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Fluttering his pennons vain plumb down he drops
Ten thousand fathom deep, and to this hour
Down had been falling, had not by ill chance 935
The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud,
Instinct with fire and nitre, hurried him
· As many miles aloft: that fury stay’d,

Quench'd in a boggy Syrtis, neither sea, 939
Nor good dry land: nigh founder'd on he fares,


he cutting way

Half flying, and half footing in With his broad fails, about him his haste. foared round.

Our author seems to have borrow'd 933. — pennons] This word is several images from the old dragon vulgarly spelt pinions, and so Dr. describd by Spenser. Bentley has printed it: but the author spells it pennons after the La- 942. behoves him now both tin penna. The reader will ob- oar and fail.] It behoveth him now serve the beauty of the numbers to use both his oars and his fails, here without our pointing it out as galleys do; according to the to him.

proverb Remis velifque, with might

and main. Hume. 935. had not by ill chance] An' iú chance for mankind, that 943. As when a gryphon &c.] Sa. he was thus speeded on his journey tan half on foot, half fying, in so far. Pearce.

quest of the new world, is here 028. — that fury fay'd, &c. compar'd to a gryphon with winged

* fery rebuff cealed. quenched course both fying and running in and put out by a soft quicksand: pursuit of the Arimaspian who had Syrtis is explain'd by neither rea nor tol'n his gold. Gryphons are fagood dry land, exactly agreeing with bulous creatures, in the upper part Lucan. Phar. IX. 304.

like an eagle, in the lower re.

sembling a lion, and are said to Syrtes — in dubio pelagi terræque guard gold mines. The Arimalreliquit. Hume.

pians were a one-ey'd people of 941. half on foot, Scythia who adornd their hair

Half flying; ] Spenser, Fairy with gold, Lucan. III, 280, Queen, B. 1. Cant. 11. St. 8.

Treading the crude consistence, half on foot,
Half fly'ing; behoves him now both oar and fail.
As when a gryphon through the wilderness
With winged course, o'er hill or moory dale,
Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stealth

Had from his wakeful custody purloin'd
The guarded gold : So eagerly the Fiend
O’er bog, or steep, through ftrait, rough, dense, or rare,


Hinc et Sithoniæ gentes, auroque with frequent pauses. There is a ligatas

menorable instance of the roughSubstringens Arimaspe comas. ness of a road admirably describ'd Herodotus and other authors re- *XULLO

by a single verse in Homer, Iliad. late, that there were continual wars

Gryphons and Ari. Honda di averla, xatarla, de maspians about gold, the gryphons e gulee 7s, d'oxlice ', naboy, guarding it and Arimaspians tak- which Mr. Pope has been ahlia ing it whenever they had oppor. to translate paraphrastically to give tunity. See Plin. Nat. Hift..Lib.7. us some idea of the beauty of the cap. 2. Arimafpi, quos diximus, numbers, and he has made use of uno oculo in fronte media infignes : several monosyllables, as Milton quibus affidue bellum efle circa me has done. talla cum gryphis, ferarum volucri genere, quale vulgo traditur,

O'er hills, o'er dales, o'er crags, eruente ex cuniculis aurum, mira o'er rocks they go; cupiditate et feris cuftodientibus, et Jumping, high o'er the Thrubs of Arimaspis rapientibus, multi, sed the rough ground, maxime illuftres Herodotus et Ari. Rattle the clatt'ring cars, and the fteas Proconnefius scribunt.

fhockt axles bound. 948. O'er bog, or sleep, &c. ] And as Mr. Thyer adds, So also Dr. Bentley's reading is not amiss Spenser in the same manner repre. O'er bog, o'er fleep, &c. The diffi- sents the distress of his Redcrosse culty of Satan's voyage is very Knight in his encounter with the well expressd by so many mono- old dragon, Fairy Queen, B. 1. syllables as follow, which cannot Cant. 11, St. 28. be pronounced but slowly, and


With head, hands, wings, or feet pursues his way,
And swims, or finks, or wades, or creeps, or flies:
At length a universal hubbub wild
Of stunning founds and voices all confus’d,
Borne through the hollow dark, assaults his ear
With loudest vehemence: thither he plies,
Undaunted to meet there whatever Power 955
Or Spirit of the nethermost abyss


Faint, weary, fore, embroiled, there was no occafion for Dr. Bentgrieved, brent,

ley to read here this vaft unknowe With heat, toil, wounds, arms, abyss, instead of the nethermoft abyss, smart, and inward fire. nor in ver. 969. regnant o'er this

vaft abyss instead of of this net ber956. — the nethermost abyss ] most abyss. Pearce. Dr. Bentley rejects nethermost here, 962. Sat fable-vested Night, ] and again in ver. 969, and charges Clothed in her sable furs; a fable is Milton's blindness as the cause of a creature whose skin is of the his forgetting himself here and be- greater price, the blacker it is. ing inconsistent. But it is the Doctor Mendunterno de NuE. Euri. that mistakes, and not the Poet : pides,

Hume. for tho' the throne of Chaos was Milton here and in what follows above Hell, and consequently a seems to have had in his view Spenpart of the abyss was so, yet a part ser's fine description of Night, of that abyss was at the same time which is very much in the taste of far below Hell; so far below, as this allegory of Milton's. See that, when Satan went from Hell Fairy Queen, B. 1: Cant. 5. St. 20. on his voyage, he fell in that abyss Where grilly Night, &C, 10000 fathom deep, ver. 934. and the poet there adds, that if it had 964. Orcus and Ades,] Orcus is not been for an accident, he had generally by the poets taken for been falling down there to this Pluto, as Ades for any dark place. hour: nay it was so deep as to be These terms are of a very vague illimitable, and where highth is loft. fignification, and employ'd by the Surely then the abyss, confider'd all ancient poets accordingly. Milton together, was nethermost in respect has personiz'd them, and put them of Hell, below which it was fo in the court of Chaos. endlesly extended; and therefore

Richardfon. 964. — and

Might in that noise reside, of whom to ask
Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies
Bord’ring on light; when strait behold the throne
Of Chaos, and his dark pavilion spread 960
Wide on the wasteful deep; with him enthron'd
Sat fable-vested Night, eldest of things,

The consort of his reign; and by them stood
Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name

Of 061, and the dreaded name At whose dread name the tremb

of Demogorgon;] There was a ling furies quake, notion among the Ancients of a Hell stands abash'd, and earth's certain deity, whose very name foundations fhake? they supposed capable of pro. Who views the Gorgons with inducing the most terrible effects,

trepid eyes, and which they therefore dreaded And your inviolable flood defies ? to pronounce. This deity is men

Rowe. tion'd as of great power in incantations. Thus Ericho is introduced And likewise Tiresias by Statius, threatning the infernal Powers for Thebaid. IV. em. being too low in their obedience by Lucan, Phar. VI. 744.

Scimus enim et quicquid dici nof

cique timetis, - Paretis ? an ille

Et turbare Hecaten, nî te, ThymCompellandus erit, quo nunquam,

bræe, vererer, terra vocato

Et triplicis mundi summum quem Non concuffa tremit, qui Gorgona

scire nefaftum eft, cernit apertam,

Illum sed taceo. Verberibusque suis trepidam caftigat Erinnym,

And Ismen threatens in the same Indespecta tenet vobis qui Tar- ftrain in Tasso, Cant. 13. St. 10.

tara; cujus Vos eftis superi; Stygias qui peje. Per lungo disufar già non fi scorrat undas ?

da, &c. Yet, am I yet, ye sullen fiends, I have not yet forgot for want obey'd ?

of use, Or must I call your master to my What dreadful terms belong this · aid

sacred feat,


Of Demogorgon; Rumor next and Chance, 965
And Tumult and Confusion all embroil'd,
And Discord with a thousand various mouths.


My tongue (if ftill your stubborn and takes notice also of the dread. hearts refuse)

ful effects of his name, B. 1. Cant. I. That so much dreaded name can St. 37. well repeat,

A bold bad man, that dar'd to call Which heard great Dis cannot

by name himself excuse,

Great Gorgon, prince of darkness But hither run from his eternal

and dead night, feat. Fairfax.

At which Cocytus quakes, and Styx The name of this deity is Demo- is put to flight. gerçon, which some think à cor- Well therefore might Milton diruption of Demiurgus ; others ima- ftinguish him by the dreaded Ess gin him to be so call’d, as being

eing of Demogorgon: and the name of

of able to look upon the Gorgon, Demogorgon is as much as to lay that turned all other spectators to Demogorgon himself, as in Virgu ftone, and to this Lucan seems to Æn. VI. 763. Albanum nomen is a allude, when he says .. . man of Alba, Æn. XII. 515. Ne - qui Gorgona cernit apertam. men Echionium, id eft Thebanum,

is a Theban; and we have a me. Spenser too mentions this infernal morable instance of this way of deity, Fairy Queen, B: 1. Cant. 5. Speaking in Rev. XI. 13. And ja St. 22.

in the earthquake were slain opouat: Which wast begot in Demogorgon's av@pwa w names of men seven tbes. hall,

fand, that is seven thousand men. And saw'st the secrets of the world And besides these authorities to unmade:

justify our author, let me farther

add what the learned Mr. Jortin and places him likewise in the hath

in the hath suggested, that this name " is immense abyss with Chaos, B.4. “ to be found in Lactantius, the Cant. 2. St. 47

“ Scholiast of Statius on Thebaid. Down in the bottom of the deep “ IV. 516. Dicit Deum Demoabyss,

“ gorgona summum. It is allo Where Demogorgon in dull dark- “ to be found in Hyginus, paz. II. ness pent,

“ Edit. Hamburg. Ca. 1674. Ex Far from the view of Gods and “ Demogorgone et Terra Pythos, Heaven's bliss,

“ draco divinus, if the place be The hideous Chaos keeps, their “ not corrupted. See Muncker dreadful dwelling is : . “there.” And Mr, Thyer joiti


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