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The Ballingtons. By Frances Squire. Cloth. Price, $1.50. Boston: Little, Brown &

Pp. 445. Price, $1.50. Boston: Little, Company.
Brown & Company.

WE HAVE to-day few more prolific novelThis is a powerful but gloomy story of un- ists than Mr. Oppenheim, and few, indeed, happy married life. The author has written who possess more marked talent in certain a novel that may be called a cross-section of directions than does he. A Prince of Sinners present-day life dealing with unfortunate promised much for the future of the young domestic relations and the infinite tragedy author, and its promise the writer feels would that such relations imply to those who are

have been realized had Mr. Oppenheim been responsive to life's higher, finer and subtle content to give the public one novel a year inmoods and calls.

stead of the four that have appeared from his A young girl, her heart filled with the beau- pen within a little more than a twelvemonth. tiful ideals of youth and with a deep rever

Like all his previous works, A Maker of ence and love for the beauty of the universe History will hold the reader's breathless inand for the Power that made that universe, terest from start to finish. Here we find the marries a man who is not only an agnostic

not only an agnostic same crisp, epigrammatic style which was so himself but who determines to mould his young

marked a feature, though in a far greater dewife after a pattern of his own choosing. The gree, of A Prince of Sinners, and the ingenuity problems which confront her in her struggles of plot which characterized Mysterious Mr. to retain her individuality and self-respect in Sabin. Like the latter novel, A Maker of the midst of an environment which is fatal to History deals with secret political intrigues all normal development of mind or soul, and in which Germany plays a far from creditable at the same time to be true to what she con- part. Mr. Oppenheim has utilized a wellceives to be her duty as a wife, constitutes the known international incident of the late war groundwork for the story, which, however, between Russia and Japan in a very ingenious also deals with the joys and sorrows of many

and original manner as the basis of the plot other persons whose lives become more or

of the story. less entangled with those of Ferdinand Ball- A young Englishman accidentally becomes ington and his wife.

the

possessor of a page from a sercet treaty As a literary production the story deserves between Germany and Russia—a treaty which high praise. It is realistic in the best might involve France in serious difficulty were sense of that much-abused term, and the de- she kept in ignorance of it, which is the intenpressing effect of the story is at times counter- tion of the Czar and the Kaiser. The fact of acted by an underlying vein of humor which the existence of this sheet of

paper

becomes permeates much of the dialogue. The book known, however, to the secret police of France, is undoubtedly a true picture of conditions and the struggles of the secret service of Gerthat unfortunately prevail in many American many and France to obtain possession of the homes to-day; yet it is a book that we can- paper lead to some very exciting and melonot find it in our heart to recommend, as it dramatic adventures for the young Englishdoes not solve the problem and the general

man and his sister and friends who become effect upon the reader's mind is decidedly involved in the affair. depressing

A Maker of History is a capital story filled AMY C. Rich.

with mysterious and exciting happenings, but one regrets to see Mr. Oppenheim writing

down to this level after he has shown that he A Maker of History. By E. Phillips Oppen- is capable of such work as A Prince of Sinners. heim. Illustrated. Cloth. Pp. 305.

AMY C. Rich.

NOTES AND COMMENTS.

CAIN CURRENTS OF THOUGHT IN this contribution is more interesting than was the

: this issue we present the second division of Professor and dealing in a luminous manner with such brilKERLIN's able presentation of the master-currents liant and opinion-influencing minds as GOETHE, of thought of the nineteenth century. If possible CARLYLE, BROWNING and GEORGE Eliot. These

ism.

two papers constitute one of the most valuable con- the extent to which the coöperative principle has tributions of the year for serious-minded students been in practical operation during recent years in of intellectual and ethical advance.

the colleges of this country. They will therefore

read with deep interest the very thoughtful presenTrafficking in Trusts ; or, Philanthropy from the tation of this subject by Mr. Ira Cross of the UniInsurance View-Point: We desire to call the special versity of Wisconsin. attention of all our readers to the paper by Mr. HARRY A. BULIOCK on “Trafficking in Trusts' America in the Philippines: Our conversation in this issue of THE ARENA. The author is one of this month will, we think, prove of special interest the most thoughtful and fearless journalists of New to our readers, dealing as it does in a clear, direct York City,-a man who is intimately acquainted and convincing manner with conditions in the Phil. with the workings of Wall street and insurance fi- ippines as witnessed by one of our foremost Amerinanciers, and his paper can be relied on as accur- can women in public life. Especially would we call ate. It is, we think, the best popular presentation the attention of our readers to Mrs. GOUGAR's views of the insurance situation as it stands to-day that on contract-labor, relating as they do to the great has been written.

conflict which is now being waged between justice

and injustice, between democracy and reaction, beThe Federal Regulation of Railroad Rates: This tween moral integrity and materialistic commercialmonth we publish the third of Professor PARSONS' notable series of papers on the railways. This paper deals with the regulation of rates. It will be The Coming Exodus: This paper by ARTHUR S. followed by two extremely valuable papers, one

PHELPS will be read with interest by our readers. dealing with the railways of Switzerland and the The author graduated from Yale and holds the other with the railways of Germany. Professor degrees of B.A. and B.D. from that institution. We PARSONS, in order to thoroughly equip himself for do not regard the coming exodus as a step backward, the preparation of his two great works now on the but as distinctly a step forward-a step toward a press dealing with the railroad question, has not saner and, under present social and economic cononly traveled all over the United States obtaining ditions, toward an environing condition that shall facts and data from authoritative sources, but he make for a higher and more normal development also spent many months in the Old World, among than is possible in the crowded centers of presentother things making a careful personal study of the

day life. government-owned railways of Switzerland and Germany, and these papers will embody the result The Color-Line in New Jersey: There is nothing of his personal investigations. In this connection more needed to-day than the tearing away of hypowe wish to state that all readers of THE ARENA critical pretense from officials in various departments should possess copies of the two new works by Pro- of public service. If laws are on the statute-books, fessor PARSONS, which will probably be published they should be enforced rigorously, fairly and imbefore this issue of the magazine. One is being partially. Nothing is more demoralizing in its inbrought out by Dr. C. F. TAYLOR of Philadelphia fuence or better calculated to destroy respect for and is entitled The Railways, the Trusts and the law in the minds of the people than the maintenance People. It is a monumental volume and will be on the statute-books of laws and the systematic indispensable to all serious students of present-day evasion of their execution by the officials. In this political questions in the United States. The other issue of THE ARENA Mr. LINTON SATTERTHWAIT, volume, The Heart of the Railroad Question, is being one of the cleanest and strongest lawyers of New brought out by the well-known Boston firm of LIT- Jersey, exposes in a trenchant manner a typical case TLE, BROWN & COMPANY and will, we believe, be of this systematic refusal on the part of officials to the strongest presentation of the subject of railroad uphold the statutes they are sworn to enforce. discriminations that has appeared.

Incurable: Our story this month is more than an The Single-Tax: We invite the special attention interesting and human sketch. It carries with it of our readers to the strong, clear and concise pres- a great and needed lesson. No more vicious philentation of the land-reform philosophy as interpre- osophy can be promulgated than that which holds ted by HENRY GEORGE, which is presented in this that it is the duty of pure, high-minded women to issue of The Arena by Mr. John Z. White, one marry degraded or debauched men in order to save of the ablest and most popular representatives of them. Such unions most frequently result in inthe Single-Tax in America.

harmony, misery and the moral degradation of the

wife, while the offspring of such marriages are not College Coöperative Stores in America: There are unfrequently moral degenerates. Mr. CARMAN is few more important questions before the people an old contributor to THE ARENA, having written than that of voluntary coöperation. The steady for it many years ago a short time after we had and uninterrupted strides which have marked this founded this review, and our old readers will welmovement in Great Britain and elsewhere in Europe, come him back to our pages. and the number of promising if sporadic experiments which have been successful in America, indicate the The Railways of Colorado : Hon. J. Warner Mills' early advent of a general cooperative movement, discussion of the railways of Colorado does not especially as union or coöperation is the keynote of appear in this issue because the manuscript arrived the age and the union of all for all is the only just too late to be used this month. It will appear in form of cooperation which can be established. Few the May ARENA, and will richly repay the waiting of our readers, we imagine, have any conception of on the reader's part.

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They master us and force us into the arena,
Where, like gladiators, we must fight for them."-HEINE.

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I.

ONE

of

THE OLIGARCHY OF THE CRIMINAL lawyers whose intellectual acuteness is RICH THE GRAVEST MENACE only surpassed by their moral obloquy, TO THE REPUBLIC.

and it assumes that it is not only above

law but more powerful than is the govNE QUESTION transcends all ernment of the United States. This

other issues calling for the imme- power—the communism corrupt diate action of our people, because on it wealth, the feudalism of the criminal rich depends the fate of free institutions. For —must be destroyed or the Republic of more than a quarter of a century a power the future will mask a despotism of privihas been at work in our civic and business leged wealth as absolute in power as was life as sinister as it is destructive to demo- the oligarchy that long ruled the so-called cratic government; a power not alto- Republic of Venice, or as was Augustus gether new, it is true, in political and com

Cæsar after he became the supreme power mercial affairs, but now for the first time in the imperial republic of Rome. perfectly organized and so developed as At the outset let the line be clearly to act as a formidable, sentient being drawn between honest and dishonest whose growth has been as rapid as its wealth; between the money that has been evil influence has been far-reaching and earned by just labor or with out injuring pronounced. This baleful influence has others, and the money that has been acnow entrenched itself so firmly in city, quired by criminal methods—by methods state and national government and has as multitudinous as they are infamous become so arrogant and aggressive a and that have frequently embraced a force in the business world that it defies crime that should rank with high treason laws when it cannot prevent their enact- —the corruption of the people's reprement. Its high priests hold that it is im- sentatives. No danger confronts the Rematerial to them what the courts desire public to-day comparable to the evil into know. It has bulwarked itself behind Auence of the oligarchy of the criminal untold millions of wealth largely acquired rich who are corrupting government, by indirection and criminal methods. It demoralizing business, obliterating the has surrounded itself by a bodyguard of sense of moral proportion in church,

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