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days from the date of its publication, and the title and date of the newspaper shall be printed at the top of every page thereof.

There shall be no word or communication printed on any newspaper transmitted by the post under the provisions of this Warrant after the publication thereof, or upon any cover thereof, nor any writing or marks upon any such newspaper, or upon any cover thereof other than and except the name and address of the person to whom the same is sent, but the name or title of such newspaper, and the name and address of the publisher, newsvendor, or agent by whom the same is sent, may be printed on the cover thereof.

There shall be no paper or thing enclosed in or with any such newspaper.

No packet which in length or breadth or width shall exceed the dimensions of 2 feet shall be forwarded by the post under the 6th, 7th, and 8th clauses of this Warrant.

The terms “books, publications, or works of literature or art," in this Warrant used, shall for the purposes of this Warrant mean and comprise all such articles as in their general character are either literary or consist of printed, written. engraved, or lithographed matter (although not strictly literary), including books (whether printed, written, or plain), publications, or compilations (whether in print or in manuscript), almanacks, printed or lithographed letters, and such artistic productions as prints, maps (whether on paper, or canvas, or cloth, and whether printed or written), and photographs, when not on glass, or in frames containing glass, and any description of paper, parchment, or vellum (whether printed, lithographed, written upon, or plain, or any mixture of the 4), together with any binding, mounting, or covering of or upon or belonging to any such article or production, or any portion thereof, or of or belonging to any paper, parchment, or vellum, and including also any cases or rollers of prints or maps, book-markers (whether of paper or otherwise), pencils, pens, or other things usually appertaining to any such article or production, paper, parchment, or vellum, or necessary for its safe transmission, which shall be sent in the same packet with any such article or production to which they or it shall belong, provided nevertheless that nothing herein contained shall extend to authorize the sending by the post under the 7th and 8th clauses of this Warrant of any patterns, or books of patterns, or papers of patterns of any article or thing whatsoever, unless such patterns consist merely of paper,

Every packet transmitted by the post under the 6th, 7th, and 8th clauses of this Warrant shall be sent open at the ends or sides, and either without a cover or in a cover or envelope open at the ends or sides.

No packet transmitted by the post under the 7th and 8th clauses of this Warrant shall contain any written letter, either closed or open, nor any written communication in the nature of

a

letter, either closed or open (whether such letter or communication be addressed to or intended for the person to whom the packet shall be directed, or any other person), nor any enclosure, sealed or otherwise closed against inspection, nor any other enclosure not authorized by this Warrant sent in or with any such packet, nor shall there be any written letter or written communication in the nature of a letter in or upon any such packet, or on the cover or envelope thereof.

Every packet transmitted by the post under the 6th and 8th clauses of this Warrant, and posted in the United Kingdom, shall be put into the Post-Office at such hours in the day, and under all such regulations as the Postmaster-General may appoint.

Upon every packet transmitted by the post under the 6th and 8th clauses of this Warrant which shall be posted in the United Kingdom the postage thereof shall be paid at the time of the same being posted.

10, All letters, notices, and other communications (whether upon paper, parchment, or vellum) partly printed or partly lithographed and partly written, which, if wholly written, would not be considered letters or communications in the nature of letters, shall and may be transmitted by the post under and subject to the several regulations, orders, directions, conditions, and rates respectively in the 7th, 8th, and 9th clauses of this Warrant mentioned and contained.

11. Any letter, notice, or other communication (whether upon paper, parchment, or vellum) partly printed or partly lithographed and partly written, which, if wholly written, would be considered a letter, or a communication in the nature of a letter, shall not be entitled to the privilege of being transmitted by the post under or by virtue of the 7th, 8th, and 9th clauses of this Warrant, or the regulations, orders, directions, conditions, and rates therein respectively contained. And every such last-mentioned letter, notice, or other communication sent by the post, shall be deemed and considered to be a letter, or a communication in the nature of a letter, within the intent and meaning of the 9th clause of this Warrant.

12. If any question shall arise whether any such letter, notice, or other communication is entitled to the privilege of a printed paper, so far as respects the transmission thereof by the post, or of being sent by the post under or by virtue of the 7th, 8th, and 9th clauses of this Warrant, the same shall be referred to the determination of the Postmaster-General, whose decision thereupon shall be final.

13. If any packet sent, or tendered, or delivered in order to be sent by the post, under the 6th, 7th, and 8th clauses of this Warrant, shall, in length or breadth, or width, exceed the dimensions of 2 feet, or if any such packet, or the cover or envelope thereof, shall not be open at the ends or sides, or if any such packet shall be sent otherwise than in conformity with the terms, conditions, and regulations hereinbefore in the 9th clause of this Warrant contained, every such respective packet shall and may be detained and opened, and at the option of the Postmaster-General, shall be either returned or given up to the sender thereof; and every such respective packet, on being so returned or given up, shall, at the option of the Postmaster-General, be either free of postage or be charged with any rate of postage he may think fit, not exceeding the postage to which it would have been liable as a letter.

14. If any packet sent, or tendered, or delivered in order to be sent by the post, under the 8th clause of this Warrant, from the United Kingdom to the Republic of the Uruguay (any such packet posted in London, and sent from any department or office in or connected with the public service of Her Majesty, which shall keep a postage account with the General Post Office in London, and the postage thereof being charged in such account, only excepted), shall be posted in the United Kingdom without any postage paid thereon, or with a postage paid thereon less in amount than the rate of postage to which such packet is liable under and by virtue of the regulations herein before contained, every such packet shall be detained and opened, and at the option of the Postmaster-General shall be dealt with and chargeable in like manner as is hereinbefore directed with respect to any packet not open at the ends or sides, or exceeding in length, or breadth, or with the dimensions of 2 feet.

15. The respective letters and packets transmitted by the post, under the provisions of this Warrant, shall be subject to the several orders, directions, regulations, and rates of postage respectively contained in a certain Warrant of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, under the hands of 2 of the said Commissioners, bearing date the 19th day of February, 1885,* relating to redirected rates of postage upon letters and packets which shall be redirected and again forwarded by the post.

16. The rates of postage chargeable on letters, books, publications, or works of literature or art, and other printed papers transmitted by the post, under the provisions of this Warrant, shall be in lieu of any rates of British postage now chargeable by law thereon.

17. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to extend to any letters, newspapers, books, publications, or works of literature or art, or other printed papers sent between the Republic of the Uruguay and France, or sent otherwise than in closed mails between the Republic of the Uruguay and any Foreign country or British Colony through France.

18. The several terms and expressions used in this Warrant shall be construed to have the like meaning in all respects as they would have had if inserted in the said Act passed in the 4th year of the reign of Her present Majesty,

See Vol. 10, Page 289.

19. The Commissioners for the time being of Her Majesty's Treasury may, by Warrant under their hands, duly made at any time, hereafter, alter, repeal, or revoke any of the rates of postage hereby fixed or altered, or any of the orders, directions, regulations, and conditions hereby made, and may make and establish any new or other rates, orders, directions, regulations, and conditions in lieu thereof, and from time to time appoint at what time the rates which may be payable are to be paid.

20. This Warrant shall come into operation on the 1st day of July, 1859. Whitehall

, Treasury Chambers, the 16th day of June, 1859. HOWARD TAYLOR.

HENRY WHITMORE.

VENEZUELA.

BRITISH TREASURY WARRANT, firing the Rates of

Postage on Letters, Newspapers, und Packets transmitted to and from l'enezuela, and from Venezuela to British Colonies and Foreign countries. October 4, 1861.

WHEREAS, by an Act of Parliament, passed in the 4th year of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled “ An Act for the regulation of the duties of postage, power is given to the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, from time to time, by Warrant under their hands, to alter and fix any of the rates of British postage payable by law on the transmission by the post of Foreign or Colonial letters or newspapers, or of any other printed papers, and to subject the same to rates of postage according to the weight thereof, and a scale of weight to be contained in such Warrant.

And whereas further powers are given to the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, by another Act of Parliament, passed in the 11th year of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled “An Act for giving further facilities for the transmission of letters by post, and for the regulating the duties of postage thereon, and for other

purposes relating to the Post-Office.”+ And whereas certain powers are also given to the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, by another Act of Parliament, passed in the 18th year of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled “An Act to amend the laws relating to the stamp duties on newspapers, and to provide for the transmission by post of printed periodical publications.” * See Vol. 5, Page 248.

† See Vol. 5, Page 247, See Vol. 10, Page 320.

And whereas a new Postal Convention has been made and entered into between Her Majesty's Government and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela.

And whereas it is expedient for the better carrying out the same, that certain regulations should be made for the transmission by the post of the letters and packets hereinafter mentioned.

Now we, the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, in exercise of the powers vested in us in and by the said recited Acts, and every of them, and of all other powers enabling us in this behalf, do, by this Warrant, under the hands of 2 of us the said Commissioners, by the authority of the statute in that case made and provided, order, direct, and declare, as follows:

1. On every letter not exceeding an ounce in weight, posted in the United Kingdom, addressed to the Republic of Venezuela, or posted in the Republic of Venezuela, addressed to the United Kingdom, and transmitted by the post_between any part of the United Kingdom and any part of the Republic of Venezuela, either direct or via the Island of St. Thomas (the conveyance between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Venezuela or Island of St. Thomas being by British packet-boat), there shall be charged and taken an uniform rate of postage of 6 pence.

2. On every letter not exceeding an ounce in weight, posted in or addressed to any part of the Republic of Venezuela, transmitted by the post between any port in the Republic of Venezuela and any of Her Majesty's Colonies or any Foreign country, direct or via the Island of St. Thomas, through the United Kingdom (the conveyance between the Republic of Venezuela and the United Kingdom being direct or viâ the Island of St. Thomas by British packet-boat), there shall be charged and taken a British rate of postage of 6 pence for the conveyance of every such letter between any port in the Republic of Venezuela and any part of the United Kingdom, and for the conveyance of every such letter between the port in the United Kingdom of the departure or arrival of the packet or ship conveying the same, and the Colony or Foreign country to or from which the same shall be forwarded, such a further or additional rate of postage as shall from time to time be charged and payable for British postage on letters not exceeding } an ounce in weight posted or delivered at the port in the United Kingdom of the departure or arrival of the packet or ship conveying the same, and transmitted direct between such port and any such Colony or Foreign country, provided that in all cases, where such additional rate includes both inland and sea services, there shall be deducted from the said rate of 6 pence the sum of 1 penny in respect of the inland conveyance under this clause of every such letter sent through the United Kingdom.

3. On every letter not exceeding 1 an ounce in weight transmitted by British packet-boat from any port in the Republic of Venezuela to any other Foreign port without passing through the

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