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quence of more effectual information, tory of Worcester, abridged from the with considerable additions; but, it has histories of Dr. Nash and Mr. Green, been thought adviseable to retain their with much additional information. former order, not to disturb the nume- Mr. Henry Thomson will soon publish, rous references made to them, as well Remarks on the Conduct of a Nursery; in the work itself, as by late writers, intended to give information to young In consequence, this division will be mothers and those likely to become enlarged from one volume, inconveniently such. thick, to two Volumes. The additional Mr. J. G. Mansford will soon publish parts may be bad separately, for the in octavo, an Inquiry into the Influence accommodation of original subscribers. of situations in Pulmonary Consumption,

The Plates will also forin an Atlas, or and on the duration of life, Volume by themselves, arranged alpha- Dr. J. Maccullock will soon publish, betically : each subject will be particu- an account of the Western Isles of larly explained ; and their utility will Scotland, particularly with regard to be increased by a great increase of re- Geology, in two octavo volumes, with a ferences. Such plates as have been quarto volume of illustrative engravinjured in working (for several have ings. printed no less than four or five thou- The continuation of Mr. Bigland's sand impressions) are cancelled ; and History of Gloucestershire is actually New plates are engraved in their stead: began at the press, and a portion of it others are carefully revised, and cor- may be soon expected to appear. rections and additions are inserted

Dr. James Johnson has nearly ready, throughout.

a small work on the Gout; containing a The whole will be uniformly printed, popular view of all that is known on on paper of the best quality ; and in the nature, cure, and prevention of that short, the work will be placed in that formidable disease. state which the Editor presumes will be The Earl of Lauderdale will soon most satisfactory to tbe Public, and publish, a second edition, with considermost honourable to the partics engaged able additions, of an Inquiry into the in it.

Nature and Origin of Public Wealth. Four parts of the new edition, each The fifth edition of the British West containing six sheets of Dictionary, and Indies, by Bryan Edwards, contivued to six sheets of the Fragments, with at least the present time, in four octavo volumes, six plates; are now ready for delivery, with a quarto one of maps and plates, is and will be continued with all possible expected early in next month. speed. The extent of the whole, will, R. Southey, Esq. has nearly ready it is presumed, notwithstanding the ex- for publication Memoirs of the Life of tensive additions, very little exceed that John Wesley, the founder of the Engof the former editions,

lish Methodists. In 2 vols. 8vo. illusJohn Crawford, Esq. late resident at trated by portaits of Wesley and Whitthe court of the sultan of Java, is pre- field. paring a description of the Islands of In a few days will be published, a Java, Bali, and Celebes; with an Narrative of the Wreck of the Ship account of the principal tribes of the Oswego, on the Coast of South Barbary, Indian Archipelago.

and of the sufferings of the Master and Thomas Brown, Esq. will soon pub- the Crew while in Bondage among the Jish, in quarto, the Conchology of Great Arabs, interspersed with numerous reBritain and Ireland; also, in octavo, marks upon the country and its inhathe Elements of Zoology; both works bitants, and concerning the peculiar illustrated by figures drawn from nature. perils of that Coast. By Judah Pad

Mr. G. Russell of his Majesty's dock, her late Master. Office of Works, has in the press, a A new and improved edition is just Tour through Sicily in 1815; performed ready of The London Dispensatory ; in company with three German gentle- containing the Elements and Practice men of cousiderable literary attainments. of Materia Medica, and Pharmacy, with

A volume of Poems and Songs, chiefly a Translation of the last editions of the in the Scotish dialect, by the late Mr. Pharmacopæias of the London, the EdinRichard Gall, will soon appear.

burgh, and the Dublin Colleges of PhyMr. John Chalmers, Author of a sicians ; many useful Tables ; CopperVistory of Malvern, is printing a His- plates of the Pharmaceutical Apparatus, and two additional Plates of the In the Press, and immediately will be Steam Apparatus at Apothecaries' Hall; pnblished, in 1 vol. 8vo. illustrated by the whole forming a Synopsis of Mate- Plates. Pathological and Surgical rica Medica and Therapeutics. Ву Observations on Diseases of the Joints. Anthony Todd Thomson, F.L.S. &c. By B. C. Brodie, F.R.S. Assistant &c. One large Volume, 8vo.

Surgeon to St. George's Hospital, and A Second Memoir ou Babylon : contain- Lecturer on Surgery. ing an Enquiry into the Correspondence Preparing for the press, A History of between the ancient descriptions of Greenland ; containing a description of Babylou and the remains still visible on the country and its inhabitants, together the site. Suggested by the “ Remarks" with an account of the missions of the of Major Rennel, published in the Ar. United Brethren in that country : from chæologia. By Claudius Jaines Rich, tbe German of Crantz. The former part Esq. will be published shortly-Also, will also comprehend valuable details of by the same Author, the 3rd edition of

the original discovery and colonization a Memoir on the Ruins of Babylon. of Greenland by the Norwegians, the

An interesting volume will be published vaiu attempts made by the Englisb, in October, entitled Sketches of America, Danes, and others, to explore the East being the Narrative of a Journey of more Coast, along with a succinct narrative of than Five Thousand Miles through the the partially successful mission at Got. Eastern and Western States, contained thaab. As an Appeudix to the whole, in Eight Reports, addressed to the Thirty- will be added a Continuation of the Hisnine English Families who deputed the tory of the Missions of the Bretbren Author, in June 1817, to ascertain whe

down to the present time, comprising a ther any, and what Part of the United

period of about Eighty years. The States, would be suitable for their Resi

Work will be accompanied with suppledence, presenting a general Detail of the mentary notes from authentic sources, prices of labour, supposed Amount including interesting Notices of Labrador. of Annual Domestic Expenditure, State The fourth part of the Encyclopeedia of Trades, Manufactures and Agricul- Metropolitana mill appear in the course ture; the best modes of employing of the present month. Capital, &c.; likewise the

Moral, Preparing for publication, The Iron Religious, and Political condition of

Mask, a Poem. By the Author of the the American People. With Remarks Recluse of the Pyrenees. on Mr. Birkbeck's “ Notes” and “ Let.

In the press, The Beauties of Affection, ters,” accompanied with a plan of that and other Poems. Gentleman's Settlement in English A Second Edition in 4to. of the Me Pra rie, on the River Wabash. Also, an moirs of John Evelyn, Esq. Edited by Appendix, comprising various Particu- W. Bray Esq. is expected to appear in lars useful for Emigrants to krow, from the course of November, the period of their leaving this Country, to their arrival, at their destination. The following Works are also nearly reedte By Henry Bradshaw Fearon. In one

for publication. Volume 8vo.

An 8vo. edition of Northcote's Life of An octavo volume of Essays on the Sir Joshua Reynolds, with considerable Elements of Geology, is in the press, additions. and will be published shortly.

Recollections of Japan by Captain The third edition is nearly ready for

Golownin, Author of a “ Narrative of a publication, of A Treatise on some prac- Three Years Captivity in that Country." tical Points relating to the Diseases I vol. 8vo. with an introduction containof the Eye. By the late John Cun

ing a Chronological Account of the sevepingham Saunders. To which is added,

ral Voyages undertaken to Japan, from a short Account of the Author's Life,

the first period of European intercourse and his Method of curing the Congenital with that Country. Cataract, by his friend and Colleague, Sketches of the Philosophy of Life, J. R. Farre, M.D. illustrated with eight by Sir Charles Morgan, M.D. and Engravings, and a Portrait of the Au

Fellow of the Royal College of Physithor.

cians of London. In the course of November will be

The Irish Tale, by Lady Morgau, anpublished, the third and concluding nounced under the title of Florence volume of Archd. Coxe's Memoirs of Macarthy, will not appear till November. the Duke of Marlborough,

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

FOR NOVEMBER, 1818.

Art."I. Journal of a Visit to South Africa, in 1815 and 1816.

With some Account of the Missionary Settlements of the United Brethren, near the Cape of Good Hope. By the Rev. C. 1. Lat

robe. 4to. pp. 406. 22. 23. London, 1818. IN N the islands of Malta and Ceylon, and in the settlement of

the Cape of Good Hope, England holds the three most important and commanding fortresses and arsenals of her maritime empire. The two foriner are not now under consideration, but the latter well deserves a few remarks on its political and commercial value, before we enter upon the more immediate examination of the work before us, of which, though in a very different view, it forms the subject. It is a strange and unaccountable fact, that the British have generally been slow in acknowledging the worth of many of their most important foreign settlements, wbile the French have been prompt and acute in availing themselves of their negligence and ignorance. We were not sensible of the naval and military importance of Ceylon, till it was taught us by Suffrein ; Malta had been the constant object of French intrigue, wbile we remained insensible of its advantages; and it required a long course of discipline, before our obstinate reluctance gave way to the conviction, that the Cape is the great outpost and bulwark of our Indian empire. Happily, our maritime ascendency has enabled us to rectify the errors of our policy, though at an expense of blood and treasure which might have been easily saved.

There are two roads by which our Eastern possessions have been supposed to be assailable; the one through central Asia, the other by the usual marine route. The latter of these, by the Cape and the Mauritius, endangers the South of India ; the former, which leads to the upper part of the Peninsula, coines at once upon our strong bolds and our most valuable territory. Though the passage by the Cape presented the fairest prospect of success, especially while the Mahomedan Vol. X. N.S.

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dynasty, the sworn enemies of England, held the Musnud of Mysore, yet the naval superiority of Great Britain, prevented all possibility of achieving so bold an enterprise upon an effective scale, and thus the Cape lost much of its value as an offensive station, although it might still favour the occasional transit of detachments, and essentially assisted the cruising and privateering system pursued by France. The practicability of the land route to India, forms no part of our present subject, and we leave it the more willingly, as we may not improbably be hereafter called upon to discuss it fully. If the Cape, then, was of so much value to France as an offensive station, it became of equal or of greater importance to England, as a defensive post, as the advanced work and watch-tower of her Indian frontier. It serves as a halting place for the refreshment of the crews of vessels bound on voyages to the East ; it is an almost indisper sable depôt for troops, and with the more healthy parts of Ceylon, forms, in the sea-road to India, two convenient stages, the successive occupation of wbich, prepares European soldiers, by gradual seasoning, for active service in the hotter climates.

The commercial advantages of the Cape, arising from its central situation, are too generally known to need exposition here, and we shall pass on to a brief notice of its importance as a religious station, and as a nursery for fearless adventurers in a nobler and more arduous cause, a cause not stimulated by avarice and ambition. Africa, for various reasons, seems to

paramount claim on Europe, for the blessings of civilization and religious instruction. The extreme ignorance of the natives, their degraded moral and political condition, their entire destitution of the means of improvement, together with the simplicity and gentleness of their general character, and, more than all, the bitter and protracted injuries inflicted on them by European avarice, call with an awful and awakening voice, not only for mercy and forbearance, but for the strongest and most persevering exertions of wisdom and benevolence. Unhappily, while 'Africa' presents so wide and important a field for the exercise of Christian charity, the difficulties of access, and the almost utter impossibility of obtaining a secure and fenced foundation for an establishment, added to the destructive influence of the climate, render its coasts hardly tenable by the Christian missionary. The Church Mission has occupied, and retains with exemplary fortitude, almost the only available spot; but notwithstanding the most admirable inanagement, the station is maintained at a distressing expenditure of valuable lives. Under these circumstances, the

Cape of Good Hope offers a secure asylurn, and a favourable though remote point for the labours of the Christian missionary. Should he even be unable to reach the central glooms of Pagan Africa, yet he is engaged in immediate

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and strenuous conflict with the powers of darkness, and is gradually advancing, leading in his train the mingled blessings of conversion and civilization. The missionary establishments in this quarter are coinparatively numerous, and obviously demand both great forbearance and vigilant protection on the part of Governinent, as a political engine of mighty efficacy, at the same time that they require the most active and enlightened assistance and support from those who regard them in a higher light, as a part of those mightier means which God is now mapifestly employing for the extension of the kingdom of his Son.

In the great work of converting the Heathen by the instrumentality of missions, the Moravians bave, at all times, taken a distinguished part, and with sigual success. They seem too to have purposely, and most disinterestedly and devotedly,, made choice, in the prosecution of their benevolent plans, of those places where men who consulted their own personal comforts, would have been least likely to fix their babitations; and they have, by preference, connected themselves with those kindreds

of the nations' whose habits were the most repulsive to European tastes, and whose intellectual structure and range seemed almost hopelessly dwarfed and limited. Yet, in such situations, and among such tribes as these, have these missionaries been made the instruments of mental, moral, and spiritual renovation. In the

frozen wastes' of Hyperborean America, and in the barren sands of South Africa, these highly favoured individuals have been enabled to elevate in the scale of being, the Esquimaux and the Hottentot; men once scarcely thought worthy of the bụman name, but now made, in numerous instances, “ wise unto sal“ vation,” and “partakers of the Divine nature.” Nothing in fact can be more striking than the difference between the Hottentot in his degraded state, the miserable slave of the savage and remorseless boor of the Cape, and the same being under the care and instruction of the Christian missionary; free, but cheerfully submissive; bound by the strong though voluntary ties of religious love and gratitude to his spiritual fathers, friends, and guides.

The Moravians have evinced much sound judgement in the choice of their situations. They have, in this particular especially, consulted as far as possible, the tastes, habits, and interests of ibe natives ; and they will we have no doubt, ultimately succeed in forming a hardy and well trained race of agriculturists and manufacturers. The mission was originally established in 1737, by George Schmidt, who settled at Gnadenthal, then called Bavian's Kloof. He was, to a considerable degree, successful; but having bad occasion to return to Europe in 1744, he was not permitted by the Dutch East India Company to resume bis, labours; the · Barristers' and Scott Warings of

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