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transmettre à sa Cour, en faisant observer que la Sublime Porte a employé, et continuera à employer, ses efforts dans le sens du vou exprimé ci-dessus.
Fait à Paris, le 3 Août, 1860, en 6 expéditions. (L.S.) COWLEY. (L.S.) METTERNICH. (L.S.) THOUVENEL. (L.S.) Reuss. (L.S.) KISSELEFF. (L.S.) AHMED VEFYK.
PROCLAMATION of the President of the United States, extend
ing to Newfoundland the Benefits of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 with Great Britain. December 12, 1855.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
WHEREAS by the 2nd section of an Act of the Congress of the United States, approved the 5th day of August, 1854, entitled “ An Act to carry into effect a Treaty between the United States and Great Britain, signed on the 5th day of June, 1854,"† it is provided that whenever the Island of Newfoundland shall give its consent to the application of the stipulations and provisions of the said Treaty to that province, and the Legislature thereof, and the Imperial Parliament shall
pass the necessary laws for that purpose, grain, flour, and breadstuffs of all kinds; animals of all kinds ; fresh, smoked, and salted meats ; cotton wool ; seeds and vegetables; undried fruits; dried fruits ; fish of all kinds; products of fish, and all other creatures living in the water ; poultry; eggs; hides, furs, skins, or tails undressed; stone or marble in its crude or unwrought state ; slate ; butter, cheese, tallow, lard ; horns ; manures ; ores of metals of all kinds ; coal, pitch, tar, turpentine ; ashes ; timber and lumber of all kinds, round, hewed and sawed, unmanufactured, in whole or in part; fire-wood, plants, shrubs, and trees; pelts; wool; fish-oil ; rice; broom corn and bark; gypsum, ground or unground ; hewn or wrought or unwrought burr or grindstones ; dye-stuffs ; flax, hemp, and tow, unmanufactured, unmanufactured tobacco; and rags-shall be admitted free of duty from that province into the United States, from and after the date of a proclamation by the President of the United States, declaring that he has satisfactory evidence that the said province has consented, in a due and proper manner, to have the provisions of the Treaty extended to it, and to allow the United States the full benefits of all the stipulations therein contained : * See Vol. 10, Page 647.
† See Vol. 9, Page 998.
And whereas I have satisfactory evidence that the province of Newfoundland has consented, in a due and proper manner, to have the provisions of the aforesaid Treaty extended to it, and to allow the United States the full benefits of all the stipulations therein contained, so far as they are applicable to that province ;
Now, therefore, I, Franklin Pierce, President of the United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim that, from this date, the articles enumerated in the preamble of this proclamation, being the growth and produce of the British North American colonies, shall be admitted from the aforesaid province of Newfoundland into the United States free of duty, so long as the aforesaid Treaty shall remain in force.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents.
Done at the city of Washington, the 12th day of December, in the year of our Lord, 1855, and of the Independence of the United States the 80th.
FRANKLIN PIERCE. By the President :
W. L. MARCY, Secretary of State.
ACT of Congress of the United States, “supplementary to an Act
entitled An Act to Protect the Commerce of the United States, and punish the Crime of Piracy.'” August 5, 1861.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that any vessel or boat which shall be built, purchased, fitted out, in whole or in part, or held for the purpose of being employed in the commission of any piratical aggression, search, restraint, depredation, or seizure, or in the commission of any other act of piracy, as defined by the law of nations, shall be liable to be captured and
any port of the United States, if found upon the high seas, or to be seized if found in any port or place within the United States, whether the shall have actually sailed upon any piratical expedition or not, and whether any act of piracy shall have been committed or attempted upon or from such vessel or boat, or not; and any such vessel or boat may be adjudged and condemned, if captured by a vessel authorized as hereinafter mentioned, to the use of the United States and to that of the captors, and if seized by a collector, surveyor, or marshal, then to the use of the United States, after due process and trial, in like manner as is provided in section 4 of the Act to which this Act is supplementary, which section is hereby made in all respects applicable to cases arising under this Act,
Sec. II. And be it further enacted, that the President of the United States be and hereby is authorized to instruct the commanders of the public armed vessels of the United States, and to authorize the commanders of any other armed vessels sailing under the authority of any letters of marque and reprisal granted by the Congress of the United States, or the commanders of any other suitable vessels, to subdue, seize, take, and, if on the high seas, to send into any port of the United States any vessel or boat built, purchased, fitted out, or held, as in the lst section of this Act mentioned.
III. And be it further enacted, that the collectors of the several ports of entry, the surveyors of the several ports of delivery, and the marshals of the several judicial districts within the United States be and are bereby authorized and required to seize any and all vessels or boats built, purchased, fitted out, or held as aforesaid, which may be found within their respective ports or districts, and to cause the same to be proceeded against and disposed of as hereinbefore provided.
Approved, August 5, 1861.
BRITISH Instructions to the Admiralty, prescribing the Rules to be
observed within British Territorial jurisdiction, during the Hostilities between the United States and the Confederate States of America. January 31, 1862.
Earl Russell to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. My Lords,
Foreign-Office, January 31, 1862. HER Majesty being fully determined to observe the duties of neutrality during the existing hostilities between the United States and the States calling themselves the Confederate States of America, and being, moreover, resolved to prevent, as far as possible, the use of Her Majesty's harbours, ports, and coasts, and the waters within Her Majesty's territorial jurisdiction, in aid of the warlike purposes of either belligerent, has commanded me to communicate to your lordships, for your guidance, the following rules, which are to be treated and enforced as Her Majesty's orders and directions.
Her Majesty is pleased further to command that these rules shall be put in force in the United Kingdom, and in the Channel Islands, on and after Thursday, the 6th day of February next, and in Her Majesty's territories and possessions beyond the seas 6 days after the day when the Governor or other chief authority of each of such territories or possessions respectively shall have notified and published the same, stating in such notification that the said rules are to be obeyed by all persons within the same territories and
1. During the continuance of the present hostilities between the Government of the United States of North America and the States calling themselves the Confederate States of America, or until Her Majesty shall otherwise order, no ships of war or privateers belonging to either of the belligerents shall be permitted to enter or remain in the port of Nassau, or in any other port, roadstead, or waters of the Bahama Islands, except by special leave of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Bahama Islands, or in case of stress of weather. If any such vessel should enter any such port, roadstead, or waters, by special leave, or under stress of weather, the authorities of the place shall require her to put to sea as soon as possible, without permitting her to take in any supplies beyond what may be necessary for her immediate use.
If at the time when this order is first notified in the Bahama Islands, there shall be any such vessel already within any port, roadstead, or waters of those islands, the Lieutenant-Governor shall give notice to such vessel to depart, and shall require her to put to sea within such time as he shall, under the circumstances, consider proper and reasonable. If there shall then be ships of war or privateers belonging to both the said belligerents within the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, in or near the said port, roadstead, or waters, the Lieutenant-Governor shall fix the order of time in which such vessels shall depart. No such vessel of either belligerent shall be permitted to put to sea until after the expiration of at least 24 hours from the time when the last preceding vessel of the other belligerent (whether the same shall be a ship of war, or privateer or merchant ship) which shall have left the same port, roadstead, or waters adjacent thereto, shall have passed beyond the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty.
2. During the continuance of the present hostilities between the Government of the United States of North America and the States calling themselves the Confederate States of America, all ships of war and privateers of either belligerent are prohibited from making use of any port or roadstead in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or in the Channel Islands, or in any of Her Majesty's colonies, or foreign possessions, or dependencies, or of any waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of the British Crown, as a station or place of resort for any warlike purpose, or for the purpose of obtaining any facilities of warlike equipment; and no ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall hereafter be permitted to sail out of or leave any port, roadstead, or waters subject to British jurisdiction, from which any vessel of the other belligerent (whether the same shall be a ship of war, a privateer, or a merchant ship) shall have previously departed, until after the expiration of at least 24 hours from the departure of such lastmentioned vessel beyond the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty.
3. If any ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall, after the time when this order shall be first notified and put in force in the United Kingdom and in the Channel Islands, and in the several colonies, and foreign possessions, and dependencies of Her Majesty respectively, enter any port, roadstead, or waters belonging to Her Majesty, either in the United Kingdom or in the Channel Islands, or in any of Her Majesty's Colonies, or foreign possessions, or dependencies, such vessel shall be required to depart and to put to sea within 24 hours after her entrance into such port, roadstead, or waters, except in case of stress of weather, or of her requiring provisions or things necessary for the subsistence of her crew or repairs, in either of which cases the authorities of the port, or of the nearest port (as the case may be), shall require her to put to sea as soon as possible after the expiration of such period of 24 hours, without permitting her to take in supplies beyond what may be necessary for her immediate use; and no such vessel which may have been allowed to remain within British waters for the purpose of repair, shall continue in any such port, roadstead, or waters, for a longer period than 24 hours after her necessary repairs shall have been completed : Provided, nevertheless, that in all cases in which there shall be any vessels (whether ships of war, privateers, or merchant ships) of both the said belligerent parties in the same port, roadstead, or waters within the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, there shall be an interval of not less than 24 hours between the departure therefrom of any such vessel, whether a ship of war, a privateer, or a merchant ship of the one belligerent, and the subsequent departure therefrom of any ship of war or privateer of the other belligerent; and the times hereby limited for the departure of such ships of war and privateers respectively shall always, in case of necessity, be extended so far as may be requisite for giving effect to this proviso, but not further or otherwise.
4. No ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall hereafter be permitted, while in any port, roadstead, or waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, to take in any supplies except provisions and such other things as may be requisite for the subsistence of her crew; and except so much coal only as may be sufficient to carry such vessel to the nearest port of her own country, or to some nearer destination; and no coal shall be again supplied to any such ship of war or privateer, in the same or any other port, roadstead, or waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, without special permission, until after the expiration of 3 months from the time when such coal may have been last supplied to her within British waters as aforesaid.
I have, &c.,
RUSSELL. The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.