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Suspicious, reasonless. Why should their Lord / Well known from Heaven; and since meridian Envy them that? Can it be sin to know?
hour Can it be death? And do they only stand No creature thence: if spirit of other sort, By ignorance? Is that their happy state,
So minded, have o'er-leap'd these earthy bounds The proof of their obedience and their faith? On purpose, hard thou know'st it to exclude O fair foundation laid whereon to build
Spiritual substance with corporeal bar, Their rujn! Hence I will excite their minds But if within the circuit of these walks, With more desire to know, and to reject
In whatsoever shape he lurk, of whom Envious commands, invented with design
Thou tell'st, by morrow dawning 1 shall know." To keep them low, whom knowledge might exalt So proinis'd he; and Uriel to his charge Equal with gods : aspiring to be such,
Return'd on that bright beam, whose point now They taste and die : what likelier can ensue?
rais'd But first with narrow search I must walk round Bore him slope downward to the Sun now fall’n This garden, and no corner leave unspied;
Beneath the Azores; whether the prime orb, A chance but chance may lead where I may meet lacredible how swift, had thither roll'd Some wandering spirit of Heaven by fountain | Diurnal, or this less volúbil Earth, side,
By shorter flight to the east, bad left him there Or in thick shade retir'd, from him to draw Arraying with reflected purple and gold What further would be learn'd. Live while ye The clouds that on his western throne attend. may,
Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray Yet happy pair ; enjoy, till I return,
Had in her sober livery all things clad; Short pleasures, for long woes are to succeed.” Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
So saying, his proud step he scornful turn'd, | They to their grassy couch, these to their nests But with sly circumspection, and began
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale ; Through wood, through waste, o'er hill, o'er She all night long her amorous descant sung; dale, his roam.
Silence was pleas'd: now glow'd the firmament Mean while in utmost longitude, where Heaven With living sapphires : Hesperus, that led With earth and ocean meets, the setting Sun The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon, Slowly descended, and with right aspect
Rising in clouded majesty, at length Against the eastern gate of Paradise
Apparent queen unveil'd her peerless light, Levelld his evening rays: it was a rock
And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw. Of alabaster, pild up to the clouds,
When Adam thus to Eve. “Fair consort, the Conspicuous far, winding with one ascent
hour Accessible from Earth, one entrance high; Of night, and all things now retir'd to rest, The rest was craggy cliff, thatoverhung
Mind us of like repose ; since God hath set Still as it rose, impossible to climb.
Labour and rest, as day and night, to meu Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat,
Successive; and the timely dew of sleep,
Our eye-lids: other creatures all day long
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
And of their doings God takes no account.
With first approach of light, we must be risen, From what point of his compass to beware | And at our pleasant labour to reform Impetuous winds: he thus began in haste. Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
“ Gabriel, to thee thy course by lot hath given Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown, Charge and strict watch, that to this happy that mock our scant manuring, and require place
More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth: No evil thing approach or enter in.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums, This day at height of noon came to my sphere | That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth, A spirit, zealous, as he seem'd, to know
Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease; More of the Almighty's works, and chiefly Man, Mean while, as Nature wills, night bids us God's latest image: I describ'd his way
rest." Bent all on speed, and mark'd his aery gait; To whom thus Eve, with perfect beauty But in the mount that lies from Eden north,
adorn'd. Where he first lighted, soon discern'd his looks "My author and disposer, what thou bidst Alien from Heaven, with passions foul obscur'd: Unargued I obey: so God ordains; Mine eye pursued him still, but under shade God is thy law, thou mine: tu know no more Lost sight of him: one of the banish'd crew, Is woman's happiest knowledge, and her praise. I fear, hath ventur'd from the deep to raise With thee conversing I forget all time; New troubles ; him thy care must be to find.” All seasons, and their change, all please alike.
To whom the wing'd warrior thus return'd. Sweet is the breath of Morn, her rising sweet, “Uriel, no wonder if thy perfect sight,
With charm of earliest birds; pleasant the Sun, Amid the Sun's bright circle where thou sitst, When first on this delightful land he spreads Sec far and wide: in at this gate none pass His orient beams, on herb, tree, fruit, and The vigilance here plac'd, but such as come
Glistering with dew : fragrant the fertile Earth | Such was their awe of Man. In shadier bower
herbs, With charm of earliest birds; nor rising Sun Espoused Eve deck'd first her nuptial bed ; On this delightful land ; nor herb, fruit, flower, And heavenly quires the hymenean sung, Glistering with dew; nor fragrance after show What day the genial angel to our sire ers;
Brought her, in naked beauty more adora'd, Nor grateful Evening mild ; nor silent Night, More lovely, than Pandora, whom the gods With this her solemn bird, nor walk by Moon, Endow'd with all their gifts, and O too like Or glittering star-light, without thee is sweet. In sad event, when to the unwiser son But wherefore all night long shine these? for Of Japhet brought by Hermes, she ensnard whom
Mankind with her fair looks, to be aveng'd This glorious sight, when sleep hath shut all | On him who had stole Jove's authentic fire. eyes ?”
Thus, at their shady lodge arriv'a, both stood, To whom qur general ancestor replied.
Both turn'd, and under open sky ador'd “ Daugăter of God and Man, accomplish'd Eve, The God that made both sky, air, Farth, and These have their course to finish round the Heaven, Earth,
Which they beheld,the Moon's resplendent globe, By morrow evening, and from land to land And starry pole : “ Thou also mad'st the night, In order, though to nations yet unborn,
Maker Onnipotent, and thou the day, Ministring light prepard, they set and rise ; Which we, in our appointed work employ'd, Lest total Darkness should by night regain Have finish'd, happy in our mutual help Her old possession, and extinguish life,
And mutual love, the crown of all our bliss In Nature, and all things; which these soft fires Ordain'd by thee ; and this delicious place Not only enlighten, but with kindly heat
For us too large, where thy abundance wants Of various influence foment and warm,
Partakers, and uncropt falls to the ground. Temper or nourish, or in part shed down
But thou hast promis'd from us two a race Their stellar yirtue on all kinds that grow
To fill the Earth, who shall with us extol On Earth, made hereby apter to receive
Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake, Perfection from the Sun's more potent ray. And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep." These then, though unbeheld in deep of night, This said unanimous, and other rites Shine not in vain; nor think, though men were | Observing none, but adoration pure none,
Epraise : Which God likes best, into their inmost bower That Heaven would want spectators, God want Handed they went; and, eas'd the putting off Millions of spiritual creatures walk the Earth These troublesome disguises which we wear, Unseen, both when ye wake, and when we sleep : Straight side by side were laid ; por turu'd, I All these with ceaseless praise his works be
Adam from his fair spouse, nor Eve the rites Both day and night: how often from the steep Mysterious of connubial love refus'd : Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard
Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Celestial voices to the midnight air,
Of purity, and place, and innocence, Sole, or responsive each to other's note,
Defaming as impure what God declares Singing their great Creator? oft in bands
Pure, and commands to some, leaves free to all. · While they keep watch, or nightly rounding | Our Maker bids increase ; who bids abstain walk,
But our destroyer, foe to God and Man? With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds Hail, wedded love, mysterious law, true source In full harmonic number join'd, their songs Of human offspring, sole propriety Divide the right, and lift our thoughts to Hea In Paradise of all things common else. ven."
By thee adulterous Lust was driven from men Thus talking hand in hand alone they pass'd Among the bestial herds to range; by thee On to their blissful bower : it was a place
Founded in reason, loyal, just, and pure, Chos’n by the sovran Planter, when he fram'd Relations dear, and all the charities All things to Man's deligbtful use ; the roof Of father, son, and brother, first were knowl Of thickest covert was inwoven shade
Far be it, that I should write thee sin or blame, Laurel and myrtle, and what higher grew
Or think thee unbetitting holiest place, Of firm and fragrant leaf; on either side
Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets, Acanthus, and each odorous bushy shrub,
Whose bed is undefild and chaste pronounc'd, Penc'd up the verdant wall ; each beauteous Present, or past, as saints and patriarchs us'd. fower,
Here Love his golden shafts employs, here Iris all hues, roses, and jessamin,
lights Reard high their fourish'd heads between, and His constant lamp, and waves his purple wings, Mosaic; underfoot the violet,
[wrought Reigos here and revels; not in the bought smile Crocus, and hyacinth, with rich inlay
Of harlots, loveless, joyless, unendeard, Broider'd the ground, more colour'd than with Casual fruition ; nor in court amours, stone
Mix'd dance, or wanton mask, or midnight balle Of costliest emblem : other creature here, Or serenate, which the starv'd lover sings Bird, beast, insect, or worm, dust enter pone, To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain
These, lulld by nightingales, embracing slept | Your message, like to end as much in vain.” And on their naked limbs the flowery roof.
To whom thus Zephon, answering scorn with Shower'd roses, which the morn repair'd. Sleep
scorn. Blest pair; and ( yet happiest, if ye seek son, “ Think not, revolted spirit, thy shape the same, No happier state, and know to know no more. Or undiminish'd brightness to be known, Now had Night measur'd with her shadowy | As when thou stood'st in Heaven upright and cone
pure; Half way up hill this vast sublunar vault,
That glory then, when thou no more wast good, And from their ivory port the cherubim,
Departed from thee; and thou resemblest now Forth issuing at the accustom'd hour, stood arm'd | Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foul. To their night watches in warlike parade;
But come, for thou, be sure, shall give account When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. To him who sent us, whose charge is to keep
“Uzziel, half these draw off, and coast the south This place inviolable, and these from harm. With strictest watch; these other wheel the So spake the cherub; and his grave rebuke north;
Severe in youthful beauty, added grace Our circuit meets full west.” As flame they part, Invincible : abash'd the Devil stood, Half wheeling to the shield, half to the spear. And felt how awful goodness is, and saw From these, two strong and subtle spirits he call'd Virtue in her shape how lovely ; saw, and pin'd That near him stood, and gave them thus in His loss; but chiefly to find here observ'd charge.
His lustre visibly impair'd; yet seem'd " Ithuriel and Zephon, with wing'd speed Undaunted. “If I must contend," said he, Search through this garden, leave unsearch'd no “Best with the best, the sender not the sent, nook ;
Or all at once; more glory will be won, But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge, or less be lost.” “ Thy fear," said Zephon bold, Now laid perhaps asleep, secure of harm.
“ Will save us trial what the least can do This evening from the Sun's decline arriv'd, Single against thee wicked, and thence weak.” Who tells of some infernal spirit seen
The fiend replied not, overcome with rage; Hitherward bent (who could have thought ?) | But, like a proud steed rein'd, went haughty on. escap'd
Champing his iron curb : 10 strive or fly The bars of Hell, on errand bad no doubt : He held it vain; awe from above had quell'd Such, where ye find, seize fast, and hither bring." His heart, not else dismay'd. Now drew they So saying, on he led his radiant files,
[guards Dazzling the Moon; these to the bower direct The western point, where those half-rounding In search of whom they sought : him there they Just met, and closing stood in squadron join'd, found
Awaiting next command. To whom their chief, Squat like a toad, close at the ear of Eve, Gabriël, from the front thus call'd aloud. Assaying by his devilish art to reach
“O friends! I hear the tread of nimble fect The organs of her fancy, and with them forge Hasting this way, and now by glimpse discern. Illusions, as he list, phantasms and dreams ; Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade; Or if, inspiring venom, he might taint
And with them comes a third of regal port, The animal spirits, that from pure blood arise But faded splendour wan; who by bis gait Like gentle breaths from rivers pure, thence raise And fierce demeanour seems the prince of Hell, At least distemper'd, discontented thoughts, Not likely to part hence without contest; Vain hopes, vain aims, inordinate desires, Stand firm, for in his look defiance lours." Blown up with high conceits engendering pride. He scarce had ended, when those two apo Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear
[found, Touch'd lightly; for no falsehood can endure And brief related whom they brought, where Touch of celestial temper, but returns
How busied, in what form and posture couch'd. Of force to its own likeness : up he starts
To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. Discover'd and surpris'd. As when a spark “Why hast thou, Satan, broke the bounds preLights on a heap of nitrous powder, laid
scrib'd Fit for the tun some magazine to store
To thy transgressions, and disturb’d the charge Against a rumour'd war, the smutty grain, Of others, who approve not to trangress With sudden blaze diffus'd, inflames the air : By thy example, but have power and right So started up in his own shape the fiend. To question thy bold entrance on this place; Back stept those two fair angels, half amaz'd | Employ'd, it seems, to violate sleep, and those So sudden to behold the grisly king;
Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss ?” Yet thus, unmov'd with fear, accost him soon. 3 To whom thus Satan with contemptuous “ Which of those rebel spirits adjudg'd to Hell brow.
[wise, Com'st thou,escap'd thy prison? and, transform'd,“ Gabriel ! thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of Why sat'st thou like an enemy in wait,
And such I held thee; but this question ask'd Here watching at the head of these that sleep?" Puts me in doubt. Lives there who loves his * Know ye not then,” said Satan, fill'd with
Who would not, finding way, break loose from « Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate Though thither doom'd? Thou wouldst thyself, For you, there sitting where ye durst not soar: - no doubt, Not to know me argues yourselves unknown, | And boldly venture to whatever place The lowest of your throng; or, if ye know, Farthest from pain, where thou mightst hope to Why ask ye, and superfluous begiu
Torment with ease, and soonest recompense | Patron of liberty, who more than thou
But mark what I arreed thee now, Avant ; In that dark durance: thus much what was ask'd. | Fly thither whence thou fledst! If from this The rest is true, they found me where they say;
hour But that implies not violence or harm."
Within these hallow'd limits thou appear, Thus he in scorn. The warlike angel mov'd, Back to the infernal pit I drag thoe chain'd, Disdainfully half smiling, thus replied.
And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn “ O loss of one in Heaven to judge of wise The facile gates of Hell too slightly barrd." Since Satan fell, whom folly overthrew,
So threaten'd he; but Satan to no threats And now returns him from his prison 'scap'd, Gave heed, but waxing more in rage replied. Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise
“Then when I am thy captive talk of chains, Or not, who ask what boldness brought him Proud limitary cherub! but ere then hither
Far heavier load thyself expect to feel Unlicens'd from his bounds in Hell prescrib'd; From my prevailing arm, though Heaven's King So wise he judges it to fly from pain
Ride on thy wings, and thou with thy comHowever, and to 'scape his punishment !
peers, So judge thou still, presumptuous ! till the wrath, | Us'd to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant wheels Which thou incurr'st by flying, meet thy flight In progress through the road of Heaven starSevenfold, and scourge that wisdom back to
While thus he spake, the angelic squadron Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain | Turn'd fiery red, shai pening in mooned horns Can equal anger infinite provok'd.
Their phalanx, and began to hem him round But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee With ported spears, as thick as when a field Came not all Hell broke loose? is pain to them Of Çeres ripe for harvest waving bends Less pain, less to be fled; or thou than they Her bearded grove of ears, which way the wind Less hardy to endure; courageous chief! Sways them; the careful ploughman doubting The first in flight from pain ! hadst thou alleg'd|
s tands, To thy deserted host this cause of flight,
Lest on the threshing floor his hopeful sheaves Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive.”
Prove chaff. On the other side, Satan, alarm'd, To which the fiend thus answer'd, frowning Collecting all his might, dilated stood, stern.
Like Teneriff or Atlas, unremov'd: " Not that I less endure or shrink from pain, His stature reach'd the sky, and on his crest Insulting angel! well thou know'st I stood Sat Horrour plum'd; nor wanted in his grasp Thy fiercest, when in battle to thy aid
What seem'd both spear and shield: now dreadful The blasting vollied thunder made all speed,
deeds And seconded thy else not dreaded spear. Might have ensued, nor only Paradise But still thy words at random, as before,
In this commotion, but the starry cope Argue thy inexperience what behoves
Of Heaven perhaps, or all the elements From hard assays and ill successes past
At least had gone to wrack, disturb'd and torn A faithful leader, not to hazard all
With violence of this conflict, had not soon Through ways of danger by himself untried : The Eternal, to prevent such horrid fray, 1, therefore, I alone first undertouk
Hung forth in Heaven his golden scales, yet seep To wing the desolate abyss, and spy
B::twixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign, This new created world, whereof in Hell
Wherein all things created first he weigb'd, Fame is not silent, here in hope to find
The pendulous round Earth with balanc'd air Better abode, and my afflicted powers
In counterpoise, now ponders all events, To settle here on Earth, or in mid air;
Battles and realms : in these he put two weights, Though for possession put to try once inore The sequel cach of parting and of fight : What thou and thy gay legions dare against;
The latter quick up fiew, and kick'd the beam; Whose easier business were to serve their Lord Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the fiend. High up in Heaven, with songs to hymn his “Satan, I know thy strength, and thou know'st throne,
mine; And practis'd distances to crioge, not fight. ” Neither our own, but given : what folly then
To whom the warrior-angel soon replied. To boast what arms can do? since thine no “ To say and straight unsay, pretending first
more Wise to fly pain, professing next the spy, Than Heaven permits, nor mine, though douArgues no leader but a liar trac'd,
bled now Satan, and couldst thou faithful add ? O name, To trample thee as mire: for proof look up, O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd!
And read thy lot in yon celestial sign; Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew ? Where thou art weigh'd, and shown how light, Army of fiends, fit body to fit head.
how weak, Was this your discipline and faith engag'd, If thou resist.” The fiend louk'd up, and knev Your military obedience, to dissolve
His mounted scale aloft: nor more ; but fed Allegiance to the acknowledg'd Power supreme? | Murmuring, and with him Aed the shades of And thou, sly hypocrite, who now wouldst seem
Knew never till this irksome night: methought PARADISE LOST.
Close at mine ear one call'd me forth to walk
With gentle voice; I thought it thine: it said,
• Why sleep'st thou, Eve? now is the pleasant
time, The ARGUMENT.
The cool, the silent, save where silence yields
To the night-warbling bird, that now awake Morning approached, Eve relates to Adam her | Tunes sweetest his love-labour'd song ; now troublesome dream; he likes it not, yet com
[light forts her: they come forth to their day-la- Full-orb'd the Moon, and with more pleasing bours: their morning hymn at the door of Shadowy sets off the face of things; in vain, their bower. God, to render man inexcusa- If none regard; Heaven wakes with all his eyes, ble, sends Raphael to admonish him of his Whom to behold but thee, Nature's desire ? obedience, of his free estate, of his enemy In whose sight all things joy, with ravishment near at hand, who he is, and why his enemy, Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze.' and whatever else may avail Adam to know. I rose as at thy call, but found thee not ; Raphael comes down to Paradise; his ap- 'To find thee I directed then my walk; pearance described ; his coming discerned by And on, methought, alone I pass'd through ways Adam afar off sitting at the door of his bower; That brought me on a sudden to the tree he goes out to meet him, brings him to his / Of interdicted knowledge: fair it seem'd, lodge, entertains him with the choicest fruits Much fairer to my fancy than by day: of Paradise got together by Eve; their dis- And, as I wondering look'd, beside it stood course at table: Raphael performs his mes-One shapd and wing'd like one of those from sage, minds Adam of his state and of his ene
Heaven my; relates, at Adam's request, who that By us oft seen: his dewy locks distillid enemy is, and how he came to be so, begin- Ambrosia ; on that tree he also gaz'd; [charg'd, ning from his first revolt in Heaven, and the And · O fair plant,' said he, with fruit suroccasion thereof; how he drew his legions Deigns none to ease thy load, and taste thy after him to the parts of the north, and there
sweet, incited them to rebel with him, persuading all Nor God, nor Man? Is knowledge so despis'd ? but only Abdiel a seraph, who in argument Or envy, or what reserve forbids to taste? dissuades and opposes him, then forsakes Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold
Longer thy offer'd good ; why else set here?
This said, he paus'd not, but with venturous Now Morn, her rosy steps in the eastern clime
arm Advancing, sow'd the earth with orient pearl, | He pluck'd, he tasted; me damp hortoar chillid When Adam wak'd, so custom'd; for his sleep At such bold words vouch'd with a deed so bold: Was aery-light, from pure digestion bred, But he thus, overjoy'd; O fruit divine, And temperate vapours bland, which the only Sweet of thyself, but much more sweet thus cropt, sound
Forbidden here, it seems, as only fit Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora's fan,
For gods, yet able to make gods of men: Lightly dispers'd, and the shrill matin song And why not gods of men; since good, the Of birds on every bough; so much the inore
more His wonder was to find unwaken'd Eve
Communicated, more abundant grows, With tresses discomposed, and glowing check, The author not impair'd but honour'd more? As through unquiet rest : he, on his side,
Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve! Leaning half rais'd, with looks of cordial love Partake thou also; happy though thou art, Hung over her enamour'd, and beheld
Happier thou may'st be, worthier canst not be : Peauty, which, whether waking or asleep, Taste this and be henceforth among the gods Shot forth peculiar graces; then with voice Thyself a goddess, not to Earth confin’d, Mild, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes, But sometimes in the air, as we, sometimes Her hand soft touching, wbisper'd thus. “Awake, | Ascend to Heaven, by merit thine, and see My fairest, my espous’d, my latest found, What life the gods live there, and such live Heaven's last best gift, my ever new delight!
thou.' Awake: the morning shines, and the fresh field So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held, Calls us; we lose the prime, to mark how spring | Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part Our tender plants, how blows the citron grove, which he had pluck'd: the pleasant savoury What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed,
smell How Nature paints her colours, how the bee So quicken'd appetite, that I, methought, Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.” | Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the clouds Such whispering wak'd her, but with startled | With him I few, and underneath beheld eye.
The Earth outstretch'd immense, a prospect wide On Adam, whom embracing, thus she spake.. And various : wondering at my flight and
"O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose, | To this high exaltation; suddenly [change My glory, my perfection! glad I see
My guide was gone, and i, methought, sunk Thy face, and morn return'd; for I this night (Such night till this I never pass’d) have dream'd, | And fell asleep ; but O, how glad I wak'd ìr dream’d, not, as I oft am wont, of thee, To find this but a dream !” Thus Eve her night Works of day past, or morrow's next design, Related, and thus Adam answer'd sad. But of offence and trouble, which my mind “Best image of inyself, and dearer half,