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motives for the Doctor's determination. The passage over the Paerdekop mountain into the Lange Kloof was difficult and dangerous, but they were providentially favoured, and performed it in perfect safety. At Klipbübel the estate of Mr. Fereira, they were entertained with venison, and with the following history.
• The Fereiras are of Portuguese origin, His (Mr. F.'s) great grandfather (or one above him, I forget which) was the only person saved from a Portuguese ship, which foundered at sea, off the Cape. He got upon a plank, which supported him for three days, and rowing with his hands in a direction, in which he expected to find laud, by God's mercy, he succeeded, and reached the Cape shore, though nearly exhausted, and perishing with hunger. Here, by iodustry, he and his successors raised themselves into creditable situ. tions. Of his father, a singular instance of courage and good fortune is told. A large
iger, having long infested his premises and the neighbourhood, and killed many sheep, belonging to him and other boors, a party assembled to endeavour to destroy the monster. His haunt being discovered, Mr. Fereira was foremost in the attack, when the tiger instantly made a spring at him, as he sat on horseback, the rest of the party not having come up, and only one slave being with him. The horse taking fright, ran off with his rider, who was but slightly wounded. The tiger was meanwhile attacked by all the dogs, and a furious contest ensued. Mr. Fereira, not intimidated, as soon as be could again command his horse, returned to the charge, and encouraged the dogs by the usual cry of Zaza, Zaza. The enraged animal, hearing this cry, quitted the dogs, and flew a second time at Mr. Fereira's head, when with one gripe he tore off his scalp, and threw him upon the ground, where he was proceeding, with teeth and claws, to put an end to his existence. (life.) I'he faithful slave, seeing his master in such imminent danger, ran to his assistance, and attempted to stab the tiger with a knife. The infuriated beast, however, was too quick for him, seized his hand with his teeth, and fung him upon his master, doing his best to kill them both, which, by his strength and swiftness of motion, he probably would have accomplished, had not the other huntsmen, coming up, shot him through the heart, and thus delivered the sufferers. Though Mr. Fereira was dreadfully hurt, and liis life for some time despaired of, he completely recovered
While they were travelling in the night, after leaving Klip!übel, the leader of the baggage waggon, by suflering his oxen to quit the road, and turning them short into it again, overset the vehicle in which Mr. Stein lay asleep. He was much hurt, but without fracture; and he bore bis misfortune even with cheerfulness, though their situation was such as not to admit of effectual remedies. The waggon was not injured, and no luss was sustained, but that of their stock of wild honey, and the demoliúon of their crockery. After halting till the morning, when they found themselves in a valley without water or verdure, they set forward. At Jagersbosch, they were civilly treated by the proprietor, one of whose Hottentots had just killed a tiger. Having discovered bis baunt, the African armed himself with a club, and with ten dogs went in quest of the animal, which he found at home, and as soon as the beast discovered his enemies, disregard. ing the dogs, he sprung upon the man. The intrepid Hottentot, wrapping bis arm in his cloak, waited the attack, and dashed the tiger upon the ground ; the dogs immediately fastened on him, and held him down while their master despatclied him. At a sobsequent halt, they were introduced to a very singular personage, and as she is made the principal object in a very graphic sketch of an African interior, we shall quote the whole passage, though somewhat long
• Sister Schmitt reported, that on going to procure some milk from the farmer's wife, living on the hill eastward of our camp, she had found her to be a woman of uncommon size, occupying a huge arm chair, above a yard wide, out of which she was scarcely able to lift herself. She had expressed a wish to see the whole of our party, and certainly, though she herself would excite as mruch curiosity in Eng. land, as the famous Lambert, she had a right to consider us, as Englishmen, equally worthy of attention in Africa. Otherwise, being perfectly content with things of ordinary size and appearance, I should not have gone a step out of my way to see a monster. But being so kindly invited, we went in a body to pay the lady a morning visit, at her own house, if the hovel she inhabited, may be dignified by that name. It consisted of an oblong square, enclosed in a wall of unburnt bricks, one half of which was covered with a roof of rushes. The en. trance was through the uncovered part. In this vestibule three or four naked slave-children were crawling about ; a woman, partially clothed in rags, with a child strapped to her breast, was cooking some victuals at a fire, and dirt, guts, old shoes, rags of sheep-skins, and other filth, occupied every part of the premises, out and inside. On entering the main apartment, the first thing that met the eye, was the carcase of a sheep just killed, hanging from a cross-beam with a pool of blood on the clay floor, under the head : five fox-coloured cats were sitting round, watching for their share of the spoil; a milk-pail, churn, and some other kitchen utensils to the right; and to the left, the lady herself, who kindly invited Sister Schmitt to come and sit down on a stool, between her and the pendant carcase. Her husband, a very civil, old man, with a grey beard, and a large straw hat, sat at the table, and a bench was placed for us, between the carcase and the door. The lady herself entered freely into conversation, told us, that notwithstanding her enormous buik, she was only forty-three years old, and good humouredly observed, that Sister Schmitt looked now only like a little girl, passing several jokes on the difference between them. Her face still retained some vivacity and comeliness Her body entirely filled the vast chair she sat in, on the arms of which her elbows rested. She intended soon to remove to another habitation on Ser. jeants Revier. When once hoisted into the waggon she can no more quit it, till she arrives at the place of her destination. From her wooden throne, she issued her commands to her slaves, Hottentots,
and brutes, with the same shrill voice for which the African ladies are noted. Close to the dwelling, was the beast-kraal, and the surrounding premises exhibited a congeries of lumber, rags, ruin, and disorder, not to be described. Through all this chaos, ran a small
stream of spring-water, clear as crystal, in vain offering its aid to * cleanse the Augean stable. The lady, however, conscious of niorta
lity, had already provided herself with a coffin of immense size, which, with her gigantic bed, is screened off the apartment by a bulk. head of matting.'
At Uitenhagen they received the most courteons attentions from the landdrost, Colonel Cuyler, who furnished them with the means of visiting the neighbouring missionary settlement of Bethelsdorp. Mr. Latrobe seems to have been greatly struck with the hopeless dreariness of its general aspect. This is a subject not now before us, but we may take the opportunity of sug. gesting the inquiry, whether, if it be really so ill-chosen a place as it is represented, it might not be wise, at once to encounter the expense
and exertion necessary for its removal to a more eligible spot. At length, on the Witte, a stream tributary to the Zondag's river, a glen was explored, which appeared to combine so many advantages as to gratify the utmost wishes of the whole party. Messrs. Melville and Schmitt admired it for its general adaptation to the purposes of the mission; Mr. Latrobe, agreeing in this opinion, was in raptures with its romantic situation; and the Hottentots, without troubling their heads with Mr. L.'s picturesque propensities, were delighted with the abundance of sweet grass for their cattle. The description of this place and of the adjacent scenery, is really enchanting, and we very sincerely congratulate the Moravian missionaries on the gratifying result of the whole transaction. The utmost delicacy towards previous settlers, the most scrupulous respect to property, unwearied diligence in investigation, and an enlightened regard to all imaginable contingencies, seem to us to have distinguished the conduct of Mr. Latrobe and his companions, and we are glad to find that their selection of a station has been approved and ratified by the Colonial administration. We regret that the description communicated by Mr. L. is too long for transcription, and too complicated for abridgement. Notwithstand. ing, however, that the travellers were so completely satisfied with this desirable place, they felt it their duty to complete their exploration, and journeyed forward to the Great Fish River, the boandary between the Colony and Caffraria. A situation had been here pointed out to them, which on the whole they approved ; but there were some difficulties on the subject of possession : the property had been forfeited, and the proprietor was still living ; they did not therefore feel themselves at liberty to take advantage of the alternative offered them. The settlement of Somerset, · under the superintendence of Dr. Mackrill, though somewhat nearer the Cape than the absolute extremity of their journey, may be considered as its last stage At this place, with excellent policy has been established a magazine, containing every article of traffic suited to the necessities and conveniences of the neighbouring settlers, whether Boors, Hottentots, or Kaffers; and we should liope that a friendly and commercial feeling might be gradually introduced. The incidents of Mr. Latrobe's return, do not appear to call for very minute detail. On this, as on other parts of his travels, he met with bitter complaints against the system of taxation introduced by Government; and with all his skisposition to repose on the wisdom, justice, and benevolence of our present administration,' he seems fully convinced of its gross impolicy. Indeed, if the statement of Mr. Van Roy and others be a fair one, and it should seem so by Dir. Li's tacit, or rather explicit assent, we are utterly at a loss to account for the almost incredible absurdity of such regulations.
• He spoke as a friend to the English, but regretted that they were losing their popularity in the colony, by taxation, and the mode of settling the quit-rentsi He thought it hard, that when a man had done every thing in his power to improve his farm, by making watercourses for irrigation, clearing land, &c. that those very improvements should tell against him, and he be charged a higher rent than his neighbour, who was an indolent man, suffering his estate to go to decay, when in fact it was better land, and more productive, and therefore more able to bear the burden.'
It might he reasonably supposed, that in many cases, mea. sures of this kind would excite much clamour, merely from their novelty, and from their temporary pressure; but when we find repeated instances in which farms have been thrown up from juability to pay the new duties, charges for measurement, and * high quit rents,' it becomes impossible to resist the evidence which proves the injurious effects of such undae rapacity.
May 11, the travelers reached Goadenthal, where Mr. Latrobe remained till June 11, when he took his final departure. At the moment of his entering his travelling waggon, the flottentots began their farewell hymn.
• At this moment I felt all resistance to my feelings give way.. Never have I experienced a keener pang, on leaving any place, or any friends, to whom I was attached Gnadenthal is indeed a spot, where I have found myself so much at home, and where almost every object conspired to fill my mind with grateful remembrances and contemplarions, that, though convinced of my duty to proceed to Groenekloof, where business of importance to that settlement demanded my presence, I found it necessary to do violence to my feelings. to tear myself loose. But my spirit will often dwell in those hallowed groves, accompany
congregation into the house of prayer, attend thein dur. ing their truly solemn assemblies, behoid with atfection and delight the pious labours of their teachers, participate in their joys, their sor
tows, and their cares, and enjoy an aftertaste of the heavenly comfort attending the administration of the holy sacraments, by the presence and power of our Lord and Saviour.
On his journey to the Cape, Mr. L. received the following account of a war and pacification between two rival nations of monkeys.
• The Great Haue Hoek presents itself here, with many small peaks. Its rocks are the habitations of baboons, which, indeed, occupy the summits of all the neighbouring hills. Mr. Urie entertained us with an account of a combat he had lately beheld, on the waste, adjoining his gardens, batween a large herd of baboons from the Haue Hoek, and a party from the opposite range. It was maintained on both sides with great fury, and with horrid yells and barkings, when, suddenly, a stop was put to it, by an unfortunate jackall running in among them. The poor animal was seized by one party and thrown towards the other, then back again. His cries, added to those of the combatants, filled the air with the most discordant sounds, till the death of the intruder seemed to give the signal for a general retreat.?
It should seem by this fact, that men and monkeys are pretty much upon the same system : great nations fall out, and smaller states find themselves involved in the quarrel.
The remaining season of Mr. L.'s stay was divided between the Cape and Groenekloof, where he assisted in laying the foundation of a new church. Much interesting and amusing detail is given respecting the internal economy of this rising settlement; but as many of our readers are, no doubt, well acquainted with the leading particulars relating to the Moravian missions, we austain from further reference. For the same reason we refrain from extracting part of a very impressive description of a struggle between the missionary Schmidt and a tiger, but which has been already detailed in the Periodical Accounts of the Missions of the Brethren : Vol. I. page 118.
Wbile at the Cape, Mr. Latrobe's time was pleasantly spent in visits to surrounding residences and scenery, in intercourse with friends, and in interviews with the Governor and the officers of administration. He had originally agreed for his passage in the Brilliant, but relinquished his intention in compliance with the wish of Lord Charles Somerset, who was de sirous of placing his son Plantagenet under the care of Mr. L. during the voyage to England, and with that view provided accommodation for both on board H. M. S. Zebra. On the 17th of October they sailed. Their first object was St. Helena, and the worneut we saw the name, we read forward with an eagerness proportioned to our expectation of valuable information respecting the man of mighty name imprisoned there. We were, however, greatly disappointed, for Mr. Latrobe tells VOL. XI. N.S.