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ACT of the British Parliament, “to repeal the Twenty-seventh
Section of the Superannuation Act, 1834."
[20 & 21 Vict. cap. 37.]
[August 17, 1857.) WHEREAS an Act was passed in the 4th and 5th years of the reign of His late Majesty [cap. 24],* intituled “ An Act to alter, amend, and consolidate the Laws for regulating the Pensions, Conpensations, and Allowances to be made to Persons in respect of their having held Civil Offices in His Majesty's Service :" and whereas it is expedient to enforce the provisions of the said Act so far as relates to the abatement to be made under the 27th section of the said recited Act from the salaries of those civil servants of the Crown who have taken office since the 4th day of August, 1829: be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
I. The said 27th section of the said recited Act shall be and the same is hereby repealed from and after the 30th day of June, 1857.
ACT of the British Parliament, "to confirm an Order in Council
concerning the Exercise of Jurisdiction in Matters arising within the Kingdom of Siam.”
[20 & 21 Vict. cap. 75.]
[August 25, 1857.] WHEREAS by an Act passed in the session holden in the 6th and 7th years of Her Majesty, chapter 947, "to remove doubts as to the exercise of power and jurisdiction by Her Majesty within divers countries and places out of Her Majesty's dominions, and to render the same more effectual,” it was enacted that it should be lawful for Her Majesty to hold, exercise, and enjoy any power or jurisdiction which Her Majesty then had or might at any time thereafter have within any country or place out of Her Majesty's dominions, in the same and as ample a manner as if Her Majesty had acquired such power or jurisdiction by the cession or conquest of territory: And whereas, to make provision for the due exercise of the jurisdiction possessed by Her Majesty in the dominions of the Kings of Siam, Her Majesty, by an Order in Council, dated the 28th day of July, 1856,4 and expressed to be made in pursuance of the above-recited
* Vol. XXIII. Page 1217. + Vol. XXXI. Page 984. # Vol. XLVI. Page 546.
Aet, vested certain powers and authorities in Her Majesty's Consul appointed to reside in the Kingdom of Siam for the peace, order, and good government of Her Majesty's subjects being within the domi. niods of the Kings of Siam, and particularly authority to hear and determine any suits of a civil nature arising in those dominions between a British subject and a subject of the Kings of Siam or a subject or citizen of a foreign State in amity with Her Majesty, or between British subjects, subject to an appeal, expressed to be given by the said Order, to the Supreme Court in Her Majesty's possession of Singapore, and also authority to try British subjects charged with having committed crimes or offences within the dominions of the Kings of Siam, and power also to cause any British subject charged with the commission of any crime or offence, the cognizance whereof might appertain to such Consul, to be sent to Her Majesty's possession of Singapore for trial before the Supreme Court of the said possession ; and in the said Order in Council are contained provisions in relation to the trial by the said Supreme Court of the British subjects so sent for trial, and also for the exercise by the said Supreme Court, concurrently with Her Majesty's Consul in Siam, of authority and jurisdiction in regard to all suits of a civil nature between British subjects arising within the dominions of the Kings of Siam: And whereas doubts have arisen whether all the jurisdietion intended to be vested by the said Order in Council in the Supreme Court of Singapore can be effectually vested in the said Court without the authority of Parliament, and it is expedient that the said Order should be confirmed as hereinafter mentioned : Be it enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
I. The said Order in Council is hereby confirmed, and shall have the same force and effect as if every Article and provision therein had been enacted by the authority of Parliament: Provided always, that it shall and may be lawful for Her Majesty, by Order in Council
, at any time hereafter to amend, alter, or vary the said Order in Council, and from time to time by any fresh Order or Orders in Council to make such other rules and regulations touching the administration of justice by the said Supreme Court at Singapore, under the said recited Order, as to Her Majesty in Council
shall seem right.
MESSAGE of the President of Liberia, on the Opening of the
Legislature.--Monrovia, December 3, 1856.
GENTLEMEN OF THE SENATE AND
Government House, Monrovia, December 3, 1856. The period having arrived at which the law of the Republic makes it my duty to meet you, it affords me great pleasure to do so, for the purpose of making representation to your honourable department, of the foreign and domestic affairs of this Republic, as also of recommending such public measures, as I have deemed expedient under existing circumstances.
We have great cause to feel profoundly grateful to the Father of all our mercies for his preserving care and direction of us and our public affairs through the course of another year, which has been marked by difficulties and dangers of no ordinary nature.
The ushering in of my administrative term was a juncture fraught with many disadvantages and discouragements. About six weeks previously, at a time when this Government, and especially that country, were illy prepared for such an event, a most distressing civil war had broken out between the Americo-Liberians of Sinoe County, and the aboriginal tribes, known as the Grand and Little Butaw, the Sinoe and the Blue Barree tribes inhabiting said county ; which, for some time, threatened the extinction of our settlements in that section of this Republic. Three of the interior settlements had been abandoned, and two others, partly destroyed by the flames of the enemy, were but feebly occupied as outer stations. The crops were nearly all destroyed; all inland communication, and consequently such supplies as the country usually afforded, were cut off ; thus suddenly rendering four-fifths of the Americo-Liberians in that interesting county entirely dependent on charity for food and raiment, at a time when foreign and domestic provisions were more than 50 per cent. higher than usual ; so that the extinction of the settlements in that interesting county by war and its concomitants seemed inevitable, and was pretty generally apprehended.
But we have great cause to feel grateful that Divine Providence has mercifully dispelled during the year most of the clouds that presented such a portentous aspect, and has measurably caused a genial and encouraging sunshine of security, prosperity, independence and contentedness to ensue.
The military campaign authorized and requested by you at the last session to be put on foot for the purpose of chastising the aggressive tribes of Sinoe county, and for the protection of our settlements there, has been faithfully and effectually prosecuted under the able command of General John N. Lewis. The 1st Regiment (Colonel Payne) sailed from this port on the 26th of January, and the 2nd Regiment (Colonel J. D. Washington), from Grand Bassa, on the 24th of the same month, for Sinoe, where they were joined by the 3rd Regiment (Colonel S. Dickerson), and took up the line of march on the 31st, to operate against the Grand and Little Butaw, the Sinoe and Blue Barree tribes, and by the 23rd of February, had inflicted such a chastisement as was necessary to carry out the object contemplated by the Act; and on the 26th February embarked for home, having sustained very little numerical loss. In the prosecution of that campaign (which, properly speaking, was but the suppression of an insurrection of heathens) the policy was to adhere as closely as possible to that humane principle in international law which enjoins, “to the enemy as little harm and as much good in time of war as may, under existing circumstances, accord with a sound discretion."
Considering, Gentlemen, the relation we sustain to aboriginal Liberia, our great duties, responsibilities, and brilliant hopes with respect to their future social, political, and religious welfare, it was generally regretted that measures so revolting to our feelings had to be resorted to for our own as well as their safety and benefit.
The great pressure of business consequent upon the incipiency of my administrative term, prevented my revisiting Sinoe after the return of the troops, until the 11th of June, when I was happy to find that Judge Murray, associated with Commissioners, had, on the 9th, two days previously, concluded a satisfactory peace in Greenville with the Grand and Little Butaw tribes; and during my stay there I succeeded on terms mutually satisfactory, in negotiating peace with the Blue Barree and Sinoe Chiefs, who met me in the court house at Greenville for that purpose. Copies of the terms of peace will be duly laid before the Honourable the Senate, in which it will appear that reasonable indemnities were exacted of them ; reparations sufficiently stringent, when taken in connection with the chastisement they had already received, to cause them to reflect seriously in the future before perpetrating similar aggressions; and from their general expressions of regret, exhibitions of humility, and solemn promises of future good behaviour and loyalty, I cannot doubt, if a judicious course is observed by the Americo-Liberians, that that county will rest from war at least a score of years, if not perpetually. In order, however, to contribute to the perpetuation of peace, I advise that provision be made, so soon as our pecuniary circumstances will allow, for putting the settlements there, as well as elsewhere within the Republic, in a state of defence.
A great number of our fellow-citizens inhabiting that county have long since returned to their deserted villages and homes with new life and zeal, and are praiseworthily laying the foundation of a permanent prosperity and independence.
During my visit to Sinoe, I dispatched Captain Crayton, vid Butaw, with friendly assurances to Joe Wenh, an interior Chief, with whom for many years we have been on the most friendly terms; the obstruction of whose intercourse to our settlements by the Butaws, who had been waging war against him for several years for that purpose, has proven very retarding to the prosperity of our settlements for years ; and the interposition of this Government so as to establish free intercourse, contributed in a great measure to the assumption, by the Butaw tribes, of the late hostile attitude towards us. These friendly assurances were cordially reciprocated by Joe Weah and tribes contiguous, and a proposition was made by him, and an understanding had, that, as former obstructions were now removed, a good road be opened from our settlements to his town; in the prosecution of which he pledged the co-operation of his people. It is said by those who have visited it, to be a healthy, fertile, well watered and timbered country, furnishing an abundance of rice at all seasons, and with contiguous sections abounding with many valuable commodities.
I visited Grand Cape Mount early in May, for the purpose of regulating matters at Robertsport, as well as to bring about a cessation of hostilities among the seabord tribes of that country. I am happy to inform you that I succeeded in making peace between the two principal belligerents, George Cane and Far Forney ; and the long obstructed intercourse between them was re-opened and has not been obstructed since; both Chiefs have since died; the former last month, and the latter during the month of June.
The term of the enlistment of the volunteers to Robertsport having expired on the 1st of April, they had become discouraged by the impoverished state of the country induced by constant war, and their discouragement was augmented by their continued disappointment, in an accession by immigration; but I could not for a moment entertain the idea of an abandonment of that promising settlement, after so large an expenditure by Government for its establishment. I had, therefore, to assume the responsibility of continuing their rations for four months beyond the original term of enlistment-by which time I indulged the hope that the settlement would be strengthened by immigration—with the understanding that they remain there as permanent settlers. I also assured them, should circumstances require them to be called into actual service up there this year, I had no doubt that you would authorize their adequate compensation.
Though it is possible we may find it necessary at some future day to chastise some of the more interior tribes of that section of