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railway and other public-service corporations “The Government railways of Natal and have steadily and silently gained control of Central South Africa are equally free from se- political bosses and machines and by princely cret concessions and favoritisms of every kind.” campaign contributions and other forms of

bribery and corrupt practices have packed There are those who, after denying that the government with their own attorneys and public-ownership would abate corruption others complacent to them, only proves that and discrimination and finding themselves the American people have one great and allproved to be in the wrong, take refuge in the important duty to perform: Turn the rascals silly, shallow and essentially slanderous cry out; destroy the power of the privileged few that while public-ownership in various foreign to continue to debauch government, plunder lands wherever tried, whether in New Zea- the masses and reap hundreds of millions of land or Germany, Switzerland or Belgium, dollars that should go to the individuals and England or Austria, may have resulted in the State. lessening corruption and increasing efficiency, Space forbids our further noticing this great it would fail in this country because the Amer- work of Professor Parsons. Sufficient to say, ican people are too corrupt to be entrusted however, that it is by far the most important, with the ownership and operation of public authoritative and comprehensive popular disutilities. This slander the Republic cussion of the rate question that has appeared, should be resented by every self-respecting and no intelligent American should fail to citizen. The circumstance that the great read it.




THEAUTHOR OF"THE CIVIC EFFICIEN. and enlightened jurist whose great work is justly

CY OF THE EDUCATED CLASS”: “The attracting the attention of the noblest minds in Civic Efficiency of the Educated Class” is a paper America. This month we publish an exceptionally of more than ordinary interest

and value to thought- fine paper prepared for THE ARENA by WILLIAM ful friends of the Republic. The author is a funda- KITTLE, Secretary of the Board of Regents of Normental thinker and a man of unusually broad mental mal Schools of Wisconsin, on “Robert M. La Follvision. He graduated from Yale College in 1864 ette: A Statesman After the Order of Lincoln. and holds the degree of Master of Arts from that The author is thoroughly acquainted with his subInstitution. Later he attended Princeton and And- ject and has followed Mr. La FOLLETTE's political over Theological Seminary, and for many years was life with deep and critical if sympathetic interest. actively engaged in ministerial labors. In 1871 he Like hundreds of thousands of other patriotic accepted the chair of English in Beloit College, Americans, he has found the fearless governor-senwhich he retained until 1899. He was a contribu- ator an intrepid, honest and loyal popular leader, ting editor to the Century Dictionary and is an hon- such as the people are everywhere calling for in orary member of the British Association for the the present crisis. In this issue we also publish a Advancement of Science.

pen-picture of Mayor J. N. ADAM, another high

minded municipal leader. Leaders of Civilization and Defenders of the People's Rights: THE ARENA has given during the past British Egypt" and Its Author: Readers of few months several papers devoted to the fine con- general literature will be deeply interested in the structive work being carried forward by genuine authoritative pen-picture of the events that led up leaders of civilization and defenders of the people's to English occupation of Egypt and the results that rights. Among these were Professor BEMIS ad- have followed that important event, as narrated by mirable sketch of Mayor Johnson of Cleveland; Mr. ERNEST CROSBY in Part I. of his discussion of the very notable pen-picture of the late SAMUEL M. “British Egypt.' Mr. CROSBY was for some time JONES, the Golden-Rule Mayor of Toledo, by a judge of the Mixed Tribunal at Alexandria and when scholarly journalist who had long known this apostle holding this official position he gained an intimate of human advancement; and sketches by the editor knowledge of the facts with which he deals. The of EDWIN MARKHAM, the poet of democracy, David subject is one that will appeal to all persons desiring GRAHAM Phillips, the novelist of democratic prog- accurate knowledge relating to important events ress Wilson L. Gill, the twentieth-century edu- of contemporaneous history. In two further papers cator, and Judge Ben B. LINDSEY, the high-minded Mr. CROSBY will deal with later happenings and their import in relation to English occupation of the educators who have for years carefully observed land of the Pharoahs.

the actual results of the union of the sexes in uni

versity work. Direct Primaries": The American people are in the midst of the most important conflict that has been fought since the birth of the nation-a battle publish Chapter II. of the Direct-Legislation Primer

The Direct-Legislation Primer: This month we to rescue the Republic from as dangerous and as by stealth to destroy a free government. The priv; subject of the popular Initiative in a manner which corrupt and subversive a power as ever attempted prepared for The Arena Clubs by leading Direct

Legislation authorities of America. It presents the ileged interests, controlling bosses and political will make it readily understood by the general readmachines, have in numerous instances robbed the American people of all but the form of free govern

er, and it also notices the various chief objections ment, and they are to-day entrenched in power and

that have been advanced against this fundamentally

sound democratic method of preserving free govare using that power to contest every effort of the voters to regain the government for the people. The

ernment. Next month we hope to publish the third Direct Primary, Direct-Legislation and the Right The Initiative and Referendum deal with Direct

and last instalment of the Direct-Legislation Primer. of Recall are all practical methods that would enable the people to meet the changed conditions of Legislation, and in the

supplementary chapter which the present and to defeat the despotism of the crim- Representation and Direct Primaries will be noticed

is yet to appear the Right of Recall, Proportional inal rich and overthrow their rule through the corrupt bosses and political mis-representatives who

as other fundamental and practical measures for are the creatures of the trusts and privileged inter- preserving free government. ests. Hence it is the duty-the sacred and imperative duty-of every citizen of America who loves Our Story: In "Thin Tilly Westover” Mrs. the Republic to fight staunchly for all these great HELEN C., BERGEN-CURTIS gives us a charming reform movements. In this issue we publish an

little realistic life-sketch that is strong in human excellent paper on “Direct Primaries" written by interest and abounds in delicate touches. IRA CROSS whose recent paper on coöperative stores attracted such general and favorable notice.

Mr. Mills' Paper: The next instalment of Mr.

Mills' magnificent history of the war of corporate The Socialist Programme: “For weal or woe,” wealth against the rights of man in Colorado will says Mr. Slade in his admirable paper on “The deal with the labor troubles in Colorado and Idaho, Socialist Programme,” “Socialism is developing and it has been thought best, owing to the conditions apace in every country where industrialism has cre- that prevail at the present time, to hold the matter ated a propertyless proletariat.” And it is to give back until our July issue, in order to give the proper the general reader an intelligent conception of just historical connection with the events that will be what Socialism the world over means that he has the subject of this discussion. There has been a prepared his paper for this issue of THE ARENA. vast amount of newspaper writing done in the interThe author has made a deep study of the subject ests of the Mine Owners' Association, the Smelterand before preparing the paper he made a careful Trust and the great corporations of Colorado, which comparative examination of the platforms and pro- have long been striving to destroy the influence of grammes of the Socialist parties of the leading na- organized labor in the West and to cast upon it the tions. This paper is remarkably clear and lucid, odium of crimes which have not, as yet, been proved, considering it is so condensed.

and which organized labor has resented as malicious

calumny. Mr. Mills will not only bring to the disThe Feminization of the High-School: Dr. cussion the broad vision of a statesmanlike mind WILLIAM LEE HOWARD, the famous nerve specialist and the trained methods of one accustomed to imand student of psychology, contributes a paper to partially weighing evidence, but will also treat it in this issue in which he protests against the mixed a spirit that shall harmonize with the principles of high-school. His views are shared by many promi- free government and the rights of man, rather than nent physicians and some educators, although, as from the view-point of one who appeals to class we have pointed out in “The Mirror of the Present,” prejudices in the interests of privileged wealth. they are in direct opposition to the views of other This paper will be a very notable contribution to prominent heads of coëducational institutions, this distinctly great series.


Abolition of Passes by the Pennsylvania Railroad Books of the Day, 103, 221, 326, 444, 554.
The, 204.

Book-Studies, 97, 100, 215, 285, 438, 544, 651, 658.
Adam, J. N., A Municipal Leader of the New Time, Bosses and Machines, The Power Behind the: A

Pen-Picture of Wall Street, 97.
Adams, G. Cooke, State-Owned Savings Banks, 590, Boss-Rule, The Redemption of Ohio from, 60.

Boston, A Popular Victory in, 59.
Aggressions in the National Government, The On- Brandt, Albert, Criminal Wealth versus Common

ward March of Autocratic and Bureaucratic, 66. Honesty, 449.
America, College Coöperative Stores in, 379; in the Bribery by Franks and Passes: The Lion in the Path

Philippines, 386; Coöperative Stores in, 647. of Popular Relief from Public Service Extortion,
American Commonwealth Where the People Really 75.
Rule, An, 523.

British Egypt, 582.
American Federation Declares for Political Action, British Labor Party, The: Its Aims and Aspira-
The, 630.

tions, 476.
American Literature, What Our Universities are Brumbaugh, Roscoe, At the Tomb of Walt. Whit-
Doing for, 498.

man, 278.
American Sculptors, The Society of, 207.

Buffalo, Revelations of Corruption in, 638; The
Anti-Suicide Commission, Mayor Johnson's, 71. Mayor of, on Socialism, 645.
Appendicitis, Successful Treatment of, Without the Bullock, Harry A., Trafficking in Trusts; or, Phil-
Knife, 90.

anthropy from the Insurance View-Point, 337.
Arena Club of Denver, The First, 76.

Cabinet, The New, 209.
Arena Club Movement, The: Its Purpose and Pos- Canada, The Movement for Church Union in, 325;
sibilities, 194.

Coöperation in, 648.
Armstrong Report, The, 417.

Carman, Albert R., Incurable! 409.
Art and Life, 289, 615.

Cartoon, Direct-Legislation in, 92.
Art Pictures, Educational, 294.

Cartoonists, Politics, The People and the Trusts as
Art Spirit of Japan, The Principles of the Decora- Seen by the, 520, 619.

tive, in Comparison With Those of Western Cartoons, Some Notable Recent, 421.
Countries, 17.

Charles H. Grant: Marine Painter, 480.
At the Tomb of Walt. Whitman, 278.

Chicago Progressive Alliance, The, 630.
Australia, Government-Owned Railways of, Yield Chicago Street-Car Controversy, The Decision in

Millions to the Public Treasury, 86; Cardinal Favor of the Citizens in the, 532.
Moran's Advocacy of Social Reform in, 87; Childe Hassam and His Prize Picture, 296.

Bountiful Harvests in New Zealand and, 646. Church and State in France, The Separation of, 210.
Austria-Hungary, 539.

Church, The Pressure of Privilege on College and,
Austria's Throne, The Tramp of Democracy Heard 302.
on, 210.

Church Union, The Movement for, in Canada, 325;
Autocratic and Bureaucratic Aggressions in the Recent Important Step Toward, in the United

National Government, The Onward March of, 66. States, 433.
Awakening of the Labor Giant and Its Significance Church Unity, The Most Significant Recent Step
to Democracy, The, 627.

Toward, 325.
Awakening, Labor's, Some Foreign Influences that “City the Hope of Democracy, The,” 544.
Have Contributed to, 628.

City, State and Nation, 201.
Baker, Robert, Human Liberty or Human Greed ? Civic Advance Movement in Colorado: The First
240; The Value of an Immigrant, 504.

Arena Club of Denver, 76.
Balfour Cabinet, The Downfall of the, 208.

Civic Efficiency of the Educated Class,

The, 561.
Battle of the Giants in Russia, The, 211.

Civic Integrity, W. A. Rogers: The Cartoonist of,
Belgium, The Practical Results of Governmental 372.
Insurance in, 80.

Civic Righteousness and Sound Morality, The Bat-
Bemis, Edward W., His View on the Present Cler- tle for, in the Empire State, 416.
ical Crusade in Cleveland, 432.

Class Government, The Initiative a Democratic
Benares, The Indian Congress at, 543.

Safeguard Against, 46.
Benson, Allan L., A Socialist's Reply to John Moody, Class Rule, Concrete Illustrations of the Spoliation

of the Wealth-Creators Under Our Present Ré-
Bergen-Curtis, Helen C., The Romance of Thin gime of, 646.
Tilly Westover, 610.

Cleveland Clergy, Mayor Johnson and the, 430.
Berlin, The City of, Votes to Build and Operate a Cleveland, Rev. Harris R. Cooley on Conditions in,
Subway, 83.

430; Hon. Frederic C. Howe on Conditions in
Bigotry and Intolerance, An Astounding Recent 431; Professor Edward W. Bemis' View on the
Illustration of Medieval Religious, 649.

Present Clerical Crusade in Cleveland, 432.
Boers, An English Heroine Among the, 88.

Cockerell, Wilmatte Porter, When Cochran Quit, 279.
Bolivar, General Simon: The Liberator of Northern Coëducation: A Case in Which Doctors Disagree,
South America, 491.


College and Church, The Pressure of Privilege on, Cross, Ira, College Coöperative Stores in America,

379; Direct Primaries, 587.
College Coöperative Stores in America, 379. Curzon, Lord, The Unpopularity of, in India, 543.
Colorado, Civic Advance Movement in: The First Czar and the Kaiser, Japan Frustrates the Plans of

Arena Club of Denver, 76; The Economic Strug- the, 79.
gle in, 150, 243, 467; Labor Proposes to Battle Dangerous Class, Our Most, 297, 303,
for Direct-Legislation in, 631.

Dark Places, Light in, 310.
Colorado Senator and the Standard Oil Magnates, David Graham Phillips: A Twentieth-Century
The Action of the, Contrasted, 308.

Novelist of Democracy, 252.
Color-Line in New Jersey, The, 394.

David Graham Phillips, The Menace of Plutocracy,
Coming Exodus, The, 390.

Comments, Notes and, 112, 223, 335, 447, 559, 664. Debt of New Zealand, The, 437.
Commercialism's Juggernaut in Pennsylvania, The Decision Against the Tobacco and Paper-Trusts,
Slaughter of the Innocents by, 424.

The, 532.
Concrete Example of Practical Democracy, A, 523. Decision in Favor of the Citizens in the Chicago
Concrete Illustrations of Methods Employed to Street-Car Controversy, The, 532.

Discredit High-Minded and Incorruptible States- Democracy, Edwin Markham: The Poet-Prophet
men, 298.

of, 143; In Education, Wilson L. Gill: An
Conservative Cabinet, The Master-Spirit of the, 315. Apostle of, 176; The Tramp of, Heard on Aus-
Conservative Ministry, The Three Counts Against tria's Throne, 210; David Graham Phillips: A
the, 208.

Twentieth-Century Novelist of, 252; The Liberal
Constitutional Government in Hungary, The Over- Triumph in Great Britain and Its Meaning to,
throw of, 437.

315; Progressive, The Election of M. Fallieres a
Cooley, Rev. Harris R., on Conditions in Cleveland, Triumph for, 319; in Education; or, The School

City in Practical Operation, 516; A Concrete
Coöperation, 537; At Home and Abroad, 647; in Example of Practical, 523; Practical, as Illus-
Canada, 648.

trated in the Government of the Richest Town
Coöperative Experiment, A Successful, 315.

in the World, 531; The City the Hope of, 544;
Coöperative Progress, Utilizing Corporation Laws The Awakening of the Labor Giant and Its Sig-
for, 537.

nificance to, 627.
Cooperative Stores in America, 647; College, 379. Democracy's Call to the Statesmanship of To-day,
Coöperative Wholesale Society, The Enormous 146.
Annual Business of the English, 648.

Democratic Ideals in Germany, The Growth of, 648.
Cory, J. Campbell: Cartoonist, 48.

Democratic Programme, The Liberal, 318.
Corporation Laws, Utilizing, for Coöperative Prog- Democratic Safeguard Against Class-Government,
ress, 537.

The Initiative a, 46.
Corporations and the Dominant Parties, The Prev- Democratic Simplicity, Installation of the President

alence of Corrupt Practices Arising from the of France with, 436.
Union of, in City, State and Nation, 631.

Democratic Spirit of England, Reactionary Legis-
Corrupt Conditions, The President's Praise for lation that Aroused the, 316.

Magazine Writers Who Faithfully and Consci- Democratic View-Point, Significant Events in the
entiously Unmask, 624.

Political, Social and Economic World from the, 57.
Corrupt Municipal Rule and Corporate Domina- Denver, The First Arena Club of, 76.

tion, The Overturn in Milwaukee Another Evi- Despotism, Russia as an Historic Bulwark of, 78.
dence of the Rising Tide Against, 639.


the Free City, A Practical Object-Lesson
Corrupt Practices, The Prevalence of, Arising from from Providence the Bond City and, 314.

the Union of Corporations and the Dominant Diack, William, The British Labor Party: Its Aims
Parties in City, State and Nation, 631.

and Aspirations, 476.
Corrupt Rule of Boss Cox, The Uncovering of the Direct-Legislation, An American Municipality for

200 Years under, 70; in Cartoon, 92; The March
Corruption, in High Places, The Compulsion of of, 271; A Primer of, 507, 600; Notes, 530;

Moral Idealism Has Led the Magazine Writers Governor Folk's Strong Stand for, 530; in Colo-
to Battle Against, 625; Why the Campaign Against, rado, Labor Proposes to Battle for, 631; in Los
Must be Prosecuted with Increasing Vigor, 626; Angeles, 641; in Ohio, 642.
The Battle Against Political and Commercial, Direct Primaries, 587.
in the United States, 631; The Ohio Senatorial Disarmament, England's New Premier's Noble
Committee Makes Astounding Revelations of Plea for, 318.

Wholesale, 634; in Buffalo, Revelations of, 638. Discrimination, Railroad, 132.
Cortelyou, Mr., His Grievance, 429.

District Attorney Jerome, Mr. Amory's Indictment
Courts, Tampering with the, 635.

of, 423.
Cox, Boss, The Uncovering of the Corrupt Rule of, Divorce and Remarriage, 392.

Downfall of the Balfour Cabinet, The, 208.
Craiger, J. Sidney: An Iowa Cartoonist, 290. Drama, Mrs. Fiske on the Ethics of the, 183.
Criminal Rich, The Attempt of the Special-Pleaders Economic Struggle in Colorado, The, 150, 243, 467.

for, to Distort the President's Speech into a Con- Economics of Moses, 33, 234.
demnation of Those Who Are Leading the Battle Economy, 264.

for Common Honesty and Moral Idealism, 623. Edinburgh, Municipal Lighting in, 320.
Criminal Wealth versus Common Honesty, 449. Educated Class, The Civic Efficiency of the, 561.
Crosby, Ernest, British Egypt, 582; Why He Op- Education, Democracy in; or, The School City in
poses Socialism, 644.

Practical Operation, 516.

Educational Art Pictures, 294.
Egypt, British, 582.
Elwell, Mrs. F. Edwin, The Principles of the Deco-

rative Art Spirit of Japan in Comparison with

Those of Western Countries, 17.
Emancipation of Philadelphia, The, 57.
Empire, The Railway, 22.
England, Reactionary Legislation that Aroused the

Democratic Spirit of, 316; Municipal and Social

Advance in, 320; Under the Liberal Ministry, 540.
England's Battle Against Reaction, 208.
England's Magnificent Postal-Service Record, 212.
England's New Premier's Noble Plea for Disarma-

ment, 318.
English Cooperative Wholesale Society, The Enor-

mous Annual Business of the, 648.
English Heroine Among the Boers, An, 88.
English Parliament, Fabians in the, 437.
Enriching the Metropolis by Ctilizing Its Waste

and Refuse, 203.
Ether Forcing Rhubarb, Interesting Results of, 90.
Ethics of the Drama, Mrs. Fiske on the, 183.
Europe a Cauldron of Social Cnrest, 538.
Exodus, The Coming, 390.
Extension of Old-Age Pensions, 214.
Fabians in the English Parliament, 437.
Fallieres, M., The Election of, a Triumph for Pro-

gressive Democracy, 319.
Federal Regulation of Railroad Rates, 346.
Fejervary, Prime Minister, His Liberal Programme,

Feminization of the High School, The, 393.
Fish, Stuyvesant, Economy, 264; the Man Who Re-

fused to Prostitute His Mental and Moral In-
tegrity at the Behest of Wall-street High Finan-

ciers, 416.
Fiske, Mrs., on the Ethics of the Drama, 183.
Five Reasons Why We Favor Municipal-Owner-

ship, 526.
Flower, B. O., J. Campbell Cory: Cartoonist, 48;

In the Mirror of the Present, 57. 201, 297, 416,
523, 623; Book-Studies, 97, 100, 215, 285, 438,
544, 651, 658; Notes and Comments, 112, 223,
335, 447, 559, 664; The New Political Revolu-
tion Inaugurated by the November Elections in
City and State, 57; The Emancipation of Phila-
delphia, 57; The Three-Fold Municipal Victory
in Ohio, 58; A Popular Victory in Boston, 59;
The Great Uprising in New York City, 59; The
Result in San Francisco, 60; The Redemption
of Ohio from Boss-Rule, 60; The Freemen of
Pennsylvania and Their Revolt Against Their
Masters and Rulers, 61; Senator Gorman's
Waterloo, 61; The New Jersey Election, 61;
The Result in Massachusetts, 61; William Ran-
dolph Hearst and the Most Exciting, Municipal
Campaign in the History of New York, 62; The
Onward March of Autocratic and Bureaucratic
Aggressions in the National Government, 66;
The Railways and the Government: Mr. Olney's
Sophistry Exposed, 67: An American Munici-
pality for Two Hundred Years Under Direct-
Legislation, 70; Mayor Johnson's Anti-Suicide
Commission, 71; The Lesson of the Toledo
Victory, 71; Is the United States Senate the Cor-
rupt Tool of the Standard Oil Company: 72;
The Slaughter of the Innocents; or, How a Cor-
rupt Political Machine Caused the Death of
Twelve Hundred American Citizens, 74; Bribery
by Franks and Passes: The Lion in the Path of
Popular Relief from Public-Service Extortion,

75; Increased Cost of Living, 76; Civic Advance
Movement in Colorado: The First Arena Club
of Denver, 76; Russia as an Historic Bulwark of
Despotism, 78; Russia's Rôle in the Latest Re-
actionary Movements, 78; Japan Frustrates the
Plans of the Czar and the Kaiser, 79; The Prac-
tical Results of Governmental Insurance in Bel-
gium, 80; Municipal-Ownership of Street-Rail-
ways in Germany: A Conservative Educator's
Report, 81; A German City Where Municipal-
Ownership is in Full Flower, 82; The City of
Berlin Votes to Build and Operate a Subway,
83; Reactionary. Usurpation in Norway, 83;
Prime Minister Fejervary's Liberal Programme,
84; International Peace Propaganda of Socialists
Creating Alarm in Reactionary Circles, 84: The
New Liberal Party in New Zealand, 86; Govern-
ment-Owned Railways of Australia Yield Mil-
lions to the Public Treasury, 86; Helping the
Wealth-Creators to Secure Homes, 87; Cardinal
Moran's Advocacy of Social Reform in Australia,
87; An English Heroine Among the Boers, 88;
A Gasoline-Car that Promises to Revolutionize
Suburban Travel and Traffic, 89; Interesting
Results of Ether Forcing. Rhubarb, 90; Success-
ful Treatment of Appendicitis Without the Knife,
90; Pneumonia : A Simple Remedy Recom-
mended by a Health Board, 90; The Power Be-
hind the Bosses and the Machines: A Pen-Picture
of Wall Street, 97; The Religion of the Spirit
that Maketh for Righteousness: Three Vital
Works Instinct With Religious Thought and Life,
100; Edwin Markham: The Poet-Prophet of
Democracy, 143; Ray D. Handy: One of the
Youngest of our Newspaper Cartoonists, 171;
Wilson L. Gill: The Apostle of Democracy in
Education, 176; Mrs. Fiske on the Ethics of the
Drama, 183; Miss Emily Hobhouse: Heroine of
Peace and Humanity, 185; The Author of The
Menace of Privilege 186; Upton Sinclair and His
Powerful Work The Jungle, 186; Jack London
at Harvard and Faneuil Hall, 187; The Inter-
collegiate Socialist Society, 187; Liberty Imperil-
led Through the Encroachments of the Judiciary,
189;_The Arena Club Movement: Its Purpose
and Possibilities, 194; The Rapacity of the The-
atrical Trust, 200; The Ship Subsidy and Its
Missionaries, 201; Progress of the School City
Movement, 202; Enriching the Metropolis by
Utilizing Its Waste and Refuse, 203; The Aboli-
tion of Passes by the Pennsylvania Railroad, 204;
Shameful Disclosures of the Condition of the In-
sane in the Philadelphia General Hospital: A
Fruit of Machine-Rule, 204; Mayor Johnson's
Victory for the People in Securing Cheap Street-
Car Fares, 205; The President's Strange Ignor-
ance Concerning the Power of Wealth in Our
Government, 205; The Society of American
Sculptors, 207; The Crushing Burden Which
Militarism Has Imposed Upon the German Peo-
ple, 207: The Downfall of the Balfour Cabinet,
208; The Three Counts Against the Conservative
Ministry, 208; The New Cabinet, 209; The Sep-
aration of Church and State in France, 210; The
Tramp of Democracy Heard on Austria's Throne,
210; The Battle of the Giants in Russia, 211;
Magnificent Record of the Municipal Street-Rail-
ways in Liverpool, 211; Successful Municipal-
Ownership of Public Utilities in Guelph, Ontario,
212; England's Magnificent Postal-Service Rec-
ord, 212; The Progressive Income Tax in Vic-

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