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to the present time, inducing the Chiefs, as it naturally does, in order to supply the labour market on the coast, to bring slaves instead of natural productions from the interior.
I hope, in my intended cruize in the Mozambique, to be able to collect additional intelligence on the subjects suggested by the information which Mr. Sunley has given, and more particularly respecting labourers having been purchased at the Portuguese Settlements
I have, &c. The Secretary to the Admiralty.
H. D. TROTTER.
(Inclosure 1.)— Acting Commander Peyton to Commodore Trotter. SIR,
Frolic, off Quillimane, July 1, 1856. I HAVE the honour to report to you that, during the last halfyear, I have had no opportunity of collecting any information on the subject proposed in the Slave Trade Instructions, page 7, Article III.
I arrived here yesterday direct from the Cape of Good Hope, and, as yet, I have been unable to communicate with the shore.
I have, &c. Commodore Trotter.
L. W. PEYTON.
(Inclosure 2.)— Consul Sunley to Commodore Trotter.
Port Louis, November 14, 1856. From the information which I received from the officers in command of Her Majesty's ship Dart in March last, I was led to expect the arrival of Her Majesty's ship Castor at Johanna in the month of June or July, and I therefore deemed it unnecessary to address you upon subjects connected with the Slave Trade in the Comoro Islands, and I now make the following report for your information.
Occasionally vessels from Bourbon have been reported to me as having visited Comoro in search of labourers, but to my inquiries the Chief of the place where these vessels were said to have gone denied ever having sent any people away in them.
In the month of June last the French barque Aurélie, Captain Durand, arrived at Johanna from Comoro with about 120 negroes on board, which had been embarked at Maroni, the chief port of the Island, and under the rule of Sultan Amadi or Achmet.
The Aurélie had been despatched from Bourbon with a Government Agent on board to seek for labourers at the Comoro Islands, and not being able to complete her complement of persons at Comoro, she came to Johanna for the purpose of doing so. At Johanna about 80 persons were embarked, and the vessel sailed at the end of June for Bourbon.
On the 7th June, the French steamer Mascareignes called at Johanna from Oibo,* on her way to Bourbon, for the purpose of landing an agent of a bouse at Bourbon, who was charged with procuring a cargo of emigrants for a large vessel which was to arrive at Johanna in the course of the month.
The Mascareignes had 450 negroes, all of whom were shipped at Oibo.
The agent mentioned proposed to the Sultan of Johanna to send dhows to the coast for negroes, but on my representing to the Sultan that his doing so would be a violation of his Treaty with England be refused to do so.
The vessel expected arrived at Johanna in July, and after embarking 140 people sailed for Bourbon on the 27th August. While this vessel was still at Johanna, the French ship Paul Adrienne arrived there from Pondicherry, with a licence to seek labourers on the East Coast of Africa for Bourbon. She remained at Johanna three days and sailed for Oibo, where, as I have since learned, she embarked 300 and odd men, and landed them at Bourbon on or about the 7th October last.
The Ville de Metz, the vessel for which the agent landed at Johanna by the Mascareignes was to have prepared a cargo, would have gone to Oibo, but was only licensed by the Bourbon Government to seek emigrants at the Comoro Islands. It is singular that the Paul Adrienne should obtain permission from the Government of Pondicherry to carry labourers from the East Coast of Africa to Bourbon, when the Government of Bourbon had refused to grant such permission to the Aurélie, and to the Ville de Metz, both of which vessels were at Bourbon with the Paul Adrienne.
The visits of these vessels in search of labourers will have the effect of resuscitating the Slave Trade at Comoro Islands. The price paid by the Aurélie for the manumission of the slaves which she embarked was forty dollars, and a similar sum was also paid for those embarked on board of the Ville de Metz. The price paid on the coast by the Arabs is from eight to ten dollars for a good slave.
Captain Durand, of the Aurélie, told me that he was requested by the Chief to remain at Maroni six weeks longer, to afford time for dhows to be sent to the coast for negroes; but as the instructions from the Government of Bourbon expressly forbade him in any way encouraging the formation of a depôt at the Comoro Islands, he declined doing so. I have read these instructions, which are explicit, and clearly show a desire on the part of the French Government to discountenance the formation of depôts at the Comoro Islands. To my remonstrances against permitting the people of Johanna to dispose of their slaves to the Aurélie and to the Ville de Metz, the Sultan paid some attention, and promised not to permit any more
* Portuguese settlement.
hard that his peopte Comoro enjoyed, and thered to being done
slaves to be sent out of the Island, but he observed that it was very hard that his people should be deprived of advantages which the Johanna refugees at Comoro enjoyed, and that I ought to stop the people at Comoro, from doing what I objected to being done at Johanna.
It is very desirable that some check should be given to the intention which these people have of seeking slaves on the coast, for the purpose of selling them to French vessels from Bourbon, and I would suggest as the most effectual plan for doing so, that I should visit Maroni in one of Her Majesty's vessels, and insist upon the Sultan sending out of the island two Johanna men, Seid Hamza, and Seid Omer, unless they faithfully promise to discontinue sending dhows to the coast of Africa for slaves. These two persons are amongst the most influential of the Johanna refugees sent out of that island many years since for political reasons, and they have managed to possess themselves of the chief trade that exists at Maroni.
I have, &c. Commodore Trotter.
(CLASS B.)—LIST OF PAPERS.
AFRICA (BIGHT OF BENIN).
SUBJECT. Page Consular:
1856 13. Consul Campbell to the Earl of May 1 Kosoko's wish that his Clarendon.
annual stipend may be expended in articles of
ornament and utility.... 868 May 27 Practice of destroying
twin children and their parents in Lagos. Sug. gesting a supplemental Treaty with the King and Chiefs for its abo
lition 18. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul July 7 May pay Kosoko his alCampbell.
lowance in articles of
ornament and utility.... 870 21. „ .... July 15 To endeavour to nego
tiate a Treaty to stop
twins ............................ 871 22. Consul Campbell to the Earl of June 14 Reporting great improveClarendon..
ment that has taken
1856 26. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul Aug. 30 Satisfaction at improved Campbell,
state of the countries around Lagos. To make a communication to native Chiefs to the effect suggested in his de
spatch of June 14 ....... 879 Aug. 30 | Major Ord's communica
tion on behalf of the King of Dahomey. Conditions upon which the King's claim to an allowance will be consi
dered ........................ 873 33. Consul Campbell to the Earl of Aug. 30 | Transmitting letter from Clarendon.
Chiefs of Abbeokuta to
Her Majesty. ............ 873 AFRICA (BIGAT OF BIAFRA). Consular:
11856 61. Consul Hutchinson to the Earl of May 24 Explaining the two points Clarendon.
of Article II in the Treaty made at Old Town, Old Calabar, on
the 21st January last.... 876 65. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul | July 7 | Approving his sanctionHutchinson.
ing Additional Articles to Bonny Commercial
Treaties ...................... 877 .... | July 15 | His explanation respect
ing the two points in Article II of the Treaty with Old Calabar satis
factory ......................... 877 Aug. 13 Approving proceedings
in Old Calabar, and Treaty with the King
and Chiefs ................... ... Oct. 19 Respecting liberated Af
ricans settled at Duke
Town ........................ 877 89. Consul Hutchinson to the Earl of Sept. 24 Code of Bye-laws for reClarendon.
gulation of trade at Old
from the King ........... 879 103. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul Jan. 23 Code of Bye-laws negoHutchinson.
tiated with Chiefs of Brass River, and Treaty with King Kaya for abolition of Slave Trade .....................
I 1856 134. The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. June 6Supposed intention of Jerningham.
contractors for San Francisco Railway to employ
slave labour .................. 885 ... June 19 Respecting runaway
slaves taking refuge on
Date. I SUBJECT.
nister of Justice touch-
Matthew's .................... 886 163. „ „ .... | Aug. 7 | Instructions concerning
slaves taking refuge on
hos respecting Serin-
.... 889 199. Mr. Scarlett to the Earl of Dec. 11 Acquittal of all concern. Clarendon.
ed in Serinhaem affair
by Court of Relação.
1857 | Dismissal of Judges .... 895 203. The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Jan. 26 Satisfaction of Her MaScarlett.
jesty's Government at
of Relação ............. 209. Mr. Scarlett to the Earl of Jan. 12 Colonel Drummond has Clarendon.
again been prosecuted
Serinhaem affair ........... 897 211. The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Feb. 25 To press Brazilian GoScarlett.
vernment to conclude a
Slave Trade................ 897 215.
.... Feb. 28 Transmitting despatches
from Consul Cowper respecting prosecution of Colonel Drummond .... 898
BRAZIL (Bahia). Consular :
of a company for insu-
BRAZIL (PARA). Consular:
1856 255. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul July 8 | The case of Mr. A. DickVines.
l son's three slaves ....... 899
BRAZIL (PERNAMBUCO). Consular:
1856 274. Consul Cowper to the Earl of Oct. 17 Remarks upon coasting Clarendon.
| Slave Trade of Brazil 899 276. The Earl of Clarendon to Consul | Nov. 21 | Approving his discouraCowper.
ging coasting Slave
Trade ....... ........ 901 280. Consul Cowper to the Earl of Nov. 18 Recapitulation of SerinClarendon.
haem affair ................... 901 „ ... Dec. 22 Proposing a Mixed Com
mission for inquiring