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Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Prerogative for Causes Ecclesiastical and Court of Faculties in and throughout Ireland for the time being shall be one of the Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests : And whereas by another Act passed in the 20th and 21st years of the reign of Her Majesty, chapter 79, for amending the law relating to Probates and Letters of Administration in Ireland, it is provided, that the Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Probate in Ireland shall be one of the Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests, in lieu of the Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Prerogative for Causes Ecclesiastical and Court of Faculties in and throughout Ireland : And whereas the Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Probate in Ireland may be called upon as Judge of the said Court to decide cases in which the Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests are parties, and it is therefore expedient that the said Judge should cease to be a Commissioner of Charitable Donations and Bequests, and that the said last-recited Act should be amended : Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows :

I. So much of the said recited Act of the 20th and 21st years of Her Majesty, chapter 79, as provides that the Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Probate shall be one of the Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests for Ireland, shall be and the same is hereby repealed, and it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, by Warrant under the Sign Manual, to appoint one other person to be a Commissioner of Charitable Donations and Bequests for Ireland, instead of the said Judge of Her Majesty's Court of Probate so ceasing to be such Commissioner, and the appointment of such Commissioner shall be published in the Dublin Gazette.

II. Provided always, That no order, decree, or judgment which shall have been made or given, or proceeding which shall have been taken, before the passing of this Act, by the Court of Probate in Ireland, in or in respect of any issue which shall have been tried in the said Court, in which the said Commissioners of Charitable Donations and Bequests were parties or had any interest, shall be subject to be overruled or rendered invalid by reason of the Judge of the said Court having been ex officio one of the said Commissioners.

ACT of the British Parliament, to amend the Law with respect to

Wills of Personal Estate made by British Subjects,at Home and Abroad.

[24 & 25 Vict., cap. 114.]

[August 6, 1861.] BE it enacted by the Queen's most excellent Majesty, by and

with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

I. Every will and other testamentary instrument made out of the United Kingdom by a British subject (whatever may be the domicile of such person at the time of making the same or at the time of his or her death)shall as regards personal estate be held to be well executed for the purpose of being admitted in England and Ireland to probate, and in Scotland to confirmation, if the same be made according to the forms required either by the law of the place where the same was made or by the law of the place where such person was domiciled when the same was made, or by the laws then in force in that part of Her Majesty's dominions where he had his domicile of origin.

II. Every will and other testamentary instrument made within the United Kingdom by any British subject (whatever may be the domicile of such person at the time of making the same or at the time of his or her death) shall as regards personal estate be held to be well executed, and shall be admitted in England and Ireland to probate, and in Scotland to confirmation, if the same be executed according to the forms required by the laws for the time being in force in that part of the United Kingdom where the same is made.

III. No will or other testamentary instrument shall be held to be revoked or to have become invalid, nor shall the construction thereof be altered, by reason of any subsequent change of domicile of the person making the same.

IV. Nothing in this Act contained shall invalidate any will or other testamentary instrument as regards personal estate which would have been invalid if this Act had not been passed, except as such will or other testamentary instrument may be revoked or altered by any subsequent will or testamentary instrument made valid by this Act.

V. This Act shall extend only to wills and other testamentary instruments made by persons who die after the passing of this Act.

ACT of the British Parliament, " for the Government of the Navy;"

so far as it relates to Foreign Nations and Foreign Service, viz.: The Enemy, Mutineers, Pirates, Rebels, Spies, Deserters, &c.; Prizes ; Convoys; Wrecks; Merchandize; Land Forces ; Passengers ; Courts-Martial; Criminal Offences; Incendiarism;

Prisons; 8c. [24 & 25 Vict., cap. 115.]

[August 6, 1861.] PART 1.- ARTICLES OF WAR.

Misconduct in the Presence of the Enemy. II, EVERY flag officer, captain, commander, or officer com

manding subject to this Act who upon signal of battle, or on sight of a ship of an enemy which it may be his duty to engage, shall not,

1. Use his utmost exertion to bring his ship into action;

2. Or shall not during such action, in his own person and according to his rank, encourage his inferior officers and men to fight courageously;

3. Or who shall surrender his ship to the enemy when capable of making a successful defence, or who in time of action shall improperly withdraw from the fight, shall, if he has acted traitorously, suffer death; if he has acted from cowardice shall suffer death, or be imprisoned, and be also dismissed with disgrace from Her Majesty's service; and if he has acted from negligence, or through other default, he shall be dismissed from Her Majesty's service, with or without disgrace, or shall suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

III. Every officer subject to this Act who shall forbear to pursue the chase of any enemy, pirate, or rebel, beaten or flying, or shall not relieve and assist a known friend in view to the utmost of his power, or who shall improperly forsake his station, shall, if he has therein acted traitorously,suffer death; if he has acted from cowardice suffer death or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned; if he has acted from negligence, or through other default, shall be dismissed from Her Majesty's service with disgrace, or shall suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

IV. When any action or any service is commanded, every person subject to this Act who shall presume to delay or discourage the said action or service upon any pretence whatsoever, or in the presence or vicinity of the enemy shall desert his post or sleep upon his watch, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as hereinafter mentioned.

V. Every person subject to this Act, and not being a commanding officer, who shall not use his utmost exertions to carry the orders of his superior officers into execution when ordered to prepare for action, or during the action, shall, if he has acted traitorously, suffer death; if he has acted from cowardice shall suffer death, or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned ; and if he has acted from negligence, or through other default, be dismissed from Her Majesty's service, with disgrace, or suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

Communications with the Enemy. VI. All spies for the enemy shall he deemed to be persons subject to this Act, and shall suffer death, or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

VII. Every person subject to this Act who shall traitorously hold

1. Correspondence with or shall give intelligence to the enemy;

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2. Or fail to make known to the proper authorities any information he may have received from the enemy;

3. Or who shall relieve the enemy with any supplies, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

VIII. Every person subject to this Act who shall, without any treacherous intention, hold any improper communication with the enemy, shall be dismissed from Her Majesty's Service, or shall suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

Desertion and Absence without Leave. XIX. Every person subject to this Act who shall absent himself from his ship or from the place where his duty requires him to be, without any intention of returning to such ship or place, or who shall at any time and under any circumstances when absent from his ship do any act which shows that he has not any intention of returning to such ship or place, shall be deemed to have deserted, and shall be punished accordingly; that is to say,

1. If he has deserted to the enemy he shall be punished with death, or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned ;

2. If he has deserted under any other circumstances he shall be punished with penal servitude, or such other punishment as, is hereinafter mentioned; and in every such case he shall forfeit all pay, head money, bounty, salvage, prize money, and allowances that have been earned by him, and all annuities, pensions, gratuities, medals, and decorations that may have been granted to him, and also all clothes and effects which he may have left on board the ship or at the place from which he has deserted, unless the tribunal by which he is tried shall otherwise direct.

XX. Every person subject to this Act who shall endeavour to seduce any other person subject to this Act to desert shall suffer imprisonment, or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

XXI. Every officer in command of any ship of Her Majesty who shall receive or entertain any Deserter from Her Majesty's Military or Naval Forces, after discovering him to be a Deserter and shall not, with all convenient speed, in the case of a Deserter, from Her Majesty's Naval Forces, give notice to the commanding officer of the ship to which such Deserter belongs, or, if such ship is at a distance, to the Secretary of the Admiralty or to the Commander-in-Chief, or, in the case of a Deserter from Her Majesty's Military Forces, give notice to the Secretary of War or the commanding officer of the regiment to which such Deserter belongs, the officer so offending shall be dismissed from Her Majesty's Service, or shall suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

Miscellaneous Offences. XXVI. The officers of all ships of Her Majesty appointed for

the convoy and protection of any ships or vessels shall diligently perform their duty without delay according to their instructions in that behalf ; and every officer who shall fail in his duty in this respect, and shall not defend the ships and goods under his convoy, without deviation to any other objects, or shall refuse to fight in their defence if they are assailed, or shall cowardly abandon and expose the ships in his convoy to hazard, or shall demand or exact any money or other reward from any merchant or master for convoying any ships or vessels entrusted to his care, or shall misuse the masters or mariners thereof, shall make such reparation in damages to the merchants, owners, and others, as the Court of Admiralty may adjudge, and also shall be punished criminally according to the nature of his offence, by death or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

XXVII. Every master or other officer in command of any merchant or other vessel under the convoy of any ship of Her Majesty shall obey the commanding officer thereof in all matters relating to the navigation or security of the convoy, and shall take such precautions for avoiding the enemy as may be directed by such commanding officer; and if he shall fail to obey such directions such commanding officer may compel obedience by force of arms, without being liable for any loss of life or of property that may result from his using such force.

XXVIII. Every officer in command of any of Her Majesty's ships who shall receive on board, or permit to be received on board, such ship any goods or merchandizes whatsoever, other than for the sole use of the ship, except gold, silver, or jewels, and except the goods and merchandize belonging to any merchant, or on board any ship which may be shipwrecked or in imminent danger, either on the high seas or in some port, creek, or harbour, for the purpose of preserving them for their proper owners, or except such goods or merchandize as he may at any time be ordered to take or receive on board by order of the Admiralty, shall be dismissed from Her Majesty's Service or suffer such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

XXX. Every person subject to this Act who shall unlawfully set fire to any dockyard, victualling yard, or steam factory yard, arsenal, magazine, building stores, or to any ship, vessel, hoy, barge, boat, or other craft, or furnitnre thereunto belonging, not being the property of an enemy, pirate, or rebel, shall suffer death or such other punishment as is hereinafter mentioned.

XXXV. All the papers, charter parties, bills of lading, passports, and other writings whatsoever that shall be taken, seized, or found aboard any ship or ships which shall be taken as prize shall be duly preserved, and the commanding officer of the ship which shall take such prize shall send the originals, entire and without fraud, to the Court of Admiralty, or such other Court or Commissioners as shall be authorized to determine whether such

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