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Now the laws of cause and effect are In the light of all that has been said just as applicable to a society composed above, it may be stated with absolute of human beings as they are to any other certainty that the form of marriage in large group of animals, and can be studied vogue among us is an institution of purely with equal precision. This is true human invention; that if in a large prothroughout all nature and rests upon as portion of cases it fails of its object, it is, delicate an equilibrium as the functional as an institution, in violation of all that balance among the organs of the body in is natural, or of nature's intentions in any living creature, or, for that matter, that particular. If after marriage, in in the physical balance of the universe. thousands—a great many thousands

Further, it makes all the difference in of cases in this community, men are volthe world, in so far as results are con- untarily deserting their wives or wives cerned, whether we undertake to induce their husbands, or are seeking the assistany class of animals, from men to mice, ance of the courts in order that parties to perform anything through the suasion to marriages or those married may be quit of cruelty and ignorance or through that of each other, there has, beyond all perof kindness and intelligence. This ap- adventure of doubt, been violence done plies as well to the individual as to a col- to nature in some manner or form, whethlection of individuals, or society. The er it be generally recognized or not. truth of all this is so universally known Moreover, if this be the case, which it unand recognized that it is quite unneces- doubtedly is, there is somewhere in nasary to cite any examples here to demon- ture the proper remedy to remove it, even strate my several statements.

if the correction requires as long a time Before passing, however, to the main for complete accomplishment as it took question, it will be as well to add that man to bring about the abnormal and when in this world the course of nature undesirable state of affairs. ceases to run smoothly and the natural As to the cause of these numerous deoperation of many things in this life be- sertions in New York city, and, incidentcomes distorted or perverted, it is, in the ally, the cause for such an enormous invast majority of instances, due to human crease of divorce suits, few seem to have interference. Again, people of ordinary advanced in the public prints any opinion perceptions in this world are very apt to about it. True, with respect to the debe unable to distinguish between the sertions the Rev. A. E. Myers, of the normal and immutable operations of Marble Collegiate Church, has stated that nature and those existing conditions which he believes gambling and drink to be the are, either in part or in whole, due to roots of the evil. In this he is entirely man's invention. Finally, when man in in error, and it may be said indirectly in his ignorance does undertake to interfere passing that thousands of men in New in the normal operations or intentions of York city who both drink and gamble nature, either as such interference may are at the same time good husbands and affect his own conditions or environment fathers in their families; moreover, it or that of any other assembly of animals, would hardly apply to the women who and that disastrously, we may be very desert the men they have married. Not sure that there exist somewhere in the that gambling in any form is to be counworld one or more persons who under- tenanced, although its harmfulness in stand precisely what has happened, and any community has been vastly overthere is likewise in existence the remedy rated, nor is the fearful curse of alcoholic to correct the evil, whether it lie within intemperance to be underrated; but the ken of man or not, or whether he has neither one nor the other of these are at the power to apply it after it has been the bottom of the trouble. discovered.

The fundamental causes are of a very different nature, more far-reaching, and other, of such matters, the result is predecidedly more profound in character. cisely what the courts and the clergy are Some of them may be directly traced to deploring. This highly important subthe unnaturalness of several of the re- ject will bear a very considerable enquirements of the marriage contract, re- largement, but the limitation of space forquired on the part of both law and the bids it at this time. church. Associated with this cause is A word as to the remedies suggested. another, and this refers to the still-exist- Naturally these come from the courts and ing and broad underlying vein of super- are not far to seek. When people do not stition still controlling the minds of the understand things in this world, and their people in regard to the so-called sacred- training is of such a nature as to preclude ness of the marriage vow and contract. their ability to properly handle difficult Still another cause is to be found in the problems, then they immediately resort infernal system of laws that have been to cruelty and violence to rid themselves enacted and are now in force, having of the annoying problem. The truth of reference to the entire question of sex this is seen in the present case in the fact relations of every description, marital or that nearly all the law courts in New York otherwise.

city, and a very large proportion of her Above and beyond all these various lawyers, are distinctly in favor of estabcauses, however, is one that completely lishing the whipping-post as the sole envelopes everything having anything remedy for the cure of this evil. For whatever to do with the matter of the example, Magistrate Cornell, of the East conditions under which the two sexes can Fifty-seventh Street Court, has said: happily and profitably be mated and their “Reëstablish the whipping-post and give offspring reared to become normal men these men who abandon their wives and and women and sound, intelligent and families a good lashing with a cat-o’-nine progressive representatives of the race. tails, and there would be fewer comThis cause is the utter ignorance of the plaints from wives who are left without science of sexology and a lack of a thor- means to feed themselves and their baough understanding of human nature bies.” in its broadest sense. Now what makes It is difficult for me to conceive of a the situation still more hopeless, not to more horrible and barbarous suggestion say dangerous, is that we have permitted than this outrageous one. Without makto grow up in this country, under federal ing any pretensions to being a Christian, protection, the most vicious system of it seems to me that this is in direct oppocensorship that has ever disgraced a civ- sition to the very essence of the principles ilization. Under its rulings, not only maintained by the Christian church. It has it come about that it is practically is very much to be doubted, from what impossible to introduce into the United we know of him, whether Christ would States the works of foreign writers of the have recommended any such procedure, highest authority on sexology, but anyone and, if the tale be true, he even treated attempting to publish, either in the public an adulteress with more compassion and prints or in book form anything touching consideration. Mr. Cornell evidently beupon such vital subjects, not only places lieves that sixty thousand American himself or herself in danger of fines at the homes can be lovingly held together by hands of the courts, but of all other forms man's dread of the cat-o'-nine tails! of legal persecution, including a term of What a picture! And the whipping-post years in prison. So with suppressing the what a moral example it would prove information upon one side and ignoring to be to our growing American youth! I the matter of crass ignorance upon the suppose they would get used to it, just as they get accustomed to other relics of Indeed, we are so nearly Russianized in savagery in our vaunted civilization. some particulars, we may as well accept The Russians have become accustomed a similar situation; but if we do, America to their Cossacks and the knout, as well too will some day meet her Japan. as to their censors suppressing the litera

R. W. SHUFELDT. ture of science; and why not Americans ? New York City.

RAY D. HANDY: ONE OF THE YOUNGEST OF OUR

NEWSPAPER CARTOONISTS.

By B. O. FLOWER.

AY D. HANDY, of the News-Tri- Nor has he yet personally felt the effect of

bune of Duluth, Minnesota, is one evil conditions in government sufficiently of the youngest of our American news- to arouse him to a recognition of the high paper cartoonists whose work has been duty which devolves on all members of widely copied owing to the artist's aptness a free state—the sacred obligations imand felicity in humorously epitomizing posed by the great republic on all her or in hitting off present-day events and children-to exercise their reason in all circumstances prominent in the public things, to weigh ever-recurring questions mind. Mr. Handy is only twenty-eight in the scales of Justice and to follow the years of age, having been born in Minne- highest promptings of their being with apolis, Minnesota, in the summer of 1877. a loyalty worthy of the Fathers who gave He was educated in the public-schools of the world the noblest example of demochis native city and from them he entered the post-office in the capacity of specialdelivery boy and clerk. During the three years he remained in this position, he attended the Minneapolis School of Fine Arts of an evening. Next he went to Columbus, Ohio, where he attended the Zanerian Art College, and still later he worked under the direction of the Art Students' League of New York, after which he returned to his native city, where R. C. Bowman, of the Minneapolis Tribune, gave him employment for four years. But in 1902 he accepted a favorable offer from the News-Tribune of Duluth, where he has since worked to the satisfaction of the management.

Up to the present time Mr. Handy has not come face to face with those great and solemn facts of life that touch the profoundest depths of our nature and awaken Handy, in Duluth News- Tribune. one to the deeper significance of life. WHERE DOES THE FARMER COME IN?

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face with a great issue—when forced to make a final choice. which on the one hand seemed to mean his political ruin, but which on the other hand carried with it his spiritual death and the continued moral degradation of his city,—chose so nobly that he instantly became one of the great aggressive, moral forces of the nation. At such moments the divinity that is latent in all of us asserts itself; "the idle singer of an empty day” becomes a man worthy of citizenship in the greatest of nations. Until these crucial moments and testing seasons come, however, the finest natures, especially among the young, frequently drift along, living the lovable life of the child—the life that can never come again after the graver ex

periences of life have impressed the soul. Handy, in Duluth News- Tribune.

That such is the position of our artist Korea wants voice in peace treaty between Japan

is indicated from his reply to an inquiry and Russia.-News Item.

asking for his views on public questions.

“I," he said, "usually mould them to fit JAPAN,"IF YOU DON'T KEEP OUT OF THE WAY I'LL MISS THIS SHOT.”

the paper I am working for.” There

speaks the young man who desires to racy known to history. In this respect succeed and to give satisfaction to his he occupies the position of hundreds of employer—both laudable aims if they do thousands of our young men; most of us, indeed, while we remain upon the threshold of manhood, especially in times of peace and prosperity and before the graver problems of life are pressed home and we are compelled to see and feel the wrongs that flourish on every side, look at life in a superficial way and chiefly from the personal point-of-view. When, however, the young man who is at heart an idealist comes face to face with the great crises in life, or he becomes alive to the evil and injustice that flourish on every hand, he awakens or comes to himself, just as Wendell Phillips, the darling of the élite of Boston, suddenly awakened when he saw William Lloyd Garrison being dragged through the streets of Boston by a well-dressed mob and from the hour of that awakening consecrated his life and splendid talent to the cause of human freedom; just as Mayor Weaver Handy, in Duluth News-Tribune. of Philadelphia, when brought face to

COMING DOWN.

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not require the individual to throw his influence on the side of wrong, of injustice, of oppression and of corruption, or to do violence to his convictions of right on any question.

In the case of Mr. Handy, unless we wholly mistake the real man, his answer is merely the voicing of the youthful intellect not yet awakened to a recognition of the august duties and demands of life in a republic in a great crucial period like

He possesses the artistic temperament. From his countenance should say without hesitation that he belongs among the idealists rather than among the sordid materialists to whom the vision never comes, to whom poetry makes no appeal, and to whom the voice

Sapna of lofty patriotism or the clarion tones of Handy, in Duluth News-Tribune. duty are as an idle wind down the barren

PUBLIC_"THAT ACT IS GETTING MONOTONOUS." mountain-side. Unless we are greatly mistaken, the time is not far distant when men who have hitherto drifted on the the general awakening now in progress smooth-flowing currents; for we are enfrom the Atlantic to the Pacific will call tering another of those great crises such to the service of justice and civic right- as called to the service of the republic in eousness our artist, together with hun- an earlier day Whittier, Lowell, Emerson, dreds of thousands of America's young Longfellow, Phillips,

Sumner and Thomas Nast, one of those crises which compel the choice between moral integrity and allegiance to the highest interests of the state on the one hand and sordid personal desires on the other-a

crisis such as Lowell thus admirably LIFE!

characterizes:
“Then to side with Truth is noble when we share

her wretched crust,
Ere her cause bring fame and profit, and 't is

prosperous to be just.” We believe he belongs to the noble fraternity of artists whose innate nature is instinct with moral idealism-men like Thomas Nast, for example, who when offered a half a million dollars if he would go to Europe, perfect his art education and cease his campaign against the Tweed Ring, indignantly spurned the bribe, and like another of our great artists, one who

is still with us and who a few years ago, Handy, in Duluth News-Tribune.

after having met with financial reverses THE ONE-MAN BAND.

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