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ral law of sexual selection determines the children born to them in such a state, mating in the one case as truly as in the where the will of the natural man is law, other, i. e., in the case of concubinage as where his sexual passion measures in that of marriage. The men of the actly the extent and duration of his duupper class fall in love with the women ties and obligations in respect to his offwhom they have elected to become their spring and the mother of them. When wives, they fall in love also with the he grows weary of the mother he goes women whom they have elected to be- elsewhere, and forgets that he ever had come their concubines. They go through children by her. all those erotic attentions to the women This is the case, the situation, in the of each class, which are called courtship under world of the under race. For in the language of sexual love. Only in down there, there is no law, no public the case of the women of the first class opinion, to curb the gratification of the this courtship is open, visible to the eye sexual instinct of the men of the upper of the upper world of the dominant race, world, such as exists and operates so efwhile in the case of the women of the sec- fectively to curb those instincts in that ond class it is secret, conducted in a corner upper world. In the upper world these of the lower world of the subject race men may

have but one wife each, but in These men build homes in the upper the lower one they may have as many world where are installed their wives, concubines as they like, and a different who beget them children in lawful wed- set of children by each concubine. They lock; $they build likewise homes in the may have these women and children in lower world where are installed their con- succession, or they may have them at the cubines, who beget them children in un- same time. For there is in that under lawful wedlock. The wives move, have world no law, no effective power to say to their being in the upper world and sus- those men, to their lust of the flesh: “Thus tain to the husbands certain well-defined far and no farther.” In the upper world rights and relations, social and legal. they are members of a civilized society, The children of this union sustain to those amenable to its codes of law and morals; fathers equally clear and definite rights in the lower one, they are merely male and relations in the eye of the law, in the animals struggling with other male anieye of society. The law, society, im- mals for possession of the females. On poses on them, these husbands and fath- the dim stage of the under world this is ers, certain well-defined duties and obli- the one part which they play. In this gations in respect to these children, to one sensual rôle they make their entrances these wives, which may not be evaded or and exits. They may have in the upper violated with impunity. These men can- world achieved distinction along other not therefore disown or desert their wives lines of human endeavor, but in the lower and children at will. Whereas, such is one, they achieve the single distinction not the case, the situation, in respect to of being successful male animals in purthe unlawful wives hidden away in a suit of the females. corner of the under-world, or of that of So much for the males of the dominant the children begotten to those men by race. Now for those of the subject race. these unlawful wives, but quite the con- How do they conduct themselves at this trary. For them the law, society, does morally chaotic meeting-place of the two not intervene, does not establish any races? What effect does this sexual binding relations, any reciprocal rights freedom, spawned under such conditions, and duties between those women and produce on their life, on their action ? children and the men, any more than if Like the men of the upper race, they, too, the men and the women were living to- live in a monogamous country. But ungether in a state of nature and having like their male rivals, these men of the under world are not free to seek their Against this inequality of conditons a mates from the women of both races. deepening sense of wrong burns hotly The law restricts them, public opinion within them. Dark questionings assail restricts them, the men of the dominant their rude understandings. Have the race restrict them in this regard to the men of the upper race their exclusive women of their own race. Around the preserves, then ought not the men of the women of the dominant race, law, public lower race to have their exclusive preopinion, the men of that race, have erected serves also ? Is it a crime, has law, puba high wall which the men of the other lic opinion, the men of the upper race race are forbidden to climb. What do made it a crime for men of the lower race these men see in respect to themselves in to poach on those preserves? Then the view of this triply-built wall ? They see law, public opinion, the men of the lower that while they share the women of their race ought to make it equally a crime for own race with the men of the other race, the men of the upper race to poach on that these same men enjoy exclusive the preserves of the other race. But law, possession of their own women, thanks public opinion, refuses to make the two to the high wall, built by law, by public acts equal in criminality, and the men of opinion, and the strong arms of these the lower race are powerless to do so very men.

What do the men of the un- without the help of equal laws and a just der world? Do they struggle against public sentiment. Baffled of their purthis sexual supremacy of the men of the pose to establish equality of conditions upper-world, or do they succumb to cir- between them and their rivals, they therecumstances, surrender unconditionally to upon watch the ways of these rivals. the high wall? We shall presently see. They see them descending into the lower

This racial inequality generates heat world in pursuit of the women of that in masculine breasts in the under world. world by means that are crooked and by And with this heat there ensues that fer- ways that are dark. A few of the men mentation of thought and feeling which in that lower world, profiting by this vilmen call passion. Those submerged lainous instruction, endeavor to ascend men begin to think sullenly on the sub- into the upper world by the same crooked ject, they try to grasp the equities of the means, by the same dark ways. For they situation. As thought spreads among affect to believe that what is sauce for them, feeling spreads among them also. one race's goose, is sauce for the other About their own women they see no fence, race's gander. Thus it is attempted about the women of the other race they craftily yet futilely, to strike a sort of see that high wall. They cannot think primitive balance between the men of the out to any satisfactory conclusion the two races in respect to the women of the justice of that arrangement, cannot un- two races. derstand why the women of the upper Now no such balance can be struck by race should belong exclusively to the men the unaided acts of the men of the lower of that race, and why these self-same men Without the coöperation of the should share jointly with the men of the women of the upper race these men are lower race the women of this race. helpless to scale the high wall, or to make

The more they strike their heads against the slightest breach in it. The law, pubthis one-sided arrangement, the less they lic opinion, the men of the upper race, like it, the more they rebel against it. render such coöperation very difficult, And so they come to grope dimly for some well-nigh impossible, did there exist any means to oust their rivals from this joint- disposition on the part of the women of ownership of the women of the lower race. the upper race to give aid and comfort And when they fail, feeling kindles into for such a purpose to the men of the lower anger into resentment.

But as a matter of fact, and speak


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ing broadly, there exists no such dispo- not bridge that gulf, and the women as a sition. The law of sexual selection does class have no desire to do so. This, then, not operate under the circumstances to is the actual situation: the men of the make the men of the lower race attractive upper world enjoy exclusive possession to the women of the


It is of the women of that world, while the possible that in a state of nature, and men of the lower world do not enjoy exunder other circumstances, the case might clusive possession of the women of their be different. But under present condi- world, but share this possession with the tions the sexual gravitation of the women men of the upper world, of the upper world toward the men of The effect that is produced in consethe lower world may be set down as in- quence of this state of things on the morals finitesimally small, practically nothing. of the men of the lower world, is distinctEverything in the state, in society, in ly and decidedly bad. Such conditions, deep-rooted racial prejudices, in the such a situation, could not possibly provastly inferior social and economic stand- duce a different effect so long as human ing of the lower race, and the ineffaceable nature is what it is. And the human dishonor which attaches to such unions nature of each race is essentially the same. in the public mind, together with the The morals of the men of the two worlds actual peril to life which attends them, will be found at any given time to be alall combine to discourage, to destroy al- most exactly alike in almost every parmost entirely any inclination in that di- ticular. For the morals of the men of rection on the part of the women of the the lower world are in truth a close imiupper race.

tation of those of the men of the upper Now while this is true, speaking broad- world,-closest not where those morals ly, it is not altogether so. For in scat- are at their best, but where they are at tered individual cases, in spite of the diffi- their worst. This will be found to be culties and dangers, the law of sexual the case every time. So that it happens selection has been known to operate be- that where the morals of the men of the tween those two worlds.

A few women

upper world are bad, those of the men of the upper world, on the right side of of the lower world will be not merely bad, the high wall

, have been drawn to a few but very bad. There follows naturally, men in the lower world, on the wrong inevitably, under these circumstances side of that wall. By the connivance, and in consequence of these conditions, or coöperation of such women the men widespread debauchery of the morals of of their choice have climbed into the up- the women of the lower race.

And for per world, climbed into it over the high this there is absolutely no help, no remedy, wall by means that were secret and ways just so long as the law and public opinion that were dark. As one swallow does

As one swallow does maintain such a demoralizing state of not, however, make summer, neither things, can these scattered instances, few and If there exists no affinity between the far between, be cited to establish any men of the lower world and the women general affinity between the women of of the upper world, there does exist then the upper race and the men of the lower a vital connection between the masculine race. On examination they will be seen morals of the two worlds. These morals to be exceptions, which only prove the are in constant interaction, one upon

the rule of a want of sexual affinity between other. When the moral barometer falls them under existing conditions at least. in the upper world, it falls directly in the Practically a well-nigh impassable gulf, lower one also. And as the storm of to change the figure, separates the men sensuality passes over both worlds simulof the lower world from the women of taneously, its devastating effects will the upper one.

The men as a class can- always fall heaviest on the lower one

where the women of that world form the tion of the double moral standard, and center of its greatest activity. Whatever the substitution in law and in public figure the moral barometer registers in opinion of a single one, applicable alike the lower world, it will register a corre- to the conduct of both. Otherwise every sponding one in the upper, and this reformatory movement is from the beginwhether the barometer be rising or fall- ning doomed to failure, to come to naught ing. If the moral movement be down in the end. For the roots of the moral ward in the lower world, it will be down- evil which exists under present conditions ward in the upper, and if it be upward and by virtue of them cannot be extirpated in the upper, it will be upward in the without first changing those conditions. lower, and vice versa.

The morals of the two races in default In view of the vital connection then of such change of conditions must sink between the morals of the two races the in consequence from bad to worse. They moral regeneration of either must of ne- cannot possibly rise in spite of such concessity include both. At one and the ditions.

(To be continued.) same time the work ought to start in each and proceed along parallel lines in both.

ARCHIBALD H. GRIMKE. The starting-point for each is the aboli- Boston, Mass.



(See Illustration, “Tomb of Walt. Wbitman.")



EAR Old Walt.! And all I can see and hardships of his life have only served

is but tomb, the afternoon sunshine touching it with green. Only reverent footsteps fall here prophetic splendor. On the little knoll now; only the voices of them that wish the wind in the trees is playing the softest him well are heard. Pity his enemies, if monotone-sad, sweet dirge for a depart- there are those now living. Hate, malice, ed comrade.

envy, scorn,-all were hurled at him It seems the


birds must know the from the seats of the mighty; but now it way to find his place of rest and come back can only sound like a story heard long with every returning spring to sing for years before of "Crucify Him, crucify him. The song-sparrow is trilling its Him!” "Bitter Swee-ee-et" in a little clump of Dear Old Walt.! As I turn to go the bushes by the lake; the cardinal flits back tears blind me. Have I not seen you and and forth along the hill, and keeps calling, understood ? Have I not heard your calling. Even a wood pewee, whose song voice? Even now the wood-thrush is is extremely sweet and plaintive, must singing and in its evening hymn you speak have its home near by. But above all

to me. Blow softly, wind. Tap lightly, other voices floats serenely the leisurely rain. Lo! the gods will guard the sancgolden lay of the wood-thrush. What a tity of this peaceful spot. And though calm that song brings to the waiting, we would call “Hurry back” to you, your questioning heart. No, the birds have rest must not be disturbed. "Gone,” not forgotten!

moan the pines; “Here," calls the thrush. The slander and abuse that were heap- So long, Old Walt., so long! ed on him in life cannot reach him here.

Roscoe BRUMBAUGH. To me it seems that all the struggles, trials Wilkinsburg, Penna.


HERE was very little chance in the good company. But I must finish this

bright autumn days to think of French exercise; you 'll not mind, Miss anything but football. You heard it at Gilpatrick ? My French comes the next every turn of the street, ate it down with hour and I'm not quite sure of some of your breakfast, and the cry: "Rah! rah! the constructions," and she turned to the rah!” like a sharp bark wakened you six table and opened her dictionary. nights out of seven. The usual over- The Senior Kappa sat biting her lips; statements of everything concerning foot- she was plainly very much annoyed. To ball were listened to and approved. Ours be dismissed by a freshman, and for a was a small college, but in October, we lesson, too. The Kappas have a repubelieved, or pretended to, that it was good tation for not caring for lessons. “Plainfor any of the “big six.” There was ly Jean Davenport was hardly a suitable never such a captain as Cochran and person for the Kappa Sorority,” she never such an end as Ketchem!

thought as she turned around, casting The college, as was its custom, yelled her keen eyes up and down the room lookitself into an hysterical emotionalism that ing out for more promising freshman would put to shame an old-time revival material. meeting. The football-squad was enter- Jean was n't left out of things. At tained by the faculty and the faculty- first, it was her beauty that attracted both wives, and the young women of the college the men and women of the college, for she marked their dance-cards with a red star for was a feast for the eyes—a slim brown every dance they had with a football man. thing, with dusky hair and eyes of true

Jean Davenport, who was a freshman, Irish blue and a slender straight neck set looked on with wondering eyes.

well back on rounded shoulders. Once “I would much rather dance with David arrested, every one was held and charmed Abbott than with any of the football- by the girl's personality. The breath of squad,” she said emphatically. She was her mountain-home seemed always about talking to a Senior Kappa girl, but every- her, and even in the crowded collegeone in the women's parlor turned to listen walks, she looked a free wild thing, with with ill-concealed disgust at anyone who the joy of the hills in her walk and in the would express such sentiments.

ring of her childish laugh. “Mamie Gilpatrick will squelch her Cochran met her first at a moonlight fast enough,” one girl said softly to her picnic up by the Falls. The Hall girls neighbor. “The very idea of a freshman were entertaining the football-squad with talking like that! It is n't likely that a beefsteak supper. There was very she 'll ever get a chance to dance with a little in the way of a feast, for all the men football-man.”

were under strict training-rules, but the “You have a great deal to learn!” It tables looked very fine in the moonlight, was the Senior Kappa again, and her tone with their double rows of candles and and manner seemed to say, how small their great blue bowls of yellow chrysanand countrified you are, to be sure. “Ab- themums. The girls were in soft light bott is a nice steady grind, but you 'll be dresses and the men wore their white quite out of things if you take up with sweaters marked with blue and gold, as men like that!

a martial hero would wear his most-prized “Well," and Jean spoke gaily; it was

decorations. Chinese boys in white caps very evident she had n't taken the manner and aprons gave the finishing touch to the of Miss Gilpatrick to heart at all; “I scene, as they moved slowly about prenever have minded being left out with paring and serving the food.

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