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presence of injustice, social evils or tyranny “Progressive taxation of land values and under the folds of our flag, for the betterment incomes, with exemption of improvements of the condition of the unfortunates. In and small incomes. Hawaii she was instrumental in achieving a “Government loans at low rate of interest. great victory for civilization by compelling “Government management of the principal the liberation of over five hundred women banks of issue. kept for immoral purposes by a conscienceless “Nationalization of credit. band of greed-crazed and over-rich represen
“Referendum on local land-value tax and tatives of the imperial republic.
the license question. This latter has The Samoan islands are interestingly de- driven the liquor traffic well out of the island, scribed, as are the Australian states and Tas- but two provinces permitting the sale, and it mania, that little island gem, once the home is believed these will soon be brought under of convicts, now one of the most prosperous, the ban of prohibition. This is attributed flourishing and progressive of the little island directly to the influence of the woman's ballot. states of the world. But the chief interest of “There are wise labor laws relating to facthis portion of the volume lies in the chapters tory, shop, mining, truck, and wages. Girls devoted to New Zealand and her ideal govern- and boys, no matter how young, if regularly ment. Mrs. Gougar traversed the island from employed, must be paid not less than one dolnorth to south, making a painstaking study lar per week for their services. This prevents of the conditions of all the people and the the pernicious system of apprenticeship, where practical operation of the government inno- the young are employed without compensation, vations that have challenged the attention of to be discharged when worthy of good wages, the world. Her conclusions are in alignment that others may serve without expense to the with those arrived at by Professor Parsons in employer. his luminous Story of New Zealand. So in- “There is the eight-hour, half-holidays, teresting, concise and valuable is this summary seats for shop girls, ventilation, safety, and no that we reproduce a large portion of it:
“Direct employment instead of the contract New Zealand, our author holds, “rightfully system in public works; the minimum wage boasts that hers is a ‘Government of Divine paid by the government, $1.75 per day. Justice,' where ‘the welfare of each is the con- “Industrial arbitration has practically abolcern of all.'
ished strikes and lock-outs.
“There are state annuities for the aged poor. “She has universal suffrage.
“The public trust office serves at cost as "She has the Australian ballot, alphabetic, executor, administrator, trustee, agent or atand free from party designation.
torney in the settlement and management of
property of decedents; it draws up wills, deeds, “I give a summary,” she observes, “ of the manages estates for widows and minor chilmost progressive and beneficial legislation: dren, and if parties are going abroad the public
“Land management consists in resumption trustee will take charge of their affairs. and division of large estates, and limitations of the area one man may hold. ... Gradual "The state is responsible for the conduct of nationalization of the soil is an established the trustee and his numerous agents, and his policy, the 999 years' lease taking the place office is administered with honor and ability. of private ownership. Suburban homes for It is difficult to comprehend the great benefit workingmen at low rents, money advances to to the people that this wise provision has been assist men in opening up farms and securing since its adoption. homes.
“Government life insurance, as practiced “Postal service includes parcels-post, postal in New Zealand, should become the policy of savings-banks, telegraphs and title registra- the United States, and I believe it will as soon tion. She has national railways, telephones, as the attention of the people is turned to it waterworks, and state ownership of coal-fields. and they understand it. New Zealand insures State railways are operated for service instead her own people, though private corporations of profit, so at certain ours in the day school- have liberty to do business in the country. children, workingmen and farmers are carried The experiment has been popular from the free.
first. By the last report it has 42,570 policies, covering $51,000,000 insurance, against the “There is a higher average of wealth, per New York Life and Equitable with less than capita, than in any other country, and a larger 900 policies, after more than twelve years in percentage of the population own their homes the colony. The people prefer the govern- than in any other land. ment insurance because of its safety—it has “There are no slums in her cities. the guarantee of the government behind it- “There are no political bosses, and political because of its cheapness, the rates being lower corruption is unknown. Premier Seddon than in private companies; because it is free says: 'My government is as pure as the falling from all oppressive conditions. The pre- snow.' I asked men, who had dealings with miums must be paid, and the insured must the government such as furnishing equipments not commit suicide under six months from the for railways, if it was necessary to tickle the time he becomes insured. The policy is world palms of officers with bribe-money in order to wide, and the insured may go where he wills. do business, and it was the universal testimony If a man fails to pay his premium when it is that an attempt to bribe an official would dedue, he does not lose his insurance. The feat dealings with him. There is not a tramp government pays the premium out of the sur- in the country, and millionaires are not wanted render value of the policy, and does this until nor respected. such value is exhausted. It has many other “Organized labor is especially strong and ways of helping an honest, struggling policy- influential in New Zealand, and to this and holder to make this provision safe for his fam- woman suffrage the progress of the country ily. Insurance is coöperative. The profits in laws is largely due. Labor unions must of the office go to the insured. Every three incorporate before the government will recogyears the profits are divided up among the nize their demands. This makes the organipolicy-holders. There have been five divis- zation responsible for any damage should ions, and $35,000,000, the profits accruing strikes occur. from loaning and investing insurance money, “State ownership and management of coalhave gone back into the pockets of the insured, fields have brought great relief to the people, instead of going to private corporations to and prevent exorbitant prices for this necessity. make millionaires, as in the United States and The result of the experiments in government other countries, which millionaires, in turn, in New Zealand is to establish a true democuse the vast sums to organize trusts, through racy. Physically and politically New Zeawhich they further oppress
the people. While land is fit for man in his best estate, and she we legislate to make millionaires, New Zea- stands boldly out among the countries of the land legislates to make the masses comfort- earth as an example of divine justice in govable by leaving in the hands of the toiler the ernment, under the honorable name of Chrisresults of his own toil.
tian Socialism. "It is conceded that the department is free “Hers is a government, not of Paternalism, from spoils and is well managed by the experts but of Fraternalism, in which every citizen is who have made the institution a complete a member of the great corporation, where the
I became an enthusiastic advocate strong protect the weak, and where, in pracof this form of insurance when I understood tice as well as in theory, the welfare of each is its safety and justice and informed myself of the concern of all. its practical value in this interesting country. "The same principles applied to 1,000,000
people will bring the same results if applied “Education is free and compulsory. There to 85,000,000, and many problems now asking are fewer illiterates than in England, Germany, solution at the hands of the people of the UniFrance or the United States. It is claimed ted States can be solved by following the teachthat all whites over twelve years of age can ings of this practical republic in the Southern read and write. The best exponent of the Eng- Seas. lish language in New Zealand is a native Maori. “We bade adieu to New Zealand, enthusi
"The government has been, and is, most astic over her resources, beauty, grandeur, just to its dusky natives.
gentle people, and just government. “There is a lower percentage of criminals or drunkards than in any other country.
This volume will not prove disappointing, “New Zealand is the only country on the and we can heartily and conscientiously recglobe where I have met no beggars.
ommend it to our readers.
Daughters of the Puritans. By Seth Curtis his stories entertainingly and in such a manner
Beach. Cloth. Pp. 286. Price, $1.10 net. as to bring the reader into the most intimate Boston: American Unitarian Association. and sympathetic relations with his subjects.
This is a rare gift which transforms biography WE THINK it is not too much to say that this from a dull, dry, and often profitless form of is the best volume of brief biographies of the literature into something at once absorbingly past year. It contains short yet very graphic interesting and of the highest possible value and informing life-sketches of seven eminent to the human mind. No one can read these daughters of New England-seven of those lives without being renewed in spirit, and for fine, true lives that morally, even more than young women we know of no works so instinct mentally, enriched civilization. Here we have with spiritual virility or so potential for good an outline picture of the immense and civil- as the Daughters of the Puritans. ization-wide work for humanity wrought by that noble, practicable and indefatigable toiler The Boys' Life of Christ. By William B. for humanity, Dorothea Lynde Dix-that
Forbush. Illustrated. Cloth. Pp. 318. angel of light to the insane of the world. And
Price, $1.25 net. New York: The Funk & here is the story of that other moral heroine,
Wagnalls Company. Lydia Maria Child, who dared and did so much for the freedom of the black man, and THE AUTHOR of this work has written one whose broad thought contributed in no small of the most fascinating stories for the young, degree to the more tolerant, charitable and apart from all consideration of the subject, reason-cultivating attitude of the American that we have read in years. As an orthodox mind, and especially of the mind of New Eng- Christian, his view-point is of course different land in the field of religious thought. Here, from that of liberal thinkers who regard the too, is the life of Harriet Beecher Stowe, who Great Nazarene rather as the perfected flower with fiction did as much as Garrison with his on the human stem than as incarnate Deity. editorial
pen and Henry Ward Beecher in his But his story is very different from that of pulpit to sting out of its comfortable and profit- most orthodox writers in that he entirely passes able lethargy the conscience of the North. over the alleged miraculous conception of
And companioning these high, fine, positive Jesus and begins the life when the child is and more or less aggressive writers and work- twelve years old. Moreover, this life deals ers in the larger field of human service we have chiefly with Jesus the man, for as the author the life-story of Louisa May Alcott, Mary says in his preface: “The miraculous is not Lovell Ware, Miss Catharine Maria Sedgwick emphasized because it is more helpful to boys and Margaret Fuller Ossoli. Each life has to think of how Jesus resembles themselves its message, and most of them form a brilliant than how much he differs from them.” record of consecration to exalted idealism and The book is the fruit of exhaustive research devotion to humanity's weal. Each life was and deep study. The atmosphere of Palestine victorious in the high sense of the word, be- in the time of Jesus; the physical charactercause, from childhood till the evening shadows istics of the land; the customs and habits, the fell, the character in every instance gradually labors and pastimes, the dress and general and splendidly unfolded into noble and still appearance of the people, are reproduced with nobler proportions.
such charm and seeming reality that the volMr. Beach has succeeded in a far greater ume becomes in the highest sense realistic, degree than most biographers in revealing the because the author makes us feel and undersoul or the true personality of his subjects by stand the life and times of Jesus even to a faithful study of the life, the letters and utter- greater degree than have most of the masterances, and by seizing only those things that minds who have written for adult readers. are germane to the life in hand. He has told Broad-minded orthodox Christians will re.
* Books intended for review in THE APENA should be ceive this book with enthusiasm, and for lib. addressed to B. 0. Flower, Editorial Department, THE ARENA, Boston, Mass.
erals who may not sympathize with the au.
thor's theological views, it will nevertheless boy; the passing of the night-time for the hold a peculiar charm, owing to the high and heroine with the death of her dissipated husattractive idealism that pervades its pages and band; the strong tie that draws into the symits beauty of style and fidelity to the general pathetic and affectionate relation of father life and conditions that environed the incom- and daughter the old German and the heroine; parable Prophet of Nazareth.
and the ripening and developing of their simple
lives under the rod of affliction, together with Tales From Dickens. By Hallie Erminie
the sunburst of happiness, the great joy-enRives. Illustrated. Cloth. Pp. 474. Indi- wrapped calm of the closing pages,
all these anapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company.
go to make up a charming book, despite the
sordid and rather coarse phases of life THESE tales are prefaced by an excellent that are especially emphasized in the early short sketch of the life of Charles Dickens. chapters. In the fifteen chapters that follow the biographical sketch the author has told in pleas- Hearts and Masks. By Harold MacGrath. ing and interesting manner tales from the
Illustrated. Cloth. Pp. 188. Indianapomaster-novelist's great romances.
lis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company. is admirably adapted for young people and will serve to interest them in the world of Bright and light are the words that best Dickens. Of course, for older heads that characterize Mr. MacGrath's new mystery have come under the witchery of Dickens, tale, Hearts and Masks. It is thoroughly these tales will hold no charm. If the mature artificial and as improbable as are most of the reader would enjoy Dickens he must read present-day mystery tales; but it is told in Dickens; but to children or youthful persons this writer's best vein and is therefore bright, not acquainted with the marvelous stories of witty and exciting for those who can become England's greatest novelist this book will ap- interested in tales wanting in elements of repeal and will lead them to read the master ality and probability. whose genius wrought so great a work for the The story recounts the stirring adventures betterment of the condition of the poor and of a young man and a very beautiful young the unfortunate of England.
woman, who though strangers at the opening
of the fateful evening, are very well acquainted Sefly. in colors. Cloth. Pp. 144. Indianapolis: series of exciting adventures which promised By John Luther Long. Illustrated before the night is over, having been, through
a whimsical fate, thrown together during a The Bobbs-Merrill Company.
at one time to land both of them in prison. This is a story instinct with human interest. The scenes of most of the episodes are at a It illustrates the fact that love is the same fashionable masked-ball given by a huntsamong all classes and conditions of men. The man's club in a suburban New Jersey town, lovers here depicted are representatives of the at which the leading characters and the villain rather illiterate rural population of Maryland. of the story appear without invitation or The central figure, a most strongly drawn through indirection or subterfuge. character, is a Pennsylvania German with The tale is not so good a story as The Man sordid instincts—so sordid, indeed, in the on the Box, but it will doubtless prove almost opening scenes that the humor of words and as popular, as it is the kind of literature well situations fails altogether to dissipate the feel- calculated to prove diverting and restful to ing of repulsion experienced by the reader in men and women under the pressure of modern the presence
young love, than which nothing strenuous life, who from time to time turn to in life should be more sacred. The bashful light and artificial tales as they seek the muand discomfited lover; the high-tempered and sical comedies now so much in vogue. high-spirited heroine who marries a drunken clerk out of pique and spite and bitterly suffers
A Little Garden Calendar. By Albert Bigelow for the grave mistake; the terrible blow dealt
Paine. Illustrated. Cloth. Pp. 330. Price, by the irate father that all but kills the son
$1.00. Philadelphia: Henry Altemus Comwho by failing to secure the heroine has lost
pany. for a time to the Baumgarten family the coveted meadow-land; the disappearance of the This is one of the best children's books of recent years. It is bright and entertaining, it were, the path of knowledge through the and while holding the interest of the young in garden of imagination." the story that is told, it imparts a vast fund of
This book merits wide circulation. information which every child should know, but which, unhappily, few children are taught The Girl and the Deal. By Karl Edwin Har-information that cannot fail to immensely
riman. Illustrated. Cloth. increase the pure delight and happiness of life
Pp. 350. in all after days. Here, step by step, the child
Price, $1.50. Philadelphia: George W. is led into the wonderland of plant life and
Jacobs & Company. taught it in such a manner that the witchery This is a capital love romance written in of nature is indelibly impressed upon the youth- the lighter vein. In it the son of a publicful imagination.
service magnate is sent west to snare a capitalIn his introduction Mr. Paine thus admir- ist of the Pacific coast. On the train he meets ably sets out the aim of the book:
a young lady with whom he is slightly ac
quainted, having met her in a social way on “The author has tried to tell in simple lan- two occasions in Boston. The lady is a typguage a few of the wonders of plant life, and ical western girl, thoroughly unconventional to set down certain easy methods of observa- and self-reliant, scorning a chaperon. She tion, including planting, tending, and gather- undertakes the task of supplementing the ing the harvests, from month to month, youth's Harvard education with a course of throughout the year. Along with this it has instruction on the West about which he is been his aim to call attention to the more cu- woefully ignorant. What more natural than rious characteristics of certain plants—the under such a preceptress he should make really human instincts and habits of some, rapid strides and soon come under the spell the family relations of others, the dependence of the spirit of the West? And what more of many upon mankind, animals, and insects, natural than that under such circumstances and the struggle for existence of all. Simple he of the bow should be busy with his arrows ? botany plays a part in the little narrative, The story is written in an easy, pleasing which forms a continuous story from chapter style. It is light reading and will not require to chapter, interwoven with a number of any great mental effort to follow the story; but briefer stories-traditions, fairy tales, and the it is a natural, wholesome love romance pleaslike, all relating to plant life and origin. ing throughout,--the very kind of a tale to These are presented by way of entertainment rest the overtired brain or to relieve the tedium --to illuminate fact with fancy-to follow, as of a long journey.
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
MAURICENDIAETERET: IN this issue we pub during the ensuing year, and some very notable lish a remarkably discriminating and fascinating papers from his pen may be expected. critical sketch of MAURICE MAETERLINCK, by Professor ARCHIBALD HENDERSON. It is a worthy companion paper to Dr. HENDERSON's admirable Hon. J. Warner Mills and the Associated Villaincriticism of ROSTAND which appeared in a recent ies: This month we publish the first half of Mr. issue of this magazine. Professor HENDERSON is Mills' powerful exposure of the Smelter-Trust. one of the strongest and most discriminating of our We greatly regret our inability to present the whole younger critical writers. His command of language of this masterly arraignment in one issue, but its exis exceptionally good, which enables him to express treme length would have necessitated our omitting the nice shades of meaning so important yet so several papers that had been promised presentation seldom found in present-day
critical literature. But this month. The concluding section will appear besides this, and what is far more important, he in our March number. We have on several occapossesses the rare power of entering by the magic key sions emphasized the fact that the history of the of the imagination into the thought-world of his sub- great monopolies, the privileged interests, or, to use ject, seeing his view-point and understanding his con- Mr. Mills' happy phrase, "the throne-powers,” in clusions so as to reflect them much as the author Colorado is the history of the same predatory bands himself would under similar circumstances. Our in other states. The injustice, robbery, oppression, readers will be pleased to know that Dr. HENDER- corruption and domination of the government by the