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hang themselves upon the next tree, as tokens of future virtue and understand-
it frequently happens in our American ing, that they declared themselves deter-
plantations, who can forbear admiring mined to devote the remaining part of
their fidelity, though it expresses itself life to my happiness, and the increase of
in so dreadful a manner ? What might their estate.
not that savage greatness of soul, which The abilities of my father and mother
appears in these

wretches on many

were not perceptibly unequal, and eduoccasions, be raised to, were it rightly cation bad given neither much advantage cultivated ? And what colour of excuse over the other. They had both kept can there be for the contempt with which good company, rattled in chariots, glitwe treat this part of our species ; that tered in playhouses, and danced at court, we should not put them upon the com- and were both expert in the games that mon foot of humanity; that we should were in their times called in as auxiliaonly set an insignificant fine upon the ries against the intrusion of thought. man who murders them; nay, that we When there is such a parity between should, as much as in us lies, cut them two persons associated for life, the deoff from the prospects of happiness in jection which the husband, if he be not another world, as well as in this, and completely stupid, must always suffer deny them that which we look upon as for want of superiority, sinks him to the proper means for attaining it! submissiveness. My mamma therefore

It is therefore an unspeakable bless- governed the family without control; ing to be born in those parts of the world and, except that my father still retained where wisdom and knowledge flourish; some authority in the stables, and now though it must be confessed there are, and then, after a supernumerary bottle, even in these parts, several poor unin- broke a looking-glass or china-dish to structed persons, who are but little above prove

his sovereignty, the whole course the inhabitants of those nations of which of the year was regulated by her direcI have been here speaking; as those tion, the servants received from her all who have had the advantage of a more their orders, and the tenants were contiJiberal education, rise above one ano- nued or dismissed at her discretion. ther by several different degrees of per- She therefore thought herself entitled fection. For, to return to our statue in to the superiotendance of her son's eduthe block of marble, we see it sometimes cation; and when my father, at the inonly begun to be chipped, sometimes stigation of the parson, faintly proposed rough-hewn, and but just sketched into that I should be sent to school, very poan human figure; sometimes we see the sitively told him, that she would not man appearing distinctly in all his limbs suffer a fine child to be ruined ; that she and features; sometimes we find the never knew any boys at a grammarfigure wrought up to great elegancy; school, that could come into a room but seldom meet with any to which the without blushing, or sit at the table hand of a Phidias or a Praxiteles without some awkward uneasiness; that could not give several nice touches and they were always putting themselves into finishings.

danger by boisterous plays, or vitiating Spectator, their behaviour with mean company;

and that, for her part, she would rather $ 6. The Disadvantages of a bad Edu

follow me to the grave, than see me tear cation.

my clothes, and hang down my head, Sir, I was condemned by some disas- and sneak about with dirty shoes and trous influence to be an only son, born blotted fingers, my hair unpowdered, and to the apparent prospect of a large for- my hat uncocked. tune, and allotted to my parents at that My father, who had no other end in time of life when satiety of common di- his proposal than to appear wise and versions allows the mind to indulge pa- manly, soon acquiesced, since I was not rental affection with greater intenseness. to live by my learning; for indeed, he My birth was celebrated by the tenants had known very few students that had with feasts, and dances, and bagpipes ; not some stiffness in their manner. They congratulations were sent from every fa- therefore agreed, that a domestic tutor mily within ten miles round; and my should be procured; and hired an honest parents discovered in my first cries, such gentleman of mean conversation and nar

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row sentiments, but who having passed they say, has something to which he is the common forms of literary education, particularly born, was eminently knowthey implicitly concluded qualified to ing in Brussels lace. teach all that was to be learned from a The next year saw me advanced to scholar. He thought himself sufficiently the trust and power of adjusting the ceexalted by being placed at the same remonial of an assembly. All received table with his pupil, and had no other their partners from my hand, and to me view than to perpetuate his felicity by every stranger applied for introduction. the utmost flexibility of submission to My heart now disdained the instructions all my mother's opinions and caprices. of a tutor; who was rewarded with a He frequently took away my book, lest small annuity for life, and left me qualiI should mope with too much applica- fied, in my own opinion, to govern mytion, charged me never to write with- self. out turning up my ruffles, and generally In a short time I came to London, brushed my coat before he dismissed me and as my father was well known into the parlour.

among the higher classes of life, soon He had no occasion to complain of obtained admission to the most splendid too burthensome an employment; for assemblies, and most crowded card-tamy mother very judiciously considered, bles. Here I found inyself universally that I was not likely to grow politer in caressed and applauded : the ladies his company, and suffered me not to praised the fancy of my clothes, the pass any more time in his apartment beauty of my form, and the softness of than my lesson required. When I was my voice : endeavoured in every place summoned to my task, she enjoined me to force themselves to my notice ; and not to get any of my tutor's ways, who invited, by a thousand oblique solicitawas seldom mentioned before me but tions, my attendance to the play-house, for practices to be avoided. I was every and my salutations in the Park. I was moment admonished not to lean on my now happy to the utmost extent of my chair, cross my legs, or swing my hands conception; I passed every morning in like my tutor; and once my mother dress, every afternoon in visits, and very seriously deliberated upon his total every night in some select assemblies, dismission, because I began, she said, where neither care nor knowledge were to learn his manner of sticking on my suffered to molest us. hat, and had his bend in my shoulders, After a few years, however, these deand his totter in my gait.

lights became familiar, and I had leisure Such, however, was her care, that I to look round me with more attention. escaped all these depravities; and when I then found that my flatterers had very I was only twelve years old, had rid little power to relieve the languor of samyself of every appearance of childish tiety, or recreate weariness, by varied diffidence. I was celebrated round the amusement; and therefore endeavoured country for the petulance of my remarks, to enlarge the sphere of my pleasures, and the quickness of my replies ; and and to try what satisfaction might be many a scholar five years older than found in the society of men. I will not myself, have I dashed into confusion deny the mortification with which I perby the steadiness of my countenance, si- ceived that every man whose name I had lenced by my readiness of repartee, heard mentioned with respect, received and tortured with envy by the address me with a kind of tenderness nearly with which I picked up a fan, presented bordering on compassion; and that those a snuff-box, or received an empty tea- whose reputation was not well establishcup.

ed, thought it necessary to justify their At fourteen I was completely skilled understandings, by treating me with in all the niceties of dress, and I could contempt. One of these witlings elepot only enumerate all the varieties of vated his crest, by asking me in a full silks, and distinguish the product of a coffee-house, the price of patches; and French loom, but dart my eye through another whispered, that he wondered a numerous company, and observe every Miss Frisk did not keep me that afterdeviation from the reigning mode. Í noon to watch her squirrel. was universally skilful in all the changes When I found myself thus hunted of expensive finery; but as every one, from all masculine conversation by those


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the young.

who were themselves barely admitted, that which the sun had before discovered I returned to the ladies, and resolved to to us. dedicate my life to their service and their As I was surveying the moon walkpleasure. But I find that I have now ing in her brightness, and taking her prolost my

charms. Of those with whom I gress among the constellations, a thought entered the gay world, some are mar- arose in me, which I believe very often ried, some have retired, and some have perplexes and disturbs men of serious so much changed their opinion, that they and contemplative natures. David himscarcely pay any regard to my civilities, self fell into it in that reflection, . When if there is any other man in the place. • I consider the heavens the work of thy The new flight of beauties to whom I fingers, the moon and the stars which have made my addresses, suffer me to pay thou hast ordained, what is man that the treat, and then titter with boys. So I thou art mindful of him, and the son of that I now find myself welcome only man that thou regardest bim!' In the to a few grave ladies, who, unacquainted same manner when I consider that infiwith all that gives either use or dignity to nite host of stars, or, to speak more philife, are content to pass their hours be- losophically, of suns, which were then tween their bed and their cards, without shining upon me, with those innumeresteem from the old, or reverence from able sets of planets or worlds, which

were moving round their respective suns; I cannot but think, Mr. Rambler, that when I still enlarged the idea, and supI have reason to complain; for surely posed another heaven of suns and worlds the females ought to pay some regard rising still above this which we discoto the age of him whose youth was pass- vered, and these still enlightened by a ed in endeavours to please them. They superior firmament of luminaries, which that encourage folly in the boy, have no are planted at so great a distance, that right to punish it in the man. Yet I they may appear to the inhabitants of find, that though they lavish their first the former as the stars do to us: in short, fondness upon pertness and gaiety, they while I pursued this thought, I could soon transfer their regard to other quali- not but reflect on that little insigoificant ties, and ungratefully abandon their figure which I myself bore amidst the adorers to dream out their last years in immensity of God's works. stupidity and contempt.

Were the sun which enlightens this I am, &c. Florentulus. part of the creation, with all the host of

Rambler. planetary worlds that move about him, $7. Omniscience and Omnipresence of they would not be missed, more than a

utterly extinguished and annihilated, the Deity, together with the Immensity grain of sand upon the sea-shore. The of his iWorks.

space they possess is so exceedingly little I was yesterday, about sun-set, walk- in comparison of the whole, it would ing in the open fields, till the night in- scarce make a blank in the creation. The sensibly fell upon me. I at first amused chasm would be imperceptible to an eye, myself with all the richness and variety that could take in the whole

of of colours which appeared in the western nature, and pass from one end of the parts of heaven : in proportion as they creation to the other: as it is possible faded away and went out, several stars there may be such a sense in ourselves and planets appeared one after another, hereafter, or in creatures which are at till the whole firmament was in a glow. present more exalted than ourselves. The blueness of the æther was exceed- We see many stars by the help of ingly heightened and enlivened by the glasses, which we do not discover with season of the year, and the rays of all our naked eyes: and the finer our telethose luminaries that passed through it. scopes are, the more still are our discoThe galaxy appeared in its most beau- veries. Huygenius carries this thought tiful white. To complete the scene, the so far, that he does not think it impossifull moon rose at length in that clouded ble there may be stars whose light is majesty which Milton takes notice of, not yet travelled down to us since their and opened to the eye a new picture of first creation. There is no question but nature, which was more finely shaded, the universe has certain bounds set to it; and disposed among softer lights, than but when we consider that it is the


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work of infinite power, prompted by in the first place, that he is omnipresent; infinite goodness, with an infinite space and in the second, that he is omniscieni. to exert itself in, how can our imagina- If we consider him in his omnipretion set any bounds to it?

sence: his being passes through, actuates, To return, therefore, to my first and supports the whole frame of nature. thought; I could not but look upon my- His creation, and every part of it, is full self with secret horror, as a being that of him. There is nothing he has made, was not worth the smallest regard of one that is either so distant, so little, or so who had so great a work under his care inconsiderable, which he does not esand superintendency. I was afraid of sentially inhabit. His substance is withbeing overlooked amidst the immensity in the substance of every being, whether of nature, and lost among that infinite material or immaterial, and as intimatevariety of creatures, which in all proba- ly present to it, as that being is to itself. bility'swarm through all these immea- It would be an imperfection in him, surable regions of matter.

were he able to move out of one place In order to recover myself from this into another, or to draw himself from mortifying thought, I considered that it any thing he has created, or from any took its rise from those narrow concep- part of that space which he diffused and tions, which we are apt to entertain of spread abroad to infinity. In short, to the divine nature. We ourselves cannot speak of him in the language of the old attend to many different objects at the philosophers, he is a being whose centre same time. If we are careful to inspect is every where, and his circumference some things, we must of course neglect no where. others. This impersection which we In the second place, he is omniscient observe in ourselves is an imperfection as well as omnipresent. His omniscience that cleaves in some degree.to creatures indeed necessarily and naturally flows of the highest capacities, as they are from his omnipresence. He cannot but creatures, that is, beings of finite and be conscious of every motion that arises limited natures. The

presence of

every in the whole material world, which he created being is confined to a certain thus essentially pervades; and of every measure of space, and consequently his thought that is stirring in the intellectual observation is stinted to a certain num- world, to every part of which he is thus ber of objects. The sphere in which we intimately united. Several moralists have move, and act, and understand, is of a considered the creation as the temple of wider circumference to one creature than God, which he has built with his own another, according as we rise one above hands, and which is filled with his preanother in the scale of existence. But


Others have considered infinite the widest of these our spheres has its space as the receptacle, or, rather, the circumference. When therefore we re- habitation of the Almighty : but the flect on the divine nature, we are so used noblest and most exalted

way of and accustomed to this imperfection in sidering this infinite space, is that of ourselves, that we canpot forbear in Sir Isaac Newton, who calls it the sensome measure ascribing it to him in sorium of the Godhead. Brutes and men whom there is no shadow of imperfec- have their sensoriola, or little sensoriums, tion. Our reason indeed assures us, by which they apprehend the presence that his attributes are infinite : but the and perceive the actions of a few objects, poorness of our conceptions is such, that lie contiguous to them. Their ihat it cannot forbear setting bounds to knowledge and observation turn within every thing it contemplates, till our rea- a very narrow circle. But as God Alson comes again to our succour, and mighty cannot but perceive and know throws down all those little prejudices every thing in which he resides, infinite which rise in us unawares, and are na- space gives room to infinite knowledge, tural to the mind of man.

and is, as it were, an organ to omniWe shall therefore utterly extinguish science. this melancholy thought, of our being Were the soul separate from the body, overlooked by our Maker in the multi- and with one glance or thought should plicity of his works, and the infinity of start beyond the bounds of the creation, those objects among which he seems to should it for millions of years continue be incessantly employed, if we consider, its progress through infinite space with


the same activity, it would still find itself benefit or advantage from this his prewithin the embrace of its Creator, and sence ! encompassed round with the immensity Secondly, How deplorable is the conof the Godhead. While we are in the dition of an intellectual being, who feels body he is not less present with us,

no other effects from this his presence, because he is concealed from us. Oh but such as proceed from divine wrath • that I knew where I might find him! and indignation !

(says Job). Behold I go forward, Thirdly, How happy is the condi. • but he is not there ; and backward, tion of that intellectual being, who is • but I cannot perceive him: on the sensible of his Maker's presence from • left hand, where he does work, but the secret effects of his mercy and loving• I cannot behold him : he hideth him. kindness! “self on the right hand that I cannot First, How disconsolate is the condi. • see him.' In short, reason as well as tion of that intellectual being, who is revelation assure us, that he cannot be thus present with his Maker, but at the absent from us, notwithstanding he is same time receives no extraordinary

, undiscovered by us.

benefit or advantage from this his preIn this consideration of God Almigh- sence! Every particle of matter is ty's omnipresence and omniscience, every actuated by this Almighty Being which uncomfortable thought vanishes. He passes through it. The heavens and the cannot but regard every thing that has earth, the stars and planets, move and being, especially such of his

creatures gravitate by virtue of this great principle who fear they are not regarded by him. within them. All the dead parts of He is privy to all their thoughts, and nature are invigorated by the presence to that anxiety of heart in particular, of their Creator, and made capable of which is apt to trouble them on this oc- exerting their respective qualities. The casion; for as it is impossible he should several instincts, in the brute creation, overlook any of his creatures; so wemay do likewise operate and work towards be confident that he regards, with an eye the several ends which are agreeable to of mercy, those who endeavour to re- them, by this divine energy. Man only, commend themselves to his notice, and who does not co-operate with his holy in unfeigoed humility of heart think spirit, and is unattentive to his presence, themselves unworthy that he should be receives none of these advantages from mindful of them.

Spectator. it, which are perfective of his nature, and § 8. Motives to Piety and Virtue, drawn is with him, and in him, and every where

necessary to his well-being. The divinity from the Omniscience and Omnipresence about him, but of no advantage to him. of the Deity.

It is the same thing to a man without In one of your late papers, you had religion, as if there were no God in the occasion to consider the ubiquity of the world. It is indeed impossible for an Godhead, and at the same time to shew, infinite Being to remove himself from that as he is present to every thing, he any of his creatures ; but though he cannot but be attentive to every thing, cannot withdraw his essence from us, and privy to all the modes and parts of which would argue an imperfection in its existence: or, in other words, that him, he can withdraw from us all the his omniscience and omnipresence are joys and consolations of it. co-existent, and run together through sence may perhaps be necessary to supthe whole infinitude of space. This port us in our existence; but he may consideration might furnish us with many leave this our existence to itself, with incentives to devotion, and motives to regard to its happiness or misery. For, morality; but as this subject has been in this sense, he may cast us away from handled by several excellent writers, his presence, and take his holy spirit I shall consider it in a light in which I from us. This single consideration one have not seen it placed by others. would think sufficient to make us open

First, How disconsolate is the con- our hearts to all those infusions of joy dition of an intellectual being, who is and gladness which are so near at hand, thus present with his Maker, but at the and ready to be poured in upon us; same time receives no extraordinary especially when we consider, Secondly,

His pre


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