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THE

EDINBURGH GAZETTEER,

OR

GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY:

CONTAINING A DESCRIPTION OF THE

VARIOUS COUNTRIES, KINGDOMS, STATES, CITIES, TOWNS, MOUNTAINS, &c.

оғ тие

WORLD;

AN ACCOUNT OF THE

GOVERNMENT, CUSTOMS, AND RELIGION, OF THE INHABITANTS ; THE BOUNDARIES AND
NATURAL PRODUCTIONS OF EACH COUNTRY,

&c. &c.

FORMING A COMPLETE BODY OF

GEOGRAPHY,
PHYSICAL, POLITICAL, STATISTICAL, AND COMMERCLAL.

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EDINBURGHSRAR:
PRINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND CO. EDINBURGH;

LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

AND HURST, ROBINSON, AND CO. LONDON.

1822.

ID

GE

CALEDONIAN MERCURY PRESS,

EDINBURGH,

THE

EDINBURGH GAZETTEER,

OR

GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

P E B

PER Perta, a parish of Scotland, which com- southern front of these mountains, which prehends the town of Perth, and a fine dis- ruus from south-west to north-east, has iti trict of fertile country lying along the south many places a gradual and pleasing slope and west side of the Tay, 4 miles in length into a champaign country, of great extent and 3 in breadth.

and fertility; and notwithstanding the forPerth, one of the largest colinties of bidding aspect, at first sight, of the mouna Scotland, extending from east to west, be- tains themselves, covered as they are with tween Invergowrie and the top of Benloi, 7? heath and rugged rocks, they are intersectmiles in a straight line; and 68 from south ed in a thousand directions by winding valto north, betwixt the frith of Forth at Cul- lies, which are watered by rivers and brooks Toss, and the boundary of the east forest of of the most limpid water, clad with the Athol, at the source of the Tilt. It lies richest pastures, sheltered by thriving between 56. 4. and 56. 57. N. lat. and be- woods that fringe the lakes and run along tween 3. 4. and. 4. 50. W. long. ; and is the streams, and are accessible in most bounded on the east by the county of places by roads unquestionably the best in Fortar, on the south-east by the frith of Britain. These vallies, where there is such Tay and the counties of Kinross and a rich variety of natural beauty, form a Fife, on the south by the Forth and contrast to the ruggedness of the surroundthe counties of Clackmannan and Stir. ing mountains, and present to the eye the ling, on the south-west by Dumbarton- most romantic and sublime scenery. The shire, on the west by the county of Argyle, rivers in the deep defiles struggle to find a on the north-west by the county of Inver- passage, and they rush forward, roaring and ness, and on the north by a part of the same foaming in their rapid course, in proportion county, and that of Aberdeen. It compre- top, clue resistance which "yksey meet with ; hends the districts of Athol, Braidalbin, while the near approach of the opposite Monteath, Stratherne, Stormont, Balquhid- rocks and impending woods throws an addler, Gowrie, Rannoch, and Perth proper; ditional and gloomy suħiimity on the scene all which divisions, previous to the juris- beneath. In orlier. părțs, plains of various dietion act of 1748, were stewartries, and extent busst. suddenly, on the eye, which under the hereditary, jurisdiction of the are filles with viHages and well

cultivated great proprietors. Little attention is now farms. • * Chains of lakes, finely wooded peid to those divisions, and the country is down to the water edge, are connected by divided more naturally into Highland and meandering streams, stored with a variety Lowland, the Grampian mountains forming of fish. The hills are covered with snowy the line of demarcation. The Grampian flocks, and numerous herds are browsing on mountains, piled one upon another in huge the pastures below. The noblemen and masses, extend not only through this coun- gentlemen's houses are generally set down ly, but reach across the island, from the on the margin of a lake, or on gentle deneighbourhood of Aberdeen on the German clivities, facing the meridian sun, with a ocean, to Cowal on the Atlantic. The lawn in front, intersected by the winding

TOL, V, PART I.

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