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pageants for the court, but retired, with apparent retirement from London; but at times he fremortification, before the ascendant favour of quented the city, and had the honour of ranking Jonson*.

Shakspeare and Selden among his friends. In While composing his dramas he lived in Old his old age he turned husbandman, and closed street, St. Luke's, which was at that time thought his days at a farm in Somersetshire.

RICHARD THE SECOND, THE MORNING BEFORE HIS MURDER IN POMFRET CASTLE,

DANIEL'S CIVIL WARS, ST. 62, 69.

WHETHER the soul receives intelligence,
By her near genius, of the body's end,
And so imparts a sadness to the sense,
Foregoing ruin, whereto it doth tend;
Or whether nature else hath conference
With profound sleep, and so doth warning send,
By prophetizing dreams, what hurt is near,
And gives the heavy careful heart to fear :-

However, so it is, the now sad king,
Toss'd here and there his quiet to confound,
Feels a strange weight of sorrows gathering
Upon his trembling heart, and sees no ground;
Feels sudden terror bring cold shivering ;
Lists not to eat, still muses, sleeps unsound;
His senses droop, his steady eyes unquick,
And much he ails, and yet he is not sick.
The morning of that day which was his last,
After a weary rest, rising to pain,
Out at a little grate his eyes he cast
Upon those bordering hills and open plain,

Where others' liberty makes him complain
The more his own, and grieves his soul the more,
Conferring captive crowns with freedom poor.
O happy man, saith he, that lo I see,
Grazing his cattle in those pleasant fields,
If he but knew his good. How blessed he
That feels not what affliction greatness yields !
Other than what he is he would not be,
Nor change his state with him that sceptre wields.
Thine, thine is that true life : that is to live,
To rest secure, and not rise up to grieve.
Thou sitt'st at home safe by thy quiet fire,
And hear'st of others' harms, but fearest none :
And there thou tell'st of kings, and who aspire,
Who fall, who rise, who triumph, who do moan.
Perhaps thou talk'st of me, and dost enquire
Of my restraint, why here I live alone,
And pitiest this my miserable fall ;
For pity must have part—envy not all.
Thrice happy you that look as from the shore,
And have no venture in the wreck you see ;
No interest, no occasion to deplore
Other men's travels, while yourselves sit free.
How much doth your sweet rest make us the more
To see our misery and what we be:
Whose blinded greatness, ever in turmoil,
Still seeking happy life, makes life a toil.

* The latest editor of Jonson affirms the whole conduct of that great poet towards Daniel to have been perfectly honourable. Some small exception to this must be made, when we turn to the derision of Daniel's verses, which is pointed out by the editor himself, in Cynthia's Revels. This was unworthy of Jonson, as the verses of Daniel at which he sneers are not contemptible, and as Daniel was confessedlyan amiable man, who died“ beloved, honoured, and lamented."-E.

GILES AND PHINEAS FLETCHER.

(Giles Fletcher died, 1623.)

The affinity and genius of these two poets Giles as the elder son of this Dr. Fletcher, evinaturally associate their names. They were the dently by mistake, as Giles, in his poetry, speaks cousins of Fletcher the dramatist, and the sons of his own “green muse hiding her younger of a Doctor Giles Fletcher, who, among several head,” with reference to his senior brother. Giles important missions in the reign of Queen Eliza was bred at Cambridge, and died at his living of beth, negotiated a commercial treaty with Russia Alderston, in Suffolk, in 1623. Phineas was greatly to the advantage of England, in spite of educated at the same university, and wrote an many obstacles that were presented by a capri- | account of its founders and learned men. cious czar and a barbarous court. His remarks was also a clergyman, and held the living of on Russia were suppressed on their first appear- Hilgay in Norfolk, for twenty-nine years. They ance, but were afterwards republished in 1643, were both the disciples of Spenser, and, with his and incorporated with Hakluyt's Voyages. diction gently modernised, retained much of his

Mr. A. Chalmers, in his British Poets, mentions melody and luxuriant expression. Giles, inferior

He

as he is to Spenser and Milton, might be figured, Long at the gate the thoughtful Intellect

Stay'd with his fearful queen and daughter fair; in his happiest moments, as a link of connexion

But when the knights were past their dim aspect, in our poetry between those congenial spirits, for

They follow them with vows and many a prayer. he reminds us of both, and evidently gave hints At last they climb up to the castle's height, to the latter in a poem on the same subject with

From which they view'd the deeds of every knight, Paradise Regained.

And mark'd the doubtful end of this intestine fight. Giles's “Temptation and Victory of Christ” As when a youth bound for the Belgic war, has a tone of enthusiasm peculiarly solemn.

Takes leave of friends upon the Kentish shore,

Now are they parted ; and he sail'd so far, Phineas, with a livelier fancy, had a worse taste.

They see not now, and now are seen no more ; He lavished on a bad subject the graces and in Yet, far off, viewing the white trembling sails, genuity that would have made a fine poem on a

The tender mother soon plucks off her vails, good design. Through five cantos of his “Purple And, shaking them aloft, unto her son she hails. Island," he tries to sweeten the language of But the conclusion of the Purple Island sinks anatomy by the flowers of poetry, and to support into such absurdity and adulation, that we could the wings of allegory by bodily instead of spiritual gladly wish the poet back again to allegorising phenomena. Unfortunately in the remaining the bladder and kidneys. In a contest about the cantos he only quits the dissecting-table to launch eternal salvation of the human soul, the event into the subtlety of the schools, and describes is decided by King James the First (at that time Intellect, the Prince of the Isle of Man, with his a sinner upon earth) descending from heaven eight counsellors, Fancy, Memory, the Common with his treatise on the Revelation under his Sense, and the five external Senses, as holding arm, in the form of an angel, and preceding the out in the Human Fortress against the Evil Powers Omnipotent, who puts the forces of the dragon that besiege it. Here he strongly resembles the to the rout. old Scottish poet Gawain Douglas, in his poem of These incongruous conceptions are clothed in King Heart. But he outstrips all allegorists in harmony,and interspersed with beautiful thoughts: conceit, when he exhibits Voletta, or the Will, / but natural sentiments and agreeable imagery the wife of Intellect, propped in her fainting-fits will not incorporate with the shapeless features by Repentance, who administers restorative

of such a design ; they stand apart from it like waters to the Queen, made with lip's confession things of a different element, and, when they and with “pickled sighs,” stilled in the alembic

occur, only expose its deformity. On the conof a broken spirit. At the approach of the com trary, in the brother's poem of Christ's Triumph, bat between the good and evil powers, the interest its main effect, though somewhat sombrous, is of the narration is somewhat quickened, and the not marred by such repulsive contrasts ; its parting of the sovereign and the queen, with their beauties, therefore, all tell in relieving tedium, champions, is not unfeelingly portrayed.

and reconciling us to defects.

MERCY DWELLING IN HEAVEN AND PLEADING FOR THE GUILTY, WITH JUSTICE

DESCRIBED BY HER QUALITIES.

FROM GILES FLETCHER'S " CHRIST'S VICTORY IN HRAVEN **

No riot of affection revel kept
Within her breast, but a still apathy
Possessed all her soul, which softly slept
Securely without tempest ; no sad cry
Awakes her pity, but wrong'd Poverty,
Sending his eyes to heav'n swimming in tears,
With hideous clamours ever struck her ears,
Whetting the blazing sword that in her hand she

bears.

But Justice had no sooner Mercy seen
Smoothing the wrinkles of her father's brow,
But up she starts, and throws herself between :
As when a vapour from a moory slough,
Meeting with fresh Eöus, that but now

Opend the world, which all in darkness lay,
| Doth heaven's bright face of his rays disarray,
And sads the smiling orient of the springing

day.
She was a virgin of austere regard :
. Not as the world esteems her, deaf and blind ;

But as the eagle, that hath oft compared
Hereye with heaven's,so, and more brightly shined
Her lamping sight: for she the same could wind
Into the solid heart, and, with her ears,
The silence of the thought loud speaking hears,

And in one hand a pair of even scales she wears. 1

The winged lightning is her Mercury,
And round about her mighty thunders sound :
Impatient of himself lies pining by
Pale Sickness, with his kercher'd head upwound,
And thousand noisome plagues attend her round.
But if her cloudy brow but once grow foul,
The Aints do melt, and rocks to water roll,
And airy mountains shake, and frighted shadows

howl.

Famine, and bloodless Care, and bloody War;
Want, and the want of knowledge how to use
Abundance ; Age, and Fear, that runs afar
Before his fellow Grief, that aye pursues
His winged steps ; for who would not refuse
Grief's company, a dull and raw-boned spright,
That lanks the cheeks, and pales the freshest sight,
Unbosoming the cheerful breast of all delight ?

Yet strange it was so many stars to see,
Without a sun to give their tapers light:
Yet strange it was not that it so should be ;
For, where the sun centres himself by right,
Her face and locks did flame, that at the sight
The heavenly veil, that else should nimbly move,
Forgot his flight, and all incensed with love,
With wonder, and amazement, did her beauty prove.
Over her hung a canopy of state,
Not of rich tissue, nor of spangled gold,
But of a substance, though not animate,
Yet of a heavenly and spiritual mould,
That only eyes of spirits might behold :
Such light as from main rocks of diamond,
Shooting their sparks at Phæbus, would rebound,
And little angels, holding hands, danced all around.

JUSTICE ADDRESSING THE CREATOR.

Upon two stony tables, spread before her,
She leant her bosom, more than stony hard ;
There slept th' impartial judge and strict restorer
Of wrong or right, with pain or with reward ;
There hung the score of all our debts—the card
Where good, and bad, and life, and death, were

painted : Was never heart of mortal so untainted, But, when that scroll was read, with thousand

terrors fainted.

THE PALACE OF PRESUMPTION.

Witness the thunder that Mount Sinai heard,
When all the hill with fiery clouds did Hame,
And wand'ring Israel, with the sight afear'd,
Blinded with seeing, durst not touch the same,
But like a wood of shaking leaves became.
On this dead Justice, she, the living law,
Bowing herself with a majestic awe, [draw.
All heaven, to hear her speech, did into silence

Here did Presumption her pavilion spread
Over the temple, the bright stars among,
(Ah that her foot should trample on the head
Of that most reverend place !) and a lewd throng
Of wanton boys sung her a pleasant song
Of love, long life, of mercy, and of grace,
And every one her dearly did embrace,
And she herself enamour'd was of her own face.

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High in the airy element there hung
Another cloudy sea, that did disdain,
As though his purer waves from heaven sprung,
To crawl on earth, as doth the sluggish main !
But it the earth would water with his rain,
That ebb'd and flow'd as wind and season would ;
And oft the sun would cleave the limber mould
To alabaster rocks, that in the liquid roll’d.
Beneath those sunny banks a darker cloud,
Dropping with thicker dew, did melt apace,
And bent itself into a hollow shroud,
On which, if Mercy did but cast her face,
A thousand colours did the bow enchase,
That wonder was to see the silk distain'd
With the resplendence from her beauty gain'd,
And Iris paint herlocks with beams so lively feign’d.
About her head a cypress heav'n she wore,
Spread like a veil upheld with silver wire,
In which the stars so burnt in golden ore,
As seem'd the azure web was all on fire :
But hastily, to quench their sparkling ire,
A flood of milk came rolling up the shore,
That on his curded wave swift Argus wore,
And the immortal swan, that did her life deplore.

A painted face, belied with vermeil store,
Which light Euëlpis every day did trim,
That in one hand a gilded anchor wore,
Not fixed on the rock, but on the brim
Of the wide air, she let it loosely swim !
Her other hand a sprinkle carried,
And ever when her lady wavered,
Court-holy water all upon her sprinkled.
Her tent with sunny clouds was ciel'd aloft,
And so exceeding shone with a false light,
That Heav'n itself to her it seemed oft,
Heaven without clouds to her deluded sight ;
But clouds withouten Heaven it was aright :
And as her house was built so did her brain
Build castles in the air, with idle pain,
But heart she never had in all her body vain.
Like as a ship, in which no balance lies,
Without a pilot on the sleeping waves,
Fairly along with wind and water flies,
And painted masts with silken sails embraves,
That Neptune's self the bragging vessel saves,
To laugh awhile at her so proud array ;
Her waving streamers loosely she lets play,
And flagging colours shine as bright as smiling day.
But all so soon as Heav'n his brows doth bend,
She veils her banners, and pulls in her beams,
The empty bark the raging billows send
Up to the Olympic waves, and Argus seems
Again to ride upon our lower streams :
Right so Presumption did herself behave,
Tossed about with every stormy wave,
And in white lawnshe went, most like an angel brave.

All suddenly the hill his snow devours,

And all about, embayed in soft sleep, In lieu whereof a goodly garden grew,

A herd of charmed beasts aground were spread, As if the snow had melted into flow'rs,

Which the fair witch in golden chains did keep, Which their sweet breath in subtle vapours threw, And them in willing bondage fettered : That all about perfumed spirits flew.

Once men they lived, but now the men were dead, For whatsoever might aggrate the sense,

And turn'd to beasts, so fabled Homer old, In all the world, or please the appetence,

That Circe with her potion, charm'd in geld, Here it was poured out in lavish affluence. Used manly souls in beastly bodies to immould.

CANTO VII.

The garden like a lady fair was cut,
That lay as if she slumber'd in delight,

FROM PHINEAS FLETCHER'S PURPLE ISLAND,
And to the open skies her eyes did shut ;
The azure fields of Heav'n were 'sembled right

INSTABILITY OF HUMAN GREATNESS, In a large round, set with the flow’rs of light :

FOND
man,

that looks on earth for happiness, The flowers-de-luce, and the round sparks of dew

And here long seeks what here is never found ! That hung upon their azure leaves, did shew

For all our good we hold from Heav'n by lease, Like twinkling stars, that sparkle in the evening

With many forfeits and conditions bound; blue.

Nor can we pay the fine and rentage due :

Though now but writ and seal’d, and giv'n anew, Upon a hilly bank her head she cast,

Yet daily we it break, then daily must renew. On which the bower of Vain-delight was built. | White and red roses for her face were placed, Why should'st thou here look for perpetual good, And for her tresses marigolds were spilt ;

At every loss against Heav'n's face repining? Them broadly she display'd, like flaming gilt,

Do but behold where glorious cities stood, Till in the ocean the glad day were drown's :

With gilded tops, and silver turrets shining ; Then up again her yellow locks she wound,

Where now the hart fearless of greyhound feeds, And with green fillets in their pretty cauls them

And loving pelican in safety breeds ; bound.

Where screeching satyrs fill the people's empty

(steads. Over the edge depends the graping elm,

Where is the Assyrian lion's golden hide, Whose greener head, empurpuled in wine, That all the east once grasp'd in lordly paw ? Seemed to wonder at his bloody helm,

Where that great Persian bear, whose swelling pride l' And half suspect the bunches of the vine,

The lion's self tore out with ravenous jaw? Lest they, perhaps, his wit should undermine, Or he which, 'twixt a lion and a pard, | For well he knew such fruit he never bore :

Through all the world with nimble pinions fared, But her weak arms embraced him the more, And to his greedy whelps his conquer'd kingdoms And her with ruby grapes laugh’d at her paramour.

[shared ? Hardly the place of such antiquity,

Or note of these great monarchies we find : t'nder the shadow of these drunken elms

Only a fading verbal memory,
A fountain rose,

An empty name in writ is left behind :
But when this second life and glory fades,

And sinks at length in time's obscurer shades,
The font of silver was, and so his showers A second fall succeeds, and double death invades.
In silver fell, only the gilded bowls,
(Like to a furnace, that the min’ral powers)

That monstrous Beast, which nursed in Tiber's fen,

Did all the world with hideous shape affray ; Seem'a to have molt it in their shining holes :

That fill'd with costly spoil his gaping den,
And on the water, like to burning coals,
On liquid silver leaves of roses lay :

And trode down all the rest to dust and clay : But when Panglory here did list to play,

His battering horns pullid out by civil hands, Rose-water then it ran, and milk it rain'd they say.

And iron teeth lie scatter'd on the sands ;
Back’d, bridled by a monk, with seven heads yoked

stands.
The roof thick clouds did paint, from which three
boys

And that black Vulture“, which with deathful wing Three gaping mermaids with their ewers did feed, O'ershadows half the earth, whose dismal sight Whose breasts let fall the streams, with sleepy Frightend the Muses from their native spring, noise,

Already stoops, and flags with weary flight: To lions' mouths, from whence it leapt with speed, Who then shall look for happiness beneath ? And in the rosy laver seem'd to bleed ;

Where each new day proclaims chance, change, The naked boys unto the waters fall,

and death, Their stony nightingales had taught to call, And life itself 's as flit as is the air we breathe. When zephyrs breathed into their wat’ry interail.

& The Turk.

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Born, according to Mr. Ellis's conjecture, | long obliged to live in a state of banishment. He about 1568, was a noted sonneteer of his time. returned to England, however, about the beginDr. Birch, in his Memoirs of Queen Elizabeth, ning of James's reign. The time of his death is supposes that he was the same Henry Constable, unknown. who, for his zeal in the Catholic religion, was

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MR. Ellis conjectures that this writer was roll of his indifferent works which are enumerated born in 1555, and died in 1624. He is supposed in the Biographia Poetica, the Censura Literaria by Mr. Ritson to be the same Capt. Nich. Breton, imputes to him a novel of singular absurdity, in whose monument is still in the church of Norton, which the miseries of the heroine of the story are in which parish his family were lords of the manor consummated by having her nose bit off by an till within these few years. His happiest vein is aged and angry rival of her husband. in little pastoral pieces. In addition to the long

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