gift of influencing others for good, which was so commenced with a circumstance, which is already distinguishing a feature in her character in after well known to the public, both at home and abroad. life.

At an early period of her life in London, she was Notwithstanding this and some similar pursuits, informed of the terrible condition of the female she was in no small degree attached to the vain prisoners in Newgate. The part of the prison alpleasures of the world, and was herself peculiarly lotted to them was a scene of the wildest disorder. attractive to such as were making those pleasures Swearing, drinking, gambling, and fighting were their object. But infinitely higher and better their only employments ; filth and corruption prethings awaited her. In consequence of a com- vailed on every side. Notwithstanding the warnplaint which appeared to be of a serious character, ings of the turnkeys, that her purse and watch, and ihe instability of all temporal things became, un- even her life, would be endangered, she resolved expectedly, matter of personal experience; and to go in without any protection, and to face this soon afterwards, under the searching, yet persua- disorganized multitude. After being locked up sive ministry of the late William Savery, she be- with them, she addressed them with her usual digcame deeply serious. Her affections were now nity, power, and gentleness ; soon calmed their directed into the holiest channel; the love of the fury, and fixed their attention, and proposed to world gave way to the love of Christ: and she them a variety of rules for the regulation of their evinced the reality of her change, by becoming a conduct, to which, after her kind and lucid explaconsistent member of our society.

nations, they all gave a hearty consent. Her This change, however, was far from disqualify- visits were repeated again and again ; and with the ing her for those social endearments, which a assistance of a committee of ladies, which she had widowed father and ten beloved brothers and sis- formed for the purpose, she soon brought her ters claimed at her hands. On the contrary, she rules to bear upon the poor degraded criminals. became more than ever the joy and comfort of the Within a very short time the whole scene was home circle, until the year 1800; when at the age marvellously changed. Like the maniac of Genof twenty she married Joseph Fry of London, and nesareth, from whom the legion of devils had been settled in the heart of that metropolis. Here she cast out, these once wild and wretched creatures became the mother of a numerous young family, were seen neatly clothed, busily employed, arrangover whom she exerted the tenderest maternal ed under the care of monitors, with a matron at the care; yet her domestic relations did not prevent head of them, and, comparatively speaking, in their her laboring with constant zeal and assiduity for I right mind. In carrying on her measures of re

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