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Wide wasting ; such destruction to withstand
Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt,
his sword in the case of the High more for the ensuing combat bePriest's servant. Warburton. tween Michael and Satan. It is
255. Of tenfold adamant, ] In the practice likewise of Homer other poets the Angels are armed and Virgil, to make their heroes in adamant, and in Tallo there is discourse before they fight; it renparticular mention of an adaman- ders the action more solemn, and tin shield, Cant. 7. St. 82. Scudo di more engages the reader's attenlucidissimo diamante : But Milton's tion. is stronger, of tenfold adamant. 275. Hence then, and evil go with
262. Author of evil, &c.] These " thee along, speeches give breath as it were to Thy ofspring, to the place of evil, the reader after the hurry of the Hell, general battel; and prepare his Thou and thy wicked crew; tberi mind, and raise his expectation the mingle broils,] Imitated from
Misery, uncreated till the crime
So spake the prince of Angels; to whom thus
Taffo, where Michael in like man- The realms of death, of torments,
Your battels fight, and there your Itene maledetti al vostro regno, triumphs make. Fairfax. Regno di pene, e di perpetua 282. The Adversary.] Not as any morte :
..enemy in fight may be call’d, but E siano in quegli a voi douuti
in a sense peculiar to him, Satan chiostri
being his name, and Satan in He. Le vostre guerre, et i trionfi voftri.
brew fignifying the adversary. Go hence you curft to your ap. 282. — Nor think thou &c.] pointed lands, Hom. Iliad. XX. 200.
Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds
The strife which thou call'st evil, but we stile
They ended parle, and both address’d for fight Unspeakable; for who, though with the tongue
Luard, un antic 80019, ver. 262 ? where Satan is called νηπυτιον ώς,
the author of evil, of evil display'd Ελπεο δειδιξεθαι'
in acts of hateful ftrife: and so in 289. The frife which thou calli
A ver. 275. evil go with thee along
Je &c. I think that bateful would evil,] The author gave it
have been a more accurate expresThe strife which thou call'it fion, but evil is juftifiable. Pearce. bateful.
298. - can relate, &c.] The This appears from Michael's words accusative case after the verbs rs. above, ver. 264.
late and liken is fight before menThese acts of hateful Arife, hate
tion'd, and here understood. For
who though with the tongue of Angels ful to all. Bentley.
can relate that fight or to what cor. But why may not this evil relate to Spicuous things on earth can liken it,
Of Angels, can relate, or to what things
fo conspicuous as to lift human ima- limity of this description. Those gination &c. A general battel is a are the combats of Men, but this scene of too much confusion, and of Angels; and this so far surtherefore the poets relieve them- passes them, that one would think selves and their readers by draw. that an Angel indeed had related it. ing now and then a single combat 306. – while expe£tation flood between some of their principal In horror ; ) Expectation is perheroes, as between Paris and Me. sonify'd in the like sublime manner nelaus, Hector and Ajax, Hector in Shakespear, Hen. V. Act II. and Achilles in the Iliad, and be.
For now fits expectation in the air. tween Turnus and Pallas, Æneas and Mezentius, Turnus and Æneas 311. - if nature's concord broke, in the Æneid: and very fine they Among the constellations war were are, but fall very short of the sub Sprung, ] The context shows
Two planets rushing from afpéct malign Of fiercest opposition in mid sky
314 Should combat, and their jarring spheres confound. Together both with next to’ almighty arm Up-lifted imminent, one stroke they aim'd That might determin, and not need repeat, As not of pow'r at once; nor odds appear’d
In (fays Dr. Bentley) that Milton gave with his asual judgment. Æn. VIII. it warfare instead of war were. I 691. suppose the Doctor to mean, that -pelago credas innare revalfas in the common reading there is Cycladas, aut montes concurrere wanting a copulative particle be. '
montibus altos. tween the 312th and 313th verses. Now how does the Doctor's akera
But (as Mr. Thyer observes) he has tion mend the matter? Broke and
i lessen'd the grandeur and sublimity
of this fimile by tarnishing it with Sprung (he says) are both participles of the ablative case. Sup."
the idle superstitious notion of the pose them so; will there not be ma
malignancy of planets in a partiwanting in the Doctor's reading a car
cular aspect or oppofition, as the copulative particle between the Juan
judicial astrologers term it. 311th and 312th verses, to connect broke and sprung? So that they
mighty arm fault of Milton (if it be a fault) is a
Uplifted imminent,] So I conceive not remov'd from the poem by the
ho the passage should be pointed with Doctor, but only shifted to another
the comma after imagineat, and not verse. We had better keep then
after arm, that the words uplifted
imminent may be join'd in constructhe old reading, and allow the poet the liberty of dropping the copu
tion with erm, rather than with lative before the words Two planets, :
w stroke or they following. The arm on account of that fire of imagina
"was quite lifted up, and hanging tion which was kindled, and the
over just ready to fall. One thinks highth of that noble fury with
one fees it hanging almoft like the
fone in Virgil, Æn. VI. 602. which he was poffefs’d. Pearte. ...313. Iwo planets &c.] Milton Quos super atra filex jam jam lapseems to have taken the hint of fura cadentique this fimile from that of Virgil, but Imminet affimilis. varied and applied to his subject 321. - from the armoury of God