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road Company to organize a corporation down to sun-up, was introduced by Mr. fund not only to kill the bills referred to Stephen and was passed in both houses in the letter above of the Denver attorneys, without a single adverse vote.|| but also to promote their own bills and to This remarkable result of absolute kill other objectionable” bills. Again, unanimity in both houses upon a railroad the journals tell us how well they succeed- bill receives a flood of light from the foled. Senate bill No. 120, to prevent the lowing letter written by one of the Denver destruction of baggage by railroad com- attorneys of the Union Pacific Railroad panies, was introduced by Senator Graves, Company to his superior in New York January 29, 1903, and March 12, 1903, City: the chairman of the committee on Cor
[Copy.) porations and Railroads, J. Frank Adams,
DENVER, Colo., May 18, 1903. reported that it be “indefinitely post- “Hon. W. R. KELLY, General Solicitor, poned as needless legislation.”*
U. P. R. R. Co., 120 Broadway, New Senate bill No. 195, to require railroads
York, N. Y.: to pay damages for live stock killed by them, was introduced by Senator Drake, to state briefly some of the results which
""My Dear Judge KELLY- .. I wish February 2, 1903, and referred to the
have been accomplished. [enumercommittee on Corporations and Railroads. February 12, 1903, it was re
ating about half a dozen cases culminated ported correctly printed, by the chairman,
by judgment for the defendants). J. Frank Adams, and that was its end,
Many other matters have been dis
posed of to the advantage of the railroad it was smothered to death in his committee.t
company, but it is unnecessary to refer House bill No. 127, to release persons kind has been had against us during the
to them specifically. No recovery of any of assuming risk if injured while the railroads fail to block frogs, was introduced
“At the last session of the Legislature, by Mr. Smith, January 28, 1903, and referred to the same committee on Corpora- which would greatly prejudice the rail
although many bills were introduced tions and Railroads and died the same death as the last bill above, after it was
road company's interests, no legislation
was enacted to our disadvantage. On the reported correctly printed February 11,
contrary, several acts were passed which 1903. House bill No. 215, to repeal certain
were favorable to railroad companies,
some of which had been caused to be inthe railroads and other corporations, was in. troduced by the Union Pacific Railroad troduced by Mr. Max Morris, February
“With kindest regards, believe me, 2, 1903, and referred to the Finance com
“Yours very truly, mittee. February 23, 1903, it was
“CLAYTON C. DORSEY." ferred to the committee of the whole without recommendation, and there it Note in this letter and in the letters hung and strangled.Ş
above to President Burt how the underBut we come now to a bill that did pass ground wires run from the capital of Colboth houses. House bill No. 48, to re- orado to Omaha and New York. With quire branch or connecting railroads at a system so perfect and only seven systhe switch where they unite with a main tems to unite in order to control 65 per road to keep a light burning from sun- cent. of the railroads of the country, do
you wonder, reader, as stated by Mr. *Sen. Jour., 1903, pp. 249, 770. Sen. Jour., 1903, pp. 282, 434.
|| House Jour., 1903, p. 679; Sen. Jour., 1903, p. House Jour., 1903, pp. 243, 419.
1,245; Laws 1903, p. 405; 3 Mills Ann. Stat. (2 Ed.) House Jour., 1903, pp. 274, 576.
Moseley, that 90 per cent. of the entire ment into and sale in Colorado. This railroads of the nation are controlled by bill we sought to defeat in your interests, a plotting cabal of a hundred men ? but, as you know, labor conditions were
In the tremendous power so danger- such that this bill, with some others, was ously concentrated reflect, also, how, used as a compromise measure with the without any noise or publicity, these de- labor representatives to effect other legissigning destroyers of the Republic can lation not entirely in their interest. We dictate our laws, make our constitutional deeply regretted our inability to prevent amendments, influence public policies, the passage of the bill, but, since it has corrupt public officers, pervert the func- now become a law, we have investigated tions of legislatures and courts, coerce its validity and are firmly of the opinion the selection of the United States senators that the bill is wholly unconstitutional, and congressmen, and of governors and chiefly for the reason that it is a regulajudges and other officials in both state tion of Interstate Commerce, which suband nation.
ject of legislation is vested solely in the How is there any room to doubt that National Congress. There is a way to the above House bill No. 48 was one of raise the question in our courts and if you the acts passed “which were favorable desire to continue to prosecute your busito railroad companies,” and “which had ness in Colorado after a legal battle, which been caused to be introduced by the Union we believe would be neither lengthy nor Pacific Railroad Company”? What do very expensive, we should be pleased to the people think of their government and take the matter up with you and attempt of their public officials when they see, as to secure for you the rights which it was here they must, how the corporation cor- impossible to maintain owing to the cirruption fund is raised, and, as shown cumstances above detailed in respect to below, how rebates and passes are used the passage of the bill. as opiates and bribes, and how the rail
“Respectfully, roads gloat over their unprecedented
“TELLER & DORSEY." successes in legislature and courts? See, too, how “labor representatives” What they lose in the legislature they dickered with by the lobby to line them propose to find in the courts even if, as it up with the interests of the corporations, appears, they are compelled to suggest and how, also, the railroads reach out to and solicit the litigation themselves. control legislation to the advantage of These letters afford the rare opportunity their patrons.
of seeing the “respectables ” of corporaHere is a letter that lays bare this pe- tion plunder mixing their own brew. culiar method of their legislative opera- What does the reader think of it? tions:
At this point, as much as we regret to [Copy.] September 23, 1903.
bring our railroad discussion to an ab“THE LARIMie Broom Co., Larimie, Wy- rupt end, it seems that space limits reoming:
quire it should be done. Our consid“Gentlemen-During the last session eration of discrimination, rebates and of the Colorado Legislature a bill was
passes, and their corrupting social and presented and passed taxing convict-made political effects, and the high-handed goods* sold in this State, which is in effect overthrow of the revenue laws of the state a discrimination against these goods, by the railroads in their pursuit of cheap which practically precludes their ship- revelation in themselves-must, for the
taxation--all of which make a startling *This was House bill No. 206, by Mr. Garman, and is now Chap. 149, Laws 1903. same 3 Mills Ann. present, be put aside with the mere sugStat (2 Ed.), Secs. 3450a-3450k.
gestion that if they can be equaled they
ADIEU TO THE PAGEANT OF THE
certainly cannot be surpassed in any way these Cæsars got this meat, someother part of the country.
times by open deal, gift or blandishment, but more often by the spoliation of fraudulent devices, stock-jobbing, “watering”
bonds and stock-wrecking franchises, The pageant of the Throne-Powers receiverships, litigious overreaching in has now passed by and you have seen the gamut of the courts, legislative coreach dominant trust and corporation as ruption, ballot-box stuffing, tax-dodging, it took its proud place in the line. You bribery and fraud. But this meat is have seen the corrupting Utility-Trust power, and having all the meat, of course of Denver, the water company, the tram- they have all the power. They can make way company, the gas and lighting com- laws for others and break them for thempany, and the telephone company; and selves. They sit above the law in the you have seen their debauching methods aula regis they have taught our highest and their tainted franchises and wealth. courts to resurrect from the crumbling You have seen the blighting coal-trust tomb of the ancient conqueror of Engwith its national head, the defiant land- land. Even now they, or some of them, grabbing Colorado Fuel and Iron Com- wave their wand and tell us that at the pany, and its lesser but equally ambitious municipal election in Denver, May 15, companions in shirking taxes and queer- 1906, traction franchises must be renewed ing elections—The Victor Fuel Company for the Tramway Company on every and The Northern Coal and Coke Com- street of the city, good for twenty years, pany. You have seen the vampire Smel- and good in Wall street for twenty-five ter-Trust enveloping in black clouds the million dollars of bonds, and without any mining industry of the entire country, surrender of the Tramway's insolent and the mark of Cain put over the portals claim to a perpetual franchise, nor for of our School of Mines by the Guggen- any consideration whatever except the heim gold. You have seen the railroads pittance of $55,000 a year; and we see become vast landed proprietors domi- they have both political machines kownating the state, and political masters towing to the boss and zealously schemwiping out laws with a whisk, and enact- ing to carry a favorable vote for this obing and defeating legislation at will. noxious franchise. They are also maYou have thus seen the real powers that nipulating the registration in hostility not only control, but that practically run to their opponents and are devising other riot in Colorado. They are barons of methods to circumvent the adverse voter privilege with their distended
and if need be to count their franchise stuffed full of the choicest franchises, in at all hazard, as they have heretofore lands and opportunities that are to be counted in a municipal charter and a found in the West. These economic mayor. food-stuffs so essential to the industrial If they had any respect for the courts blood of the body politic cannot be appro- and loved liberty and law, would there priated and gulped down by a plunder- have been any of the trifling with judicial ing few without seriously disturbing, warrants and process we are soon to write even unto death, the alimentary life of about at Telluride and Cripple Creek? the victimized many. Upon economic And would we not have been spared the meat so choice and ample “do these our national disgrace of an official kidnaping Cæsars feed” that they practically mo- of Colorado citizens in the night, to be nopolize the whole supply. The anæmic torn by Pinkertons from friends and masses must starve, or scramble for the home and borne on a special train to a scraps and bones that our Cæsars throw distant state ? No all-important act like to their dogs. You have seen, too, the this could be done without permission of the Throne-Powers. In the next two nation, and, indeed, of other nations too; articles to follow, the Throne-Powers and know that the problem that confronts cannot be hid from view when we see the people now is not local but national, the eight-hour struggle in Colorado and -and international as well. In Colorasee how the scale was turned to make do the chance to get-rich-quick has apunequal the struggle between the strug- preciably intensified the struggle, and glers. Later we may have a word as to the struggle will continue, intermittently the remedy; but for the present, as here- it may be, but still it will continue until tofore, we can but admonish that these the people learn how to destroy monopoly are not the days for slumber, and that and privilege, and then the Throne-Powthe friends of liberty must keep their ers will be quickly driven from their lamps trimmed and burning and no light throne. must go out. In the Throne-Powers of
(To be continued.) Colorado they must also see the Throne
J. WARNER MILLS. Powers of all the states and also of the Denver, Colo.
THE BRITISH LABOR PARTY: ITS AIMS AND
BY WILLIAM DIACK.
N A remarkable passage in his “Dem- case the same. In Russia old forms of
Walt. Whitman says: government are in the melting-pot, and “I expect to see the day when the like of what new system will supplant the desthe present personnel of the governments potism of centuries few will. be bold
- Federal, State, municipal, military and enough to predict. In Britain the first naval—will be looked upon with derision, great battle of Labor is over. Now the and when qualified mechanics and young hurly-burly 's done, the battle fought and men will reach Congress and other official won, and the working classes have emerged stations, sent in their working costumes, triumphant. The Labor candidates have fresh from their benches and tools and been more successful at the polls than returning to them again with dignity. even the most optimistic of reformers had The young fellows must prepare to do dared to hope. Few indeed expected credit to this destiny, for the stuff is in that the new Parliament would contain them.”
fifty representatives of the working-classThere is a touch of rare prophetic in- es,--and yet, inclusive of the members sight in these words of the good gray bard returned by the great miners' unions and of Democracy written nearly forty years the Liberal-Labor members of Parliaago. In New Zealand and Australia, in ment, even this number has now been Germany, France and Italy—indeed, in exceeded. every European country—in the United Working-class members of Parliament States, in the new British colonies in South are of course no innovation in British Africa, a great world-movement is man- politics. So long ago as 1868 Mr. Creifesting itself in favor of the independent mer and Mr. Howell came forward as representation of Labor. Names, par- independent spokesmen of the workingties, leaders and programmes may differ, classes, a large number of whom had been but the underlying principle is in every enfranchised by Disraeli's bill of the previous year. They were unsuccessful, it C., as it is familiarly termed; and a brief is true, but they made a grand fight-a statement of the programme, composition fight which even to this day is looked and policy of this organization may be of upon with pride by the older school of interest to American readers. It is no trades-unionists. In due course, however, body of mushroom growth, but one that both won a place in the British House of has been built up slowly, year by year Commons as working-class supporters with much shrewd foresight, so as to inof the Liberal party, and along with them clude in its ranks the best elements in the went Mr. Macdonald, Mr. Joseph Arch trades-union and progressive working
-the faithful friend of the British farm- class movements. It is a federation comlaborer-Mr. Burt, Mr. Fenwick, and a posed of trades unions, trades councils, stalwart band of representatives of the Socialist societies, and coöperative sociemining electorate. But in every instance ties willing to join and considered eligible these members were returned as support- for membership. Its object is: “To ers of the official Liberal party. During secure by united action the election to the last Liberal Government Mr. Keir Parliament of candidates promoted in Hardie was the solitary representative of the first instance by an affiliated society the independent Labor movement. On or societies in the constituencies who unhis hapless head official Liberalism pour- dertake to form or join a distinct group ed the vials of its wrath. But in spite of in Parliament, with its own whips and bitter, even venomous, opposition the its own policy on Labor questions, to Labor movement grew, and its principles, abstain strictly from identifying themas they were more clearly understood, selves with, or promoting the interests of, began to find favor among the trades-union- any section of the Liberal or Conservaists of the country. The Trades Con- tive parties, and not to oppose any other gress, representing the great army of trades- candidates recognized by this committee. unionists, declared in favor of the new All such candidates shall pledge themparty, and ten years of Tory rule and selves to accept this constitution, to abide class-legislation did much to consolidate by the decision of the group, and to apthe progressive forces of the country. pear before their constituencies under the How significant has been the advance of title of Labor candidates only." the Labor movement during the past The affairs of the Labor Representafifteen years will be readily gathered from tion Committee are transacted by an exthe following tables:
ecutive committee of thirteen members Labor representatives in 1900: Min- (and the number has not proved unlucky ers, 5; Liberal Labor, 4; Independent so far as the recent elections have been Labor, 1.
concerned). Of these, nine represent Labor representatives in 1905 (pre- the Trades Unions, three the Socialist vious to dissolution): Miners, 5; Labor societies, and one the Trades Councils. Representation Committee, 5; Liberal The committee has a membership of Labor, 4.
1,000,000 and it is the proud boast of its Labor representatives in 1906: Labor leaders that the working classes of BriRepresentation Committee (including 2 tain are now in a position to maintain 200 miners), 29; Other Miners, 14; Liberal of their number in Parliament. A party Labor, 16.
fund has been established in order to To these may be added one Irish Union- assist in defraying the election expenses ist and five Irish Nationalists.
of the candidates and in contributing to But from the progressive standpoint the support of those who may be successthe chief feature of the election has been ful at the polls. According to the present the success of the candidates of the Labor arrangements the L. R. C. pays 25 per Representation Committee—the L. R. cent. of the returning officers' expenses