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Awarded Carnegie Institute Medal of the Third Class (Bronze), with Money Prize of $500, at the
Tenth Annual Exhibition, 1905.
MONG the pictures by prominent
Mr. Hassam was born in Boston and educan artists which were greatly admired cated in the public schools of that city. He at the recent annual exhibition at the Carnegie studied art, first in Boston and later in Paris, Institute of Pittsburgh, was Childe Hassam's and for some time has been a resident of New painting entitled “June.” This large canvas York City. His paintings have won numerous was awarded the third prize, five hundred doll- medals and prizes in the representative art ars in gold and a bronze medal, Above we exhibitions both in the New World and the reproduce this painting through the courtesy Old. of the Carnegie Institute.
LIGHTS AND SHADOWS IN THE POLITICAL. SOCIAL AND ECO
NOMIC LIFE OF THE NEW WORLD.
Our Most Dangerous_Class : Its Method and have paralyzed the once great moral of Procedure and How It Threatens. Free Institutions.
forces that were long the fountain-head of
national virility, have been as systematic as OR
they have been multitudinous. has been a persistent attempt, which To the thoughtful man acquainted with the has steadily grown in its insistence and in ag- philosophy of history, who has made a study gressive character, to create in the minds of the of the public, business and social life of the unthinking and that large class of people who Republic during the past thirty years, the indriven by business perplexities and arduous creasing insistence of this clamor against the toil, are compelled to depend largely on the "dangerous element,” “the masses,' “the opinions of others, a deep-rooted distrust of ignorant class,” and “the unruly members of the people. The prime movers in this re- society," on the part of the satraps of the commarkable campaign have been the princes of mercial feudalism, suggests two facts very disprivilege and the great gamblers of Wall street quieting to friends of free institutions: first, who have delighted to pose as the “better ele- the inevitable creation in the most insidious ment” or the "safe and sane” pillars of society, and subtile manner of a class-prejudice which and the methods by which they have wielded is inimical to the spirit of democracy; and their power over the opinion-forming agencies secondly, the persistent and systematic attempt to center the public mind on a certain omy, every leader known to be not only absoso-called "dangerous class” as a menace to lutely incorruptible but aggressively honest, society, government, business interests, prop- conscientious and sincere, every great thinker erty, law and order by another element indi- recognized to be under the compulsion of cates a wish to divert the attention of the lofty moral idealism, and especially every masses from those who are posing as the rep- fundamental thinker who has been loyal to resentatives and the embodiment of law, order, the basic demands of democracy, has been national honor and business integrity, and a mercilessly assailed as an anarchist, a demafear on the part of this element that a day may gogue and a dangerous character. come when its own acts will call forth the Take, for example, the treatment accorded righteous wrath of the people.
Mr. Henry George in the eighties of the last Some years ago a bank-thief in a populous century. No unprejudiced thinker can read American city, at the noon hour when the Progress and Poverty, Social Problems and streets were thronged with people, boldly other distinctly great works of this social econseized a large package of bills from the cash- omist without recognizing the transparent ier's desk in a well-known bank. The cry of sincerity and noble moral idealism of the au“Stop thief!” was instantly taken up by the thor, or the further fact that he was a fundareal thief, who with the bills concealed under mental thinker, a philosopher of keen penehis coat rushed down the street crying “Stop tration, of relentless logic, and possessed of a thief! stop thief!” and finally disappeared in simple yet luminous literary style. The inthe throng.
dividual may not agree with all Mr. George's Now the action and voicings of the great conclusions; he may oppose his theory; but Wall-street financiers, the master-spirits of if he is broad-minded enough to rise above the trusts and corporate wealth, through their selfish considerations and prejudices, so as to army of defenders, emissaries and apologists, treat the writer with the degree of fairness have created an increasing conviction that that he demands for his own thought, and if they may have adopted the bank-thief's tac- he has read the works, so as to be competent tics, and their increasing alarmist cries against to judge, he will frankly admit that Mr. George the peril of the masses may have been stimu- was sincere, consistent and intelligent; that lated by the guilty knowledge of their own he was, moreover, the reverse of an anarchist, infidelity to sacred trusts and all sentiments a demagogue or a person who sought to set of honor, integrity and probity, and their con- class against class. Yet during the eighties sciousness of their secret but morally criminal no man in America came in for more ignorant and lawless actions. Recent investigations and indiscriminate abuse or was the victim of have more than verified this suspicion on the more systematic misrepresentation than he. part of the more conscientious and thoughtful The most studied attempts were made to disof our people.
credit and destroy his influence by the pos
sessors of privilege and their army of hirelings. Concrete Illustrations of Methods Em And why? Simply because since the days ployed to Discredit High-Minded
of Thomas Jefferson no man in the New World and Incorruptible Statesmen.
had sounded the message of fundamental Many of the methods employed by the pos- democracy so clearly as did he; no man had sessors of privilege and the great financial shown so unmistakably how economic injusgamblers to cast discredit upon and to drive tice had destroyed that equality of opportuniinto private life all incorruptible and able ties and of rights that had been the crowning statesmen and others whose influence they purpose of democracy; no man had demondread, are now well known; but a few typical strated more convincingly that free instituillustrations may be helpful in emphasizing tions, the happiness, prosperity and uplift of one of the most ominous facts of recent years. all the people, demanded that political freeNo source of danger to predatory wealth has dom and justice be complemented by ecobeen left unassailed by its retinue of paid serv- nomic freedom and justice; that so long as ants. The maxim attributed to Cardinal the land, the great and (with air and water) Richelieu—“First all means to conciliate, vital gift of the Common Father to His comand failing in that, all means to crush and mon children, was monopolized by the few, ruin”-has been the unvarying rule of privi- and so long as special privileges were given leged interests. In politics and political econ- to the few in other ways, which placed the
multitude in their power, there could be no such thing as economic independence. In his great works Mr. George carried forward the teachings of Thomas Jefferson and the fathers of political democracy into the domain of economics, along the line insisted on by Mr. Jefferson himself, who, it will be remembered, was no less than Mr. George the foe of special privilege; and even on the land question, with prophet's vision the sage of Monticello had caught a glimpse of the great economic verity that Mr. George so luminously amplified, for in writing to James Madison in 1789 he declared that “the earth belongs in usufruct to the living; the dead have neither powers nor rights over it.” And to the father of James Madison in 1785 he wrote as follows:
“Whenever there are in any country uncultivated lands and unemployed poor, it is clear that the laws of property have been so far extended as to violate natural right. The earth is given as a common stock for men to labor and live on. If, for the encouragement Sullivant, in New York American.. (Reproduced by spec
ial permission of W. R. Hearst.) of industry, we allow it to be appropriated,
HOW HENDRICKS INVESTIGATED. we must take care that other employment be provided for those excluded from the appro- have demanded fundamental reforms that priation. If we do not, the fundamental right have menaced privilege and the new feudalism to labor the earth returns to the unemployed.” of wealth that is the fruit of privilege, in pre
The treatment accorded Mr. George has cise proportion as the thinkers' work has been been meted out to all social philosophers who basic in character and its influence has threat
ened to check the rapid growth of plutocracy
in the business and political world. ENDORSEMENTS I have used it for yours:
When Mr. Bryan was nominated for the presidency, it was not his views on the silver question that alarmed and called forth the united opposition of corporate wealth, leading the great trusts and Wall-street gamblers to contribute millions of dollars to overcome the overwhelming popular sentiment in favor of him. No, the silver issue was seized upon as the most effective thing to secure the concerted aid of the banking interests throughout the land and as an alarmist cry that could be used as a cudgel to frighten the business interests. The truth of this is shown, among other evidences, in the fact that equally vicious attacks have been made on other political leaders who were never believers in free silver, when the privileged interests felt that the leader was incorruptible, aggressively honest and
democratic in character. The fact that Mr. Opper, in New York American. (Reproduced by special McKinley had a few years earlier been almost permission of W. R. Hearst.)
if not equally as outspoken in favor of silver AT OUR NATIONAL AUTO SHOW.
as Mr. Bryan did not in the least prejudice One of the Prominent Exhibits.
him in the eyes of the great trust gnates