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trade and study, not our chance. We shall have a house without a fault in the next world. Tell me what life you lead, and I will tell you how you shall die. He is in a low form who never thinks beyond this short life. Vices are learned without a teacher. Wicked men are dead whilst they live. He is rich who desires nothing more. To recover a bad man is a double kindness or virtue. Who are you for? I am for him whom I get most by. He who eats but of one dish never wants a physician. He hath lived to ill purpose who cannot hope to live after his death. Live as they did of old; speak as men do now. The mob is a terrible monster. Hell is very full of good meanings and intentions. He only is well kept whom God keeps. Break the legs of an evil custom. Tyrant custom makes a slave of reason. Experience is the father, and memory the mother of wisdom. He who doeth every thing he has a mind to do, doth not what he should do. He who says all that he has a mind to say, hears what he hath no mind to hear. That city thrives best where virtue is most esteemed and rewarded. He cannot go wrong whom vir tue guides. The sword kills many, but wine many more. "Tis truth which makes the man angry. He who tells all the truth he knows, must lie in the streets. Oil and truth will get uppermost at the last. A probable story is the best weapon of calumny. He counts very unskilfully who leaves God out of his reckoning. Nothing is of any great value but God only. All is good that God sends us. He that hath children, all his morsels are not his own. Thought is a nimble footman. Many know every thing else, but nothing at all of themselves. We ought not to give the fine flour to the devil, and the bran to God. Six foot of earth make all men of one size. He that is born of a hen must scrape for his living. Afflictions draw men up towards heaven. That which does us good is never too late. Since my house must be burnt I will warm myself at it. Tell every body your business, and the devil will do it for you. A man was hanged for saying what was true. Do not all that you can do; spend not all that you have; believe not all that you hear; and tell not all that you know. A man should learn to sail with all winds. He is the man in

deed who can govern himself as he ought, He that would live long must sometimes change his course of life. When children are little they make their parent's heads ach; and when they are grown up, they make their hearts ach. To preach well, you must first practise what you teach others. Use or practice of a thing is the best master. A man that hath learning is worth two who have it not. A fool knows his own business better than a wise man doth another's. He who understands most is other men's master. Have a care of-Had I known this before. Command your servant, and do it yourself, and you will have less trouble. You may know the master by his man. He who serves the public hath but a scurvy master. He that would have good offices done to him, must do them to others. "Tis the only true liberty to serve our good God. The common soldier's blood makes the general a great man. An huge great house is an huge great trouble. Never advise a man to go to the wars, nor to marry. Go to the war with as many as you can, and with as few to counsel. 'Tis better keeping out of a quarrel than to make it up afterward. Great birth is a very poor dish on the table. Neither buy any thing of, nor sell to, your friend. Sickness or diseases are visits from God. Sickness is a personal citation before our Judge. Beauty and folly do not often part company. Beauty beats a call upon a drum. Teeth placed before the tongue give good advice. A great many pair of shoes are worn out before men do all they say. A great many words will not fill a purse. Make a slow answer to a hasty question. Self praise is the ground of hatred. Speaking evil of one another is the fifth element men are made up of. When a man speaks you fair look to your purse. Play not with a man till you hurt him, nor jest till you shame him. Eating more than you should at once, makes you eat less afterward. He makes his grief light who thinks it so. He thinks but ill who doth not think twice of a thing. He who goes about a thing himself, hath a mind to have it done; who sends another, cares not whether it be done or no. There is no discretion in love, nor counsel in anger. Wishes never can fill a sack. The first step a man makes towards being good, is to know he

is not so already. He who is bad to his
relations is worse to himself. 'Tis good
to know our friend's failings, but not to
publish them. A man may see his own
faults in those which others do. "Tis the
virtue of saints to be always going on
from one kind and degree of virtue to
another. A man may talk like a wise
man, and yet act like a fool. Every one
thinks he hath more than his share of
brains. The first chapter (or point) of
fools is to think they are wise men.
Discretion, or a true judgment of things,
is the parent of all virtue. Chastity is
the chief and most charming beauty.
Little conscience and great diligence
make a rich man. Never count four
except you have them in your bag. Open
your door to a fair day, but make your
self ready for a foul one. A little too
late is too late still. A good man is ever
at home wherever he chance to be.
Building is a word that men pay dear
for. If you would be healthful, clothe
yourself warm, and eat sparingly. Rich
men are slaves condemned to the mines.
Many men's estates come in at the door,
and go out at the chimney. Wealth is
more dear to men than their blood or life
is. Foul dirty water makes the river
great. That great saint interest rules
the world alone. Their power and their
will are measures princes take of right
and wrong. In governing others you
must do what you can do, not all you
would do. A wise man will stay for a
convenient season, and will bend a little,
rather than be torn up by the roots.
Ever buy your wit at other inen's charges.
You must let your phlegm subdue your
choler, if you would not spoil your bu-
siness. Take not physic when you are
well, lest you die to be better. Do not
do evil to get good by it, which never
yet happened to any. That pleasure's
much too dear which is bought with any
pain. To live poor that a man may die
rich, is to be the king of fools, or a fool
in grain. Good wine makes a bad head,
and a long story. Be as easy as you can
in this world, provided you take good
care to be happy in the next. Live well,
and be cheerful. A man knows no more
to any purpose than he practises. He
that doth most at once doth least. He
is a wretch whose hopes are all below.
Thank you, good puss, starved my cat.
No great good comes without looking
after it. Gather the rose, and leave the

thorn behind. He who would be rich in one year is hanged at six months end. He who hath a mouth will certainly eat. Go early to the market, and as late as ever you can to a battle. The barber learns to shave at the beards of fools. He who is lucky (or rich) passes for a wise man too. He commands enough who is ruled by a wise man. He who reveals his secret makes himself a slave. Gaming shews what mettle a man is made of. How can the cat help it if the maid be a fool? Fools grow up apace without any watering. God supplies him with more who lays out his estate well. The printing-press is the mother of errors. Let me see your man dead, and I will tell you how rich he is. Men live one half of the year with art and deceit, and the other half with deceit and art. yourself a kindness, Sir.-(The beggar's phrase for Give alms.)-I was well, would be better, took physic, and died.→→ (On a monument.)--All row galley-wise; every man draws toward himself. He who hath money and capers is provided for Lent. A proud man hath vexation or fretting enough. He who buys by the penny keeps his own house and other men's too. Tell me what company you keep, and I will tell you what you do. At a good pennyworth pause a while. He who doth his own business doth not foul his fingers. "Tis good feasting at other men's houses. A wise man makes a virtue of what he cannot help. Talk but little, and live as you should do.

§ 132. Old Spanish Proverbs.


He is a rich man who hath God for his friend. He is the best scholar who hath learned to live well. A handful of mother wit is worth a bushel of learning. When all men say you are an ass, 'tis time to bray. Change of weather finds discourse for fools. A pound of care will not pay an ounce of debt. The sorrow men have for others hangs upon one hair. A wise man changes his mind, a fool never will. That day on which you marry, you either mar or make yourself. God comes to see, or look upon us, without a bell. You had better leave your enemy something when you die, than live to beg of your friend. That's a wise delay which makes the road safe. Cure your sore eyes only with your elbow. Let us thank God, and be con

tent with what we have. The foot of the owner is the best manure for his land. He is my friend who grinds at my mill. Enjoy that little you have while the fool is hunting for more. Saying and doing do not dine together. Money cures all diseases. A life ill spent makes a sad old age. 'Tis money that makes men lords. We talk, but God doth what he pleases. May you have good luck, my son, and a little wit will serve your turn. Gifts break through stone walls. Go not to your doctor for every ail, nor to your lawyer for every quarrel, nor to your pitcher for every thirst. There is no better looking-glass than an old true friend. A wall between both best preserves friendship. The sum of all is, to serve God well, and to do no ill thing. The creditor always hath a better memory than the debtor. Setting down in writing is a lasting memory. Repentance always costs very dear. Good breeding and money make our sons gentlemen. As you use your father, so your children will use you. There is no evil, but some good use may be made of it. No price is great enough for good counsel. Examine not the pedigree nor patrimony of a good man. There is no ill thing in Spain but that which can speak. Praise the man whose bread you eat. God keep me from him whom I trust, from him whom I trust not I shall keep myself. Keep out of an hasty man's way for a while, out of a sullen man's all the days of your life. If you love me, John, your deeds will tell me so. I defy all fetters though they were made of gold. Few die of hunger, an hundred thousand of surfeits. Govern yourself by reason, though some like it, others do not. If you would know the worth of a ducat, go and borrow one. No companion like money. A good wife is the workmanship of a good husband. The fool fell in love with the lady's laced apron. The friar who asks for God's sake, asks for himself too. God keeps him who takes what care he can of himself. Nothing is valuable in this world except as it tends to the next. Smoke, raining into the house, and a talking wife, make a man run out of the doors. There is no tomorrow for an asking friend. God keep me from still water, from that which is rough I will keep myself. Take your wife's first advice, not her second. Tell not what you know, judge not what you


see, and you will live in quiet. Hear reason, or she will make herself to be heard. Gifts enter every where without a wimble. A great fortune with a wife is a bed full of brambles. One pin for your purse, and two for your inouth. There was never but one man who never did a fault. He who promises runs into debt. He who holds his peace gathers stones. Leave your son a good reputation, and an employment. Receive your money before you give a receipt for it, and take a receipt before you pay it. God doth the cure, and the physician takes the money for it. Thinking is very far from knowing the truth. Fools make great feasts, and wise men eat of them. June, July August, and Carthagena, are the four best ports of Spain. A gentle calf sucks her own mother, and four cows more. Between two own brothers, two witnesses, and a notary, the devil brings a modest man to the court. He who will have a mule without any fault, must keep none. The wolves eat the poor ass that hath many owners. Visit your aunt, but not every day in the year. In an hundred years time princes are peasants, and in an hundred and ten peasants grow princes. The poor cat is whipped because our dame will not spin. Leave your jest whilst you are most pleased with it. Whither goest thou, grief? Where I am used to go. Leave a dog and a great talker in the middle of the street. Never trust a man whom you have injured. The laws go on the king's errands. Parents love indeed, others only talk of it. Three helping one another will do as much as six men single. She spins well who breeds her children well. You cannot do better for your daughter than to breed her virtuously, nor for your son than to fit him for an employment. Lock your door, that so you may keep your neighbour honest. Civil obliging language costs but little, and doth a great deal of good. One "Take it" is better than two "Thou shalt have it." Prayers and provender never hindered any man's journey. There is a fig at Rome for him who gives another advice before he asks it. He who is not more, or better than another, deserves not more than another He who hath no wisdom hath no worth. 'Tis better to be a wise than a rich man. Because I would live quietly in the world, I hear, and see, and say nothing. Meddle

not between two brothers. The dead and Keep your money, niggard, live miserthe absent have no friends left them. Who ably, that your heir may squander it is the true gentleman, or nobleman? He away. In war, hunting, and love, you whose actions make him so. Do well to have a thousand sorrows for every joy whom you will; do any man harm, and or pleasure. Honour and profit will not look to yourself. Good courage breaks ill keep both in one sack. The anger of broluck to pieces. Great poverty is no fault or thers is the anger of devils. A mule and a baseness, but some inconvenience. The woman do best by fair means. A very great hard-hearted man gives more than he who beauty is either a fool or proud. Look has nothing at all. Let us not fall out, to upon a picture and a battle at a good give the devil a dinner. Truths too fine distance. A great deal is ill wasted, and spun are subtle fooleries. If you would a little would do as well. An estate well always have money, keep it when you got is spent, and that which is ill got dehave it. I suspect that ill in others which stroys its master too. That which is I know by myself. Sly knavery is too bought cheap is the dearest. "Tis more hard for honest wisdom. He who resolves trouble to do ill than to do well. The to amend hath God on his side. Hell is husband must not see, and the wife must crowded up with ungrateful wretches. be blind. While the tall maid is stooping Think of yourself and let me alone. He the little one hath swept the house. Neican never enjoy himself one day who fears ther so fair as to kill, nor so ugly as to he may die at night. He who hath done fright a man. May no greater ill befal ill once, will do it again. No evil hap- you than to have many children, and but pens to us but what may do us good. If little bread for them. Let nothing afI have broken my leg, who knows but 'tis fright you but sin. I am no river, but best for me. The more honour we have, can go back when there is reason for it. the more we thirst after it. If you would Do not make me kiss, and you will not be pope you must think of nothing else. make me sin. Vain glory is a flower Make the night night, and the day day, which never comes to fruit. The absent and you will be merry and wise. He are always in the fault. A great good who eats most eats least. If you would was never got with a little pains. Sloth live in health, be old by times. I will go is the key to let in beggary. I left him warm, and let fools laugh on. Choose your I knew for him who was highly praised, wife on a Saturday, not on a Sunday. and I found reason to repent it. Do not Drinking water neither makes a man sick, say I will never drink of this water, hownor in debt, nor his wife a widow. No ever dirty it is. He who trifles away his pottage is good without bacon, no sermon time, perceives not death which stands without St. Augustin. Have many ac- upon his shoulders. He who spits against quaintance, and but a few friends. A heaven it falls upon his face. He who wondrous fair woman is not all her hus- stumbles, and falls not, mends his pace. band's own. He who marries a widow, He who is sick of folly recovers late or will have a dead man's head often thrown never. He who hath a mouth of his in his dish. Away goes the devil when he own should not bid another man blow. finds the door shut against him. 'Tis He who hath no ill fortune is tired out great courage to suffer, and great wis- with good. He who depends wholly upon dom to hear patiently. Doing what I another's providing for him, hath but an ought secures me against all censures. ill breakfast, and a worse supper. A I wept when I was born, and every day cheerful look, and forgiveness, is the best shews why. Experience and wisdom are revenge of an affront. The request of a the two best fortune-tellers. The best grandee is a kind of force upon a man. I soldier comes from the plough. Wine am always for the strongest side. If folly wears no breeches. The hole in the wall were pain, we should have great crying invites the thief. A wise man doth not out in every house. Serve a great man, hang his wisdom on a peg. A man's love and you will know what sorrow is. Make and his belief are seen by what he does. no absolute promises, for nobody will A covetous man makes a halfpenny of a help you to perform them. Every man farthing, and a liberal man makes six- is a fool in another man's opinion. Wispence of it. In December keep yourself dom comes after a long course of years. warm, and sleep. He who will revenge Good fortune comes to him who takes every affront means not to live long. care to get her. They have a fig at Rome

for him who refuses any thing that is given him. One love drives out another. Kings go as far as they are able, not so far as they desire to go. So play fools I must love you, and you love somebody else. He who thinks what he is to do, must think what he should say too. A mischief may happen which will do me (or make me) good. Threatened men eat bread still, i. e. live on. Get but a good name and you may lie in bed. Truth is the child of God. He who hath an ill cause, let him sell it cheap. A wise man never says, I did not think of that. Respect a good man that he may respect you, and be civil to an ill man that he may not affront you. A wise man only knows when to change his mind. The wife's counsel is not worth much, but he who takes it not is a fool. When two friends have a common purse, one sings and the other weeps. I lost my reputation by speaking ill of others, and being worse spoken of. He who loves you will make you weep, and he who hates you may make you laugh. Good deeds live and flourish when all other things are at an end. At the end of life La Gloria is sung. By yielding you make all your friends: but if you tell all the truth you know, you will have your head broke. Since you know every thing, and I know nothing, pray tell me what I dreamed this morning. Your looking-glass will tell you what none of your friends will. The clown was angry, and he paid dear for it. If you are vexed or angry you will have two troubles instead of one. The last year was ever better than the present. That wound that was never given is best cured of any other. Afflictions teach much, but they are a hard, cruel master. Improve rather by other men's errors, than find fault with them. Since you can bear with your own, bear with other men's failings too. Men lay out all their understanding in studying to know one another, and so no man knows himself. The applause of the mob or multitude is but a poor comfort. Truths and roses have thorns about them. He loves you better who strives to make you good, than he who strives to please you. You know not what may happen, is the hope of fools. Sleep makes every man as great and rich as the greatest. Follow, but do not run after good fortune. Anger is the weakness of the understanding. Great posts and offices

are like ivy on the wall, which makes it look fine, but ruins it. Make no great haste to be angry; for if there be occasion, you will have time enough for it. Riches, which all applaud, the owner feels the weight or care of. A compe. tency leaves you wholly at your disposal. Riches make men worse in their latter days. He is the only rich man who understands the use of wealth, He is a great fool who squanders rather than doth good with his estate. To heap fresh kindness upon ungrateful men, is the wisest, but withal the most cruel revenge. The fool's pleasures cost him very dear. Contempt of a man is the sharpest reproof. Wit without discretion is a sword in the hand of a fool. Other virtues without prudence are a blind beauty. Neither inquire after, nor hear of, nor take notice of the faults of others when you see them. Years pass not over men's heads for nothing. An halter will sooner come without taking any care about it than a canonry. If all asses wore pack-saddles, what a good trade would the packsaddlers have! The usual forms of civility oblige no man. There is no more faithful or pleasant friend than a good book. He who loves to employ himself well can never want something to do. A thousand things are well forgot for peace and quietness sake. A wise man avoids all occasions of being angry, A wise man aims at nothing which is out of his reach. Neither great poverty nor great riches will hear reason. A good man hath ever good luck. No pleasure is a better pennyworth than that which virtue yields. No old age is agreeable but that of a wise man. A man's wisdom is no where more seen than in his marrying himself. Folly and anger are but two names for the same thing. Fortune knocks once at least at every one's door. The father's virtue is the best inheritance a child can have. No sensual pleasure ever lasted so much as for a whole hour. Riches and virtue do not often keep one another company. Ruling one's anger well, is not so good as preventing it. The most useful learning in the world is that which teaches us how to die well. The best men come worse out of company than they went into it. The most mixed or allayed joy is that men take in their children. Find money and marriage to rid yourself of an ill daughter. There is no better advice than to

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